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Elections

Selected Works

Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Prosperity Versus Equality At The Polls, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Prosperity Versus Equality At The Polls, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Why Does Voting Get So Complicated? : A Review Of Theories For Analyzing Democratic Participation., Jeff Gill, Jason Gainous Jul 2016

Why Does Voting Get So Complicated? : A Review Of Theories For Analyzing Democratic Participation., Jeff Gill, Jason Gainous

Jason Gainous

The purpose of this article is to present a sample from the panoply of formal theories on voting and elections to Statistical Science readers who have had limited exposure to such work. These abstract ideas provide a framework for understanding the context of the empirical articles that follow in this volume. The primary focus of this theoretical literature is on the use of mathematical formalism to describe electoral systems and outcomes by modeling both voting rules and human behavior. As with empirical models, these constructs are never perfect descriptors of reality, but instead form the basis for understanding fundamental characteristics ...


App Newsletter 8, Riccardo Pelizzo Oct 2015

App Newsletter 8, Riccardo Pelizzo

Riccardo Pelizzo

Eight Issue of the APP Newsletter devoted to SDG, South Sudan, Tanzanian elections, and the alleged dividends of statelessness in Somalia.


App Newsletter 6, Riccardo Pelizzo Aug 2015

App Newsletter 6, Riccardo Pelizzo

Riccardo Pelizzo

In the sixth of the newsletter of African Politics and Policy we discuss the costs of instability, the renovation of Togolese hotels, and the relationship between corruption, trust and legislatures.


App Newsletter 3, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2015

App Newsletter 3, Riccardo Pelizzo

Riccardo Pelizzo

third issue of the APP newsletter where we discuss the results of the Nigerian elections, the consequences of falling oil price, and the costs of instability


A Quantum Congress, Jorge R. Roig Dec 2014

A Quantum Congress, Jorge R. Roig

Jorge R Roig

This article tries to address the problem of a corrupt and broken electoral system that has been captured by special interests through big money spending in political campaigns, while at the same time preserving the spirit of the Free Speech Clause of our Constitution. In doing so, this article first reviews and summarizes the different alternatives proposed as potential fixes for the campaign finance problem. It then explains why none of the proposed alternatives can accomplish the dual goals set out above. Finally, the article briefly sketches a proposal for a fundamental reworking of our representative democracy by substituting legislative ...


Barack Obama, Implicit Bias, And The 2008 Election, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski, Gregory S. Parks Dec 2014

Barack Obama, Implicit Bias, And The 2008 Election, Jeffrey J. Rachlinski, Gregory S. Parks

Jeffrey J Rachlinski

The election of Barack Obama as the forty-fourth president of the United States suggests that the United States has made great strides with regard to race. The blogs and the pundits may laud Obama’s win as evidence that we now live in a “post-racial America.” But is it accurate to suggest that race no longer significantly influences how Americans evaluate each other? Does Obama’s victory suggest that affirmative action and antidiscrimination protections are no longer necessary? We think not. Ironically, rather than marking the dawn of a post-racial America, Obama’s candidacy reveals how deeply race affects judgment.


Two Cheers For Burma’S Rigged Election, Neil A. Englehart Oct 2014

Two Cheers For Burma’S Rigged Election, Neil A. Englehart

Neil A Englehart

Burma’s recent election was clearly not free and fair. However, it can also be seen as improving a uniquely unrepresentative government, creating greater pluralism, and institutionalizing differences within the ruling junta. Even the rigged election may have created opportunities for further opening in the future.


Anonymous Speech And Section 527 Of The Internal Revenue Code, Donald B. Tobin Jun 2014

Anonymous Speech And Section 527 Of The Internal Revenue Code, Donald B. Tobin

Donald B. Tobin

No abstract provided.


The Economic Influence On Electoral Politics, David Lynch, Nicholas R. Jesteadt, Brencis Navia Oct 2013

The Economic Influence On Electoral Politics, David Lynch, Nicholas R. Jesteadt, Brencis Navia

Professor David Lynch

The economy has been one of the focal points of not just this election, but almost every election in the past. The incumbent party attempts to portray the economy as healthy, recovering, prosperous; the opposing party attempts to show stagnation and volatility. This presentation aims to expose the effect of the economy on campaigning and electoral outcomes by examining historical elections and projecting toward the 2012 election. What economic factors influence voters? We examine unemployment, GDP growth, inflation, and several others as we try to piece together the economic impact on elections. Our guest speaker is David Lynch, a senior ...


