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2019

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 100

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

International Trade And Third Parties' Conflict-Joining Propensities: The Political Economy Of Conflict Expansion, Amanda Gale Sanford Oct 2019

International Trade And Third Parties' Conflict-Joining Propensities: The Political Economy Of Conflict Expansion, Amanda Gale Sanford

Amanda Sanford

In recent years, a renewed interest in the differences between dyadic conflicts and complex, multiparty disputes has developed within international relations (Vasquez and Valeriano 2010; Valeriano and Vasquez 2010). The conflict expansion literature focuses heavily on how traditional realist variables – such as alliances, shared borders, and rivalries – facilitate the spread of conflict, but these studies largely ignore other incentives to join disputes, such as the protection of an economic relationship. Absent a few notable exceptions (Polachek 1980; Aydin 2008), questions concerning the role that economic interdependence plays in conflict expansion have remained generally unanswered.

This dissertation seeks to address the ...


Political Geography: Special Issue On Climate Change And Conflict (Review), Elizabeth L. Chalecki Oct 2019

Political Geography: Special Issue On Climate Change And Conflict (Review), Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Given that the Nobel Committee awarded its 2007 Peace Prize to former U.S. Vice President Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and that greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase around the globe, practitioners of peace and security will have to familiarize themselves with climatic drivers of conflict. To that end, the journal Political Geography has devoted an entire issue to exploring the links between climate change and violent conflict.


Privilege & Voting For Predators.Docx, Reilly Simmons Oct 2019

Privilege & Voting For Predators.Docx, Reilly Simmons

Reilly Simmons

My paper was inspired by my confusion after several 2016 elections where women were still voting for sexual predators when women are usually the victims of sexual misconduct. My research question was: does privilege affect political party crossover when a candidate is accused of sexual misconduct? I hypothesized that with a woman’s increasing privilege, her likelihood to crossover political parties when a candidate is accused of sexual misconduct would decrease. Therefore, the opposite would be true. As a woman’s privilege decreases, her likelihood of crossing over political parties when a candidate is accused of sexual misconduct increases. I ...


Socrates As Citizen?: The Implications Of Socratic Eros For Contemporary Models Of Citizenship, Jeremy John Mhire Sep 2019

Socrates As Citizen?: The Implications Of Socratic Eros For Contemporary Models Of Citizenship, Jeremy John Mhire

Jeremy Mhire

This dissertation evaluates the appropriateness of using Socrates as a model for contemporary citizenship. I examine the question of Socrates' civic character by inquiring about the relation of the philosopher (or political scientist) to the city (that is, to political life) without taking for granted that they share a common aim or purpose. Instead, I prepare the discussion with an examination of the treatment of Socrates by the comic poet Aristophanes in the Clouds. I suggest that Socrates' famed eros, his unwavering love of wisdom, was a problem, one that threatened the very foundations of political society. By conceiving of ...


Help Or Hindrance? Outside Group Advertising Expenditures In House Races, Anne E. Baker Sep 2019

Help Or Hindrance? Outside Group Advertising Expenditures In House Races, Anne E. Baker

Anne Baker

Super PACs, 501(c)4 social welfare organizations, and 501(c)6 professional associations are now major spenders in House elections. What remains unclear is how the strategic expenditure choices of these respective outside interest groups impact the competitive position of non-incumbent candidates running for the House – specifically do their advertising expenditures undermine or augment the expenditures made by the campaign. Using the Wesleyan Media Project datasets of 2012 and 2014 in combination with campaign finance data in a series of models, I find early television advertising expenditures by the aforementioned 501(c) dark money organizations diminish the effectiveness of ...


Through The Looking Glass: What Abortion Teaches Us About American Politics, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Through The Looking Glass: What Abortion Teaches Us About American Politics, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Tom Delay: Popular Constitutionalist?, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Tom Delay: Popular Constitutionalist?, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


The Federalism-Rights Nexus: Explaining Why Senate Democrats Tolerate Rehnquist Court Decision Making But Not The Rehnquist Court, Neal Devins Sep 2019

The Federalism-Rights Nexus: Explaining Why Senate Democrats Tolerate Rehnquist Court Decision Making But Not The Rehnquist Court, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Talk Loudly And Carry A Small Stick: The Supreme Court And Enemy Combatants, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Talk Loudly And Carry A Small Stick: The Supreme Court And Enemy Combatants, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Split Definitive, Lawrence Baum, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Split Definitive, Lawrence Baum, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

For the first time in a century, the Supreme Court is divided solely by political party.


Exceptionalism As Foreign Policy: U.S. Climate Change Policy And An Emerging Norm Of Compliance, Elizabeth L. Chalecki Sep 2019

Exceptionalism As Foreign Policy: U.S. Climate Change Policy And An Emerging Norm Of Compliance, Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Climate change is not only an environmental problem but a foreign policy problem, for the United States and indeed any country. Our best scientific knowledge about the effects of global warming predicts negative changes, from precipitation to agriculture to disease vectors. As such, it is axiomatic that nations would want to mitigate this phenomenon as early as possible. However, our current system of international law places no involuntary obligations, such as compliance with a climate mitigation treaty, on any state. In the past, if a state refused to become party to a treaty, this refusal was assumed to be without ...


A New Vigilance: Identifying And Reducing The Risks Of Environmental Terrorism, Elizabeth L. Chalecki Sep 2019

A New Vigilance: Identifying And Reducing The Risks Of Environmental Terrorism, Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Terrorism is a constant and fearful phenomenon, as America has learned to its recent and terrible cost, and like the nine-headed hydra of ancient mythology, as soon as one group or method is terminated, more spring up to take its place. Environmental terrorism adds a new dimension to this phenomenon, identifying the target as a natural resource or environmental feature. At a time when populations all over the world are increasing, the existing resource base is being stretched to provide for more people, and is being consumed at a faster rate. As the value and vulnerability of these resources increases ...


