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Political Science Commons

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2018

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 64

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

What Is The Use Of The Colonial Model (Or, Better Yet, The Concept Of Coloniality) For Studying Appalachia?, Jacob L. Stump Dec 2018

What Is The Use Of The Colonial Model (Or, Better Yet, The Concept Of Coloniality) For Studying Appalachia?, Jacob L. Stump

Jacob Stump

No abstract provided.


Female Secondary School Stipend Programs In Bangladesh And Pakistan: What Can We Learn From South Asia’S Ccts?, Julia Gibbons Dec 2018

Female Secondary School Stipend Programs In Bangladesh And Pakistan: What Can We Learn From South Asia’S Ccts?, Julia Gibbons

Julia Gibbons

While many developing countries have reported gender gaps in education, Bangladesh has made remarkable progress and terminated the gender gap in secondary school enrollment through its national Female Stipend Program (FSP) in the 1990s. Conditional Cash Transfer programs (CCTs) like the FSP have become a popular development policy prescription, but the literature on CCTs in South Asia is surprisingly limited. A similar program to the FSP, the Female Secondary School Stipend, was implemented in the Punjab province of Pakistan in 2004 and had modest success, increasing secondary school enrollment for girls by 10%. This paper compares and contrasts the two ...


Front-Page News: Newspapers And Their Role In The Agenda-Setting Process, Darby Dickerson Nov 2018

Front-Page News: Newspapers And Their Role In The Agenda-Setting Process, Darby Dickerson

Darby Dickerson

No abstract provided.


A Tale Of Two Democrats: How Authoritarianism Divides The Democratic Party, Julie Wronski, Alexa Bankert, Karyn Amira, April A. Johnson, Lindsey C. Levitan Sep 2018

A Tale Of Two Democrats: How Authoritarianism Divides The Democratic Party, Julie Wronski, Alexa Bankert, Karyn Amira, April A. Johnson, Lindsey C. Levitan

April Johnson

Authoritarianism has been predominantly used in American politics as a predictor of Republican identification and conservative policy preferences. We argue that this approach has neglected the role authoritarianism plays among Democrats and how it can operate within political parties regardless of their ideological orientation. Drawing from three distinct sets of data, we demonstrate the impact of authoritarianism in the 2016 Democratic Party’s primaries. Authoritarianism consistently predicts differences in primary voting among Democrats, particularly support for Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders. This effect is robust across various model specifications including controls for ideology, partisan strength, and other predispositions. These results ...


Corruption Perceptions In North Cyprus: 2017 Report, Omer Gokcekus , Sertac Sonan Sep 2018

Corruption Perceptions In North Cyprus: 2017 Report, Omer Gokcekus , Sertac Sonan

Omer Gokcekus

No abstract provided.


Economic Development And Democracy: A Disaggregated Perspective, Carl Henrik Knutsen, John Gerring, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jan Teorell, Matthew Maguire, Michael Coppedge, Staffan I. Lindberg Aug 2018

Economic Development And Democracy: A Disaggregated Perspective, Carl Henrik Knutsen, John Gerring, Svend-Erik Skaaning, Jan Teorell, Matthew Maguire, Michael Coppedge, Staffan I. Lindberg

Matthew Maguire

In recent decades, modernization theory has been challenged. Studies have found that richer countries are more likely to maintain democratic rule, but that the initial transition to democracy is unrelated to economic development, or that even the former relationship is spurious, disappearing once country fixed-effects are accounted for. Others counter that the relationship between development and democracy is restored if historical data stretching back to the nineteenth century is incorporated, if different estimators are used, or when conditioning the relationship on institutional or leadership changes taking place. Thus, the modernization debate, at present, rests upon a complex set of modeling ...


Scientific Knowledge And Individual Support For Earthquake Mitigation Policy, Wesley Wehde, Junghwa Choi Aug 2018

Scientific Knowledge And Individual Support For Earthquake Mitigation Policy, Wesley Wehde, Junghwa Choi

Wesley Wehde

Who support earthquake risk mitigation policies and who should be tasked with implementing them? This study aims to investigate the factors affecting the public support for earthquake risk mitigation policies of the Federal and State Government in Oklahoma. Through this, it suggests that the scientific knowledge of a hazard plays an important role in the level of individual support for policy.

