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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li Jul 2006

Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li

Faculty Publications

Emboldened by the ascendance of economic issues on the global agenda and the erosion of security-driven bipolar structures, Taiwan in the late 1980s decided to use its economic advantages for diplomatic gain. Examination of changes in three phases of Taiwan's initiatives indicates that its inter-governmental organization strategies and targets correlate well with domestic politics and external factors.


The Political Economy Of Township Government Debt, Township Enterprises, And Rural Financial Institutions In China, Lynette H. Ong Jun 2006

The Political Economy Of Township Government Debt, Township Enterprises, And Rural Financial Institutions In China, Lynette H. Ong

Lynette H Ong, Dr

This paper sheds light on the ways in which township governments had mobilized resources from local financial institutions, and how failure to repay many of these loans had given rise to sizeable local government debt. Mobilization of resources was done through loans to collective enterprises whose de facto owners were township authorities. Though the enterprises were nominal borrowers, loan transactions would not have occurred in the absence of guarantees by township governments. Another way of financial resource mobilization was by establishing local informal financial organizations that were subject to less strict regulations, and over which township authorities could exercise control ...


Multiple Principals And Collective Action: China’S Rural Credit Cooperatives And Poor Households’ Access To Credit, Lynette H. Ong May 2006

Multiple Principals And Collective Action: China’S Rural Credit Cooperatives And Poor Households’ Access To Credit, Lynette H. Ong

Lynette H Ong, Dr

Ample empirical evidence suggests that Rural Credit Cooperatives (RCCs), which are the core credit institutions in rural China, are not accountable to their member households. This article argues that this conundrum can be explained by an institutional analysis of the credit cooperatives using the multiple principals–agent framework: the credit cooperatives as agents are accountable to multiple heterogeneous principals—with multiple conflicting objectives. The multiple principals are (1) the County RCC Unions, which exercise control using the evaluation criteria on which the remuneration of grassroots RCC officers is assessed; (2) local party secretaries, who exert influence through top personnel appointment ...


China's Economic Statecraft Toward Southeast Asia: Free Trade Agreement And "Peaceful Rise", Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Apr 2006

China's Economic Statecraft Toward Southeast Asia: Free Trade Agreement And "Peaceful Rise", Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article examines the China-ASEAN free trade agreement (ACFTA) in light of regionalism in East Asia and China's new diplomacy. Dubbed "peaceful rise," China's new diplomatic strategy seeks to capitalize on globalization to accelerate China's economic development and elevate China's power. In Southeast Asia, "peaceful rise" is promoted through a FTA agenda reflecting geopolitical and geoeconomic objectives - cultivating goodwill among neighbors, maintaining regional stability, and securing key markets and raw materials needed for China's economic growth. China sees ACFTA as a tool to respond to challenges posed by competitive regionalisms in the world economy, cement ...


High Tension Without War: Interpreting Taiwan Strait Relations From 1990 To 2005, Yang Cai Jan 2006

High Tension Without War: Interpreting Taiwan Strait Relations From 1990 To 2005, Yang Cai

Political Science Theses

This study interprets the puzzling absence of war among the US, China, and Taiwan from 1990 to 2005, when identity politics across the Taiwan Strait caused high tensions. The application of realist constructivism theory to this case would produce a prediction of war there resulting from conflicting identities, which produce irreconcilable conflicts of interests over territorial claims. However, the application of four other, relevant international relations theories explains this absence of war during this period. A zero-sum game of competing identities was replaced by a positive-game resulting from three liberal theories promoting inter-state cooperation: complex interdependence; state trading identities; and ...


East Mountain Tiger, West Mountain Tiger: China, The West, And "Colonialism" In Africa, Barry Sautman, Hairong Yan Jan 2006

East Mountain Tiger, West Mountain Tiger: China, The West, And "Colonialism" In Africa, Barry Sautman, Hairong Yan

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.