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2019

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Summary: Advancing Evidence Based Social Policies Through Intergovernmental Data Sharing Partnerships, Dennis P. Culhane Sep 2019

Summary: Advancing Evidence Based Social Policies Through Intergovernmental Data Sharing Partnerships, Dennis P. Culhane

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

In response to the challenge of addressing complex social problems with limited resources, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Congress have called for evidence-based initiatives to facilitate program evaluation and policy research. In 2016, Congress established the Commission on Evidence Based Policy Making to make recommendations on how to accomplish this. While Congress considers mechanisms to link data from federal agencies on a national level, there is much that the federal government can learn from the use of integrated data systems (IDS) at the state and local levels.


From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw May 2019

From The Voices Of Domestic Sex Trafficking Survivors: Experiences Of Complex Trauma & Posttraumatic Growth, Heather R. Evans Dsw

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Human sex trafficking is an ongoing global rights violation formally recognized since 2000 through the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report, 2016). Using ecological and trauma-informed lenses, this qualitative, retrospective study used participant-centered methods to explore identity, sexuality, relationships, and factors that facilitate/ hindered community reintegration for 15 adult female survivors. Interview transcripts, Photovoice captioned images, and focus groups were analyzed using multi-level conceptual and thematic coding. Participants identified with all aspects of complex trauma, including: dissociation, self-perception/identity, relations with others and systems of meaning. Key themes included losing and regaining power, shame, and ...


Asean’S Human Rights Conundrum: An Analysis Of The Failures Of The Asean System For Promoting Human Rights, Dakota Jones May 2019

Asean’S Human Rights Conundrum: An Analysis Of The Failures Of The Asean System For Promoting Human Rights, Dakota Jones

Honors Theses (PPE)

The ASEAN human rights system consists of a network of formal institutions such as the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission Human Rights, documents such as the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, and efforts to interact with regional civil society organizations. This system, which emerged in 2009, has come under intense scrutiny because the region’s human rights record has worsened since its inception. This paper examines the complex network of institutions, documents, and interactions between ASEAN member states and civil society organizations to determine the overall effectiveness of the organization’s efforts to safeguard human rights throughout the region. The paper begins with ...


Engineering An Ethnic Mosaic: The Institutionalization Of Civic Nationalism In Kosovo, Israel, And The West Bank, Jordan L. Dewar May 2019

Engineering An Ethnic Mosaic: The Institutionalization Of Civic Nationalism In Kosovo, Israel, And The West Bank, Jordan L. Dewar

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

A perfect storm of ethnic-based violence is on the horizon, spurred on by increasing diversity, climate change, and the inability of many societies to handle these trends. This thesis examines the ways through which elites are incentivized to build institutions promoting a specific type of identity and how institutional structures use different means to promote the desired identity. It also addresses the ways through which state-based identity can be adapted to be inclusive while remaining salient. This will be done both through examinations of existing theory surrounding state structure and identity as well as two case studies where identity is ...


Salvation Or Suffering? Analyzing The Impact Of Un Peacekeeping Operations On Health And Safety Of Women In Post-Conflict Environments, Alicia Y. Hariri May 2019

Salvation Or Suffering? Analyzing The Impact Of Un Peacekeeping Operations On Health And Safety Of Women In Post-Conflict Environments, Alicia Y. Hariri

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Drawing from the experiences of the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), this study examines the impact of UN peacekeeping operations on the health and safety of women and girls in post-conflict environments. By combining findings from the four indicators of access to the provision of health care, state of maternal health, disarmament of women and girls, and the prevalence of sexual exploitation and abuse, this study will illustrate that neither mission led to disproportionately better outcomes for women and girls following mission deployment.


Ain’T We Women? Assessing The Place Of Women Of Color In Campaign Training Programs, Catherine Monk Apr 2019

Ain’T We Women? Assessing The Place Of Women Of Color In Campaign Training Programs, Catherine Monk

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While descriptive representatives enhance democratic legitimacy and deliver substantive results to their constituents, women remain underrepresented in American politics. Recent literature regarding electoral politics has concluded that this is because women do not run for office. Scholars identify many reasons for this candidacy gap including the lack of an institutional support structure and barriers on the campaign trail. In this thesis, I argue that women of color face additional barriers not addressed by traditional literature. I use in-depth interviews with the founder of a campaign training program, and a review of their recruitment and training materials, to examine how the ...