The Youngstown Question And The Presidential Contest, Timothy Zick Sep 2019

The Youngstown Question And The Presidential Contest, Timothy Zick

Timothy Zick

No abstract provided.


The Limits Of "Liberal Republicanism": Why Group-Based Remedies And Republican Citizenship Don't Mix, Cynthia V. Ward Sep 2019

The Limits Of "Liberal Republicanism": Why Group-Based Remedies And Republican Citizenship Don't Mix, Cynthia V. Ward

Cynthia V. Ward

No abstract provided.


Introduction: Reconstructing Liberalism, Cynthia V. Ward Sep 2019

Introduction: Reconstructing Liberalism, Cynthia V. Ward

Cynthia V. Ward

No abstract provided.


On Difference And Equality, Cynthia V. Ward Sep 2019

On Difference And Equality, Cynthia V. Ward

Cynthia V. Ward

No abstract provided.


Romney And Huntsman: Two Answers To The 'Mormon Question', Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Romney And Huntsman: Two Answers To The 'Mormon Question', Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Prosperity Versus Equality At The Polls, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Prosperity Versus Equality At The Polls, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Without Compromise, Fixing Deficit Is A Fairy Tale, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

Without Compromise, Fixing Deficit Is A Fairy Tale, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan Oman

No abstract provided.


The Mormon Plot That Wasn't, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

The Mormon Plot That Wasn't, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


The End Of The Great Fiscal Compromise, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

The End Of The Great Fiscal Compromise, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz Sep 2019

Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz

Corey Lang

Individual voting preferences are often estimated using aggregated voting data matched with census demographics. However, results from aggregate models may be biased due to two data issues that we examine in this paper: mismeasured voting population and omitted spatial variables. To assess bias, we use both Monte Carlo simulation and a case study regarding a statewide referendum for which we have collected aggregate data and individual exit poll data. We find large differences in regression estimates between aggregate and individual models, validate the two sources of bias, and conclude that using aggregate data could lead to incorrect assessment of efficiency ...


The Kahan Report, Ariel Sharon And The Sabra-Shatilla Massacres In Lebanon: Responsibility Under International Law For Massacres Of Civilian Populations, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Kahan Report, Ariel Sharon And The Sabra-Shatilla Massacres In Lebanon: Responsibility Under International Law For Massacres Of Civilian Populations, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


The Chernobyl Accident: A Case Study In International Law Regulating State Responsibility For Transboundary Nuclear Pollution, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Chernobyl Accident: A Case Study In International Law Regulating State Responsibility For Transboundary Nuclear Pollution, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Carter, Reagan, And Khomeini: Presidential Transitions And International Law, Nancy Amoury Combs Sep 2019

Carter, Reagan, And Khomeini: Presidential Transitions And International Law, Nancy Amoury Combs

Nancy Combs

No abstract provided.


El Reajuste De La Derecha Colombiana. El Éxito Electoral Del Uribismo, Laura Gamboa Gutiérrez Sep 2019

El Reajuste De La Derecha Colombiana. El Éxito Electoral Del Uribismo, Laura Gamboa Gutiérrez

Laura Gamboa

Objetivo/contexto: este artículo busca explicar el éxito electoral de Iván Duque en las elecciones de 2018. La victoria del candidato uribista es paradójica por dos razones. Primero, Duque hizo campaña contra el proceso de paz, uno de los logros más importantes en la historia reciente colombiana y un paso importante para reducir la violencia y fortalecer la democracia del país. Segundo, Duque era el candidato más inexperto de la derecha. Logró derrotar a políticos más visibles, con más trayectoria y mejor acceso a maquinarias electorales. Metodología: El texto presenta un estudio de caso que triangula información de fuentes primarias ...


Why Congress Does Not Challenge Judicial Supremacy, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Why Congress Does Not Challenge Judicial Supremacy, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

Members of Congress largely acquiesce to judicial supremacy both on constitutional and statutory interpretation questions. Lawmakers, however, do not formally embrace judicial supremacy; they rarely think about the courts when enacting legislation. This Article explains why this is so, focusing on why lawmakers have both strong incentive to acquiesce to judicial power and little incentive to advance a coherent view of congressional power. In particular, lawmakers are interested in advancing favored policies, winning reelection, and gaining personal power within Congress. Abstract questions of institutional power do not interest lawmakers and judicial defeats are seen as opportunities to find some other ...


Diminished Luster In Escambia County?, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Diminished Luster In Escambia County?, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Immature Citizens And The State, Vivian E. Hamilton Sep 2019

Immature Citizens And The State, Vivian E. Hamilton

Vivian E. Hamilton

Citizens are born, but they are also made. How its citizens come to be—whether the educations they receive will expand or constrain their future options, whether the values they assimilate will encourage or dissuade their civic engagement, etc.—fundamentally concerns the state. Through the power it wields over a vast range of policymaking contexts, the state can significantly influence (or designate those who will influence) many of the formative experiences of young citizens. Young citizens’ accumulated experiences in turn can significantly influence the future mature citizens they will become. The state insufficiently considers the cumulative nature of its citizens ...


The 1965 Voting Rights Act: Some Wrongs Still Not Righted, Neal Devins Sep 2019

The 1965 Voting Rights Act: Some Wrongs Still Not Righted, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.