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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Why Does The Us Pay So Much For The Defense Of Its Allies?: 5 Questions Answered, Michael E. Flynn, Carla Martinez Machain, Michael A. Allen Dec 2019

Why Does The Us Pay So Much For The Defense Of Its Allies?: 5 Questions Answered, Michael E. Flynn, Carla Martinez Machain, Michael A. Allen

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Since the start of Donald Trump’s run for the U.S. presidency in 2015, he has been critical of the amount of money U.S. allies contribute to their own defense.

Now, the Trump administration is demanding that Japan and South Korea pay more for hosting U.S. troops stationed in those countries.

The media also reported that U.S. military leadership in South Korea discussed the possibility of withdrawing up to 4,000 troops from South Korea if it does not increase its contributions. The Pentagon has since denied having such plans.

We have each studied overseas deployments ...


From Talons To Tweets: Analyzing The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology On Diplomacy, Austin F. Hayes Apr 2019

From Talons To Tweets: Analyzing The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology On Diplomacy, Austin F. Hayes

Tenor of Our Times

As countries embrace innovative technologies, thus increasing the speed of interstate communication, the overall nature of interactions between states is changing. Consequently, core diplomatic structures are shifting from the private realm to the public sphere. I argue that Information Communication Technology (ICT) is the major agent of this shift. Less distance between electorates and diplomatic agents due to ICT allows the public to more directly influence international diplomacy. By studying the impact of the telegraph, telephone, Internet, etc., this study examines ICT’s influence on diplomacy, contending that the trend toward an increased dependence on technology will mark another pivotal ...


Islam & Interfaith Dialogue: Innovative Diplomacy Between The United States And Islamic Republic Of Iran, Kristyn Rohrer Dec 2018

Islam & Interfaith Dialogue: Innovative Diplomacy Between The United States And Islamic Republic Of Iran, Kristyn Rohrer

Honors Student Research

This meta-communicative study provides an analysis of global interfaith dialogue as it pertains to peace and conflict, with a primary focus on Islam. The Islamic Republic of Iran and United States have a complicated history. Their diplomatic relationship is rife with manipulation, radicalism, and a disregard for human dignity. Currently, the US is imposing hundreds of sanctions and restrictions on Iran, from nuclear energy to medicine, as a result of President Trump’s decision to back out of the Iran Deal. However, other forms of dialogue are affecting positive relations between the two countries. Interfaith dialogue between North American Mennonites ...


Sogdian Contribution To The Development Of International Diplomacy And Trade. The Great Sogdian Colonization Of The Silk Road, O. Kobzeva Oct 2018

Sogdian Contribution To The Development Of International Diplomacy And Trade. The Great Sogdian Colonization Of The Silk Road, O. Kobzeva

International Relations: Politics, Economics, Law

For many centuries, the territory of Uzbekistan served as a bridge connecting East and West through the Great Silk Road. Thanks to this, our region was known as an important crossroads on this road, where various civilizations and cultures came into contact, and became famous for its invaluable contribution to universal human development. From III millennium BC Lazurite, Jade, Western Meridional, Stepnoy and other routes were components of the Silk Road


From Talons To Tweets: Analyzing The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology On Diplomacy, Austin Hayes Jul 2018

From Talons To Tweets: Analyzing The Influence Of Information And Communication Technology On Diplomacy, Austin Hayes

McNair Scholars Research

As countries embrace innovative technologies, thus increasing the speed of interstate communication, the overall nature of interactions between states is changing. Consequently, core diplomatic structures are shifting from the private realm to the public sphere. I argue that Information Communication Technology (ICT) is the major agent of this shift. Less distance between electorates and diplomatic agents due to ICT allows the public to more directly influence international diplomacy. By studying the impact of the telegraph, telephone, Internet, etc., this study examines ICT’s influence on diplomacy, contending that the trend toward an increased dependence on technology will mark another pivotal ...


Assessment Of South Korea's Role As A "Middle Power Country": Case Studies Of South Korean Diplomacy In Central Asia, Jiwon Nam May 2018

Assessment Of South Korea's Role As A "Middle Power Country": Case Studies Of South Korean Diplomacy In Central Asia, Jiwon Nam

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The concept of “middle power country” existed since several hundred years agointroduced by European philosophers and political scientists. The definition was proposed by many scholars and used by countries in many different status, one specific definition of “middle power” was not set until current days. The characteristics of a “middle power country” range from economic status, and political system, to patterns of diplomacy. By current broad definition, almost 80 percent of the countries in the world can fit into one or more categories of a “middle power country.”

The purpose of this paper is to depict the importance of middle ...


