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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Russia Today, Cyberterrorists Tomorrow: U.S. Failure To Prepare Democracy For Cyberspace, Jonathan F. Lancelot Dec 2018

Russia Today, Cyberterrorists Tomorrow: U.S. Failure To Prepare Democracy For Cyberspace, Jonathan F. Lancelot

Journal of Digital Forensics, Security and Law

This paper is designed to expose vulnerabilities within the US electoral system, the use of cyberspace to exploit weaknesses within the information assurance strategies of the democratic and republican party organizations, and deficiencies within the social media communications and voting machine exploits. A brief history of discriminatory practices in voting rights and voting access will be set as the foundation for the argument that the system is vulnerable in the cyber age, and the need for reform at the local, state and national levels will be emphasized. The possibility of a foreign nation-state influencing the outcome of an election by ...


Partisanship In Mexico: Influence Of Violence And State Spending, Christopher White Jan 2017

Partisanship In Mexico: Influence Of Violence And State Spending, Christopher White

CMC Senior Theses

This paper serves to further investigate factors influencing partisanship in Mexican politics with a focus on state spending and drug violence. With state spending, this paper builds on prior literature about political effects of federal social spending (Handelman 1997, Domínguez and Chappell 2004, Díaz-Cayeros 2009) to propose a similar theory regarding state social spending. The proposed panel data model for national elections between 2000 and 2012 finds that for diputados elections, a thousand-peso increase in state spending had a statistically significant influence on party voting – boosting PRI candidates (typically incumbents) by 0.66% and hurting both PAN and PRD candidates ...


Voting For Victory: The Impact Of Elections On Counterinsurgency Wars, Krishan Douglas Malhotra Jan 2016

Voting For Victory: The Impact Of Elections On Counterinsurgency Wars, Krishan Douglas Malhotra

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

What role do elections play during counterinsurgency wars? Prompted by the recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, two broad empirical trends also underlay the posing of this research question. In the modern era, the number of electoral regimes in the international system has expanded dramatically. And in this same period, the fortunes of governments combatting asymmetric internal threats has reversed, with incumbents being defeated by their ‘weaker’ opponents one third of the time, and securing outright victory for themselves only to an equal extent. But while the grievances expounded by insurgents vary across conflicts, the inclusivity of access to the ...


Turkey's Unraveling Democracy: Reversing Course From Democratic Consolidation To Democratic Backsliding, Julie Soo Jung Ahn Jan 2014

Turkey's Unraveling Democracy: Reversing Course From Democratic Consolidation To Democratic Backsliding, Julie Soo Jung Ahn

CMC Senior Theses

The Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) promised a new and democratic Turkey in the 2002 general elections, and it succeeded in winning the elections of 2002, 2007, and 2011. Everyone lauded the democratization process in Turkey under the AKP, calling it the “Turkish model.” Yet, with the prolonging rule of the AKP, cracks in the Turkish democracy gradually appeared, ranging from politicized trials to media repression. The situation in Turkey continued to worsen at an increasing pace under Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, leading to the major Gezi Park protests last summer. The erosion of the ...


محاسن دستور مكتوب من وراء ستار الجهل, Ahmed Souaiaia Jul 2012

محاسن دستور مكتوب من وراء ستار الجهل, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

No abstract provided.


The New Public Diplomacy: The Winning Move In Revolutions, Shannon Zimmerman Jan 2012

The New Public Diplomacy: The Winning Move In Revolutions, Shannon Zimmerman

Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy

The countries of the Arab Spring have taken differing approaches and have experienced conflicting outcomes. Egyptian and Tunisian protestors utilized public diplomacy as a political weapon while other states failed to realize its potential. In particular, social media were used to communicate with local actors, the military, and the international community, allowing protesters to disseminate their messages of non-violence. As a result, the revolutionary movement was not alienating to the citizenry or to the security forces. This paper will explore the use of public diplomacy by nonviolent protesters to 'win' the security forces and prevent their uprising from descending into ...


Medvedev Vs. Putin In Kremlin-Sponsored Advertorials In The U.S. And India, Evhenia Viatchaninova Jan 2012

Medvedev Vs. Putin In Kremlin-Sponsored Advertorials In The U.S. And India, Evhenia Viatchaninova

Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy

This essay explores the image making of Vladimir Putin vs. Dmitri Medvedev in the Kremlin-sponsored advertorials the "Russia Now" and the "Russia India Report" circulated as free supplements to The Washington Post, and The Times of India, India, in 2011. Advertorial content mentioning each politician was analyzed using basic qualitative and quantitative techniques, and several image making messages highlighting Putin's vs. Medvedev's leadership were deduced. Both advertorials served as a platform for mediated public diplomacy aimed at influencing foreign publics' perceptions of Russia's leadership in the wake of a major presidential election.


