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2019

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Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

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Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah Jun 2019

Al-Qaeda Versus Boko Haram: Ideologies, Goals, And Outcomes, Radhika Shah

International Journal of Security Studies

Since the 9/11 attacks, Islam has remained at the center of the global terrorism debate. In order to weaken Islamist terrorist groups, it is crucial to understand nuance differences in their ideologies and goals. This research focuses on two such groups, Boko Haram and al-Qaeda, and argues that despite the two groups’ Salafi-jihadist roots, the groups harbor sharply different ideologies and goals—and thus, different outcomes. The research finds that al-Qaeda adheres to a rigid organizational and goal-oriented structure, while Boko Haram’s bureaucracy is less clear and less organized. While al-Qaeda has a number of stated goals, Boko ...


Any Port In A Storm: Vessel Activity And The Risk Of Iuu-Caught Fish Passing Through The World’S Most Important Fishing Ports, Gilles Hosch, Bradley Soule, Max Schofield, Trevor Thomas, Charles Kilgour, Tim Huntington Jun 2019

Any Port In A Storm: Vessel Activity And The Risk Of Iuu-Caught Fish Passing Through The World’S Most Important Fishing Ports, Gilles Hosch, Bradley Soule, Max Schofield, Trevor Thomas, Charles Kilgour, Tim Huntington

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

This study assesses the risk of fish from illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) sources passing through the world’s most important fishing ports and explores the drivers of this risk.

Like previous studies it has attempted to rank ports and States based on landings and vessel visits reported by governments by using Automatic Identification System (AIS) positional data transmitted by fishing and fish carrier vessels to identify the locations of ports and rank them based on the frequency of visits by foreign-flagged and domestic-flagged vessels. It advances our thinking in that (i) the analysis includes an estimation of the hold ...


Assessment Of Public Sector Service Quality: Gauging Experiences And Perceptions Of Racial Profiling, Aaron C. Rollins Jr. Jun 2019

Assessment Of Public Sector Service Quality: Gauging Experiences And Perceptions Of Racial Profiling, Aaron C. Rollins Jr.

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

The absence of a culturally competent public sector workforce has led to increased public scrutiny and heightened levels of distrust. In the field of public safety, this is particularly important due to the sensitive nature of the task performed and the historically strained relationships that exist between racial minorities and law enforcement. Using national survey data to gauge the prevalence of citizen’s experiences and perceptions of racial profiling, this research reveals significant discrepancies amongst minorities and their white counterparts. In response, this research encourages public officials and agencies to eliminate inconsistencies in their interactions with the citizenry as a ...


Exploring The Link: Administrative Exclusion And Second Order Devolution, Rhucha Samudra Jun 2019

Exploring The Link: Administrative Exclusion And Second Order Devolution, Rhucha Samudra

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Devolution was embedded in the 1996 welfare reform. Using the National Survey of America’s Families, this article explores the relationship between living in a Second Order Devolution (SOD) state and administrative exclusion from a welfare program. Results from the logistic model indicate that low-income clients and single mothers living in a SOD state had an increased likelihood of administrative exclusion. Administrative exclusion reflects bureaucratic choices and rules violations—implying some of these individuals and families may be leaving welfare without having achieved self-sufficiency. Results suggest that a careful evaluation of the state welfare performance measure and of the devolution ...


Reexamining The Impact Of Medicaid Expansion In A Post-Affordable Care Act Environment From A Critical Race Perspective, Ty Price Dooley Jun 2019

Reexamining The Impact Of Medicaid Expansion In A Post-Affordable Care Act Environment From A Critical Race Perspective, Ty Price Dooley

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

The passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010 drastically transformed the health care system in the United States. This paper examines the factors influencing state decisions relative to Medicaid expansion in a post-ACA environment through the lens of Critical Race Theory. This study incorporates economic, geographic and health variables into a model of post-ACA-Medicaid decision-making by using logistic regression to examine State Medicaid expansion from 2010 to 2014. The size of the minority population in state, tobacco use and southern distinctiveness are significant predictors of decision making relative to Medicaid expansion. Findings support that racialized ...


Municipal Diverging From “Bureaucracy:” A Case Study Of Organizational Image In Housing Services, Shawn T. Flanigan Ph.D. Jun 2019

Municipal Diverging From “Bureaucracy:” A Case Study Of Organizational Image In Housing Services, Shawn T. Flanigan Ph.D.

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

This article presents a case study of efforts of a workforce development unit within a local public housing authority to recraft its image as separate from the larger housing authority, in order to better attract participants to its optional supportive services. Using qualitative interview data with Section 8 voucher recipients and public housing authority staff, and descriptive quantitative data from a larger dataset, and drawing on theories of street-level bureaucracies and agency-client interactions, the case study finds that service recipients perceive the housing authority as a largely compliance-oriented organization that is overly bureaucratic, excessively regulating of private spheres of family ...


