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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Judicial Decision Making In The Supreme Court Of Canada: Updating The Personal Attribute Model, Donald R. Songer, Susan W. Johnson Dec 2007

Judicial Decision Making In The Supreme Court Of Canada: Updating The Personal Attribute Model, Donald R. Songer, Susan W. Johnson

Faculty Publications

This study seeks to add to the current understanding of the political nature of the Supreme Court of Canada. We analyze a data set consisting of all nonunanimous published Supreme Court decisions for the period 1949 to 2000. A prior study by Tate and Sittiwong (1989) suggested a model of judge attributes for the period 1949 to 1985. We build on that analysis by extending the time period to 2000, which allows the impact of gender also to be assessed. We find that since the Court gained substantial docket control, the types of cases the Court hears has changed from ...


Disaster Response In The United States Of America: An Analysis Of The Bureaucratic And Political History Of A Failing System, Andrew S. Mener May 2007

Disaster Response In The United States Of America: An Analysis Of The Bureaucratic And Political History Of A Failing System, Andrew S. Mener

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Disaster Response in the United States is plagued by bureaucratic and political obstacles. This paper analyzes the complete history of disaster response in the United States from the 19th century to the present. Specific attention is given to the establishment of FEMA and the Department of Homeland Security. The conclusion offers one possible suggestion to improve American disaster response.


Economic Interdependence And Peace In Transitional Democracies, Alexander Wooten May 2007

Economic Interdependence And Peace In Transitional Democracies, Alexander Wooten

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The primary aim of this paper is to explore the extent to which economic interdependence influences the likelihood that a transitional democracy will enter into an armed conflict. The paper demonstrates that economic interdependence is a primary means of avoiding conflict during democratic transition. The concerns of the transitional democratic peace theorists are incorporated into an economic interdependence framework to provide a coherent policy prescription that advocates both democracy and interdependence.

The best circumstances for democratization are those in which countries are interdependent with their neighbors. As an exploration of this hypothesis two cases are explored; one with a complete ...


Gender Plus: Toward A More Inclusive Feminism, Corinne M. Smith Mar 2007

Gender Plus: Toward A More Inclusive Feminism, Corinne M. Smith

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the racism of mainstream feminism and the ways in which what we think of as feminism has not adequately addressed the needs of black women in the United States. It describes some of the ways in which black women’s experiences of oppression in the United States differ from white women’s. It then proposes a methodological tool for avoiding racism in feminist political theory, “Gender Plus,” which calls for feminist theorists to consider at least one level of inquiry beyond gender when formalizing theory. This paper engages in “Gender Plus” by using race as an example ...


Consociationalism In Lebanon, Sara G. Barclay Mar 2007

Consociationalism In Lebanon, Sara G. Barclay

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Should Lebanon abandon the consociational democratic system? This paper attempts to answer the question by examining the pathologies of the current system and then evaluating its strengths, weaknesses, and potential for reform. Theories of consociational democracy and of conflict regulation are used in this analysis. This paper concludes that there is potential for limited reforms that will make the Lebanese consociational system fairer and therefore more robust to international, regional, and internal disturbances.


How The Influence Of Religion Makes The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration Revolutionary, And How This Has Affected Our Relations With European Allies, Alexandra Kougentakis Mar 2007

How The Influence Of Religion Makes The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration Revolutionary, And How This Has Affected Our Relations With European Allies, Alexandra Kougentakis

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

It is widely recognized that the rhetoric and actions of the Bush administration are strongly marked by religious terminology and principles, particularly those o evangelical Christianity. The prominence and new political sophistication of religious groups imply that its current character is a departure from the past. Yet while religious conservatives are seen as a significant force in domestic and electoral politics, their influence in the arena of foreign policy is not generally a topic of serious debate. The omission is significant; not only do domestic politics often influence the direction of foreign policy, but in the case of the religious ...


Th Politics Of Hate: Ultranationalist And Fundamentalist Tactics And Goals, Joan Davison Jan 2007

Th Politics Of Hate: Ultranationalist And Fundamentalist Tactics And Goals, Joan Davison

Faculty Publications

Ultranationalist and religious fundamentalist movements frequently use hate to mobilize people. These groups possess a sophisticated understanding of the importance of appealing to the emotions. Leaders often employ xenophobic language intended to inspire fear and justify a defensive reaction. The movements also rely heavily upon symbols, myths, and public events to simplify and communicate the "truths" of their ideologies. The leaders convey messages with tremendous affective appeal. Yet, measures exist to counter and contain the politics of hate. The development of civil society, group rights, a free media, and integrated institutions can contribute to a durable solution in cases of ...


The Culture Of Citizenship, Leti Volpp Jan 2007

The Culture Of Citizenship, Leti Volpp

Faculty Scholarship

The headscarf debate in France exemplifies what is widely perceived as the battle between a culture-free citizenship and a culturally-laden other. This battle, however, presumes the existence of a neutral state that must either tolerate or ban particular cultural differences. In this Article, I challenge that presumption by demonstrating how both cultural difference and citizenship are imagined and produced. The citizen is assumed to be modern and motivated by reason; the cultural other is assumed to be traditional and motivated by culture. Yet citizenship is both a cultural and anti-cultural institution: citizenship positions itself as oppositional to culture, even as ...