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2017

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze Dec 2017

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze

Journal of Global Catholicism

A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society


The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson Dec 2017

The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

As a body intended to accurately represent the people of the United States, the U.S. Senate is not a very diverse group. However, it is the people themselves who vote their representatives into office. In seeking to find what qualities American voters look for in a senator, senatorial longevity is an excellent gauge. Through the analysis of previous studies and literature and the gathering of original data on the senatorial longevity of the 115th Congress, independent variables such as sex, education, and children can be analyzed to determine the demographic makeup of the successful American senator; thereby also ...


Pi Gamma Mu News Dec 2017

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck Dec 2017

President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck

International Social Science Review

Transcript of Pi Gamma Mu's President Larry Heck's State of the Society speech, delivered at the 2017 Triennial International Convention in Kansas City, MO.


Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen Dec 2017

Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen

International Social Science Review

Flint is a city of Genesee county located in the central Michigan and 66 miles northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis erupted in April, 2014 and was one of the largest. (about 100,000 residents) intensively-reported water crises in our nation’s history. This paper proposes a unique way to analyze this water crisis from a perspective of human-environmental interactions within an ecosystem, discussing the impacts on infrastructures, environment, and human well-being. To avoid related future tragedies, three main solutions were identified: a) overcoming economic issues, b) strengthening the existing regulatory and legal procedures for holding officials accountable in ...


Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds Dec 2017

Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds

International Social Science Review

This policy point-counterpoint, authored by history Ph.D. candidates BJ Marach and J. Marcos Reynolds, frames black-athletic activism as a longstanding historical debate reaching back to the late 1800s. Both argue for the efficacy of such activism and ground their analysis in the “Revolt of the Black Athlete” of the late 1960s. From here they diverge. Marach contends that black athletes are under no obligation to protest racial injustice, while Reynolds concludes that their platform and position within the black community requires that they act.


Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias Dec 2017

Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson Dec 2017

Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis Dec 2017

Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels Dec 2017

Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen Dec 2017

Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud Dec 2017

Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff Dec 2017

Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida Dec 2017

Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais Dec 2017

Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore Dec 2017

Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers Dec 2017

Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke Dec 2017

Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen Dec 2017

Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho Dec 2017

College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho

International Social Science Review

Vietnam's 1980s open-door policy (Đổi-mới) has created opportunities for women to work outside the home. The educational reform launched after Đổi-mới, which aimed to provide a workforce for Vietnam's growing market economy, has brought a surge in college attendance among women since the 1990s. The surge has occurred even though the traditional system of patrilocal marriage and residence remains the normative expectation, and helping daughters attend college often means sacrificing most of a family's meager resources. Drawing on open-ended interviews with 12 female, low-income college students from suburban and rural areas in Southern Vietnam, this paper explores ...


Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi Dec 2017

Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi

International Social Science Review

There is evidence that focus groups are useful to explore issues with socially marginalized groups, notably when participants have shared particular experiences. Focus groups have the methodological potential to highlight group norms and processes, and to illuminate the social and cultural contexts in which individual agency takes place. However, an often cited concern about focus groups is researchers’ inadequate description of the analytical process which then affects the usefulness and credibility of the findings and rigor in analysis. In this article we address this concern and offer an analytical framework which takes account of the content (themes) and form (structure ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security: A Medical Physicist’S Perspective, Katharine E. Thomson

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Planning for the future of nuclear security is a vital and complex task, requiring cooperation and contribution from many disciplines and industries. This diversity of expertise should include the medical sector, which faces many of the same challenges as the nuclear industry: controlling access to dangerous material, creating a strong security culture, cooperating with the wider world and engaging the public.

Medical physicists, of which the author is one, oversee all aspects of small-scale radiation use. This paper discusses three key areas increasingly important to both medical and nuclear uses of radioactive materials: public engagement, prevention of nuclear and radiological ...


Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté Dec 2017

Assessing And Enhancing Nuclear Safety And Security Culture For Small Facilities That Handle Radioactive Material, Solymosi Máté

International Journal of Nuclear Security

The use of radioactive sources is expanding all over the world and abreast the necessity of the enhancement of its safe and secure application is increasing too. In the nuclear industry, the safety and security are top priorities since decades. They share the same goal, to protect humans from the negative affect of the ionizing radiation. The human component of them is a significant factor and technical solutions can protect us so far and thus the culture for safety and security become a major focus. On the other hand, there are still some contradiction between recommendations and international guidance of ...


