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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Analyzing Political Bias Through A User-Friendly Interface, Colin Lightfoot Dec 2017

Analyzing Political Bias Through A User-Friendly Interface, Colin Lightfoot

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many news outlets report stories shown with biased undertones that mislead readers to believe one story over another about the same event. To help people delineate between liberallyand conservatively-biased news articles, we created a website which uses a recurrent neural network with long short-term memory nodes trained to identify bias found in news articles. The network achieved an F1 Score of 0.76, and is used to provide one liberally-biased article and one conservatively-biased article side-by-side for a user to read when the user searches for a specific news story


Female Representation At The Federal Level In Post-Reunification German Political Parties, Melissa Mcelroy May 2017

Female Representation At The Federal Level In Post-Reunification German Political Parties, Melissa Mcelroy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This work analyzes and draws conclusions about female representation in the post-reunification German federal government, based on the ideologies and policies of German political parties. By examining female party membership and comparing it to party platforms, it clarifies the unique factors that draw German women to political parties and allow them to rise in their ranks. Analysis of these factors has applications in recruitment of women, maintenance of party loyalty, and female voter turnout.


An Investigation Into The Socio-Political Dissonance Between The French Government And The Islamic French Minority, Alexandria Exley May 2017

An Investigation Into The Socio-Political Dissonance Between The French Government And The Islamic French Minority, Alexandria Exley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Islamic minority in France today is experiencing adversity as the government of France passed legislation stating that all facial coverings will be henceforth illegal, restricting or prohibiting religious symbols in various public spaces. Some Islamic women feel as though this is a pointed attack on women of the Muslim faith for their choice to wear traditional clothing which covers the face and body. There have been outcries that this is a human rights violation and restriction of religious rights. This project is an examination of the effects of France’s “burqa ban” and restrictions on religious symbols on both ...


Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones May 2017

Where The Sidewalk Ends: Reimagining Urban Place And Governance In Semarang, Indonesia, Emmaleah K. Jones

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Purpose: This project analyzes the uses of space and geography up the scales of political organization – from the village to the municipal – attempting to find the intersections where physical space meets governance using Semarang, Indonesia as my strategic case. This research employs a biocultural lens, addressing the existing gaps in literature by advancing a framework to function across disciplines and ultimately reconnecting to its practical application in urban planning and design. Such a framework is important in providing a blueprint for building a coherent and supportive structure on which to assess the human impact of design and contribute new “human-centered ...


Yet Another French Exception: The Legal, Cultural, And Political Dimensions Of France’S Support For The Digital Right To Be Forgotten, Zarine Kharazian May 2017

Yet Another French Exception: The Legal, Cultural, And Political Dimensions Of France’S Support For The Digital Right To Be Forgotten, Zarine Kharazian

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 2015, the European Court of Justice established an online “right to be forgotten” in Europe. Under this right to be forgotten, individuals may request that search engines delist links that reference their personal information from search results. Search engines need not grant these requests, but they are now obligated to review them.

While the Court's decision to establish the right to be forgotten certainly ignited a debate among Western privacy scholars and policymakers hailing from both sides of the Atlantic, no country has participated in the debate with as much fervor as has France. This thesis addresses the ...


From Invisible Children To Legal Citizens: An Analysis Of Low National Birth Registration Rates And Global Efforts To Increase Registration, Mary K. Adgie May 2017

From Invisible Children To Legal Citizens: An Analysis Of Low National Birth Registration Rates And Global Efforts To Increase Registration, Mary K. Adgie

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The global lack of birth registration has denied 230 million children their right to a legal identity, hindered government provision of services, and distorted measurements of development indicators. Low national birth registration rates are caused by centralized civil registration systems, costly and distant birth registration processes, a lack of public awareness, and little political commitment from governments to fix the issue. I used a large-N fixed effects panel regression analysis to determine why some countries have higher birth registration rates than others and why national rates improve. The significant variables of the quantitative analysis were the urban population rate and ...


