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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Unlocking The Latino Vote: Civic Organizations As Tools For Latino Voter Mobilization And Participation, Elizabeth L. Thom Apr 2014

Unlocking The Latino Vote: Civic Organizations As Tools For Latino Voter Mobilization And Participation, Elizabeth L. Thom

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

For decades now, politicians, pollsters and pundits have tried to define, unite and persuade Latino voters. Presidential campaigns dating as far back as the 1960s have made efforts to appeal to the Latino electorate in order to win elections. In 1983 Ronald Reagan concerned himself with winning over Latinos voters during his reelection bid. Today, the diversifying electorate has placed Latinos at the center of twenty-first century American politics.

It is no secret that Latinos are the largest minority population in the United States. Their share of the electorate increases daily, along with their importance in winning national elections. Now ...


Gay And Lesbian Rights In Confucian Asia: The Cases Of Hong Kong, Singapore, And Taiwan, John Cheo Jan 2014

Gay And Lesbian Rights In Confucian Asia: The Cases Of Hong Kong, Singapore, And Taiwan, John Cheo

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

From being a love that dared not speak its name to one that is legally recognized by many countries today, same-sex acts and relations have indeed undergone a remarkable transformation in terms of how they are perceived and, consequently, regulated. Yet, globally speaking, this transformation is taking place unevenly as many countries continue to criminalize homosexuality and the commission of same-sex acts.

In Asia, a region that has traditionally if misguidedly been seen as more sexually conservative than the so-called 'Wild West,' the debate over the acceptability of homosexuality rages on. As three of Asia’s most economically developed, cosmopolitan ...


Racial Bias And Interstate Highway Planning: A Mixed Methods Approach, Bradford P. Sherman Jan 2014

Racial Bias And Interstate Highway Planning: A Mixed Methods Approach, Bradford P. Sherman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper is an analysis of highway alignments based on the census tracts that surround them. First, I perform a quantitative analysis of the tracts with highways and the percentage of non-white and African-Americans in these tracts as opposed to in the state and region in general. In areas where the T-Tests noted a significant difference, a case study approach was employed to conjecture as to the reasoning for these suspect alignments.


Capitalism Democracy And Food Stamps: A Case For The Right To Food In The Land Of Freedom And Plenty, Emilie Abrams Jan 2014

Capitalism Democracy And Food Stamps: A Case For The Right To Food In The Land Of Freedom And Plenty, Emilie Abrams

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

14.5% of Americans do not have enough food, and over 1 in 3 Americans is obese. Yet adequate nutrition remains one of the only base human needs whose delivery to communities is not ensured by the government. The United States is one of five countries that has failed to ratify the U.N. covenant establishing a right to food. In the face of these pressing problems, most of the talk associated with movements seeking to make improvements in America’s food system has little grounding in the kind of rigorous debate about rights, and their central role in protecting ...


Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund Dec 2013

Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This essay focuses on these conditions that result in the extension of international legitimacy, asking the question; “which factors lead external actors to recognize separatist regions as legitimate states?” In particular, the essay hones in on the factors that lead the international community to recognize separatist states despite the seemingly dominant norm of sovereign territorial integrity. In the subsequent analysis, the essay finds that concerns for international stability and systemic order best explain the variation of international recognition among cases. These concerns are manifested through two distinct mechanisms by which secessionists may undermine the international order. First, separatist behavior that ...


The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington May 2013

The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to understand the intended and unintended effects of the proliferation of private walls around homes in South Africa, specifically in the context of apartheid and post-apartheid history. I argue that walls around private homes produce a variety of effects. Firstly, they visually, physically, and mentally separate individuals, resulting in decreased interactions between residents and passersby as well as between neighbors and greater ignorance between these groups. Secondly, walls preclude the formation of positive relationships between strangers of different classes and races, and they catalyze the formation of unequal relationships of power. This imbalance is compounded by existing ...


Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah May 2013

Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The question of whether a majoritarian setup is optimal in terms of broad representation takes up on paramount importance in the context of power-sharing in deeply divided places, whereby unqualified exclusion of segment(s) of the population from government can have potentially disastrous consequences. Governance in deeply-divided places presents a rather intriguing question --- who governs the people, how are they elected, what mandates do they have? What form of government works best - a single-party majoritarian system that by popular belief leads to more effective governance or a consensus-based government that allows for better protection of minority interests? More broadly then ...


In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund Apr 2013

In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the motivations for Russian voting behavior in the United Nations Security Council from 1995-2012. Specifically, why does Russia vote with the West in many situations, but not in others? What motivated Russia to veto three Western-backed resolutions in the ongoing Syrian conflict? These are not arbitrary votes—Russia invests considerable energy in both explaining and justifying its voting decisions in the Security Council. Thus, even if one believes that Security Council resolutions do not significantly affect state behavior (a claim that international relations research increasingly disputes), such voting decisions still matter because Russia deems them important.

I ...


The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer Apr 2013

The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In this thesis, I investigate the influence of the pro-Israel lobby, as a means of assessing more generally the role of interest groups in shaping American public policy, and whether the so-called “lobbies that can’t be beat” are truly unassailable. First, I probe the prevailing treatise on pro-Israel lobby influence, which portrays the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) as the nerve center of a pro-Israel lobbying network that almost never fails to coerce policymakers to bow to its will. I ask two distinct but related questions: do AIPAC and the other groups depicted as the “Israel lobby” wield ...


The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen Apr 2013

The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Throughout its history, China has always been a land power with strong continental traditions. As a result, the navy was rarely the subject of attention for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Starting in the mid-1990s, however, Beijing started to devote considerable resources to improve the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). This modernization has been enthusiastically pursued until today and China’s improved maritime capabilities have been catching the attention of the United States and China’s neighbors in East Asia. Countries are wary of Beijing’s intentions in acquiring new fleets, questioning the implications this buildup may have ...


Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey Apr 2013

Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper examines why it is that Zambia and Zimbabwe, two states with similar background conditions and initial positions, arrived at differing policy decisions with regards to genetically modified organisms (GMO). The two neighboring Southern African states are economically dependent on their agricultural sector, share a common colonial legacy, rely heavily on maize as a subsistence crop and have struggled with issues of food security. Their decisions were shaped by their post-colonial legacy and differing conceptions of modernity. In the years following independence, Zambia sought to subsidize their agricultural sector through inputs and credit. Zimbabwe instead focused on land reform ...


No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler Apr 2013

No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The No Child Left Behind education act, signed by President Bush in 2002, imposed high-stakes testing standards on all schools in the nation. A decade later, amidst a cheating scandal and a budget crisis, the School District of Philadelphia experienced dramatic standardized test score declines after nine years of increases. This study aims to place these declines in the context of national, state, and local education policy and provide statistical evidence for the cause of the declines. School climate among schools flagged for cheating and budget decreases experienced by all Philadelphia schools significantly contributed to the declines. Nevertheless, the major ...


Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein Apr 2013

Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

What determines the length of first-mover advantage in military innovation? In adopting revolutions in military affairs, some first movers benefit from a lengthy advantage while others suffer from a brief advantage. In this paper, I argue that that two factors, leadership and doctrinal congruence, relate to the two relevant actors, a first mover and a secondary actor, to explain the length of a first mover’s strategic edge. The theory is tested on the aircraft carrier, submarine, and intercontinental ballistic missile revolutions.


Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik Apr 2013

Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis suggests that agent-based modeling provides an effective way to understand and analyze the internal political dynamics of Pakistan. The first section describes Pakistan’s current situation and introduces a study published by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) outlining five possible futures the nation could experience. After stating the five futures, I hypothesize that agent-based modeling could enhance this study and provide arguments that social scientists use to justify this quantitative approach. The next portion of the thesis intricately describes all aspects of the model-building process. The experimentation process and metrics are then discussed and finally, the experiment ...


