Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Northern Ireland

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 241

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer Apr 2019

History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer

Student Symposium

“The Troubles,” a violent conflict that began in Northern Ireland in 1968 and lasted until the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, saw high levels of violence and terrorism on both sides--Protestants and Catholics--of the socio-political conflict. While major issues of violence were addressed by the Good Friday Agreement, many key ontological issues remain very much alive and active, resulting in “peace walls” which separate Catholic and Protestant neighborhoods in Northern Ireland. The impediments to peace stem not just from these issues of violence, but also from the minimal attention paid to ontological security in peace negotiations: the security of oneself ...


A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm Dec 2018

A Call To Peace: How Third-Party Actors And Frameworks Impacted The Peace Processes Of Northern Ireland And Colombia, Esther K. Holm

Channels: Where Disciplines Meet

Northern Ireland and Colombia both serve as excellent case studies on how the end of the Cold War impacted peace processes. Both countries experienced conflicts that begun in the Cold War era and underwent peace processes in the post-Cold War era. As such, studying them reveals characteristics of post-Cold War peace processes. For example, both Northern Ireland and Colombia showcase the important role that third-party actors play in modern conflict mediation. Both countries benefited greatly from mediation conducted by international organization, other countries, and individuals. Furthermore, both countries demonstrate the importance of frameworks in any successful peace negotiation. This paper ...


“Tribal Trenches”: A Qualitative Critique Of Consociational Design In Northern Ireland, Sarah Hollmann Oct 2018

“Tribal Trenches”: A Qualitative Critique Of Consociational Design In Northern Ireland, Sarah Hollmann

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

How does consociational power sharing impact ethnic divisions in Northern Ireland? Though those in the consociationalist school would claim that the lack of active political violence in Northern Ireland is a powerful argument in favor of consociationalism; I argue that active violence has been replaced by increasing political polarization and ethno-national tensions. Using data gathered from twenty-four semi-structured interviews in Northern Ireland, this project critiques the hypothesis that ethnic divisions lose their salience after the implementation of consociational power-sharing agreements after ethno-nationalist conflict. Despite the growing literature on the long-term effects of consociationalism, scholars have largely focused on quantitative methods ...


Poetry In A Troubling Time: Analyzing Several Poems Inspired By The Troubles In Northern Ireland, Michael Mccarthy Oct 2018

Poetry In A Troubling Time: Analyzing Several Poems Inspired By The Troubles In Northern Ireland, Michael Mccarthy

Claremont-UC Undergraduate Research Conference on the European Union

Most of the news about Northern Ireland for the past year has been about what effect Brexit will have on the North’s relationship with the Republic of Ireland. The discussion of eliminating the “soft-border,” and replacing it with a “hard- border,” which would see the reinstitution of checkpoints along the 500-kilometer border, continues to dominate international headlines. The EU has been attempting to allay concerns, and in March, President of the European Council Donald Tusk, traveled to Dublin and reaffirmed the EU’s commitment to avoiding a hard border and maintaining the peace process in the region (Stone, 2018 ...


Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle Jan 2015

Constructing A Shared Identity In Deeply Divided Societies, John M. Nagle

John M Nagle

In order to bolster sustainable peacebuilding in violently divided societies, a normative suggestion is that efforts should be made to construct a shared public identity that overarches ethnic divisions. A number of different centripetal/transformationist processes are identified as engendering a shared identity in comparison to consociational arrangements, which are accused of institutionalizing ethnic differences and perpetuating conflict. These transformationist approaches essentially rest on the premise that since ethnicity is constructed it can be reconstructed into new shared forms. Looking at Northern Ireland, we argue there are limits to the extent that ethnicity can be reconstructed into shared identities. By ...


Police Reform, Civil Society And Everyday Legitimacy: A Lesson From Northern Ireland, Branka Marijan, Dejan Guzina Oct 2014

Police Reform, Civil Society And Everyday Legitimacy: A Lesson From Northern Ireland, Branka Marijan, Dejan Guzina

Political Science Faculty Publications

In post-conflict zones, there is a need to better understand the role of civil society in building the legitimacy of reformed police institutions. Northern Ireland provides an instructive case in this regard, as community involvement and civilian oversight of policing structures were prominent in the reform process. While much has been achieved since the 1999 Independent Commission on Policing, the question of police legitimation is still largely unresolved. In order for police reform to be fully realized, and to ensure that everyday legitimacy is established, more attention must be paid to building relationships between the police and local communities.