The Role Of Eu And Nato Conditionality On Developing Democracies: A Georgian Case Study, Carolyn A. De Roster May 2017

The Role Of Eu And Nato Conditionality On Developing Democracies: A Georgian Case Study, Carolyn A. De Roster

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis evaluates the effect of EU and NATO conditionality on institutional change in the Republic of Georgia. It hypothesizes that as developing democracies undergo prolonged accession processes with the EU and/or NATO, citizens are more likely to become disillusioned with the accession process. Disillusionment among citizens allows for the election anti-Western, non-democratic candidates and political parties to power, who, once elected, are able to institute non-democratic reforms that reverse institutional democratization. This thesis tests this theory using a mixed qualitative and qualitative analysis of Georgia, and draws parallels with the theory-building case of Turkey. Overall, the thesis finds ...


Hooligans Or Saboteurs? Democratic Backtracking In Eastern Europe, Courtney A. Blackington Apr 2017

Hooligans Or Saboteurs? Democratic Backtracking In Eastern Europe, Courtney A. Blackington

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During the European Union accession negotiations, all post-communist Eastern European countries that became EU members established democratic institutions. Even though some new member states formed more strongly consolidated democratic institutions than others, all established institutions were sufficiently democratic to gain EU membership. Since acceding to the EU, some countries have continued to deepen their democracies, while others’ democracies have stagnated or backtracked. In countries that backslid, some politicians only harmed the quality of democracy in the short-term, while others spurred democratic backsliding lasting beyond just one electoral cycle. This thesis examines the interaction between institutional engineering, political culture, and elite ...


The Christian Right And Israel: A Love Story?, Joseph Malanson Apr 2017

The Christian Right And Israel: A Love Story?, Joseph Malanson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates whether or not, and how, the Christian Right in America has impacted American political discussion of and policy towards Israel. This project informs and is informed by the literature both on how interest groups affect American foreign policy and how religion affects American foreign policy. I hypothesize that the Christian Right will have successfully created a closer alliance between America and Israel, and that evangelical or Christian Right-allied decision-makers will be particularly likely to be supportive of Israel. The investigation has three sections. The first uses content analysis and examination of media coverage to examine how language ...


A Woman’S Place In The State House: Exploring Backlash Effects Of Women’S Increased Descriptive Representation, Emily S. Wasek Apr 2017

A Woman’S Place In The State House: Exploring Backlash Effects Of Women’S Increased Descriptive Representation, Emily S. Wasek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Historically, marginalized groups such as racial minorities, members of the LGBTQ+ community, and women have sought to obtain policy gains by increasing their descriptive representation through the election of officials with similar demographic qualities. Yet, this increased representation may also threaten dominant groups and result in negative responses such as a legislative backlash, wherein opposition legislators introduce proposals counterproductive to the marginalized group’s progress. While this ”offensive” legislative backlash oftentimes occurs in response to the increased presence of Black and queer legislators, scholarship suggests such a backlash towards female legislators may adopt a more “defensive” form, wherein opponents block ...


Things Fall Apart: The Role Of Small Arms Acquisition In Insurgent Fragmentation, Matthew K. Ribar Apr 2017

Things Fall Apart: The Role Of Small Arms Acquisition In Insurgent Fragmentation, Matthew K. Ribar

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Insurgent is a label applied to a large variety of armed political actors, but all these actors have one need in common: the need to arm their fighters. This paper examines how the manner in which insurgent groups acquire arms affects the likelihood that the group will fragment or cohere over time. Specifically, if an insurgent group has a highly centralized process of arms acquisition, such as direct transfers to insurgent commanders by a third party, the cost of defection for insurgent field commanders will be high. If the cost of defection is high, then a splinter group is less ...


Responding To International Health Emergencies: Comparing The World Health Organization Response To Ebola And Zika, Halia M. Czosnek Apr 2017

Responding To International Health Emergencies: Comparing The World Health Organization Response To Ebola And Zika, Halia M. Czosnek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores explanations for why the WHO and its Member States responded differently in each of the two cases. The epidemiology, securitization, and organizational theory literatures suggest three primary answers to these questions. I have used these literatures to formulate three explanations through which to examine each case. I assess the Ebola and Zika cases along two dependent variables: time from the start of the outbreak to the WHO and Member States’ response, and the amount of financial and human resources allocated to the response. The epidemiological explanation focuses on the lethality and transmissibility of each virus. In this ...


