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2019

Journal of Public Deliberation

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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Review Of The Origins Of Collective Decision Making By Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016)., Timothy J. Shaffer Apr 2019

Review Of The Origins Of Collective Decision Making By Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016)., Timothy J. Shaffer

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of The Origins of Collective Decision Making by Andy Blunden (Boston: Brill, 2016).


Democratic Self-Determination And The Intentional Building Of Consensus, Valeria Ottonelli Apr 2019

Democratic Self-Determination And The Intentional Building Of Consensus, Valeria Ottonelli

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper defends two fundamental but under-theorized insights coming from the theory of deliberative democracy. The first is that consensus is valuable as a precondition of democratic collective self-determination, since it ensures that democratic decisions display an adequate degree of integrity and consistency and therefore that the polity can act as a unified agent. The second is that consensus in this integrity-building role is essential if citizens need to act as decision-makers; it ensures that the decisions that issue from the exercise of their political rights are meaningful, and that they are so as the intended result of their joint ...


Completely Theorized Agreements. A Different Reading Of The Consensus Paradox Hypotheses, Marta Wojciechowska Apr 2019

Completely Theorized Agreements. A Different Reading Of The Consensus Paradox Hypotheses, Marta Wojciechowska

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article contributes to the debate on the consensus and deliberation. While the relevant literature claims that consensus undermines further deliberation, this article argues that it depends on the aim of the process. In particular, I argue that if the aim of deliberation is understood as reaching a certain epistemic level, reaching consensus does not need to decrease the rationality of the group. In short, such deliberation is a process of debate, reason-giving and listening which aims at establishing a result of certain epistemic value. In order to shed new light on the debates on the consequences of consensus for ...


Deliberation After Consensus: Introduction To The Symposium, Henrik Friberg-Fernros, Johan Karlsson Schaffer, Cathrine Holst Apr 2019

Deliberation After Consensus: Introduction To The Symposium, Henrik Friberg-Fernros, Johan Karlsson Schaffer, Cathrine Holst

Journal of Public Deliberation

This editorial introduction presents an overview of the themes explored in the symposium on Deliberation after Consensus. For all the talk of its obsolescence and irrelevance, the concept of consensus still remains centrally contested through generations of deliberative democracy scholarship. In face of criticism for being neither empirically feasible nor normatively desirable, some deliberative theorists have moved away from consensus-oriented teleology and argued in favor of other legitimate outcomes of deliberations. Other theorists have resisted this move, claiming that the aim of deliberation implies that consensus should remain as a regulative ideal for deliberative outcomes. Engaging with these debates about ...


Recognition And Deliberation: A Deliberative Corrective To Liberal Multicultural Policies, Nicolas Pirsoul Apr 2019

Recognition And Deliberation: A Deliberative Corrective To Liberal Multicultural Policies, Nicolas Pirsoul

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article establishes theoretical and practical distinctions between the theory of recognition and liberal multiculturalism. Five potential issues with multicultural policies are identified. The article argues that an increase in deliberative practices could solve many pitfalls of liberal multicultural policies and highlights how a “deliberative turn” could reconcile identity-related policies with the philosophical roots of the theory of recognition. The paper also highlights some challenges arising from a deliberative approach to recognition.


Building A Better Referendum: Linking Mini-Publics And Mass Publics In Popular Votes, Spencer Mckay Apr 2019

Building A Better Referendum: Linking Mini-Publics And Mass Publics In Popular Votes, Spencer Mckay

Journal of Public Deliberation

Popular votes and mini-publics are both increasingly implemented as elected officials seek to build legitimacy for decisions, although these democratic innovations suffer from their own democratic deficits. Popular votes often do not live up to deliberative ideals while mini-publics may be limited in their capacities for inclusion and decision-making. Pairing these two devices can improve deliberation in referendum campaigns, while tying mini-publics to a clear and inclusive process for decision-making. Empirical studies of this strategy have found both successes and shortcomings. Little attention has been given to the possibility that the success of mini-publics in influencing public opinion is determined ...


The Difference In Design: Participatory Budgeting In Brazil And The United States, Hollie Gilman, Brian Wampler Apr 2019

The Difference In Design: Participatory Budgeting In Brazil And The United States, Hollie Gilman, Brian Wampler

Journal of Public Deliberation

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is conceptually powerful because it ties the normative values of non-elite participation and deliberation to specific policymaking processes. It is a democratic policymaking process that enables citizens to allocate public monies. PB has spread globally, coming to the United States in 2009. Our analysis shows that the types of institutional designs used in the United States are quite different from the original Brazilian programs. What explains the variation in PB institutional design between Brazil and the United States? Most PB cases in the US are district-level whereas in Brazil, PB cases are mainly municipal. We account for ...


Civic Virtue In The Deliberative System, Daniel Hutton Ferris Apr 2019

Civic Virtue In The Deliberative System, Daniel Hutton Ferris

Journal of Public Deliberation

The normative stability of a deliberative and democratic political order and the creativity and quality of the decisions its produces depend on citizens developing civic orientations and capacities through participation in deliberative events aiming at the cooperative solution of political problems. That, at least, is the claim made by critics of the systems approach to deliberative democracy, who argue that its proponents have lost sight of the educative function that respectful public reasoning plays for citizens. In this article I offer a response to this line of argument. There is no good philosophical reason to suppose that only unitary deliberation ...


Deliberation For Development: Ghana’S First Deliberative Poll, Dennis Chirawurah, James Fishkin, Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Kathleen Giles Apr 2019

Deliberation For Development: Ghana’S First Deliberative Poll, Dennis Chirawurah, James Fishkin, Niagia Santuah, Alice Siu, Ayaga Bawah, Gordana Kranjac-Berisavljevic, Kathleen Giles

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article poses the problem of public consultation in developing countries and applies a solution in Ghana as a test case. It describes the theoretical rationale for deliberative consultation with random samples, describes specific criteria for success, and then assesses an application under the challenging conditions of a developing country. It builds on notions of “deliberative democracy,” and shows how they can be practically realized in an African context through “Deliberative Polling” (DP). The challenge is that the context is one of the poorest parts of one of the poorest countries in Africa. Rather than consulting just stakeholders, or self-selected ...


Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil Apr 2019

Psychological Mechanisms Of Deliberative Transformation: The Role Of Group Identity, Luisa Maria Batalha, Simon Niemeyer, John S. Dryzek, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

Democratic deliberation has been shown to lead to shifts in people’s preferences for particular issues. The psychological mechanisms that underpin such shifts are not well understood. Against the backdrop of a deliberative forum we examined participants’ preferences for various types of political systems, how these preferences changed as deliberations proceeded and how the final preferences were associated with different levels of inclusiveness of a social identity. The results showed that at the end of the deliberations people’s preferences moved in the direction of satisfaction with the political system, and that this preference was positively associated with identification with ...


Looking Back, Thinking Ahead: Reflections On Our Five Years As Editors Of The Journal Of Public Deliberation, Laura W. Black, Timothy J. Shaffer, Nancy Thomas Apr 2019

Looking Back, Thinking Ahead: Reflections On Our Five Years As Editors Of The Journal Of Public Deliberation, Laura W. Black, Timothy J. Shaffer, Nancy Thomas

Journal of Public Deliberation

For the last five years, we have had the honor of serving as editors of the Journal of Public Deliberation. This issue marks the end of our editorial tenure, and we take this opportunity to both look back and think ahead. In this brief essay, we reflect on what we’ve seen during our time as editors. We begin by describing three important special issues that reflect the state of our field, then provide some details about how we have facilitated JPD’s growth over the past five years, including publication statistics and article download rates. We conclude by discussing ...