The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf Dec 2017

The Future Of Nuclear Security In Moroccan Territory After The Creation Of The New Moroccan Agency Of Nuclear And Radiological Safety And Security: Opportunities And Challenges, Amal Touarsi, Amina Kharchaf

International Journal of Nuclear Security

Nowadays, a security regime for protecting nuclear and radiological material—providing an intelligent national regulatory institution and establishing national security laws—is necessary in order for a state to ensure security of nuclear and radiological materials used within its borders.

This paper focuses on discussing the opportunities and challenges facing the future of nuclear security after the creation of the new Moroccan Agency of Nuclear and Radiological Safety and Security.


Edward A. Ross: Social Development And Social Control, Ernest M. Oleksy Dec 2017

Edward A. Ross: Social Development And Social Control, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

With a foundation in philosophy and history, core concepts of sociology and criminology that were initially posited over a century ago are still useful in understanding the workings of today's society. The contributions of Edward A. Ross have helped latter day researchers centralize their studies of polycentric topics by using social control as an omnipresent social fact. By comparing Ross's descriptions of 19th century society and the researcher's descriptions of 21st century society, a continuous understanding of a heavily pluralistic discipline comes to life.


Oppression And Resistance: Socialist Theory And Christianity In The Lord Of The Rings, Gregory Jeffers Dec 2017

Oppression And Resistance: Socialist Theory And Christianity In The Lord Of The Rings, Gregory Jeffers

Conversations: A Graduate Student Journal of the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Theology

I have applied the work of Iris Marion Young (socialist theorist and political philosopher) and Walter Wink (New Testament scholar and Peace activist) to J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings, arguing that although Young and Wink provide similar descriptions of oppression, their forms of resistance are largely divergent because Wink's, while far more radical and compelling as a story, requires the existence of the Christian God to work. I have read their prescriptions forresistance through de Certeau’s concepts of strategy (concerted and active resistance) and tactic (reactionary resistance). The Lord of the Rings demonstrates ...


Antinomies Of Globalization, Yahya Mete Madra Dec 2017

Antinomies Of Globalization, Yahya Mete Madra

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The defining antinomy of the post-2008 crash phase is argued to be the one between neoliberalism and populism. This essay aims to complicate the terms of this antinomy and offers a reading that problematizes the association of neoliberalism with internationalism and globalization on the one hand and populism with nationalism and anti-imperialism on the other. Not only internationalism in its historical origins is an anti-imperialist concept but also today we can easily discern how reactionary forms of populist nationalisms are made possible by globalization of finance—a hallmark of neoliberalism. The essay concludes with a discussion of the possibility of ...


Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk Dec 2017

Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Brexit and the election of Trump both relied on a particular type of nationalistic appeal to collective narcissism — an exaggerated emotional belief that the nation’s greatness is being undermined by other nations and other people. This tendency is catered to by appeals to make the nation great again by shutting borders and embracing isolationism while scapegoating refugees and immigrants. The rise of jingoistic leaders like Trump, Putin, and Erdogan can be explained by such appeals. But China, which has long suffered feelings of national humiliation is reacting in quite different ways that embrace globalism, even while rejecting multiculturalism. This ...


Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik Dec 2017

Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


Political Elites Or Average Citizens? Perspectives On The Political Legitimacy And Future Of The European Union, Jessica R. Frydenberg Dec 2017

Political Elites Or Average Citizens? Perspectives On The Political Legitimacy And Future Of The European Union, Jessica R. Frydenberg

Gettysburg Social Sciences Review

The confidence that Informed Citizenry and their Economic Elites have in the European Union were assessed. Survey data, from the 2009 Eurobarometer 72.4 with a sample size of 8,499 citizens, from 27 European nations, were supplemented with interviews with two professionals knowledgeable about EU politics and content analyses of current events, such as the EU debt crisis, the rise in terrorist attacks, the British Referendum, and the immigration crisis. Although both citizens and elites were confident about the EU’s future, voices of informed citizenry shaped the confidence in the EU more than economic elites. These findings substantiated ...