The Oklahoma Geological Survey reports that more than 900 earthquakes of magnitudes 3.0+ occurred in Oklahoma in 2015 and two earthquakes of magnitudes 5.0+ occurred in 2016. Although earthquakes are generally considered a geophysical natural disaster, seismologists ...


Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher Aug 2018

Utilizing Multivariate Analysis For Assessing Student Learning Through Effective College-Industry Partnerships, Caleb Burns, Shweta Chopra, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Gretchen A. Mosher

Shweta Chopra

There is no doubt that college–industry collaborations are vital to the success of undergraduate students with engineering and technology majors. This collaboration provides students with an opportunity to bridge the gap between classroom education and real-world experience. Inviting industry representatives to engage in the classroom and involving students with professional organizations, student field trips, virtual plant tours, and industry-focused final projects are ways in which an instructor can incorporate student–industry engagement into their course. During their undergraduate degree program, students are required to participate in an internship program where they gain substantial industry engagement and opportunities to learn ...


Canal Boy To President 1881 Miller Ed.Pdf, Jon Miller Aug 2018

Canal Boy To President 1881 Miller Ed.Pdf, Jon Miller

Jon Miller

No abstract provided.


Queer Terror: Life, Death, And Desire In The Settler Colony, C. Heike Schotten Aug 2018

Queer Terror: Life, Death, And Desire In The Settler Colony, C. Heike Schotten

C. Heike Schotten

Order direct from the publisher and get 30% off with code CUP30:

https://cup.columbia.edu/book/queer-terror/9780231187473


Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David Forte Aug 2018

Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David Forte

David F. Forte

This is a story of excess and reparation. It is a chronicle of one President from the elite intellectual classes of the East, and another from a county seat in the heartland. Woodrow Wilson was the college president whose contribution to the art of government lay in the principle of expertise and efficiency. When he went to war, he turned the machinery of government into a comprehensive and highly effective instrument for victory. For Wilson, it followed that there could be little tolerance for those who impeded the success of American arms by their anti-war propaganda, draft resistance, or ideological ...


Two Political Worlds? The Relevance Of Language In California Politics, D. Xavier Medina Vidal, Antonio Ugues, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan Aug 2018

Two Political Worlds? The Relevance Of Language In California Politics, D. Xavier Medina Vidal, Antonio Ugues, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan

Todd Donovan

In this paper we examine how Spanish language marks a political divide within the Latino community. Spanish language use also provides an opportunity for political parties to send slightly different campaign messages. We illustrate this point with reference to California’s Democratic party


Justice Kennedy, The Supreme Court, And The Christian's Role, Mark Caleb Smith Aug 2018

Justice Kennedy, The Supreme Court, And The Christian's Role, Mark Caleb Smith

Mark Caleb Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner Jul 2018

Occupation During And After The War (China), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Democratic Consolidation: A Theory Of Territorial Consolidation, Kelly M. Mcmann, Matthew Maguire Jul 2018

Democratic Consolidation: A Theory Of Territorial Consolidation, Kelly M. Mcmann, Matthew Maguire

Matthew Maguire

How does democracy develop throughout a country once leaders in the national capital introduce or expand civil liberties and hold competitive elections—in other words, after democratic transition? The subnational democracy literature has shown that non-democratic subnational political regimes can endure within countries even after democratic transition. Yet, the democratic consolidation literature has not addressed how these enclaves are eliminated throughout the country or the territorial consolidation of democracy. This paper offers an explanation for the territorial consolidation of democracy. We argue that greater corruption control, a shift toward a unitary system of government, and a move toward centralized candidate ...