The Cost Of The Cup: A Case Study On The Political And Economic Impacts Of Hosting Mega Sporting Events, George J. Avdellas Apr 2019

The Cost Of The Cup: A Case Study On The Political And Economic Impacts Of Hosting Mega Sporting Events, George J. Avdellas

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the modern world, sports have become a new form of geopolitical signaling. Countries who are entrusted with hosting mega sporting events, from the Olympic Games to the World Cup are seen as capable and competent nations. For developing nations, these games can bring political legitimacy, as it shows that their respective teams can not only compete in global events, but their governments can host safe, secure, and well run events.

In this thesis, I will be examining South Africa’s process in bidding, building and hosting the 2010 World Cup and the subsequent political and economic effects. South Africa ...


Partisan Issue Linkages In Presidential Campaign Speeches: A Case Study Of Abortion, Ashutosh Mishra Apr 2019

Partisan Issue Linkages In Presidential Campaign Speeches: A Case Study Of Abortion, Ashutosh Mishra

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study examined how presidential candidates used partisan issue linkages to discuss their abortion views over the 2008, 2012, and 2016 elections. It qualitatively examined 64 speeches, town halls, and interviews in which candidates spoke about abortion to identify trends in their rhetoric. It also measured the frequencies with which candidates used partisan messages, specific vocabulary, and issue linkages. As candidates employed stronger and more partisan issue linkages across these three elections, they transformed abortion from a stand-alone issue to one entrenched in a partisan policy package. The development of Planned Parenthood as a symbol for pro-choice positions in 2012 ...


Shift In The Suburbs: An Analysis Of Changing Vote Patterns In American Suburbs, 2000-2018, Jack D. Weisman Mar 2019

Shift In The Suburbs: An Analysis Of Changing Vote Patterns In American Suburbs, 2000-2018, Jack D. Weisman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the 2016 Presidential Election, the movement of well-off, highly-educated suburbs towards the Democratic Party was one of the most significant yet undercovered stories. In this paper, I analyze the political changes in suburbs around five major cities (Boston, Charleston (SC), Cleveland, Los Angeles, and Minneapolis) both in 2016 and in elections dating back to 2000. I find that between 2000 and 2014, municipalities close to core cities with high percentages of college graduates became slightly but significantly more Democratic, with much of this movement taking place around 2004 and 2006. Comparing 2016 to previous elections, I find that proximity ...


Policy Pathways: A Theory Of The Political Origins Of Imf Dependency In Argentina, Political Science, Social Sciences, Eileen Doherty-Sil, Dogerty-Sil, Eileen, Shay Moon Mar 2019

Policy Pathways: A Theory Of The Political Origins Of Imf Dependency In Argentina, Political Science, Social Sciences, Eileen Doherty-Sil, Dogerty-Sil, Eileen, Shay Moon

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to explain Argentina’s repeated currency crises, including the need to return time and again to the IMF for a stabilization package, using the domestic contestation of the populist left and military right. This thesis argues that Argentina’s domestic politics have contributed to the recurrence of currency crisis, filling a gap in several distinct academic discussions by giving an exhaustive account of how each period of currency crisis in Argentina was rooted in and was exacerbated by the policy choices of domestic political actors. In particular, thesis argues that the nature of Argentine politics has meant ...


An Acquired Taste: Evolving Approaches To Nutrition Education In The United States, Callie Holtermann Mar 2019

An Acquired Taste: Evolving Approaches To Nutrition Education In The United States, Callie Holtermann

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis considers the effectiveness of three approaches to nutrition education in the United States: classroom lessons about nutrition, cooking classes, and a mandate for educators to improve the food environment. It brings interviews with eight Philadelphia-area nutrition educators into conversation with scholarly program evaluations in order to explore the impacts and outcomes of nutrition education policy change on students, educators, and communities. Especially given high rates of obesity, it is a goal of nutrition education to influence children’s behavior in a way that is conducive to healthy eating. The feedback of nutrition educators and scientific evaluations of each ...