Touch Screen Voting Machines, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr Jan 2013

Touch Screen Voting Machines, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Touch screen voting machines will be useful for conducting free and fair polls on single day and in single phase for general elections. If touch screen voting machines are used then there will be absolutely no scope for rigging, impersonate voting and all other malpractices in voting process. With TSVMs counting of votes will be over within one hour on the same day after polling is over. By using TSCMs polling, counting declaring of results for all constituencies can be completed on the same day of the polling.


Marin Students To Conduct Exit Polling During November Election [Interview], Alison Howard Oct 2012

Marin Students To Conduct Exit Polling During November Election [Interview], Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


محاسن دستور مكتوب من وراء ستار الجهل, Ahmed Souaiaia Jul 2012

محاسن دستور مكتوب من وراء ستار الجهل, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


Diffusion Of Nationalist Voting In Scotland And Wales: Emulation, Contagion, And Retrenchment, James Lutz Sep 2010

Diffusion Of Nationalist Voting In Scotland And Wales: Emulation, Contagion, And Retrenchment, James Lutz

James M Lutz

No abstract provided.


Marginality, Major Third Parties, And Turnout In England In The 1970s And 1980s: A Re-Analysis And Extension, James Lutz Sep 2010

Marginality, Major Third Parties, And Turnout In England In The 1970s And 1980s: A Re-Analysis And Extension, James Lutz

James M Lutz

No abstract provided.


Welsh Political Mobilization: A Comment And A Note, James Lutz Sep 2010

Welsh Political Mobilization: A Comment And A Note, James Lutz

James M Lutz

No abstract provided.


Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason Mar 2010

Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Between 1991 and 1996 Russia underwent a precipitous economic and social decline with decreases in production, gross national product, and wages, and increases in inequality, crime, and corruption. Most people experienced a decline in their standard of living, and many fondly recalled the security and stability of the communist era.


Long Lines At Polling Stations? Observations From An Election Day Field Study, Douglas M. Spencer, Zachary S. Markovits Feb 2010

Long Lines At Polling Stations? Observations From An Election Day Field Study, Douglas M. Spencer, Zachary S. Markovits

Douglas M. Spencer

This pilot study represents the first systematic attempt to determine how common lines are on Election Day, at what times of day lines are most likely to form, what are the bottlenecks in the voting process, and how long it takes an average citizen to cast his or her ballot. This study highlights the importance of evaluating polling station operations as a three-step process: arrival, check-in, and casting a ballot. We collected data during the 2008 presidential primary election in California, measuring the efficiency of the operational components of 30 polling stations across three counties. We found statistically significant, and ...


"L’Effondrement Du Parti Libéral-Démocrate Et Le Retour Du Politique Au Japon" Par Nishitani Osamu, Matthieu Forlodou Oct 2009

"L’Effondrement Du Parti Libéral-Démocrate Et Le Retour Du Politique Au Japon" Par Nishitani Osamu, Matthieu Forlodou

Matthieu Forlodou

Le texte proposé est la traduction de l'article écrit par Nishitani Osamu (philosophe, professeur à l’Université des langues étrangères de Tokyo (Japon), membre correspondant de l’IEA de Nantes), et publié dans le numéro 797 (novembre 2009) de la revue "Sekai" (Le monde). L'auteur revient sur les dernières élections législatives qui se sont tenues cet été au Japon. Il fournit au lecteur quelques clés pour comprendre "l'alternance politique" qui s'est produite à la suite de ces élections. Il replace le vote des Japonais dans une perspectives plus large de retour du Politique dans leur société ...


Patterns Of Voter Disengagement, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Patterns Of Voter Disengagement, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Reframing Campaigning: Communications, The Media And Elections In Canada, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

This article is a critical assessment of Canadian perspectives on the role of the media in electoral behaviour, notably on the roles media play in setting or responding to the agenda in the heat of election campaigns. Research into the role of the media in election campaigns has been conducted within the broadly behaviouralist tradition of political scientific research. The article begins with a brief contextualization of the behaviouralist research tradition in Canada. Within the specific context of Canadian history and its social structure, the introduction explains how the very questions that Canadians have posed regarding media/campaign interactions have ...


