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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Take The Money And Run: Business Influence In The Legislative Process, Jacob T. Silverman Apr 2012

Take The Money And Run: Business Influence In The Legislative Process, Jacob T. Silverman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This political science honors thesis investigates corporate influence on the lawmaking process, with an emphasis on financial services legislation. The research question is: “As evidenced by the Gramm-Leach Bliley Act and Dodd-Frank Act, to what extent do corporate interests influence the lawmaking process in absolute and relative terms vis-à-vis their adversaries (consumer advocates, labor, etc.)?” In assessing the absolute influence of business groups, this thesis seeks to identify their power in the lawmaking process in relation to legislators; in identifying their relative power, it compares them to adversary groups. The hypothesis of this thesis is that corporate powers have significant ...


The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey Apr 2012

The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Humanitarian Coordination And Response: International Partnerships In Face Of Natural Disasters, Julia C. Wong Apr 2012

Humanitarian Coordination And Response: International Partnerships In Face Of Natural Disasters, Julia C. Wong

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the 21st century, international humanitarian response remains encumbered by serious gaps and unpreparedness. The inefficacies stem from longstanding organizational challenges in the areas of accountability, predictability, and reliability. Humanitarian reform comprises three pillars: the cluster approach, timely financing, and strategic leadership. Cluster coordination, introduced in the 2005 Humanitarian Response Review commissioned by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, holds great significance because it calls for leadership in specific need areas and for the development of partnerships. This thesis aims to contribute to the growing body of literature on improving humanitarian processes to better meet the needs of ...


Bureaucracy In Crisis: How The State Department Responded To 9/11, Darina Shtrakhman Mar 2012

Bureaucracy In Crisis: How The State Department Responded To 9/11, Darina Shtrakhman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

When and under what circumstances does a bureaucracy implement reforms? What can inhibit it from doing so? This thesis explores these questions through the particular lens of the State Department and the terrorist attacks carried out by Al Qaeda on September 11, 2001. I examine State Department reform in two capacities: first, how State responded to Al Qaeda attacks leading up to 9/11, and second, how prior historical watershed moments have changed State. To achieve this, I rely on the 9/11 Commission Report, congressional hearings, interviews, and memoirs of relevant actors. Viewing State’s response to 9/11 ...


Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur Jan 2012

Bowling Online: Examining Social Capital And The Impact Of Internet-Generated Interactions, Alon Gur

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Part of who we are is whom we communicate with. That basic premise, that our family and friends affect our own personality, is accepted even in academic treatises that promote nature over nurture as determinants of personality (McCrae & Costa Jr. et al., 2000). Social capital, as a theory, is directly tied to that notion; we build a fund based on friendship and trust and favors – a trust fund, figuratively – and we “invest” in jobs or other relationships for the sake of personal benefit. Harvard Professor Robert Putnam’s 1995 Journal of Democracy paper and the follow-up book, Bowling Alone, hypothesize that America has declining social capital.

Putnam believes in the power of local relationships: "The ...


The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman Jan 2012

The Switch In Time That Saved Nine: A Study Of Justice Owen Roberts's Vote In West Coast Hotel Co. V. Parrish, Brian T. Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

During President Roosevelt's first term in office (1932-1936) the Supreme Court ruled several landmark New Deal measures unconstitutional; a handful of these decisions were by 5-4 margins. It all changed in 1937, when swing Justice Owen Roberts voted to affirm a minimum wage statute in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish; a year earlier he had voted against minimum wage legislation in a similar case.

This "switch in time that saved nine" has no established consensus that explains its occurrence. Some have posited that President Roosevelt's "court packing" legislation forced Roberts's hand, while other have argued that ...