Rifles And Reinforcement: The National Rifle Association’S Partisan Approach To Gun Ownership, August Gebhard-Koenigstein Mar 2019

Rifles And Reinforcement: The National Rifle Association’S Partisan Approach To Gun Ownership, August Gebhard-Koenigstein

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The NRA has long been the dominant player in the battle over gun control. Scholars have attributed this dominance in large part to the NRA’s ability to mobilize its membership when necessary. Lacombe (2018) has written of the NRA’s cultivation of a politicized social identity around gun ownership that assists it in doing so. In this thesis, I show that the NRA has tied this gun owner identity to conservatism and to the Republican party. I find that the NRA’s homogenous membership composition advantages it in its strategy of developing a partisan politicized gun-owner identity among its ...


Social Media And The 2018 Midterms: An Analysis Of House Candidates' Twitter Posts, Jacob R. Ausubel Mar 2019

Social Media And The 2018 Midterms: An Analysis Of House Candidates' Twitter Posts, Jacob R. Ausubel

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

To date, relatively few academic studies have analyzed congressional candidates’ use of social media in the 2018 U.S. midterm elections. This paper contributes to the literature by conducting a textual analysis of 697 House candidates’ Twitter posts from between January 1st and November 6th 2018. The study focuses on seven key issues – the economy, gun policy, healthcare, immigration, Russia, the Supreme Court, and the Trump presidency – and assesses whether there was a fundamental difference in how Democratic and Republican candidates approached each one. The paper argues that there were partisan differences in social media use and presents two ...


A Tale Of Two Revolutions: A Comparative Case Study Of The Rhetoric Of Twenty-First Century Socialist Movements In Cuba And Venezuela, Andreina Lamas Mar 2019

A Tale Of Two Revolutions: A Comparative Case Study Of The Rhetoric Of Twenty-First Century Socialist Movements In Cuba And Venezuela, Andreina Lamas

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Cuba and Venezuela have historically been signaled as the two longest-lasting socialist revolutions and governments in the Western hemisphere. Much of their revolutionary theory has been based on the actions taken by the United States towards Latin America as a whole, as well as towards those two countries specifically. This can be most acutely perceived in the ways in which the leaders of these revolutions, Fidel Castro and Hugo Chávez, speak about the United States in relation to their own ideologies. Consequently, simultaneously studying these policies by the United States, Castro’s speeches, and those by Chávez provide evidence on ...


Boots Off The Ground: The Impact Of Individual-Level Factors On American Public Approval Of Lethal Drone Strikes, Katherine Fink Mar 2019

Boots Off The Ground: The Impact Of Individual-Level Factors On American Public Approval Of Lethal Drone Strikes, Katherine Fink

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Although the American public is divided on many policies, the majority of Americans (commonly close to 60%) continue to support a relatively controversial form of military technology: lethal drone strikes used to target terrorists in foreign countries. This study seeks to determine what factors affect American public approval of lethal drone strikes and which factor yields the greatest impact on support. Four main arguments for and against drone strikes are explored—military effectiveness, military ineffectiveness, violations of international law, and increased ease of military intervention. Employing a survey experiment on Amazon Mechanical Turk, I find that international law concerns produce ...


Rhetorical Ruckus Or Supranational Legal Threat? A Comparative Analysis Of Far-Right Populism In Central And Eastern European Member States Of The European Union And Its Supranational Legal-Institutional Consequences, Stephen Imburgia Mar 2019

Rhetorical Ruckus Or Supranational Legal Threat? A Comparative Analysis Of Far-Right Populism In Central And Eastern European Member States Of The European Union And Its Supranational Legal-Institutional Consequences, Stephen Imburgia

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Many states around the globe, most particularly in Europe, have seen a resurgence of far-right populist parties in the years following the global financial crisis. In Central and Eastern Europe (C.E.E.), the domestic democratic backsliding exhibited by European Union Member States such as Hungary under the administration of Fidesz’s Viktor Orbán and Poland under the control of Law and Justice’s Mateusz Morawiecki have prompted many scholars and political observers to predict the worst for the European Union. However, while domestic sliding towards authoritarianism and a flouting of rhetorical norms is cause for alarm, the effect of ...


