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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson Apr 2011

Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past 35 years, personal relationships have declined among members of the United States House of Representatives. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, polarization and partisanship have risen on Capitol Hill, only to be exacerbated by the impact of Newt Gingrich and the 1994 Republican Revolution. As a result of this increased polarization and partisanship, members of Congress are less able and less willing to forge the personal relationships that are necessary for Congress to function. These relationships make Congress more effective as an institution and result in the body passing more productive legislation. In the absence of ...


Roads Of War: Paved Highways And The Rise Of Ied Attacks In Afghanistan, Evan W. Medina Apr 2011

Roads Of War: Paved Highways And The Rise Of Ied Attacks In Afghanistan, Evan W. Medina

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Paved roads have been widely heralded by members of the policymaking world as a useful tool in combating the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in Afghanistan. With the number of IED attacks growing exponentially since 2006, government officials have made the case for greater funding for road construction by explicitly linking paved roads with improved security conditions. This thesis subjects that connection to greater scrutiny and gives voice to the few detractors who contend that paved roads make security conditions worse. Moreover, this thesis examines new data on IED attacks along roads in Afghanistan and concludes that paving has ...


Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer Apr 2011

Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to answer the broad question: how does drug funding affect rebel group goals? More specifically, it explores why rebel groups reliant upon substantial narcotics-related revenue tend to be non-separatist in nature. The thesis tests three cases against five hypotheses in order gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that produce non-separatist goals among drug-funded rebel groups. This includes an examination the development of narcotics-fueled war economies, the role of state weakness in civil war, the reasons for non-separatist conflict perpetuation, as well as the discipline problems that arise as a result of a rebel group’s involvement ...


Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi Apr 2011

Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite the vast research devoted to the shifting focus of the defense strategy toward irregular operations and developing a counterinsurgency doctrine since September 11, 2001, little is known about the driving political forces behind the process. Most assume that the strategy has shifted because after ten years embroiled in two wars—Iraq and Afghanistan—the United States has learned that conventional operations do not work against unconventional enemies. While this is true, how and why the strategy is integrated at the policy level is less well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to fill in this void. An ...


First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn Apr 2011

First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past fourteen years, the Supreme Court has ruled three separate times on the constitutionality of Federal Farm Promotion Programs under the First Amendment. The challenge has been that the programs, which fund generic advertisements such as “Got Milk?” and “Beef: It’s What’s For Dinner,” compel the subsidization of objectionable speech from private producers. The answers handed down from the Court have been conflicting, but each has contributed to the new, still-emerging “government speech doctrine.” In the most recent case, Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005), the Court ruled that the speech in question was completely governmental ...


A Local Analysis Of Regional Differences In Economic Indicators And Electoral Outcomes, Mukul Sharma May 2010

A Local Analysis Of Regional Differences In Economic Indicators And Electoral Outcomes, Mukul Sharma

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin Apr 2010

The Asian Currency Crisis: The Role Of Industrial Policy And Imbalanced Embedded Autonomy, Adrian J. Shin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past few decades, East Asian countries achieved unprecedented rates of economic growth. Starting with Japan’s post-World War II economic miracle, followed by South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore, the region raised itself from an abyss of poverty to glorious economic prosperity. The grace of the East Asian model continued with great economic success, only to see its ultimate collapse in the Asian Financial Crisis in the late 1990s. This paper argues that certain sectoral dynamics combined with industrial policy had led to the imbalance of embedded autonomy. This imbalance is accountable for various policy consequences that generated perception ...


The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman Apr 2010

The Political Mobilization Of The Arab Minority In Israel: Shifts In Political Demands And Activities, Sherihan Abd El Rahman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Previous scholarly work on the demands and political activities of the Arab minority in Israel have focused on studying Arab political parties and parliamentary participation, asserting that Arab demands fall into one of two categories: radical or adaptive. That is, in studying Arab participation, or lack thereof, in parliamentary processes, one can claim that Arabs want either complete separation from the state of Israel (radical demands) or complete integration into the state of Israel (adaptive demands). However, recent trends have witnessed a decrease in Arab Israelis’ interest in political parties and parliamentary participation, such as voting in Knesset elections and ...


Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan Apr 2010

Rethinking Judicialization: Towards A Better Empirical Model, Ryan J. Levan

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Since World War II, scholarly examination of countries in nearly every corner of the map has discovered the rampant growth of the power of judges and courts. I contend that this growth has been overstated by a tradition of recent scholarship that has at times demonstrated the tendency to brand courts as powerful prematurely. This fundamental error is the result of two chief difficulties. First, we have yet to arrive at a universally accepted definition of judicial power, which, in turn, contributes to the second problem: the inadequate number of reliable and universally applicable metrics of judicial power. The aim ...


The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy Mar 2010

The Failure Of Education Policy In Israel: Politics Vs. Bureaucracy, Alexandra F. Leavy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Effective Censorship: Maintaining Control In China, Michelle (Qian) Yang Jan 2010

Effective Censorship: Maintaining Control In China, Michelle (Qian) Yang

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


The Path To Women's Empowerment: Understanding The Rise Of The Self Employed Women's Association, Orly T. May Jan 2010

The Path To Women's Empowerment: Understanding The Rise Of The Self Employed Women's Association, Orly T. May

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Across the developing world, women in the informal economy, unprotected by government provisions and exploited by patriarchal structures, work relentlessly to earn a living for themselves and their families. Within these treacherous conditions, the Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) emerged and developed into a powerful force in India and beyond. The question naturally arises – what enabled SEWA to become such a successful social movement? While previous scholars have pointed to various specific characteristics – its leadership, flexibility, values, strategy, governance, or autonomous nature – they have not put forth a theoretical framework through which to understand its rise to prominence. Drawing ...


Crafting Democracy Through Constitutional Change: Comparing The Recent Cases Of Romania And Serbia In The Context Of Eu Incentives, Caitlin L. Wood May 2009

Crafting Democracy Through Constitutional Change: Comparing The Recent Cases Of Romania And Serbia In The Context Of Eu Incentives, Caitlin L. Wood

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Current trends in the enlargement process of the European Union offer a virtual laboratory through which to gain insight into the mechanics of constitutional change. In particular, the Central and Eastern European countries, including Romania and Serbia, serve as great lenses through which to view the processes involved in consolidating democracy through constitutional dynamics. Even though EU accession may offer a set of incentives to these and other recent candidate countries, pro-democracy constitutional change aimed at meeting EU standards still requires a push from domestic coalitions within national political systems. By establishing a comparative framework by which to examine domestic ...


The Puzzling Persistence Of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", Elizabeth D. King May 2009

The Puzzling Persistence Of "Don't Ask, Don't Tell", Elizabeth D. King

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston May 2009

Towards A Politics Of Truths: The Political Theory Of Alain Badiou, Thomas A. Huddleston

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Alain Badiou, a French theorist, philosopher and political activist, has been receiving increased attention in the beginning of the 21st century. This paper provides an analysis of his major works and an attempt to display and critique what some might call, and what Badiou certainly hopes, a contemporary, generalized account of politics and the political. It focuses on three fundamental concepts that are central to Badiou's politics--the political subject, the political event, and the political ethic.


The Role Of Feminine Rhetoric In Male Presidential Discourse: Achieving Speech Purpose, Lindsay R. Larner May 2009

The Role Of Feminine Rhetoric In Male Presidential Discourse: Achieving Speech Purpose, Lindsay R. Larner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Scholars have defined two gender-associated language styles as rhetorical tools that are used by men and women to achieve certain objectives. Masculine language is commanding and instrumental; it is considered conducive to politics. Feminine language is intimate and unifying; it is considered too passive for politics. However, women introduced feminine rhetoric into politics in the United States in 1920 when they were granted the right to participate. But since then, has feminine-style rhetoric played any role in men politicians’ discourse? Specifically, do they use more feminine speech to establish unity and maintain relationships? By comparison, do they use less of ...


Return Of The Bear? The Extent Of Russian Revisionism As Applied To Oil And Gas Machinations, Julie Steinberg May 2009

Return Of The Bear? The Extent Of Russian Revisionism As Applied To Oil And Gas Machinations, Julie Steinberg

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The 2009 Russo-Ukrainian gas skirmish was the most recent example of Gazprom’s oil and natural gas disputes with its neighbors. Over the past several years, Russia has been accused of using Gazprom to further its “neo-imperalist” and “expansionist” foreign policy goals by cutting off energy supply to nations that seem to be orienting toward the West. Careful examination of Gazprom’s actions toward Lithuania, Azerbaijan and Belarus, however, indicate the elimination of foreign subsidies and the normalization of gas prices for all. This trajectory reflects Gazprom’s approach toward deliberations: profits, not politics, dictate how disputes are resolved. This ...