Security Challenges Facing A Changing World: The Case Of Kosovo, Bejtush Gashi, John R. Fisher Jul 2018

Security Challenges Facing A Changing World: The Case Of Kosovo, Bejtush Gashi, John R. Fisher

Dr. John R. Fisher

Security problems through time have become the area of responsibility for the most important institutions of states and their experts. The world has never been safe for small states because history has shown that it is very easy for major powers to manipulate these states, both economically as well as militarily. Small countries cannot finance wars on their own, so, to avoid or reduce the risk of conflict, small countries must use diplomacy. Uncertainty in international relations is much greater for a small country than for a large country. The best means to avoid uncertainty is for small countries to ...


Abelt_2018_Seattle's_Segregated_Soundscape_21jul.Pdf, Troy D. Abel Jul 2018

Abelt_2018_Seattle's_Segregated_Soundscape_21jul.Pdf, Troy D. Abel

Troy D. Abel

No abstract provided.


Mutianus Rufus And Natural Religion: A Test Case, Fred E. Baumann Jun 2018

Mutianus Rufus And Natural Religion: A Test Case, Fred E. Baumann

Fred Baumann

The relationship between classical philosophy and Christian piety in the thought of Renaissance humanists poses certain questions that are answered periodically but which perennially recur. In part, this may be because these questions arise out of issues that go beyond the historian's craft to the most fundamental choices facing the human understanding. In part too, the enormous complexity of humanist expression makes interpretation difficult and allows the currents of historical sensibility to manifest themselves in analysis. In the text that follows, I will seek to give examples which indicate to me that the currently general understanding of humanist piety ...


Benjamin Mazar, Biblical Israel: State And People, Philip R. Davies, In Search Of ‘Ancient Israel’, John Van Seters, Prologue To History: The Yahwist As Historian In Genesis, Steven W. Holloway Jun 2018

Benjamin Mazar, Biblical Israel: State And People, Philip R. Davies, In Search Of ‘Ancient Israel’, John Van Seters, Prologue To History: The Yahwist As Historian In Genesis, Steven W. Holloway

Steven W Holloway

No abstract provided.


Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson Jun 2018

Author Gender And Editorial Outcomes At Political Behavior, David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

Political science journals have, for good reason, faced increased scrutiny because of the potential for biases in the editorial process. The representation of women lags behind their distribution in the discipline. Given the importance of publication in hiring, tenure, and promotion, if there are biases in the editorial process, it is vital to the discipline that we determine where in the process these occur and do what is necessary to eliminate them. Political Behavior uses a double-blind review process. When manuscripts are submitted, the editor determines their fit for the journal in terms of both substance and quality to decide ...


Political Competition In Legislative Elections, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn May 2018

Political Competition In Legislative Elections, Stefan Krasa, Mattias K. Polborn

Mattias K Polborn

We develop a theory of political competition in legislative elections based upon the notion that majority  party legislators collaboratively influence policy.
Because of this team aspect, a candidate's party label  matters for voters, in addition to his own policy positions.  In equilibrium, candidates may be unable to escape the burden of their party association, and primary voters in both parties can often nominate extremist candidates and still win.
We also show that gerrymandering affects the equilibrium platforms not only in those districts that become more extreme, but also in those that ideologically do not change.


Review Of Queer Rebellion In The Novels Of Michelle Cliff: Intersectionality And Sexual Modernity By Kaisa Ilmonen, Keja L. Valens May 2018

Review Of Queer Rebellion In The Novels Of Michelle Cliff: Intersectionality And Sexual Modernity By Kaisa Ilmonen, Keja L. Valens

Keja Valens

Kaisa Ilmonen’s Queer Rebellion in the Novels of Michelle Cliff opens slowly, with the first two chapters presenting introductions to the theoretical and critical fields in which it is located and to the works that it engages. Although it could be dismissed as the paraphernalia of a dissertation, which is in the tradition of Cambridge Scholars Publishing this book clearly reproduces, the introduction offers a clear, thorough, wide-ranging, and at the same time remarkably concise overview of the key critical terms at play: the Caribbean, Postcolonial Studies, Caribbean studies, identity, intersectionality, creole, and queer. The introduction may be a ...


Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell May 2018

Faq#7: Why Were Chinese People So Angry About The Attempts To Seize The Torch In The International Torch Relay?, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

I have just returned from five days in the earthquake disaster zone in Sichuan province, where I was a member of the “People’s Olympic Education Promotion Team” that visited Deyang city to conduct “Youth Olympic Games Re-enactments” at six local primary and secondary schools. There I realized that for the people we encountered, The Torch is a sacred object. I call it The Torch because that is what they called it – 火炬 – as if there were only one, and no further adjectives were necessary.

The project expressed the mission of Donnie Pei, a professor at the Capital Institute of ...


The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell May 2018

The Olympics In East Asia: Nationalism, Regionalism, And Globalism On The Center Stage Of World Sports, William W. Kelly, Susan Brownell

Susan Brownell

Yale CEAS Occasional Publication Series - Volume 3


Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson May 2018

Introduction: Personality, Party Leaders, And Election Campaigns, Amanda Bittner, David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

No abstract provided.


Identifying Policy Agenda Sub-Topics In Political Tweets Based On Community Detection, Rohit Iyer, Johnny S. Wong, Wallapak Tavanapong, David A. M. Peterson May 2018

Identifying Policy Agenda Sub-Topics In Political Tweets Based On Community Detection, Rohit Iyer, Johnny S. Wong, Wallapak Tavanapong, David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

The explosive use of twitter in the political landscape presents new avenues for tracking political conversations at federal and state level. Tweets are used by state and federal government bodies to present citizens with information about future and present policies. It is also used by political candidates to express their views on policy changes, laws and to campaign for legislative body elections, the most recent example being the 2016 US presidential elections. In this paper, we use supervised learning, textual semantic similarity and community detection techniques to find actively discussed policy agenda sub-topics among political tweets within a certain time ...


Social Media In State Politics: Mining Policy Agendas Topics, Lei Qi, Rihui Li, Johnny S. Wong, Wallapak Tavanapong, David A. M. Peterson May 2018

Social Media In State Politics: Mining Policy Agendas Topics, Lei Qi, Rihui Li, Johnny S. Wong, Wallapak Tavanapong, David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

Twitter is a popular online microblogging service that has become widely used by politicians to communicate with their constituents.Gaining understanding of the influence of Twitter in state politics in the United States cannot be achieved without proper computational tools. We present the first attempt to automatically classify tweets of state legislatures (policy makers at the state level) into major policy agenda topics defined by Policy Agendas Project (PAP), which was initiated to group national policies.


The Light Of Nature: John Locke, Natural Rights, And The Origins Of American Religious Liberty, Steven J. Heyman May 2018

The Light Of Nature: John Locke, Natural Rights, And The Origins Of American Religious Liberty, Steven J. Heyman

Steven J. Heyman

No abstract provided.


Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito May 2018

Indefinite Detention, Colonialism, And Settler Prerogative In The United States, Natsu Taylor Saito

Natsu Taylor Saito

The primacy accorded individual civil and political rights is often touted as one of the United States' greatest achievements. However, mass incarcerations of indefinite duration have occurred consistently throughout U.S. history and have primarily targeted people of color. The dominant narrative insists that the United States is a political democracy and portrays each instance of indefinite detention in exceptionalist terms. This essay argues that the historical patterns of indefinite detention are better explained by recognizing the United States as a settler colonial state whose claimed prerogative to expand its territorial reach and contain/control populations over which it exercises ...


Theorizing American Freedom (Review Essay), Anthony O'Rourke Apr 2018

Theorizing American Freedom (Review Essay), Anthony O'Rourke

Anthony O'Rourke

This is a review essay of The Two Faces of American Freedom, by Aziz Rana. The book presents a new and provocative account of the relationship between ideas of freedom and the constitutional structure of American power. Through the nineteenth century, Rana argues, America’s constitutional structure was shaped by a racially exclusionary, yet economically robust, concept that he calls “settler freedom.” Drawing on the burgeoning interdisciplinary field of settler colonial studies, as well as on the vast historical literature on civic republicanism, Rana contends that the concept of settler freedom necessitated a constitutional framework that enabled rapid territorial expansion ...