When To Run And When To Hide: Electoral Coordination And Exit, Indridi Indridason Dec 2007

When To Run And When To Hide: Electoral Coordination And Exit, Indridi Indridason

Indridi H Indridason

Elections represent a coordination problem for voters and candidates for office. Electoral coordination is also the causal mechanism behind any explanation of the relationship between electoral systems and the number of parties. I present a dynamic model of electoral coordination with candidate exit. The model extends two important results from the literature to a dynamic setting. The extension of Duverger's Law and the median-voter theorem also offers a simultaneous prediction of the number of parties and their ideological positions. Coordination failure is shown to be possible in a mixed-strategy equilibrium.


Immigration, José Villalobos Dec 2007

Immigration, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Issue Evasion, José Villalobos Dec 2007

Issue Evasion, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Twenty-Sixth Amendment, José D. Villalobos Dec 2007

Twenty-Sixth Amendment, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Presidential Election Of 1980, José D. Villalobos Dec 2007

Presidential Election Of 1980, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Are Voters Better Represented?, Brian Newman, John D. Griffin Oct 2005

Are Voters Better Represented?, Brian Newman, John D. Griffin

Brian Newman

Studies of political participation and representation often contend that elected officials respond more to the preferences of voters than those of nonvoters, but seldom test this claim. This is a critical assumption because if true, biases in who participates will lead to biased representation. Office holders might respond disproportionately to voters’ preferences because voters tend to select like-minded representatives, voters tend to communicate their preferences more, and only voters can reelect representatives. We find that voter preferences predict the aggregate roll-call behavior of Senators while nonvoter preferences do not. We also present evidence supporting the three explanations advanced to account ...


Interest Groups And The Party Networks: Views From Inside The Beltway, Richard Skinner Dec 2003

Interest Groups And The Party Networks: Views From Inside The Beltway, Richard Skinner

Richard M. Skinner

A series of interviews with interest-group representatives in Washington, DC supports the proposition that many such politically active organizations are members of Democratic or Republican “party networks” – webs of relationships between individuals, groups and party committees. These networks assist candidates, share information and plot strategy. Personnel move between entities within the same network, but not between those in opposing ones. In an atmosphere of polarized parties and narrow margins of control, many interest groups appear to be strengthening their ties to their favored party.


Explaining Seat Changes In The U.S. House Of Representatives, 1950-1998, Brian Newman, Charles Ostrom Dec 2001

Explaining Seat Changes In The U.S. House Of Representatives, 1950-1998, Brian Newman, Charles Ostrom

Brian Newman

Recent U.S. House elections have challenged existing models of congressional elections, raising the question of whether or not processes thought to govern previous elections are still at work. Taking Marra and Ostrom's (1989) model of congressional elections as representative of extant theoretical perspectives and testing it against recent elections, we find that the model fails. We augment Marra and Ostrom's model with new insights, constructing a model that explains elections from 1950 to 1998. We find that, although presidential approval ratings and major political events continue to drive congressional elections, the distribution of open seats must also ...


Buffalo's "Prophet Of Protest": The Political Leadership And Activism Of Reverend Dr. Bennett W. Smith, Sr., Sherri Wallace Jun 2001

Buffalo's "Prophet Of Protest": The Political Leadership And Activism Of Reverend Dr. Bennett W. Smith, Sr., Sherri Wallace

Sherri L. Wallace

Recently voted as one of Western New York's most influential people for the twentieth century (Gallivan 1999), the Reverend Dr. [Bennett W. Smith, Sr.] Sr.'s own electoral and political activism clearly emanate from the ethical expressions of the social justice ministry of his late friend and comrade, the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. King characterized social justice in terms of "comprehensive social empowerment." He believed that freedom for African-Americans without empowerment (i.e. "Civil Rights"), land and/or other social/economic resources, was not "true" freedom (Walker 1991, 24). King's philosophy, similar to Stokely Carmichael's ...