Housing, Medicaid Expansion, And Cultural Competence In Policing And Public Service Delivery, Andrew Ewoh Jun 2019

Housing, Medicaid Expansion, And Cultural Competence In Policing And Public Service Delivery, Andrew Ewoh

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

No abstract provided.


Haynes' "The Battle For Bonhoeffer: Debating Discipleship In The Age Of Trump" (Book Review), Craig Rosenbeck May 2019

Haynes' "The Battle For Bonhoeffer: Debating Discipleship In The Age Of Trump" (Book Review), Craig Rosenbeck

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Clash Of Civilizations? Statistical Evidence From Armed Conflicts, 1989-2015, Afa'anwi M. Che May 2019

The Clash Of Civilizations? Statistical Evidence From Armed Conflicts, 1989-2015, Afa'anwi M. Che

Peace and Conflict Studies

Do armed conflicts in the contemporary post-Cold War period reflect a clash of civilizations (CoC) as predicted by Samuel Huntington? This study substantially broadens and temporally extends the scope of major extant quantitative tests of the CoC thesis by assessing not only interactions among states but also interactions between states and non-state armed groups, from 1989 to 2015. Based on Chi-square and logistic regression tests, this study does not find empirical support for the CoC thesis as a basis for adopting foreign policies of civilizational containment.


Syrian Crisis Representation In The Media: The Cnn Effect, Framing, And Tone, Savannah S. Day May 2019

Syrian Crisis Representation In The Media: The Cnn Effect, Framing, And Tone, Savannah S. Day

The University of Mississippi Undergraduate Research Journal

Over the past seven years of the Syrian Civil War, Syrian refugees have been painted in a negative light by news media outlets around the world. History of media coverage regarding global humanitarian crises shows that with various tools and processes, media can shape public opinion and policy in whichever direction it desires, and oftentimes policymakers and the public are quick, as well as emotional, to react. In this paper, my objectives are to analyze specific examples of this CNN Effect phenomena within news coverage of the Syrian refugee crisis, as well as generally explain the negatively correlating relationship between ...


Book Review: Space Policy In Developing Countries: The Search For Security And Development On The Final Frontier By Robert C. Harding, Kwame B. Antwi-Boasiako Apr 2019

Book Review: Space Policy In Developing Countries: The Search For Security And Development On The Final Frontier By Robert C. Harding, Kwame B. Antwi-Boasiako

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Pi Gamma Mu News: 2020 Pi Gamma Mu Triennial International Convention Apr 2019

Pi Gamma Mu News: 2020 Pi Gamma Mu Triennial International Convention

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Pi Gamma Mu News: 2018 Chapter Honor Rolls Apr 2019

Pi Gamma Mu News: 2018 Chapter Honor Rolls

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Policy Point-Counterpoint: The Good And The Bad Of The Social Media Revolution, J. Scott Lewis, Jesse Goranson, Lawrence Kastriba Apr 2019

Policy Point-Counterpoint: The Good And The Bad Of The Social Media Revolution, J. Scott Lewis, Jesse Goranson, Lawrence Kastriba

International Social Science Review

In this policy point-counterpoint, sociology students Jesse Goranson and Lawrence Kastriba discuss whether social media operates as a positive social force or as a negative one. Jesse Goranson argues that social media can act to promote democratization among otherwise disadvantaged groups. By connecting individuals from disadvantaged groups, the scalability of social media increases the social capital of the group members, thus giving the group a greater voice in society and allows them greater participation in the political process.


Book Review: A Fraught Embrace: The Romance & Reality Of Aids Altruism In Africa By Ann Swidler & Susan Cotts Watkins, Chase Barney Apr 2019

Book Review: A Fraught Embrace: The Romance & Reality Of Aids Altruism In Africa By Ann Swidler & Susan Cotts Watkins, Chase Barney

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Confidence Trap: A History Of Democracy In Crisis From World War I To The Present By David Runciman, Allison G.S. Knox Apr 2019

Book Review: The Confidence Trap: A History Of Democracy In Crisis From World War I To The Present By David Runciman, Allison G.S. Knox

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Equal Recognition: The Moral Foundations Of Minority Rights By Alan Patten, Okori Uneke Apr 2019

Book Review: Equal Recognition: The Moral Foundations Of Minority Rights By Alan Patten, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Rethinking Election Law: Unskewing The System By Steven Mulroy, Richard A. Almeida Apr 2019