Measuring Vulnerability: Addressing The Prevention Of Trafficking And Forced Labor Of Refugees In Jordan, Allison K. Dudley Jan 2017

Measuring Vulnerability: Addressing The Prevention Of Trafficking And Forced Labor Of Refugees In Jordan, Allison K. Dudley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The intersection of trafficking, forced labor, and refugees is well-cited in the international human rights community yet is rarely studied academically, especially in the Middle East. Given the massive Syrian refugee crisis that began in 2011, which increased the total global population of refugees to the largest total in history, it is more important than ever to study and better understand how refugees are vulnerable to trafficking and forced labor, particularly in impacted countries. The purpose of this research is to answer the question why refugees are vulnerable and how anti-trafficking and anti-forced labor initiatives can use vulnerability indicators as ...


Anti-Muslim Sentiment In Developed Nations: A Comparative Study, Eman Bensreiti Jan 2017

Anti-Muslim Sentiment In Developed Nations: A Comparative Study, Eman Bensreiti

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper is a comparative study that aims to explore why anti-Muslims sentiment varies among 32 developed, democratic nations. I delve into the theory that the presence of more Muslims in developed nations leads to a higher anti-Muslim Sentiment. I also delve into the theory that a country with a poor state of economic well-being leads to a higher presence of anti-Muslim sentiment. Anti-Muslim sentiment can be measured numerous ways. A lot of previous research examines anti-Muslim sentiment in developed nations solely on the basis of public opinion polling. This paper will look at three different indicators of anti-Muslim sentiment ...


Mean Tweets: An Analysis Of Average Negativity In The 2016 Us Presidential Campaign, Aaron Chesler Jan 2017

Mean Tweets: An Analysis Of Average Negativity In The 2016 Us Presidential Campaign, Aaron Chesler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The 2016 US Presidential Election is not just notable for its result, but for the historic mediated setting that provided the backdrop. This was not the first election to see widespread adoption of social media as campaign tools, but 2016 arguably saw some of the highest attention paid to the activity of the candidates in this medium. This paper will explore how the major party candidates used the micro-blogging website, Twitter, and more precisely how campaign negativity was expressed by both the candidates and the rest of the tweeting population. Conducted from the 26th of September to the 9 ...


Transboundary Integrated Conservation And Development Projects In Latin America: Exploring The Complexities Of Stakeholder Participation, Sheamus Croke Jan 2017

Transboundary Integrated Conservation And Development Projects In Latin America: Exploring The Complexities Of Stakeholder Participation, Sheamus Croke

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Within the past thirty years, nation-states, inter-governmental, and non-governmental organizations have implemented numerous integrated conservation and development projects (abbreviated as ICDPs) across Central and South America. These initiatives have sought to conserve natural environments while simultaneously improving socioeconomic conditions through development. Within these ICDPs, stakeholder participation – defined for the purposes of this paper as the active participation of local and community actors who are directly affected by or can affect project activities – served as a representative element of the successes and complexities of an ICDP. This paper focuses on transboundary ICDPs (projects that are implemented within multiple nation-states), and asks ...


The Limits Of Cooperation: Social Conflict And The Collapse Of The Democratic Party-Organized Labor Alliance, Isaac Effner Jan 2017

The Limits Of Cooperation: Social Conflict And The Collapse Of The Democratic Party-Organized Labor Alliance, Isaac Effner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The historic Democratic Party-organized labor alliance, created during the New Deal and strengthened during the postwar era, has become increasingly strained. Scholars of various disciplines have identified causal mechanisms for this decay, focusing on the role that the Party, neoliberal ideology and labor unions have played in facilitating this decline. Rather than select the most salient explanation or promote an alternative causal mechanism, I argue that these factors are all the result of an inevitable social conflict underlying the alliance. By synthesizing the different casual mechanisms, I illustrate how these factors reinforce each other and develop an understanding of the ...


