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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Political Science Fall 2010, Dan Sabia Oct 2010

Political Science Fall 2010, Dan Sabia

Political Science Newsletter Fall 2010

No abstract provided.


Intelligence Gap: Advanced Military Technology And Law Of War Compliance, Christi Siver Sep 2010

Intelligence Gap: Advanced Military Technology And Law Of War Compliance, Christi Siver

Political Science Faculty Publications

Many states justify their use of technology and tactics as consistent with international law. These appeals to legitimacy suggest that legal norms serve some role in limiting the use of force, particularly in promoting discrimination between combatants and civilians. The United States justifies drone attacks as more efficient means than the use of troops to attack suspected terrorists. Many civilian and military leaders argue that these attacks are more moral than alternative tactics because they target the individuals directly responsible for attacks on the United States and its allies. However, these justifications assume that the military has accurate intelligence. However ...


Judicial Review In State Supreme Courts: A Comparative Study By Laura Langer, Donald R. Songer Jul 2010

Judicial Review In State Supreme Courts: A Comparative Study By Laura Langer, Donald R. Songer

Donald R. Songer

No abstract provided.


Ideology, Status, And The Differential Success Of Direct Parties Before The Supreme Court, Reginald S. Sheehan, William Mishler, Donald R. Songer Jul 2010

Ideology, Status, And The Differential Success Of Direct Parties Before The Supreme Court, Reginald S. Sheehan, William Mishler, Donald R. Songer

Donald R. Songer

A substantial literature on lower federal courts and state courts suggests that the "haves" usually come out ahead in litigation because they possess superior resources for it and they reap advantages from their repeat player status. We investigate the success of 10 categories of litigants before the Warren, Burger, and Rehnquist Courts to determine whether the resources or experience of litigants has effects on Supreme Court outcomes paralleling those found in the courts below. While different categories of litigants are found to have very different rates of success, those differences do not consistently favor litigants with greater resources. A time ...


A Local Analysis Of Regional Differences In Economic Indicators And Electoral Outcomes, Mukul Sharma May 2010

A Local Analysis Of Regional Differences In Economic Indicators And Electoral Outcomes, Mukul Sharma

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Ideological Endzones: Nfl Films And The Countersubversive Tradition In American Politics, Nicholas R. Archer May 2010

Ideological Endzones: Nfl Films And The Countersubversive Tradition In American Politics, Nicholas R. Archer

Open Access Dissertations

This study examines the role of propaganda and popular culture in constituting the American political tradition through the study of NFL films by employing a decidedly overlooked theoretical conception of the American political tradition—the countersubversive tradition thesis. Originally put forth by Michael Rogin, the countersubversive tradition is defined as “the creation of monsters as a continuing feature of American politics by the inflation, stigmatization, and dehumanization of political foes.” It is my belief that in looking at what constitutes the individual characteristics of the countersubversive tradition in a text like a sports film it is easier to see how ...


An Analysis Of Sources In Journalism On The Supreme Court, Dione Garlick May 2010

An Analysis Of Sources In Journalism On The Supreme Court, Dione Garlick

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

The United States Supreme Court bUilding is intimidating, to say the least. The massive structure rises four stories above the ground and the three million dollars worth of white marble shines starkly against the blue sky.l The inscription "EQUAL JUSTICE UNDER LAW" runs horizontally across the top of the impressive structure. This beautiful bUilding is part of the imagery associated with the Supreme Court. Along with black robes and gavels, the Supreme Court has carefully crafted the images that are connected with the justices and the Court.

Unlike the leaders ofthe legislative and executive branches, the justices of the ...


The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin Apr 2010

The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past few decades, East Asian countries achieved unprecedented rates of economic growth. Starting with Japan’s post-World War II economic miracle, followed by South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, the region raised itself from an abyss of poverty to glorious economic prosperity. The grace of the East Asian model continued with great economic success, only to see its ultimate collapse in the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s. This paper argues that certain sectoral dynamics combined with industrial policy had led to the imbalance of embedded autonomy. This imbalance is accountable for various policy consequences that generated perception ...