Book Review: Rethinking Election Law: Unskewing The System By Steven Mulroy, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Indian Migration And Empire: A Colonial Genealogy Of The Modern State By Radhika Mongia, Kathleen M. Davis Apr 2019

Book Review: Indian Migration And Empire: A Colonial Genealogy Of The Modern State By Radhika Mongia, Kathleen M. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Our Compelling Interests: The Value Of Diversity For Democracy And A Prosperous Society By Earl Lewis & Nancy Cantor, Cindy L. Davis Apr 2019

Book Review: Our Compelling Interests: The Value Of Diversity For Democracy And A Prosperous Society By Earl Lewis & Nancy Cantor, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Time And Its Adversaries In The Seleucid Empire By Paul Kosmin, Joseph A.P. Wilson Apr 2019

Book Review: Time And Its Adversaries In The Seleucid Empire By Paul Kosmin, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Disciplining The Empire: Politics, Governance, And The Rise Of The British Navy By Sarah Kinkel, Amanda Ford Apr 2019

Book Review: Disciplining The Empire: Politics, Governance, And The Rise Of The British Navy By Sarah Kinkel, Amanda Ford

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth Of Judeo-Bolshevism By Paul Hanebrink, David M. Carletta Apr 2019

Book Review: A Specter Haunting Europe: The Myth Of Judeo-Bolshevism By Paul Hanebrink, David M. Carletta

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Economic Statecraft: Human Rights, Sanctions, And Conditionality By Cécile Fabre, Linda Quest Apr 2019

Book Review: Economic Statecraft: Human Rights, Sanctions, And Conditionality By Cécile Fabre, Linda Quest

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Technicolored: Reflections On Race In The Time Of Tv By Ann Ducille, Patricia M. Muhammad Apr 2019

Book Review: Technicolored: Reflections On Race In The Time Of Tv By Ann Ducille, Patricia M. Muhammad

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Secret Wars: Covert Conflict In International Politics By Austin Carson, José De Arimatéia Da Cruz Apr 2019

Book Review: Secret Wars: Covert Conflict In International Politics By Austin Carson, José De Arimatéia Da Cruz

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Baha’I Faith And African American History: Creating Racial And Religious Diversity By Loni Branson, Kofi Johnson Apr 2019

Book Review: The Baha’I Faith And African American History: Creating Racial And Religious Diversity By Loni Branson, Kofi Johnson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Defense Industrial Base: How Idiosyncratic And Historical Influences Dictate Its Future, Henry Walter Apr 2019

The Defense Industrial Base: How Idiosyncratic And Historical Influences Dictate Its Future, Henry Walter

International Social Science Review

The Defense Industrial Base is the river from which American military dominance flows. However, the Industrial Base is just as—if not more—vulnerable to floods and droughts as a typical industry. Tracing the sector’s historical and economic foundations helps illuminate existing gaps and strengths that can present strategic challenges and benefits. This paper aims to connect those trends to existing and future capabilities. Although the Industrial Base will take time to fill the demands of the new $700-plus billion defense budget, the more concerning strategic issues are that the budget, and subsequently, the Industrial Base are leaving a ...


People Smuggling In Afghanistan And Niger: Iatrogenesis And Europe’S “Migration Crisis”, Sydney Chuen Apr 2019

People Smuggling In Afghanistan And Niger: Iatrogenesis And Europe’S “Migration Crisis”, Sydney Chuen

International Social Science Review

This paper highlights Nimruz, Afghanistan and Agadez, Niger, which are people smuggling hubs that have both been influenced by the annual influx of hundreds of thousands of migrants on their journeys to Europe. Their growing regional prominence alludes to smugglers’ innovative capacity in response to a corrosive neo-imperialist environment that is exacerbated by Europe’s recent protectionist immigration policies. Nimruz and Agadez are compared as starting points for parallel migratory flows to Europe. They are case studies in terms of the business of people smuggling including economic dependency and its exigencies, the constant prevalence of terrorism in both areas which ...


Vagrancy, Vice, And Victimhood: The Evolution Of Homeless Persecution, Anthony Hackett Apr 2019

Vagrancy, Vice, And Victimhood: The Evolution Of Homeless Persecution, Anthony Hackett

International Social Science Review

Through the examination of how urban space is constructed, one can see how the city testifies to the ways that history and memory come to shape human experience and the vocabularies with which it is understood and remembered. This paper will diverge from contemporary discussions of history and memory through an investigation of the roles of affect and social location have in shaping how the city is thought of and remembered differently. It will compare historical constructions of city folk in an attempt to understand the role of hegemonic social, economic, and political conditions in the construction of “history.” This ...