Mexico & Venezuela: Losing The Soft Power Sweepstakes At The Polls, Rick Rockwell Jan 2012

Mexico & Venezuela: Losing The Soft Power Sweepstakes At The Polls, Rick Rockwell

Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy

This research article compares how the public images of Venezuela and Mexico have been shaped by the presidential election cycle of 2012 in each country. The results show that political leaders in both countries seem much more concerned about domestic issues rather than projecting a more positive public diplomacy image. The paper focuses on the history and political culture of both countries, which inevitably frames how both dealt with negative international impressions resulting from the elections. Although Venezuela has had many more demonstrations of national plebiscites and elections than any other Latin American country during the era of President Hugo ...


Factors Affecting The U.S. International Image: The Potential For Public Diplomacy In The Short- And Long-Term, Frank L. Rusciano Jan 2012

Factors Affecting The U.S. International Image: The Potential For Public Diplomacy In The Short- And Long-Term, Frank L. Rusciano

Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy

This paper studies short-term and long-term factors that affected the image of the United States between the years 2000 and 2010. It begins by showing how the election of George W. Bush, the Iraq War, and the election of Barack Obama affected the United States' image in several nations. It then uses data from the Pew 2004 Global Survey to examine longer-term factors that influenced the U.S.'s international image. Using individual- and national- level regression analyses, it discovers several factors that predict how positive ratings of the United States were on an international level. The paper then discusses ...


The Obama Effect In The Arab World, Ryan J. Suto Jan 2012

The Obama Effect In The Arab World, Ryan J. Suto

Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy

This paper tests the Obama Effect hypothesis with respect to the Arab world. The paper first presents popular uses of the term and then discusses the thin scholarly literature on the topic. For quantitative data, the paper uses longitudinal data from the Annual Arab Public Opinion Poll from 2004 to 2011, with supplemental data from the Pew Research Center. Furthermore, the paper analyzed data on the Arab Spring in the context of a possible Obama Effect and policy implications for the future of U.S. foreign policy. The paper found insufficient support for the hypothesis due to a lack of ...


'Counting Votes And Bodies,' Election-Related Conflicts In Africa: A Comparative Study Of Ghana And Kenya, Ibrahim Mahama Nambiema Jan 2012

'Counting Votes And Bodies,' Election-Related Conflicts In Africa: A Comparative Study Of Ghana And Kenya, Ibrahim Mahama Nambiema

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

Since joining the 'third wave' of democracy in the 1990s, African countries have focused on elections. Some leaders conduct elections to legitimize their authoritarian rule. Many of Africa's transitional democracies are associated with flawed elections and violent conflicts. The literature on electoral conflict places little emphasis on election governance. It is my assumption that the high rate of non-credible elections in Africa can be associated with election management that has exacerbated societal cleavages. Is an effective and independent election management body a necessary prerequisite for election results to be credible? Are credible elections correlated with lower levels of conflicts ...


Use Of Social Media In Presidential Campaigns: Do Social Media Have An Effect On The Political Behavior Of Voters Aged 18-24?, Samantha Hamilton May 2011

Use Of Social Media In Presidential Campaigns: Do Social Media Have An Effect On The Political Behavior Of Voters Aged 18-24?, Samantha Hamilton

Honors Theses

Today, the idea of social media is radically different from the media of a decade ago. While a decade ago the Internet was considered new media, our society now turns to Facebook, Twitter, and blogs as sources of information. In the United States during election cycles, the use of social media by presidential candidates has become a way for many voters to find out about candidates. As a result, presidential candidates have had to adapt their campaign strategies to work with these media in a way that will effectively target these audiences. This study examines whether campaigns that are more ...


Against The State Governance, Governance From Below & Governing Through Terrorism: Analytically Investigating The Technologies Of Power Within The Terrorist Arsenal., Allen Gnanam Jan 2010

Against The State Governance, Governance From Below & Governing Through Terrorism: Analytically Investigating The Technologies Of Power Within The Terrorist Arsenal., Allen Gnanam

Allen Gnanam

Terrorism as a violent and destabilizing act performed by terrorists, meaning loyal followers of political or religious agendas who hold resent and animosity toward a certain authority/ government (Lin, Liou, & Wu, 2007, pg. 149), will be explored and analyzed through the utilization of the governmentality perspective. For the purposes of this paper terrorism governance will refer to the governance/ control/ influence exerted by terrorists and terrorism. The focus of this explorative and analysis paper will be to identify diverse terrorism oriented technologies of governance, and analyze the ways in which these technologies enable terrorist to exert governance both indirectly and ...


