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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

All Work And No Pay: How Labor Force Demographics Explain Regional Variation In The Arab Spring Uprisings, Elana M. Stern May 2015

All Work And No Pay: How Labor Force Demographics Explain Regional Variation In The Arab Spring Uprisings, Elana M. Stern

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite scholarly and popular hopes and predictions that the 2011 Arab Spring would mean the end of authoritarianism and the onset of democracy across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, anti-regime uprisings only occurred in a small subset of MENA nations. This thesis aims to address the puzzle of the Arab Spring’s partial contagion; the main interest of this work is to explore why the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries in particular escaped the Arab Spring virtually unscathed. The hypothesis offered here argues that the regional variation in the Arab Spring uprisings can be explained by ...


Convincing The Reluctant Superpower: Political Communications, Influence, And Public Diplomacy, Samuel H. Ruddy May 2015

Convincing The Reluctant Superpower: Political Communications, Influence, And Public Diplomacy, Samuel H. Ruddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper seeks to understand the real influence that public diplomacy may have over American foreign policy vis-à-vis its effect on public opinion. In order to examine that influence, the paper uses the case of American intervention against the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS, ISIL, or Dash) to examine how different kinds of elites influence American public opinion through political communication. It tests RM Entman’s Cascading Activation model of elite influence as a framework to understand public diplomacy, replicating his qualitative study of press coverage with specific focus on foreign sources. It also expands the model by ...


Competitive Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (Rcep) Vs. Trans-Pacific Partnership (Tpp), Yifei Xiao Apr 2015

Competitive Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (Rcep) Vs. Trans-Pacific Partnership (Tpp), Yifei Xiao

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are both mega-regional trade initiatives in the Asia-Pacific that began in the late 2000s. Both are currently still under negotiation, and once concluded, will potentially shape the future of economic integration in the region. This paper seeks to explain why two overlapping yet diverging mega-regional trade deals emerged in the same region at around the same time. The paper posits that there is a direct relationship between the development of the TPP and that of the RCEP. Hence, it seeks to find a theory that best explains the interactive ...


Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim Mar 2015

Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite sharing a cultural and historical background with South Koreans, North Korean defectors have difficulty integrating within South Korean society. This paper seeks to address the factors in South Korean society that make integration difficult for defectors. Specifically, what is the relationship between education and the formation of values and attitudes of South Koreans towards North Korean defectors?

This study argues that North Korean defectors cannot successfully integrate into South Korean society because 1) South Korean cultural attitudes embrace the hanminjok ideology that makes it difficult for defectors to acquire cultural citizenship and 2) the South Korean social- efficiency education ...


The Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Of 2010 On National School Meal Participation Rates, Irene Hong Feb 2015

The Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Of 2010 On National School Meal Participation Rates, Irene Hong

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) of 2010 is the most recent child nutrition reauthorization bill. It authorizes $4.5 billion in new funding for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s core child nutrition programs, including the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Public focus and attention with regard to the HHFKA has chiefly been focused on the dramatic changes implemented in nutritional requirements for all food served in schools, including new restrictions on the amount of calories, sugar, fat and sodium in school meals. Nutrition advocates have lauded these efforts to address rising rates of ...


Economic Sanctions’ Effectiveness In A World With Interdependent Networks And Powerful Mncs: The Role Of Governance In The Target State, Pia Figuerola Jan 2015

Economic Sanctions’ Effectiveness In A World With Interdependent Networks And Powerful Mncs: The Role Of Governance In The Target State, Pia Figuerola

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Economic sanctions are increasingly becoming the instrument of choice for countries to exert pressure on others, due to their non-violent nature. However, sanctions effectiveness has often been a source of concern. There is a large body of literature analyzing what factors influence economic sanctions effectiveness, including political variables such as international cooperation, prior relations between sender and target states, etc., as well as economic variables such as the average cost of sanctions, trade linkages, etc. This thesis attempts to make a contribution by exploring the role of multinational corporations (MNCs) in sanctions regimes, as they have become the main actor ...


Tackling The Question Of Legitimacy In Transitional Justice: Steve Biko And The Post-Apartheid Reconciliation Process In South Africa, Kaley L. Martin Jan 2015

Tackling The Question Of Legitimacy In Transitional Justice: Steve Biko And The Post-Apartheid Reconciliation Process In South Africa, Kaley L. Martin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to determine and understand the impact of the Steve Biko case on the effectiveness of the post-apartheid reconciliation process in South Africa. The Biko case in an example of a highly visible challenge to the South African government’s chosen method of post-apartheid reconciliation, as Biko’s own family did not believe in the process and fought elements of it from its inception.

Steve Biko was a noted anti-apartheid activist who founded the Black Consciousness movement, which advocated for black South Africans to be proud of their blackness. Biko died mysteriously and suddenly in police custody in ...


The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay Jan 2015

The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study will examine whether Russian labor is truly “quiescent” by examining general activity in Moscow from 2000 to 2014 and then focusing on white-collar union activity. The results indicate that over this period, the unions representing healthcare workers, teachers, and academics were very active and often achieved concessions from the government such as higher wages or changes to proposed reforms. These findings are important in the context of other post-communist states (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic) as they indicate that institutional differences like method of unionization and unions’ political involvement led to different results for white-collar unions in ...