Language Policy And National Unity: The Dilemma Of The Kurdish Language In Turkey, Dicle Cemiloglu Mar 2009

Language Policy And National Unity: The Dilemma Of The Kurdish Language In Turkey, Dicle Cemiloglu

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Linguistic diversity has emerged as a major source of conflict affecting the stability of numerous political entities around the world. Language policy makers often face the question of accommodating the needs of linguistically diverse communities. This paper examines the motivations, aims, and consequences of the Turkish state’s language policies in regards to the Kurdish language. The study also attempts to answer the question of why the status of the Kurdish language recently changed from an officially “prohibited language” to “a free language” in Turkey.


The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy Mar 2009

The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Migration as well as group conflict has occurred throughout history. This thesis examined why in response to internal migration to Mumbai, Bangalore, and Delhi there are varying levels of nativism. The level of nativism was found to be high in Mumbai, medium in Delhi, and low in Bangalore. Anti-migrant sentiment was explained by political competition in Mumbai, class prejudice in Delhi, and an overlaying of class and ethnic conflict in Bangalore. I conclude that mobilization against migrants is easiest when they are largely of a specific regional or ethnic background, that there is a tipping point beyond which opposing migrants ...


Congress In Crisis: Destabilizing Events And The American Legislative Process In The Postreform Era, Daniel M. Isaacs Mar 2009

Congress In Crisis: Destabilizing Events And The American Legislative Process In The Postreform Era, Daniel M. Isaacs

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Usinpac And The U.S.-India Nuclear Deal: Lasting Influence Or One Shot Victory?, Allison Marz Freedman Mar 2009

Usinpac And The U.S.-India Nuclear Deal: Lasting Influence Or One Shot Victory?, Allison Marz Freedman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While a significant amount of scholarly literature has been written on whether ethnic lobby influence has a positive or negative impact on U.S. foreign policy, what has not been well explored is the way these ethnic lobbies are organized to influence policy, whether the organizational structure successfully advances their objectives, and the potential for future successful ethnic lobby influence through changing administrations. To achieve these objectives, this investigation develops a case study around Indian-American lobbying efforts in the United States, particularly that of the U.S.-India Political Action Committee (USINPAC). It analyzes what has been deemed as USINPAC ...


Hunger In A Land Of Plenty: The Benefits Of A Rights-Based Approach To India's Mid Day Meal Scheme, Priya Shankar Jan 2009

Hunger In A Land Of Plenty: The Benefits Of A Rights-Based Approach To India's Mid Day Meal Scheme, Priya Shankar

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In 2001, the Indian Government made the right to food a legal entitlement through various interim orders and legislation. It implemented the Mid Day Meal Scheme (or school lunch program) as a way of guaranteeing children this right. This study uses a general survey of how this program has been promoted by government officials and discussed by Indian scholars, as well as a more specific case study in two schools in the state of Tamil Nadu, to argue that the kind of “rights based approach” advocated in international human rights discourse for the implementation of such programs has largely been ...


Disaster Response In The United States Of America: An Analysis Of The Bureaucratic And Political History Of A Failing System, Andrew S. Mener May 2007

Disaster Response In The United States Of America: An Analysis Of The Bureaucratic And Political History Of A Failing System, Andrew S. Mener

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Disaster Response in the United States is plagued by bureaucratic and political obstacles. This paper analyzes the complete history of disaster response in the United States from the 19th century to the present. Specific attention is given to the establishment of FEMA and the Department of Homeland Security. The conclusion offers one possible suggestion to improve American disaster response.


Economic Interdependence And Peace In Transitional Democracies, Alexander Wooten May 2007

Economic Interdependence And Peace In Transitional Democracies, Alexander Wooten

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The primary aim of this paper is to explore the extent to which economic interdependence influences the likelihood that a transitional democracy will enter into an armed conflict. The paper demonstrates that economic interdependence is a primary means of avoiding conflict during democratic transition. The concerns of the transitional democratic peace theorists are incorporated into an economic interdependence framework to provide a coherent policy prescription that advocates both democracy and interdependence.

