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2019

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Space And Identity: Mexican-American Dance Halls In The Quad Cities, Crystal Salazar May 2019

Space And Identity: Mexican-American Dance Halls In The Quad Cities, Crystal Salazar

Celebration of Learning

Community space has much influence in the creation and shaping of a person’s identity along with serving as a reflection of their identity. Space and identity are two important factors in understanding a person’s sense of self. Who you are can be determined by your chosen surroundings. Looking at community space within the Quad Cites' Mexican-American community the intersection of identity and community are closely looked at to see how they influence one another.


Reproductive Rights Reformation, Sharanya Choudhury '21, Isabella Foes '21, William Hamblen '21 May 2019

Reproductive Rights Reformation, Sharanya Choudhury '21, Isabella Foes '21, William Hamblen '21

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

Across the US, reproductive health is neglected in mainstream health education and insurance for women of all ages.Though it’s easy to get stuck debating the morality of abortion, the legality has been indisputable since Roe v Wade. Abortion is extremely prevalent in society, as there are roughly 12 abortions for every 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 44. Planned Parenthood caters to 2.4 million patients annually. With this importance of sexual health care in society, proper reproductive education is essential. However, only 13 states in the US require medically accurate information in their school ...


“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan Apr 2019

“Paying” The Way For A Better Bart Future: A Call For Better Enforcement Of Fare Evasion Policies And Strategic Planning At Bart, Ethan S. Tan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system has undoubtedly shaped the way the San Francisco Bay Area operates today. BART has molded itself to becoming a popular form of transportation for citizens of the area. However, numerous problems have arisen in recent years in regard to the overall “healthiness” of the BART system with its ex-aging fleet of trains, undertrained staff, lack of BART Police presence, rampant illegal drug use, etc. which has made BART unpopular with riders. The root cause of these problems through, is the lost revenue through “stolen” rides. At any one of BART’s 48 stations ...


Modernizing The Hermit Kingdom: Bridging The Economic And Cultural Gap Through Soft Power Diplomacy, Jane Son Apr 2019

Modernizing The Hermit Kingdom: Bridging The Economic And Cultural Gap Through Soft Power Diplomacy, Jane Son

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Modernizing the “Hermit Kingdom”:

Bridging the Cultural and Economic Gap through Soft Power Diplomacy

Following the Korean War, the Republic of Korea embraced modernization and rose as an economic power while its Northern counterpart employed isolationist policies and acquired the name “Hermit Kingdom.” In recent years, however, the “Hermit Kingdom” is exhibiting potential for change in under the Kim Jong-Un regime. In the wake of continued economic strife, shifting East Asian political dynamics, and insecure power consolidation, Kim appeared in the international scene with a different attitude: eagerness for dialogue. Such change in Pyongyang’s political stance engenders renewed hope ...


Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin Apr 2019

Disillusioning The Illusion Of Choice: A Rogerian Approach On Electoral College Reform, Mei Lin

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

The Electoral College is used by the United States of America to elect the president every four years. It has been amended and updated several times; however, it remains an extremely convoluted and outdated system. Four presidencies were the product of incongruent elections –– the candidate won the electoral college but lost the popular vote –– and each of these presidencies resulted in immense consequences. Reforming the current electoral college will be difficult, but it is extremely vital and necessary. The American election system must be restructured so that it may fairly and adequately represent the voices of its citizens.


History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer Apr 2019

History, Security, And Peace: A Comparison Of Sectarian Conflicts In Northern Ireland And The Middle East, Ahmed I. Hamed, Noah Chamberlain Spicer

Student Symposium

“The Troubles,” a violent conflict that began in Northern Ireland in 1968 and lasted until the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, saw high levels of violence and terrorism on both sides--Protestants and Catholics--of the socio-political conflict. While major issues of violence were addressed by the Good Friday Agreement, many key ontological issues remain very much alive and active, resulting in “peace walls” which separate Catholic and Protestant neighborhoods in Northern Ireland. The impediments to peace stem not just from these issues of violence, but also from the minimal attention paid to ontological security in peace negotiations: the security of oneself ...