You're Out! Explaining Non-Criminal Diplomatic Expulsion, Anthony Jordan May 2018

You're Out! Explaining Non-Criminal Diplomatic Expulsion, Anthony Jordan

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The practice of diplomatic expulsion, as well as expulsion of other foreign personnel by an executive, has received little attention in the field of International Relations or in Political Science more broadly. If expulsion were analyzed under the broader category of diplomatic relations, then studying the variation in expulsions could improve our understanding of international relations. It would be understood as one of the many tools executives use in negotiation between states. Executives, however, appeared to treat expulsion specially. Although no international convention requires executives to notify the public of the expulsion of a diplomat, ambassador or other personnel, it ...


Strength Through Diplomacy: A Fundamental Review Of The Relationship Between North Korea And The United States, Benjamin D. Blackstone Jan 2018

Strength Through Diplomacy: A Fundamental Review Of The Relationship Between North Korea And The United States, Benjamin D. Blackstone

CMC Senior Theses

At the time that this thesis is printed, we are reminded of the tumultuous relationship between North Korea and the United States every day. If we follow the mainstream news regularly, it seems like we are on a steady path to war. Ultimately, this paper is centered around the question: what is the best foreign policy strategy for both countries to achieve respective goals, without descending into armed conflict? Specifically, I evaluated the failures of the last three U.S. Presidents and used their shortcomings to explain limitations in current foreign policy strategy. I also attempted to show North Korean ...


Diplomacy And The War On Terror, Stuart Murray, Patrick Blannin Sep 2017

Diplomacy And The War On Terror, Stuart Murray, Patrick Blannin

Stuart Murray

Introduction: Declarations from US Presidents since WWII have championed values as the linchpin for US national security and foreign policy, however, current Secretary of State Tillerson has been a vocal advocate for removing the ‘promotion of democracy’ from State’s mission statement as well as the separation of values and policy.[1] Moreover, the nascent Trump administration has been open in its chagrin toward the State Department, diplomacy and multilateral fora in particular and has prioritised pursuing “constructive, results-oriented bilateral relations.”[2] This line of thinking is a direct reflection of President Trump’s inauguration speech in which he declared ...


Grassroots Diplomacy And Vernacular Law: The Discourse Of Food Sovereignty In Maine, John Welton May 2017

Grassroots Diplomacy And Vernacular Law: The Discourse Of Food Sovereignty In Maine, John Welton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis studies the discourse of food sovereignty in Maine, a coalition of small-scale farmers, consumers, and citizens building an alternative food system based on a distributed form of production, processing, selling, purchasing, and consumption. This distribution occurs at the municipal level through the enactment of ordinances. Using critical-rhetorical field methods, I argue that the discourse of food sovereignty in Maine develops a ‘constitutive’ rhetoric that composes rural society through affective relationships. Advocates engage the industrial food system to both expose its systemic bias against small-scale farming and construct their own discourse of belonging. Based upon agrarian values such as ...


Deborah Olsen Public Service Scholarship Essay, Maura Hand Jan 2017

Deborah Olsen Public Service Scholarship Essay, Maura Hand

Examples of Student Work

In this essay, Maura Hand reflects on the ten weeks she spent interning with the State Department's Office of Foreign Missions (OFM) in San Francisco, California.


Japan’S Proactive Multilateralism, Dennis T. Yasutomo, Tomoaki Ishigaki Jan 2017

Japan’S Proactive Multilateralism, Dennis T. Yasutomo, Tomoaki Ishigaki

Government: Faculty Publications

Japan’s 2013 UN Arms Trade Treaty diplomacy exhibited neither the standard minimalist, subservient negotiating style nor policymaking restricted to the usual actors. Juxtaposition of the treaty and the 2014 arms export policy revision illustrates how traditional ‘‘peace diplomacy’’ can evolve into ‘‘proactive pacifism.’’


Baseball And The U.S.-Cuban Diplomatic Relationship: Why Did Baseball Serve As An Ineffective Diplomatic Tool For The United States And Cuba?, Abbygale Sarah Martinen Jan 2017

Baseball And The U.S.-Cuban Diplomatic Relationship: Why Did Baseball Serve As An Ineffective Diplomatic Tool For The United States And Cuba?, Abbygale Sarah Martinen

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Us-China Maritime Disputes: Too Close For Comfort, Mel Gurtov Jun 2016

Us-China Maritime Disputes: Too Close For Comfort, Mel Gurtov

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Tensions are ratcheting up between China and the United States over maritime boundaries in Asia.