The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman Apr 2010

The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Previous scholarly work on the demands and political activities of the Arab minority in Israel have focused on studying Arab political parties and parliamentary participation, asserting that Arab demands fall into one of two categories: radical or adaptive. That is, in studying Arab participation, or lack thereof, in parliamentary processes, one can claim that Arabs want either complete separation from the state of Israel (radical demands) or complete integration into the state of Israel (adaptive demands). However, recent trends have witnessed a decrease in Arab Israelis’ interest in political parties and parliamentary participation, such as voting in Knesset elections and ...


Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan Apr 2010

Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Since World War II, scholarly examination of countries in nearly every corner of the map has discovered the rampant growth of the power of judges and courts. I contend that this growth has been overstated by a tradition of recent scholarship that has at times demonstrated the tendency to brand courts as powerful prematurely. This fundamental error is the result of two chief difficulties. First, we have yet to arrive at a universally accepted definition of judicial power, which, in turn, contributes to the second problem: the inadequate number of reliable and universally applicable metrics of judicial power. The aim ...


Political Science Spring 2010, Dan Sabia Apr 2010

Political Science Spring 2010, Dan Sabia

Political Science Newsletter Spring 2010

No abstract provided.


The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy Mar 2010

The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Getting Potomac Fever: Increasing Civic Engagement Through Experiential Learning Communities, G. Claire Haeg, Matthew J. Lindstrom Feb 2010

Getting Potomac Fever: Increasing Civic Engagement Through Experiential Learning Communities, G. Claire Haeg, Matthew J. Lindstrom

Political Science Faculty Publications

Drawing upon the literature on experiential learning, learning communities, and the scholarship of civic engagement, this paper assesses the outcomes of the Washington D.C. Summer Study Program developed by the College of St Benedict and St. John’s University. We are especially interested in examining the extent to which students who undertake this two month, eight credit internship learning community experience engage with politics and political life. Do students learn more about the US political system, its operation and opportunities? Are they more enthusiastic about public policy and politics? Do they increase their level of trust in government or ...


Coming Into Money: The Impact Of Foreign Aid On Leader Survival, Amanda A. Licht Feb 2010

Coming Into Money: The Impact Of Foreign Aid On Leader Survival, Amanda A. Licht

Faculty Publications

Donors are more likely to send aid to leaders facing elevated risks of losing power, but targets' ability to benefit from this assistance is conditioned by regime type and political processes. The institutionalization of winning coalitions' loyalty across regime type follows opposite patterns, supporting opposite temporal dynamics across regime types. Democratic leaders' coalitions are firmest immediately after taking office, and aid is of most assistance to them then. As competition and dissatisfaction grows, aid becomes a political liability. In small winning coalition systems, however, coalitions become more solid over time, facilitating increasing benefits from aid. Without a firm coalition, however ...


The Path To Women's Empowerment: Understanding The Rise Of The Self Employed Women's Association, Orly T. May Jan 2010

The Path To Women's Empowerment: Understanding The Rise Of The Self Employed Women's Association, Orly T. May

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Across the developing world, women in the informal economy, unprotected by government provisions and exploited by patriarchal structures, work relentlessly to earn a living for themselves and their families. Within these treacherous conditions, the Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) emerged and developed into a powerful force in India and beyond. The question naturally arises – what enabled SEWA to become such a successful social movement? While previous scholars have pointed to various specific characteristics – its leadership, flexibility, values, strategy, governance, or autonomous nature – they have not put forth a theoretical framework through which to understand its rise to prominence. Drawing ...


Effective Censorship: Maintaining Control In China, Michelle (Qian) Yang Jan 2010

Effective Censorship: Maintaining Control In China, Michelle (Qian) Yang

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Can Joe The Plumber Support Redistribution - Law, Social Preferences, And Sustainable Policy Design, Gillian Lester Jan 2010

Can Joe The Plumber Support Redistribution - Law, Social Preferences, And Sustainable Policy Design, Gillian Lester

Faculty Scholarship

This article explores how to build political support for law reform designed to achieve economic redistribution. Specifically, I analyze and compare reforms that aim to redistribute by targeting benefits at low-income individuals through an income or means test, versus those that emphasize "universal" allocation of benefits, not conditioned on poverty. I argue that notwithstanding that we should expect universal provision (by definition) to achieve less redistribution than means testing, universalist policies ultimately may be more effective in achieving this goal because they are likely to be more politically durable, and-more intriguingly-to create social conditions that increase toleration for redistribution. I ...