Electoral Systems And Ethnic Conciliation: A Structured, Focused Analysis Of Vote-Pooling In Northern Ireland Elections 1998-2011, Callum J. Forster Jan 2014

Electoral Systems And Ethnic Conciliation: A Structured, Focused Analysis Of Vote-Pooling In Northern Ireland Elections 1998-2011, Callum J. Forster

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This research project examines the role of electoral system rules in affecting the extent of conciliatory behavior and cross-ethnic coalition making in Northern Ireland. It focuses on the role of the Single Transferable Vote (STV) electoral system in shaping party and voter incentives in a post-conflict divided society. The research uses a structured, focused comparison of the four electoral cycles since the Belfast Agreement of 1998. This enables a systematic examination of each electoral cycle using a common set of criteria focused on conciliation and cross-ethnic coalition making. Whilst preference voting is assumed to benefit moderate candidates, in Northern Ireland ...


Role Theory As An Informative Lens For Understanding The Familial And Political Power Struggles Of Henry Viii And Mary I Of England, Niki Incorvia Jan 2014

Role Theory As An Informative Lens For Understanding The Familial And Political Power Struggles Of Henry Viii And Mary I Of England, Niki Incorvia

Department of Conflict Resolution Studies Theses and Dissertations

This study aims to analyze the application of twentieth century sociologist George Mead's role theory to Henry VIII and Mary I, of Britain's Tudor Dynasty, regarding their treatment of their families during the early to mid-sixteenth century. Contemporary role theory can offer a useful lens to study sixteenth century royal family functionality through an analysis of Henry VIII and Mary I's lives as monarchs of England. Role theory can illuminate the role conflict that led to a separation between Henry and Mary as people and as sovereigns. Their roles, derived from traditional authority, set them apart as ...


Fourth Time's The Charm?: Modeling A Psychologically-Based Peace Iv Program In Northern Ireland, Cailin A. Rogers Jun 2013

Fourth Time's The Charm?: Modeling A Psychologically-Based Peace Iv Program In Northern Ireland, Cailin A. Rogers

The Macalester Review

Abstract: Social conflict has consumed Northern Ireland for centuries. The relationship between Catholic Nationalists and Protestant Loyalists has proved difficult to reconcile–current policy approaches have been unable to attain peace. This paper seeks to explore the gaps in policy created by ignoring the important distinction between the social identities Nationalists and Loyalists have created and which they continue to perpetuate. This paper examines Social identity theory in context of Northern Ireland and applies the psychology of disparate community identities to current policies and trends in Northern Ireland to suggest reasons for a lack of progress towards peace. Unfortunately, contemporary ...


Identity Crisis : The Development Of Ethnic Identities In South Africa And Northern Ireland And Resolutions To Ethnic Violence., Erran Michael Huber May 2013

Identity Crisis : The Development Of Ethnic Identities In South Africa And Northern Ireland And Resolutions To Ethnic Violence., Erran Michael Huber

College of Arts & Sciences Senior Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


A Field Study Of Consociationalism In The Northern Ireland Assembly: A Moderating Influence Or Threat To Democracy?, Ellen Noble Mar 2013

A Field Study Of Consociationalism In The Northern Ireland Assembly: A Moderating Influence Or Threat To Democracy?, Ellen Noble

The Macalester Review

This paper is the outcome of a month-long exploratory study on whether consociationalism has a moderating influence on politics in Northern Ireland. I analyzed the impact of consociationalism on policymaking, party platforms and voter choice to determine if it strengthens and enlarges the middle ground or bifurcates the political community into two extreme and conflicting political agendas. Data was obtained through a literature study and eight interviews with academics as well as political representatives and advisors. This research tested two competing theories of consociationalism: David Horowitz’s theory of consociationalism as a centrifugal force and John McGarry’s and Brendand ...


The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey Apr 2012

The Ira's Hunger Game: Game Theory, Political Bargaining And The Management Of The 1980-1981 Hunger Strikes In Northern Ireland, Meghan M. Hussey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


The Path To Peace: Conflict Theory And Northern Ireland’S Troubles (1968-1998), Ruairi Wiepking Dec 2011

The Path To Peace: Conflict Theory And Northern Ireland’S Troubles (1968-1998), Ruairi Wiepking

Master's Theses

This paper is a qualitative historical analysis of Northern Ireland’s Troubles. Over a period of approximately thirty years, sectarian violence in Northern Ireland dominated the headlines of newspapers in both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom. Despite this violent history, Northern Ireland has enjoyed relative peace and stability since the passage of the Belfast Agreement in 1998. This paper aims to better understand why and how Northern Ireland endured a generation of brutal sectarian violence and emerged into a new era of peace and mutual understanding. In doing so, this paper incorporates theories from peace and conflict ...