Everyday Diplomacy: Mission, Spectacle And The Remaking Of Diplomatic Culture, Costas M. Constantinou Dec 2015

Everyday Diplomacy: Mission, Spectacle And The Remaking Of Diplomatic Culture, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

Images, narratives and practices of diplomacy occur on a daily basis. The everydayness
and ordinariness of diplomacy, however, is not readily acknowledged – at least within the
discipline of International Relations (IR). In matters diplomatic, during the last century,
the discipline predominantly concentrated on the activities of the official agents of states
as infused by the aristocratic and bureaucratic tradition of the European international
society (Satow 1922, Nicolson 1939, Kissinger 1994). Even among critical IR scholars
considering the ‘future of diplomacy’ more recently, diplomacy is only reserved for the
work of diplomats representing sovereign territorial units. It is not meant for ...


Engaging The 'Ungoverned': The Merging Of Diplomacy, Defence And Development, Costas M. Constantinou, Sam Okoth Opondo Dec 2015

Engaging The 'Ungoverned': The Merging Of Diplomacy, Defence And Development, Costas M. Constantinou, Sam Okoth Opondo

Costas M. Constantinou

This article explores biopolitical practices that extend beyond national borders and take the whole
of humanity as their province. It looks at how attempts to secure and optimize conditions of living
in Africa are not merely governmental in scope but also diplomatic in their conceptualization and
conduct. It specifically examines the merging of diplomacy, defence and development (or the 3Ds),
which purports to optimize life and shape ways of being in areas that cannot be ‘fully governed’
or resist domestication. It assesses the impact of diplomatic pluralization, characterized by the
militarization of diplomacy and development, the diplomatization of the military ...


The Role Of Iran Policy The Saudi-American Rift, Christopher Parmly Nov 2015

The Role Of Iran Policy The Saudi-American Rift, Christopher Parmly

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores what effect Saudi and American policy differences towards Iran have had on their bilateral relations. It is based on the recent thaw in Iran-U.S. relations, and the critical reaction of the Saudi government towards this policy. The question has two components – first, how severe the current Saudi-American rift is, and second, to what extent it can be traced to their differences over Iran. The topic will be addressed through process-tracing methods.

The thesis concludes that there is indeed a rift in Saudi-U.S. relations marked by an increasingly assertive and independent Saudi foreign policy, though its ...


Engaging Global Civil Society: Shifting Normative Frameworks, Moral Diplomacy, & The Future Of International Relations, Jozef A. Kosc Oct 2015

Engaging Global Civil Society: Shifting Normative Frameworks, Moral Diplomacy, & The Future Of International Relations, Jozef A. Kosc

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

The following exposition outlines a synthesized account of diplomatic relations in the 21st century, highlighting the crucial importance of engaging the Global Civil Society (NGOs and civil society) in an age of global communication, and stressing the importance of the development of a new system of diplomacy, drawing upon the best elements of existent theories. A comparative qualitative framework of analysis—cross-referencing historical cases, political psychology, as well as the writings of diplomatic practitioners—synthesizes the most accurate elements of two contemporary theories of international relations: Lyn Boyd-Judson’s Strategic Moral Diplomacy, and Mervyn Frost’s Constitutive Theory of International ...


Overview Of The Diplomatic Landscape, Patrick Bratton Oct 2015

Overview Of The Diplomatic Landscape, Patrick Bratton

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

This essay outlines a so-called paradigm shift that is occurring in regard to diplomacy and global politics in general. This is a paradigm shift away from the nation-state towards both non-state actors and individuals, and towards regional and global movements and organizations. In terms of diplomacy, this is seen as moving away from the images of old men in striped pants at formal summits to social movements uniting through social media, sometimes called “citizen diplomacy” or “digital diplomacy”. This inaugural issue, with contributions from AGS students and faculty, will explore and problematize many of these issues. To put the issues ...


A “Special Relationship” For The 21st Century: Options For Us-India Relations, Ryan Kuhns Oct 2015

A “Special Relationship” For The 21st Century: Options For Us-India Relations, Ryan Kuhns

Ex-Patt Magazine

No abstract provided.


Rules And Rocks: The Us-China Standoff Over The South China Sea Islands, Mel Gurtov Jun 2015

Rules And Rocks: The Us-China Standoff Over The South China Sea Islands, Mel Gurtov

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The article discusses ongoing territorial tensions in the South China Sea.

"The long-running, multi-party dispute over control of islets in the South China Sea (SCS) is worsening both in rhetoric and provocative activity. Meeting in late May at the Shangri-La Dialogue on regional security, US and Chinese defense officials sparred over responsibility for the increased tension, though they stopped short of issuing threats. In fact, all sides to the dispute say they want to avoid violence, prefer a diplomatic resolution, and support freedom of navigation. Both the US and China insist that the dispute notwithstanding, their relationship overall is positive ...