General Campus Climate From A Conservative Student Perspective, Sarah Mattick Apr 2019

General Campus Climate From A Conservative Student Perspective, Sarah Mattick

Student Symposium

Campus Climate Research studies how students and others in a college community feel about the climate of their institutions, especially how the climate facilitates learning, growth, and expression. Typically, this research has been applied to diversity concerns, especially in the decades after affirmative action became a common practice in higher education admissions. My research adds to this literature, because in the midst of creating a campus community and campus climate that is sensitive and in alliance with the needs of marginalized students, institutions will often find that a struggle occurs between the needs of marginalized students and the perceived neglect ...


Charisma's Triumph Over Organization: Peronism Throughout The Decades, Alyssa Dipadova Apr 2019

Charisma's Triumph Over Organization: Peronism Throughout The Decades, Alyssa Dipadova

Student Symposium

“A party’s organization characteristics depend more upon its history, i.e. on how the organization orientated and how it consolidated…[e]very organization bears the mark of its formation, of the crucial political-administrative decision made by its founders, the decision which ‘molded’ the organization." The validity (or maybe the potency/breadth) of this idea when applied to Peronism is the main topic for this paper. The importance of this topic cannot be understated as the Partido Justicialista (PJ), the largest component of the Peronist movement, continues to be one of the most prevalent parties in Argentina’s two-party system--the ...


The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, Emily Larson Apr 2019

The Efficacy Of Gender Quotas In Politics: The United States And Europe, Emily Larson

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

In the United States, along with most other nations, women are underrepresented in positions of political office. There are many reasons that help to explain why women are not running, and are not getting elected, such as socialization, stereotyping, and voter biases against gender. However, there must be more research not only on the reasons why we see these patterns, but also how the United States can solve the problem of the underrepresentation of women in national politics. As a representative democracy, the governing bodies of the United States should reflect its citizens, and so far, this has not been ...


Ticket-Splitting In Montana Elections, Andrew Matheison Apr 2019

Ticket-Splitting In Montana Elections, Andrew Matheison

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

My research used data gathered in the Carroll College Exit Polls of midterm and general elections to analyze the prevalence of ticket-splitting for different demographic and political groups. I sought to determine if any groups exhibited increased or decreased levels of ticket splitting. My hypothesis was that different demographics would show minimal differences in rates of ticket-splitting, while party affiliation would show greater differences in ticket-splitting rates. Specifically, I believed voters identifying with major parties would be less likely to split their ticket than voters not belonging to either major party.


Rural Resentment In Montana's 2018 Election, Aggie Putnam Apr 2019

Rural Resentment In Montana's 2018 Election, Aggie Putnam

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

In the 2016 presidential election, we saw stark partisan and rural divides. While Hillary Clinton easily won the Democratic vote in urban communities, the rural vote carried Republican candidate Donald Trump to the presidency. I wanted to learn whether or not these divides affected how Montanans felt about representation. To determine this, my Elections class and I conducted an exit poll on election day of 2018 where voters from Lewis and Clark County were asked how well they felt the government represented their values. These answers were then compared with whether the respondents identified as a Democrat or a Republican ...


Polytropic Socrates’ Implicit Defense Of Philosophy: Lying, Justice, And Sophistry In Plato’S Lesser Hippias, Samantha M. Trudeau Apr 2019

Polytropic Socrates’ Implicit Defense Of Philosophy: Lying, Justice, And Sophistry In Plato’S Lesser Hippias, Samantha M. Trudeau

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This paper offers an interpretation of Plato’s Lesser Hippias, about which I make several original claims. First, I contend that the dialogue takes place in front of an unnamed audience composed of Socrates’ students and the dialogue is therefore for their benefit, not that of Hippias or Eudicus. I then argue that Socrates juxtaposes himself to Hippias to show the superiority of philosophy to sophistry; I accomplish this through an examination of the cultural significance of Socrates’ physical description of Hippias at 368 and following. I also claim that the central argument of the dialogue is used to demonstrate ...


Rural Values In Montana, Hailey Kellum Apr 2019

Rural Values In Montana, Hailey Kellum

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Montana communities are difficult to classify as rural or urban. However, we often hear that rural values influence how Montanans vote. In this study, I seek to determine whether it is possible to define rural values of Montanans. I ask questions such as, “Are there specific words or phrases that people associate with the term ‘rural’?” and, “Are rural residents generally more or less confident in state or federal government than urban residents?” In response to these questions, I present two hypotheses: first, I posit that living in rural Montana leads to the development of rural values characterized by a ...