The Dragon Stretches Its Wings: Assessing The Geopolitical And Economic Implications Of China’S Belt And Road Initiative In Pakistan And Kenya, Andrea Villarnovo Lopez Begleiter Mar 2019

The Dragon Stretches Its Wings: Assessing The Geopolitical And Economic Implications Of China’S Belt And Road Initiative In Pakistan And Kenya, Andrea Villarnovo Lopez Begleiter

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In 2013 China launched what is now known as the Belt and Road Initiative. This multinational, trillion-dollar development project seeks to improve connections by land and sea between China and its economic partners in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. Since its launch, many countries have warned that Belt and Road is a thinly-veiled plot for China to advance its geopolitical and military interests. This paper uses Pakistan and Kenya as case studies to assess claims that China is using “debt-trap diplomacy” to accomplish its foreign policy agenda. Using a qualitative and holistic approach, this paper finds that contrary ...


Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal Feb 2019

Plato's Party-State: Evaluating China's Political System Through The Framework Of The Republic, Samantha Mashaal

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

China’s political system has long been perceived as a controversial one and as somewhat perplexing to Westerners. In an attempt to understand the stability and success of the system, I evaluate the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) post-Mao society by comparing it to the “just society” described in Plato’s Republic. Plato’s philosophy is an appropriate standard against which the Chinese system can be assessed, because Plato does not believe in democracy and thus does not entertain its “advantages.” What’s more, the Republic is classified as a utopia, meaning a place in which the state of things ...


The Middle-Class: Shouldering The Burden Of Corporate Tax Havens And The Encumberment Of Economic Globlization, Katherine Poole Feb 2019

The Middle-Class: Shouldering The Burden Of Corporate Tax Havens And The Encumberment Of Economic Globlization, Katherine Poole

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the ways in which corporate tax evasion and other vehicles of economic globalization may infringe upon the prosperity of the middle class. Corporate tax evasion has increasingly taken form in offshore financial centers, allowing wealthy individuals and corporations to engage in tax evasion, resulting in substantial losses in government tax revenues. While this loss is being compensated for by increased taxes upon the middle class, this demographic is also suffering from the slashing of programs and state-sponsored benefits due, in part, to the pervasive losses in government revenue. After exploring the effects ...


Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr Feb 2019

Cyberwarfare And Applied Just War Theory: Assessing The Stuxnet Worm Through Jus Ad Bellum And Jus In Bello, Carson Marr

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


2019 European Think Tank Summit, James G. Mcgann Jan 2019

2019 European Think Tank Summit, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global and Regional Think Tank Summit Reports

No abstract provided.


Identity In The Wake Of The State: Local, National, And Supranational Dynamics Of The Syrian Conflict, Victoria Gilbert Jan 2019

Identity In The Wake Of The State: Local, National, And Supranational Dynamics Of The Syrian Conflict, Victoria Gilbert

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

While much of the civil war literature considers the impact religious or ethnic identities have on the character or duration of conflict, scholars have failed to address why different identities become salient in territories outside the state’s control. Using subnational case studies from the Syrian conflict, I claim that we must consider the interests and character of those actors who strive to attain authority and build governing institutions in the absence of the state. I find that civilian actors are more likely to promote local identities, such as clan, tribal, or city-based identities. Armed groups, however, are more likely ...


Getting The Best Of Us: Multinational Corporate Networks And The Diffusion Of Skill-Selective Immigration Policies, Vivienne Born Jan 2019

Getting The Best Of Us: Multinational Corporate Networks And The Diffusion Of Skill-Selective Immigration Policies, Vivienne Born

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Populist backlash has emerged as an alarming trend shaping immigration policy across the developed world in recent years. At the same time, a less-sensationalized pattern has appeared in the form of policies designed to attract the highly skilled. In the face of so much anti-immigration sentiment, how can we understand this push for global talent? One possibility is that these seemingly divergent agenda are but two sides of the same coin. Policymakers and members of the business community point to labor shortages and a global war for talent as justifications for skill-selective policies. Yet some in the academic community contest ...


Security With Solvency: Retrenchment And Strategic Reorientation, Travis E. Robison Jan 2019

Security With Solvency: Retrenchment And Strategic Reorientation, Travis E. Robison

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

What explains the variation in retrenchment outcomes when great power leaders attempt this course of action in response to relative decline? I argue that retrenchment fails when a great power is unable to extricate itself from existing commitments and, therefore, is unable to free resources to address more critical security challenges. In broad terms, a great power might extricate itself in one of three ways: by handing off responsibility to a like-minded ally, through rapprochement with a rival, or by abandoning a commitment regardless of the consequences. I use primary and secondary sources to conduct in-depth historical analysis and structured ...