Social Transformation In Divided Societies: Willingness To Integrate Post-Power Sharing Agreement: The Northern Ireland Case, Elizabeth A. O'Callaghan Aug 2010

Social Transformation In Divided Societies: Willingness To Integrate Post-Power Sharing Agreement: The Northern Ireland Case, Elizabeth A. O'Callaghan

Political Science Theses

This thesis examines the factors which impact societal willingness to integrate in a post conflict, post power sharing agreement environment. Utilizing the Northern Ireland case, this study analyzes variance in willingness to integrate between Protestant and Catholic groups. Analysis of the Northern Ireland Life and Times survey data illustrates the shifting relationship between political trust and ingroup/outgroup frustrations on levels of willingness to integrate since the Good Friday Agreement. Statistical analyses indicate confirmation of ingroup attachment and elite political trust hypotheses, and reduced impact of outgroup benefit perceptions on willingness to integrate since the Good Friday Agreement.


Implementing The Good Friday Agreement: Overcoming Challenges And Obstacles, Joseph Michael Debraggio Jan 2010

Implementing The Good Friday Agreement: Overcoming Challenges And Obstacles, Joseph Michael Debraggio

Honors Theses

On April 10, 1998, history was made in Northern Ireland. Years of sectarian violence would end as the Belfast Agreement, known more popularly (and perhaps more fittingly due to the religious identities defining the two sides) as the Good Friday Agreement, was signed bringing peace to Northern Ireland (Northern Ireland Office, 2007). This paper will look at the Good Friday Agreement in detail. By analyzing the historical factors leading up to 1998, the Agreement itself, and the post-Agreement implementation stage,it is possible to pick out the relative successes and failures of the Agreement, and of its implementation.


Strategic Planning And Performance: An Exploratory Study Of Housing Associations In Northern Ireland, Gordon Marnoch, Roger Courtney, Arthur Williamson Jan 2009

Strategic Planning And Performance: An Exploratory Study Of Housing Associations In Northern Ireland, Gordon Marnoch, Roger Courtney, Arthur Williamson

Gordon Marnoch

Housing associations are a key part of the non-profit sector and the adoption of strategic planning by this sector is of considerable significance. This article provides a qualitative report examining the use of strategic planning practices by housing associations in Northern Ireland, and the impact of such action on the performance of the associations. The article also critically examines reasons for the non-profit housing sectors’ enthusiasm for strategic planning practices concluding that strategic planning is a legitimating seeking activity as well as a rational analytic process.


The Long Game: Hamas, The Ira, And The Politics Of Radicalization In Palestine And Northern Ireland, Dan O'Sullivan Jan 2009

The Long Game: Hamas, The Ira, And The Politics Of Radicalization In Palestine And Northern Ireland, Dan O'Sullivan

Honors Theses

The value of a comparative study of the two conflicts stems from a remarkable similarity in the structural organization of political violence by its most influential practitioners: the IRA and Hamas. At the core, I have merely tried my best to approach a beguiling question in a fresh, dynamic way. The stultifying discourse of conflict that serves as lingua franca for the Israeli‐Palestinian issue has largely reduced strategic debate to how best the conflict can be managed – not ended. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s focus on “economic peace” and unwillingness to commit to a two‐state solution – the consensus ...


Context And Demonizing The I.R.A., Editor Nov 2002

Context And Demonizing The I.R.A., Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article questions a consensus that the I.R.A. is largely responsible for the recent suspension of Northern Ireland’s home-rule government by the United Kingdom.


American Irish Newsletter - November 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Nov 2002

American Irish Newsletter - November 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - October 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Oct 2002

American Irish Newsletter - October 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - September 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Sep 2002

American Irish Newsletter - September 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - August 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Aug 2002

American Irish Newsletter - August 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - July 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Jul 2002

American Irish Newsletter - July 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - June 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Jun 2002

American Irish Newsletter - June 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - May 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec May 2002

American Irish Newsletter - May 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - April 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Apr 2002

American Irish Newsletter - April 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - March 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Mar 2002

American Irish Newsletter - March 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - February 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Feb 2002

American Irish Newsletter - February 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - January 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Jan 2002

American Irish Newsletter - January 2002, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Troubled Images: Posters And Images Of The Northern Ireland Conflict From The Linen Hall Library, Belfast, Allan Leonard Dec 2001

Troubled Images: Posters And Images Of The Northern Ireland Conflict From The Linen Hall Library, Belfast, Allan Leonard

Allan Leonard

Troubled Images is the first major publication of the posters of the Northern Ireland conflict. The 124-page book contains 140 illustrations (115 in full colour) and detailed accounts of 70 posters of a travelling international exhibition.

The book includes an overview essay, ‘Visualising the Troubles’, written by Belinda Loftus, an expert on graphic imagery and author of Mirror: Orange and Green.

Informative commentaries to the featured exhibition posters are written by John Gray, Librarian of the Linen Hall Library, Belfast.

Edited by a diverse team of four, and scrutinised by a large project team, the entire spectrum of the Northern ...