Economic Empowerment For Women In Francophone Africa, Raleigh Sneeringer Jan 2017

Economic Empowerment For Women In Francophone Africa, Raleigh Sneeringer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the relationship between microfinance and women, specifically in the case of Senegal and how being a predominantly Muslim country relates to microfinance and women. I focus on how microfinance can improve the lives of women and help alleviate poverty around the world. I show that women are more likely to make investments that improve both their own and their children’s lives than men. Further, women are reliable borrowers with high repayment rates and less risk than men. The social and macroeconomic structures in francophone Africa are shown to provide a fruitful environment for microfinance ventures. These ...


International Social Support And Intervention: The Uyghur Movement -Xinjiang Province, China, Isabella Steinhauer Jan 2017

International Social Support And Intervention: The Uyghur Movement -Xinjiang Province, China, Isabella Steinhauer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), locally and historically recognized as East Turkestan, in northwestern China has been experiencing rising ethnic tension between the ethnically Turkic-Muslim Uyghur population and the Chinese majority population, the Han. Due to China's means to fully integrate the region and silence opposition, the Uyghurs have been severely harmed by China's accelerated repressive policies, human rights violations, rapid infrastructure development, and incentivized Han migration. Just south of Xinjiang in Tibet, the Tibetan population has been experiencing similar circumstances of oppression inflicted by the Chinese state and have been able to obtain international social support ...


Giving Up On The Supreme Court: The Role Of Political Grievance And Betrayal, Lauren Strauss Jan 2017

Giving Up On The Supreme Court: The Role Of Political Grievance And Betrayal, Lauren Strauss

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Miller-Citrin debate, inspired by the widespread distrust of the U.S. government in the early 1970s, has tended to focus on whether trust has implications for alienation from the system or whether people simply distrust incumbents. My theory is that distrust alone is not a measure of alienation because this measure does not distinguish between people who have become alienated and those that are merely superficially distrustful. Using diffuse support for the U.S. Supreme Court as the dependent variable, I have used original data from Mechanical Turk to do a pilot study on the role of political betrayal ...


Living Well: A Holistic Approach To Development, Jordan Thomas Jan 2017

Living Well: A Holistic Approach To Development, Jordan Thomas

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

The effectiveness of development work has traditionally been measured through economic indicators such as Gross Domestic Product. However, GDP and other macro-measures of economic growth are inadequate to assess the positive impacts of development projects among those meant to benefit. In my thesis I argue that in order for development work to have a positive impact, development agencies must act through local lenses of “living well”. Living well is a concept that provides a more holistic approach to measuring development by taking into account not only economic principles but more anthropological notions of wellbeing tied to local community and ...


Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold Jan 2017

Estimating Education Quality Capitalization Using Time Series Modelling, Jared L. Wold

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper attempts to determine the degree to which variation in property values can be explained by variation of the quality of the public school district in which the property is located using time-conditional econometric modelling.


"Frack Off!" Strategic Framing In Colorado's Grassroots Challenge To Oil And Gas, Grant Stringer Jan 2017

"Frack Off!" Strategic Framing In Colorado's Grassroots Challenge To Oil And Gas, Grant Stringer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

With the arrival of the 2000s oil and gas boom in Colorado, a robust coalition of grassroots and professional organizations emerged as a challenge. However, this coalition is very diverse, and some fractures have emerged in the movement. This thesis studied the anti-fracking movement in Colorado through interviews with leaders (co-founders or committee members) of organizations that are involved in further regulating or banning oil and gas development in their communities. Specifically, I studied how this diverse group of organizations “frames,” or presents, the issue of fracking to the public, and what the role of geographic factors (political party affiliation ...


The Brazilian Paradox: Lgbt Legislation Improvements Versus High Violence Rates Against Lgbt People, Julia Melasipo Jan 2017

The Brazilian Paradox: Lgbt Legislation Improvements Versus High Violence Rates Against Lgbt People, Julia Melasipo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the past couple of decades, much of the world shifted into embracing LGBT rights as human rights. Brazil followed this trend and passed federal laws ensuring rights for the LGBT community. However, the Brazilian society has not fully accepted the LGBT people, as evidenced by Brazil having one of the highest violence rates against LGBT members in the world. This thesis uses the established United Nations international legal framework that defines LGBT rights as human rights worldwide under international law to show how this framework influenced the advancements Brazil made in the 2000s to introduce LGBT-friendly laws within the ...