The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm Apr 2019

The Montana Energy Security Act, Kennedy Bahm

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

Eliminating the use of coal-fired power nationwide has been a popular talking point in recent legislative debates in Washington, D.C. Despite obvious threats to the environment, investing in coal-fired energy offers considerable economic benefits to Americans. In Montana, this debate has been centered around the closure of the Colstrip Power Plant. The Montana Energy Security Act (HB 203), proposed by Representative Rodney Garcia, would permit the state of Montana to sell bonds to finance the $500m purchase of the Colstrip Power Plant. This case study offers a cost benefit analysis of the Montana Energy Security Act, comparing the societal ...


For Or Against The People? Republican Violence In Arendt And Machiavelli, Samantha Trudeau Apr 2019

For Or Against The People? Republican Violence In Arendt And Machiavelli, Samantha Trudeau

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

This paper explores and analyzes Hannah Arendt's and Niccolò Machiavelli's treatment of violence in republics. It seeks to answer the question: what is the proper role of violence in republican governments? After an examination of the author's arguments, it concludes that violence should be avoided whenever possible and extremely limited in scope when it must be used. Given historical developments, Arendt's solution is judged superior to Machiavelli's.


Partisanship And Representation In Montana's 2018 Midterm Election, Caitlin Troyer Apr 2019

Partisanship And Representation In Montana's 2018 Midterm Election, Caitlin Troyer

Carroll College Student Undergraduate Research Festival

The basis of this research is the 2018 Carroll College Exit Poll. I utilized the results of the exit poll as well as research previously done on the topic of partisanship to explore the relationship between state and federal representation and partisanship. The 2018 Carroll College Exit Poll was conducted in Montana in Lewis and Clark County, Billings, and Great Falls. Polling locations were selected at random. Voters were surveyed and asked eleven questions, two of which were utilized in my analysis. The questions pertinent to my research were, “How well does the state government in Helena represent the values ...


Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, Alexander Tripp Apr 2019

Modern Chinese Development Of Latin America, Alexander Tripp

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

China, a rising global hegemon, has become increasingly interested in close economic and political relations with Latin America since the turn of the century. These relationships have been centered around two traits, foreign direct investment (FDI) and the export of raw materials. China has fully invested itself into the region in order to develop and maintain the production of certain goods necessary for upkeep of its massive population and industrializing economy. I test the significance of four prominent raw materials in Chinese trade with Latin America to determine their impact on Chinese FDI. Using this method, I gather and gauge ...


A Comparison Of Two Methods Of Increasing Voter Turnout Among African Americans, Korriee De'vonne Green Apr 2019

A Comparison Of Two Methods Of Increasing Voter Turnout Among African Americans, Korriee De'vonne Green

Show Your Stripes Research and Creative Showcase

Many of the studies about minority voting are from the 1990s, and they effectively say neither representation nor redistricting affect turnout for African Americans. We hypothesized that making people politically aware is more likely to get them to vote rather than directly telling people to vote. There were 117 participants in this study, with ages ranging from seventeen to thirty-six. These groups were split into two populations: “Aware” and “Unaware”. Only 10% of the Unaware population voted because they were told to vote but the informed participants (Aware) were 71% more likely to vote (p<.01).


The Effect Of The American Presidency On The Behavior Of American Citizens: A Glimpse Into How Donald Trump Has Affected The Behavior Of The American Population, Carter Elliott Apr 2019

The Effect Of The American Presidency On The Behavior Of American Citizens: A Glimpse Into How Donald Trump Has Affected The Behavior Of The American Population, Carter Elliott

Student Scholar Showcase

Using data from a Gallup Poll conducted in 2018, and data from recent major events within the United States, I argue that the President of the United States has a significant impact on the overall behavior of American Citizens. In the two years since Donald Trump has taken office many things have taken place in America that have not been previously seen in the last several decades, or ever. I examine case studies such as The Unite the Right Rally, The 2017 Women’s March on Washington, media viewership and approval, voter turn-out rates, and hate crimes, which support the ...


The Decline Of Tradition & Civilization: Mishima And The West, Suan Sonna Apr 2019

The Decline Of Tradition & Civilization: Mishima And The West, Suan Sonna

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

On November 25, 1970, the prolific Japanese author and right-wing nationalist Yukio Mishima performed ritual suicide. His demonstration disturbed the literary, political, and intellectual world of Japan and has had far-reaching implications for the world. In this analysis, I offer a brief biographical sketch of Mishima’s life and how he became one with his philosophy, politics, and literature. My ultimate aim is to show how the hyper-“modernization” and westernization of Japan parallels many of the same conflicts Western Civilization is currently facing with the collapse of both modernity and tradition. To do this, I examine five themes of ...