From Dictatorship And War To Democracy: Alternative Future For The Drc, Claude Kambuya Kabemba Dec 2005

From Dictatorship And War To Democracy: Alternative Future For The Drc, Claude Kambuya Kabemba

New England Journal of Public Policy

With a transitional government in place, peace is now a possibility in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Policy options are being considered to sustain the peace and start the work of building a Congolese state that would not repeat the failings of the past. There is hope that the transitional period will produce democratic elections and subsequently a legitimate government, which would start to shake the view of the DRC as the "heart of darkness." There are two main obstacles to state-building in the DRC: lack of consensus on governance and illegal exploitation of resources. The two are ...


Trends. Psychopolitical Action In Yugoslavia: With Friends Like These, Editor Sep 2000

Trends. Psychopolitical Action In Yugoslavia: With Friends Like These, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the actions of the United States Government to affect Yugoslavian presidential elections in Macedonia and Serbia against Slobodan Milosevic, as well as Milosevic's use of these actions as evidence of outside interference. Nationalism as well as opposition strategies are also discussed.


Trends. On Drugs? Response To The Peruvian Elections, Editor Apr 2000

Trends. On Drugs? Response To The Peruvian Elections, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses electoral "dirty tricks" in the Peruvian election between President Alberto Fuimori and Mr. Alejandro Toledo. The article also discusses comments made by the head of the United States (US) Office of National Drug Policy and Control, General Barry R. McCaffrey.


Taiwan's 2000 Presidential And Vice Presidential Election: Consolidating Democracy And Creating A New Era Of Politics, John F. Copper Jan 2000

Taiwan's 2000 Presidential And Vice Presidential Election: Consolidating Democracy And Creating A New Era Of Politics, John F. Copper

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Fair Elections In Mexico: Much Ado About Nothing?, Editor Nov 1999

Fair Elections In Mexico: Much Ado About Nothing?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Competing definitions of fairness may induce furor over the fairness of elections.


Election And Democracy In Hong Kong: The 1998 Legislative Council Election, Shiu-Hing Lo, Wing-Yat Yu Jan 1999

Election And Democracy In Hong Kong: The 1998 Legislative Council Election, Shiu-Hing Lo, Wing-Yat Yu

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


From The Movies To Malacañang: The Rise To Power Of Philippine President Joseph Estrada, Elizabeth J. Macapagal Jul 1998

From The Movies To Malacañang: The Rise To Power Of Philippine President Joseph Estrada, Elizabeth J. Macapagal

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article was written by Ma. Elizabeth J. Macapagal of Ateneo de Manila University, Republic of the Philippines. She brings at least three sources of expertise to her topic: formal training in the social sciences, a political intuition for the telling detail, and experiential/observational acumen and tradition as the granddaughter of former Philippine president, Diosdado Macapagal. (The article has undergone minor editing by IBPP).


Trends. The July 26 Elections: Ignoring The Political Psychology Of Cambodia, Editor Jul 1998

Trends. The July 26 Elections: Ignoring The Political Psychology Of Cambodia, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the upcoming, July 26, 1998, Cambodian election.


Trends. Elections For The Northern Ireland Assembly: The Psychological Aftermath, Editor Jul 1998

Trends. Elections For The Northern Ireland Assembly: The Psychological Aftermath, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses the impact of the elections in Northern Ireland on the Northern Ireland peace accords and other aspects of government.


Trends. U.S. Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor Jun 1998

Trends. U.S. Foreign Policy And The People's Republic Of China: A Behaviorist Perspective, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Re-posted from November 8, 1998 [IBPP, Vol. 1, No. 2] in the context of the most current controversies in United States (US)-People's Republic of China (PRC) relations, the editor discusses foreign policy as it relates to China through the lens of behavioral psychology.


En Colombia Muere La Democracia Oct 1997

En Colombia Muere La Democracia

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses corruption that can happen in elections especially in Columbia.


Toward Greater Democracy: An Analysis Of The Republic Of China On Taiwan's Major Elections In The 1990s, Wen-Hui Tsai Jan 1994

Toward Greater Democracy: An Analysis Of The Republic Of China On Taiwan's Major Elections In The 1990s, Wen-Hui Tsai

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.