What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko Jan 2017

What Drives Public Support For The European Court Of Justice? An Evaluation Of Court Legitimacy, National Sovereignty, And Democracy In Europe, Dakota Hamko

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The European Court of Justice as it stands today is is one of the most influential transnational judicial institutions. The court exercises an unusually expansive range of jurisdiction over the member states of the European Union, and has played a creative role in expanding its own competencies through the process of constitutionalization. The mechanisms through which the court embellishes its own abilities, especially its ability to supersede the law of its member states, is a point of concern when analyzing the court’s legitimacy and democratic deficit within the European Union. This study follows trends of public support for the ...


A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum Jan 2017

A National Security Threat: Washington's Conflicting Response To Climate Change In Northern Pakistan, Katherine Henjum

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Developing countries such as Pakistan are particularly susceptible to the negative implications of changing climates as they face regional and in-country terrorism and violence, as well as infrastructure and government institutions that are still evolving. This thesis examines the intersection of climate change and national security through an analysis of shifting monsoon patterns and the subsequent impacts on vulnerable and displaced populations in northern Pakistan.

Over the past decade, the United States has chosen to act through two primary foreign policy methods: a military oriented approach focused on drone strikes and a humanitarian approach focused on foreign aid and development ...


Ideas Versus Interests: U.S. Foreign Policy And The Honduras Coup Of 2009, Benjamin Richard Purper Jan 2017

Ideas Versus Interests: U.S. Foreign Policy And The Honduras Coup Of 2009, Benjamin Richard Purper

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The 2009 coup in Honduras sparked a crisis in inter-American affairs; after President Manuel Zelaya’s forced removal from office, practically every country in the Western Hemisphere rushed to condemn Honduras’ backslide into authoritarianism. Beyond being merely an unfortunate political event in Central America’s most impoverished nation, the coup represented a challenge to the inter-American human rights and democracy promotion regime that came about as a response to brutal Latin American dictatorships in the Cold War era. Even more abstractly, the coup – and other American states’ reaction to it – signaled the triumph of “realism over principles” for some observers ...


The Effect Of U.S. Political Party Polarization On Negative Partisanship Among U.S. Citizens, Noelle B. Webster Jan 2017

The Effect Of U.S. Political Party Polarization On Negative Partisanship Among U.S. Citizens, Noelle B. Webster

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Predictability has long been a defining characteristic of stable democracies, especially that of the United States. Elections at state and national levels are expected to involve candidates who eventually dominate the polls by garnering popular support and partaking in the political and cultural norms that help to bolster their support and display their qualification for office. At the end of campaigns, votes tend to produce candidates or representatives that parties can agree on, and despite disagreements both the masses and political elites concede to whomever the victor of state and national elections may be. The unexpected twists and turns of ...


An Examination Of The Public's Perceptions Towards Transgender Populations, Free Roath Jan 2017

An Examination Of The Public's Perceptions Towards Transgender Populations, Free Roath

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Issues concerning transgender rights have become more salient in the present-day political atmosphere; this is largely due to well-publicized ordinances which restrict bathroom use per an individual’s assigned gender at birth. While transgender individuals make up a small minority of the population, their rights and treatment by society sit at the front of civil rights debates. In this study, I evaluate possible factors associated with the public’s support or opposition to the implementation of transgender rights policies. First, using original pre-election survey data collected from citizens in the state of Colorado, I examine how elements like party identification ...


Discrepancies In Voter Turnout: American Primary Election Types, Sophia E. Jean Jan 2017

Discrepancies In Voter Turnout: American Primary Election Types, Sophia E. Jean

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Voter turnout in the United States is low in comparison to other modern democracies. Turnout also varies significantly from state to state and from year to year. This study seeks to examine why these discrepancies in voter turnout exist on both the aggregate (state) and individual (voter) level. Many recent legislative attempts to reconcile low voter turnout have been unsuccessful. In learning why voter turnout is lower in some years and states compared to others, we might be able to implement relevant policies in order to increase turnout. In order to learn why voter turnout is low, I analyzed two ...