Take The Money And Run: Business Influence In The Legislative Process, Jacob T. Silverman Apr 2012

Take The Money And Run: Business Influence In The Legislative Process, Jacob T. Silverman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This political science honors thesis investigates corporate influence on the lawmaking process, with an emphasis on financial services legislation. The research question is: “As evidenced by the Gramm-Leach Bliley Act and Dodd-Frank Act, to what extent do corporate interests influence the lawmaking process in absolute and relative terms vis-à-vis their adversaries (consumer advocates, labor, etc.)?” In assessing the absolute influence of business groups, this thesis seeks to identify their power in the lawmaking process in relation to legislators; in identifying their relative power, it compares them to adversary groups. The hypothesis of this thesis is that corporate powers have significant ...


The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey Apr 2012

The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Humanitarian Coordination And Response: International Partnerships In Face Of Natural Disasters, Julia C. Wong Apr 2012

Humanitarian Coordination And Response: International Partnerships In Face Of Natural Disasters, Julia C. Wong

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the 21st century, international humanitarian response remains encumbered by serious gaps and unpreparedness. The inefficacies stem from longstanding organizational challenges in the areas of accountability, predictability, and reliability. Humanitarian reform comprises three pillars: the cluster approach, timely financing, and strategic leadership. Cluster coordination, introduced in the 2005 Humanitarian Response Review commissioned by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, holds great significance because it calls for leadership in specific need areas and for the development of partnerships. This thesis aims to contribute to the growing body of literature on improving humanitarian processes to better meet the needs of ...


Bureaucracy In Crisis: How The State Department Responded To 9/11, Darina Shtrakhman Mar 2012

Bureaucracy In Crisis: How The State Department Responded To 9/11, Darina Shtrakhman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

When and under what circumstances does a bureaucracy implement reforms? What can inhibit it from doing so? This thesis explores these questions through the particular lens of the State Department and the terrorist attacks carried out by Al Qaeda on September 11, 2001. I examine State Department reform in two capacities: first, how State responded to Al Qaeda attacks leading up to 9/11, and second, how prior historical watershed moments have changed State. To achieve this, I rely on the 9/11 Commission Report, congressional hearings, interviews, and memoirs of relevant actors. Viewing State’s response to 9/11 ...


The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman Jan 2012

The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

During President Roosevelt's first term in office (1932-1936) the Supreme Court ruled several landmark New Deal measures unconstitutional; a handful of these decisions were by 5-4 margins. It all changed in 1937, when swing Justice Owen Roberts voted to affirm a minimum wage statute in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish; a year earlier he had voted against minimum wage legislation in a similar case.

This "switch in time that saved nine" has no established consensus that explains its occurrence. Some have posited that President Roosevelt's "court packing" legislation forced Roberts's hand, while other have argued that ...


Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur Jan 2012

Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Part of who we are is whom we communicate with. That basic premise, that our family and friends affect our own personality, is accepted even in academic treatises that promote nature over nurture as determinants of personality (McCrae & Costa Jr. et al., 2000). Social capital, as a theory, is directly tied to that notion; we build a fund based on friendship and trust and favors – a trust fund, figuratively – and we “invest” in jobs or other relationships for the sake of personal benefit. Harvard Professor Robert Putnam’s 1995 Journal of Democracy paper and the follow-up book, Bowling Alone, hypothesize that America has declining social capital.

Putnam believes in the power of local relationships: "The ...


The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman May 2011

The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past 10 years, China has grown its higher education sector into the largest in the world. At the same time, growing international integration of Chinese institutions means increasing cross-fertilization of ideas across national borders. While the literature on these developments has focused largely on their economic implications, this study asks what they mean politically. In light of current questions regarding political debate and reform in the Chinese Communist Party, this paper suggests new higher education policies may have important unintended consequences for the future of Chinese political development. As Chinese political leaders continue to reform and adapt policies ...


Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking May 2011

Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study evaluates the military history and practice of the Roman Empire in the context of contemporary counterinsurgency theory. It purports that the majority of Rome’s security challenges fulfill the criteria of insurgency, and that Rome’s responses demonstrate counterinsurgency proficiency. These assertions are proven by means of an extensive investigation of the grand strategic, military, and cultural aspects of the Roman state. Fourteen instances of likely insurgency are identified and examined, permitting the application of broad theoretical precepts to episodes spanning 300 years of Roman power. In summary, Rome demonstrates remarkable counterinsurgent sophistication, suggesting far more savvy and ...


Proposition 8: Religion, Morality Politics And California's Same-Sex Marriage Debate, Nathalie Jill Kun Baker Apr 2011

Proposition 8: Religion, Morality Politics And California's Same-Sex Marriage Debate, Nathalie Jill Kun Baker

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the relationship between religious affiliation and support for a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, and how this relationship changes over the course of the campaign. There is a demonstrable connection between religious beliefs and partisan and ideological preferences in the United States (Patrikios 2008; Campbell 2007; Layman 2001). Using Proposition 8 in California (2008) as my primary case study, I consider how religion shapes voter behavior specifically in same-sex marriage ballot propositions and how moral policy decisions most clearly expose the link between religious beliefs and ideological preferences. I find that the predictive capacity of religion with ...


How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles Apr 2011

How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Congresswomen of color yield a distinct policy impact in Congress through their perspectives as women and as Americans of color, and through the mix of congressional tools they most often use. Both despite and through the legislative process and the institutional leadership positions they hold, they are able to influence policy by engaging with the executive branch. These more frequently utilized tools include scrutinizing and pressuring the executive branch as advocates, critics and advisers, and public outreach to generate more inclusive and better-informed policymaking. These congresswomen often specifically address substantive interests that are especially pronounced for people of color around ...


Political Opportunity And The Tea Party – Why And Where Tea Party Protests Occurred, Daniel Rudofsky Apr 2011

Political Opportunity And The Tea Party – Why And Where Tea Party Protests Occurred, Daniel Rudofsky

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The TEA Party initially formed in 2009 to protest excessive government spending and skyrocketing debt. Very quickly their message caught on with many Americans across the country. Local groups sprouted up across America without any hierarchical organization directing their efforts. While some national TEA Party groups provide training and funding to certain local organizations, many of these local groups remain fiercely independent of any national affiliation. By examining their most basic political tool, the protest, this paper explains why the TEA Party movement chose certain congressional districts to hold its protests. It discovers that the TEA Party rationally chose certain ...


Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi Apr 2011

Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite the vast research devoted to the shifting focus of the defense strategy toward irregular operations and developing a counterinsurgency doctrine since September 11, 2001, little is known about the driving political forces behind the process. Most assume that the strategy has shifted because after ten years embroiled in two wars—Iraq and Afghanistan—the United States has learned that conventional operations do not work against unconventional enemies. While this is true, how and why the strategy is integrated at the policy level is less well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to fill in this void. An ...


Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson Apr 2011

Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past 35 years, personal relationships have declined among members of the United States House of Representatives. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, polarization and partisanship have risen on Capitol Hill, only to be exacerbated by the impact of Newt Gingrich and the 1994 Republican Revolution. As a result of this increased polarization and partisanship, members of Congress are less able and less willing to forge the personal relationships that are necessary for Congress to function. These relationships make Congress more effective as an institution and result in the body passing more productive legislation. In the absence of ...


Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff Apr 2011

Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Women's Participation In Peacebuilding: A Missing Piece Of The Puzzle?, Mary K. Mccarthy Apr 2011

Women's Participation In Peacebuilding: A Missing Piece Of The Puzzle?, Mary K. Mccarthy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer Apr 2011

Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to answer the broad question: how does drug funding affect rebel group goals? More specifically, it explores why rebel groups reliant upon substantial narcotics-related revenue tend to be non-separatist in nature. The thesis tests three cases against five hypotheses in order gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that produce non-separatist goals among drug-funded rebel groups. This includes an examination the development of narcotics-fueled war economies, the role of state weakness in civil war, the reasons for non-separatist conflict perpetuation, as well as the discipline problems that arise as a result of a rebel group’s involvement ...