Syrian Refugee Camps In Jordan: An Assessment, Athena-Rose Jennings Mar 2019

Syrian Refugee Camps In Jordan: An Assessment, Athena-Rose Jennings

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Syrian Refugee Camps in Jordan: An Assessment explores how and why the Government of Jordan created camps to house its 670,000 Syrian refugees. Examining Jordan’s four Syrian refugee camps, Jennings considers to what extent their different operating models are effective and why. Metrics of camp effectiveness include degree and type of support from non-Government of Jordan humanitarian actors, the availability of education and medical care in the camps, and the degree to which camp residents themselves engage in the camp communities. She posits that using the camp model affords Jordan greater internal security, and influence over refugee matters ...


Suicide And Neoliberalism: An Imminent Critique Of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Noël Ingram Mar 2019

Suicide And Neoliberalism: An Imminent Critique Of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Noël Ingram

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

In her paper, “Suicide and Neoliberalism: An Imminent Critique of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy,” Noël Ingram, following the tradition of scholars such as Philip Cushman and Mark E. Button, challenges the dominant discursive framework of suicide through an examination of one of the dominant psychological therapeutic frameworks used to understand and treat suicidal ideation, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Ingram argues that CBT assumes the site of disorder is situated in the atomized neoliberal subject whose failure to think and behave rationally has led to their suicide attempt. Further, Ingram discusses how the framework of CBT is influenced by inherent neoliberal assumptions with its ...


An Exploration Of Iranian Use Of Gray Zones And Their Deterrence, Lauren Zimmerman, Amanda Urick Mar 2019

An Exploration Of Iranian Use Of Gray Zones And Their Deterrence, Lauren Zimmerman, Amanda Urick

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Iran, being the religious minority in the Middle East, has begun to extend its reach outside of its borders by influencing the stability of other states within the region. They have been utilizing their economic revenue to fund terrorist organizations and cyber capabilities to threaten free use of the internet in the Middle East. Iran is the world's most active state sponsor of terrorism, but how do we deter them? Our paper will explore the history of deterring Iran and future possibilities.


A New Paradigm Of Discrimination And Measures Of Latino Linked Fate, Michael Herndon Mar 2019

A New Paradigm Of Discrimination And Measures Of Latino Linked Fate, Michael Herndon

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Linked fate has long been used as a measure of group consciousness and is an important component of group political behavior. Though applying linked fate to Latinos can be complicated because of a widely diverse set of nationalities and historical contexts, Latinos have shown signs of group cohesion under certain circumstances. Despite this, there is still a sizable gap exploring the theory of linked fate as it pertains to Latinos. Furthermore, there is a near-absence of literature that critically dissects the roles of different kinds of discrimination as they pertain to perceptions of linked fate amongst Latinos. There are distinct ...


An Emotional Perspective On Political Attack Advertising, Kirsten Passyn Feb 2019

An Emotional Perspective On Political Attack Advertising, Kirsten Passyn

Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Political Attitudes, Cognitive Style, And Political Persuasion, Halbert Bai, Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock Jan 2019

Political Attitudes, Cognitive Style, And Political Persuasion, Halbert Bai, Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock

Yale Day of Data

How do liberals and conservatives differ? Existing evidence suggests clear divergences on cognitive style and sociopolitical attitudes. However, theories such as the rigidity of the right hypothesis (Adorno et al., 1950; Tetlock, 1983) and the ideologue hypothesis (Rokeach, 1956) make incompatible predictions. The present research aims to reconcile these incongruities by employing measures that assess (a) cognitive style/open-mindedness, (b) perspective-taking, and (c) relationships between characteristics of procedural justice. Study 1 employed real-world arguments on highly politicized issues to examine rhetorical features that influence an article’s persuasiveness. We found evidence for the rigidity of the right hypothesis. In Study ...


Paulo Freire As Learning Theorist, John Holst Jan 2019

Paulo Freire As Learning Theorist, John Holst

Adult Education Research Conference

I defend the thesis that Paulo Freire had a theory of learning. Contrary to what learning theorists sustain, I present a theory of learning in Freire’s work.