The best circumstances for democratization are those in which countries are interdependent with their neighbors. As an exploration of this hypothesis two cases are explored; one with a complete ...


Gender Plus: Toward A More Inclusive Feminism, Corinne M. Smith Mar 2007

Gender Plus: Toward A More Inclusive Feminism, Corinne M. Smith

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the racism of mainstream feminism and the ways in which what we think of as feminism has not adequately addressed the needs of black women in the United States. It describes some of the ways in which black women’s experiences of oppression in the United States differ from white women’s. It then proposes a methodological tool for avoiding racism in feminist political theory, “Gender Plus,” which calls for feminist theorists to consider at least one level of inquiry beyond gender when formalizing theory. This paper engages in “Gender Plus” by using race as an example ...


Consociationalism In Lebanon, Sara G. Barclay Mar 2007

Consociationalism In Lebanon, Sara G. Barclay

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Should Lebanon abandon the consociational democratic system? This paper attempts to answer the question by examining the pathologies of the current system and then evaluating its strengths, weaknesses, and potential for reform. Theories of consociational democracy and of conflict regulation are used in this analysis. This paper concludes that there is potential for limited reforms that will make the Lebanese consociational system fairer and therefore more robust to international, regional, and internal disturbances.


How The Influence Of Religion Makes The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration Revolutionary, And How This Has Affected Our Relations With European Allies, Alexandra Kougentakis Mar 2007

How The Influence Of Religion Makes The Foreign Policy Of The Bush Administration Revolutionary, And How This Has Affected Our Relations With European Allies, Alexandra Kougentakis

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

It is widely recognized that the rhetoric and actions of the Bush administration are strongly marked by religious terminology and principles, particularly those o evangelical Christianity. The prominence and new political sophistication of religious groups imply that its current character is a departure from the past. Yet while religious conservatives are seen as a significant force in domestic and electoral politics, their influence in the arena of foreign policy is not generally a topic of serious debate. The omission is significant; not only do domestic politics often influence the direction of foreign policy, but in the case of the religious ...


Education In A Federal System: A Case-Study Of Belgium, Caroline Varin Apr 2006

Education In A Federal System: A Case-Study Of Belgium, Caroline Varin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The administration of primary and secondary education in Belgium is divided among the three federal regions and has yielded very different results in student performances, particularly in Flanders and Wallonia/Bruxelles-Capitale: the Flemings are consistently stronger in subjects such as languages and mathematics and there are fewer students failing school in Flemish areas than in the Francophone regions (PISA 2000, 2003). Different educational systems across ethnic lines can increase social and economic inequality. In a federal country such as Belgium with pre-existing ethnic tensions, this inequality can lead to political instability. This paper investigates the disparities in education within the ...


Revisiting The Iron Cage: New Insights In Institutions Theory From Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic And The Spirit Of Capitalism, Michael D. Grosack Mar 2006

Revisiting The Iron Cage: New Insights In Institutions Theory From Max Weber's The Protestant Ethic And The Spirit Of Capitalism, Michael D. Grosack

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis reinterprets Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism using contemporary economic institutions theory as proposed by Douglass North in Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. It shows that contrary to the accusations of his critics, Weber provides a clear mechanism for historical change which emphasizes human perceptions and changing costs. This thesis argues that Weber's approach can serve as a model for understanding other periods of historical change. This reinterpretation is used to refute Weber’s critics in explaining the continued—and widely unacknowledged—importance of The Protestant Ethic in the developing field ...


Artificially Sweetened: An Analysis Of The United States Sugar Program, Adam H. Dean Mar 2006

Artificially Sweetened: An Analysis Of The United States Sugar Program, Adam H. Dean

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

By limiting imports of sugar into the United States, the United States Department of Agriculture maintains a price floor for domestic sugar producers that has traditionally been double the price of sugar on the international market. Operating at an annual cost of two billion dollars, the US sugar program has deleterious effects for both US consumers and foreign producers, many of which live in developing countries. By forcing developing countries out of the US market, the US sugar program costs countries in the third world millions of dollars each year in lost trade and development opportunities. Although agricultural trade liberalization ...