Managing Political And Investment Risk In The International Oil And Gas Industry, Steven Alfred Mucci May 2015

Managing Political And Investment Risk In The International Oil And Gas Industry, Steven Alfred Mucci

Dissertations

The effectiveness with which political and investment risk are managed in the oil and gas industry are important for several reasons. First, oil and gas are essential for sustaining current economic activity and promoting economic growth. Second, the balance between supply and demand determines the price of oil and gas. Therefore the price and availability of oil and natural gas are also matters of national security. Third, the search for a secure supply of oil and gas affects the political, military and economic relations between countries. This study addresses four questions. What institutions and strategies are available for managing political ...


In Memoriam: Natale H. Bellocchi, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Apr 2015

In Memoriam: Natale H. Bellocchi, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

The American Association for Chinese Studies pays tribute to Natale H. Bellocchi, devoted former AACS Board member and former Chairman of the American Institute in Taiwan.


Soft Power Played On The Hardwood: United States Diplomacy Through Basketball, Joseph Bertka Eyen Jan 2015

Soft Power Played On The Hardwood: United States Diplomacy Through Basketball, Joseph Bertka Eyen

Pitzer Senior Theses

This thesis demonstrates the importance of basketball as a form of soft power and a diplomatic asset to better achieve American foreign policy, which is defined and referred to as basketball diplomacy. Basketball diplomacy is also a lens to observe the evolution of American power from 1893 through present day. Basketball connects and permeates foreign cultures and effectively disseminates American influence unlike any other form of soft power, which is most powerfully illustrated by the United States’ basketball relationship with China. American basketball diplomacy will become stronger and connect with more countries with greater influence, and exist without relevant competition ...


Game, Set, Match: Sports And The Future Of Diplomacy, Valeria Munt Jan 2015

Game, Set, Match: Sports And The Future Of Diplomacy, Valeria Munt

Dissertations and Theses

This thesis will serve to demonstrate sports diplomacy as a legitimate field of study in international relations. In this thesis, I will argue that the practice of sports diplomacy has provided countries with relative contentious relationships, with a ‘soft entry’ to a potential restoration of their diplomatic relations. As a fairly new study field, sports diplomacy has received its fair amount of criticism as to whether diplomacy and sports should mix. It is important to note that this criticism is not unfounded or unwarranted and that this field in particular does have its limitations and restrictions. There’s definitely an ...


Pariah Diplomacy, Huss Banai Dec 2014

Pariah Diplomacy, Huss Banai

Huss Banai

No abstract provided.


Jet Lag: A Neglected Problem Of Modern Diplomacy?, Dan Caldwell, William Hocking Feb 2014

Jet Lag: A Neglected Problem Of Modern Diplomacy?, Dan Caldwell, William Hocking

Dan Caldwell

The observations and anecdotes of diplomats and policy-makers in memoirs and our interviews clearly document their experience with jet lag and raise important questions: what are the physical and mental effects of jet lag; what impact does jet lag have on leaders and diplomatic negotiations; and finally, what can be done to ameliorate these effects? This article addresses these central questions.


The Importance Of Listening, George Mitchell Jan 2014

The Importance Of Listening, George Mitchell

Maine Policy Review

This article is an excerpt of a lecture given in a lecture series, “Politics Then and Now, in Maine and the Nation,” presented by the Muskie School and Osher Lifelong Learning Institute at the University of Southern Maine in the fall of 2013. Speakers were asked to address the issue of political polarization and dysfunction, comparing how politics was played in the past with the current situation, and discussing what Maine can offer based on experiences here.


Keeping Iran From The Bomb: The Obama Administration And The Puzzle Of The Iranian Nuclear Program, Kaitlin E. Marshall Jan 2014

Keeping Iran From The Bomb: The Obama Administration And The Puzzle Of The Iranian Nuclear Program, Kaitlin E. Marshall

Scripps Senior Theses

In November 2013, the Islamic Republic of Iran reached an interim agreement with six world powers, including the United States. After the agreement was implemented in January 2014, Iran froze uranium enrichment in exchange for limited sanctions relief from the United States. This was the first diplomatic exchange between the United States and Iran in over thirty years. Keeping Iran from the Bomb analyzes how each country’s respective domestic politics and stereotypes of the other have, until recently, impeded diplomacy between the two nations. This study examines American-Iranian relations during the hostage crisis, the Bush administration, and the Obama ...


To Play Ball, Not Make War., Derek Shearer Dec 2013

To Play Ball, Not Make War., Derek Shearer

Derek Shearer

The article explores the significance of sports in international relations as an instrument for diplomacy. Topics discussed include the ping-pong diplomacy between the People's Republic of China and the U.S. in 1971, similar attempts at sports diplomacy that were not as effective as the ping-pong diplomacy, and the role of sports in raising the profile of a country.