Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2017

Journal of Public Deliberation

Discipline
Keyword

Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

For More Transparency In Deliberative Research. Implications For Deliberative Praxis, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Rousiley C.M. Maia, Simona Mameli, Jürg Steiner Nov 2017

For More Transparency In Deliberative Research. Implications For Deliberative Praxis, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Rousiley C.M. Maia, Simona Mameli, Jürg Steiner

Journal of Public Deliberation

Coding decisions in deliberative research are almost never justified. We show with our own research how transparency in the coding decisions helps deliberate practitioners better to relate to deliberate research and in this way to acquire deliberative skills.


Mediation Styles And Participants’ Perception Of Success In Consultative Councils: The Case Of Guadalajara, Mexico, David López García Nov 2017

Mediation Styles And Participants’ Perception Of Success In Consultative Councils: The Case Of Guadalajara, Mexico, David López García

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article entails a comparative study of municipal consultative councils in Guadalajara, Mexico, to explore the mediation styles employed by those in charge of conducting the councils’ deliberation, which I call Mediators of Deliberative Process (MDP). Through the construction of an indicator called Participants’ Perception of Success, the article evaluates the relationship between the mediators’ styles and the degree to which participants think that the consultative council (CC) has been successful in achieving its purported goals. The results suggest that 1) MDPs exert different levels of directiveness that change over the course of the mediation according to the type of ...


Authority And Deliberative Moments: Assessing Equality And Inequality In Deeply Divided Groups, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Danila Cal, Janine K. R. Bargas, Vanessa V. Oliveira, Patrícia G. C. Rossini, Rafael C. Sampaio Nov 2017

Authority And Deliberative Moments: Assessing Equality And Inequality In Deeply Divided Groups, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Danila Cal, Janine K. R. Bargas, Vanessa V. Oliveira, Patrícia G. C. Rossini, Rafael C. Sampaio

Journal of Public Deliberation

The notion of equality is central to public deliberation, but few researches have examined how participants construct interactions in face-to-face group discussion involving unequal conditions of authority. This study analyses discussion between slum residents and police officers in Brazil, focusing on both reciprocal and hierarchical relationships in the flow of deliberation. It contributes to explain that the expression of authority is far from straightforward. Looking at a range of authority sources (expertise, functional position, tradition, life experience) that serve to situate and re-situate participants in relation to each other in discussion dynamics helps clarifying what goes on in deliberative moments ...


Explaining Political Efficacy In Deliberative Procedures - A Novel Methodological Approach, Brigitte Geissel, Pamela Hess Nov 2017

Explaining Political Efficacy In Deliberative Procedures - A Novel Methodological Approach, Brigitte Geissel, Pamela Hess

Journal of Public Deliberation

So far, not much research has been done explaining the change of political efficacy in deliberative procedures, and case studies or experiments prevail in the field. Quantitative, systematic studies of real-life cases are missing. This article contributes to filling this gap. It identifies factors which lead to increased group-related political efficacy in deliberative procedures applying an almost novel method, i.e. a quantitative meta-synthesis combining and aggregating data from case studies. The study focuses exemplarily on Germany. The findings indicate that an improvement of political efficacy is more likely when deliberative procedures take place in a municipality, which has institutionalized ...


Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins Nov 2017

Prompting Deliberation About Nanotechnology: Information, Instruction, And Discussion Effects On Individual Engagement And Knowledge, Lisa M. Pytlikzillig, Myiah J. Hutchens, Peter Muhlberger, Alan J. Tomkins

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberative (and educational) theories typically predict knowledge gains will be enhanced by information structure and discussion. In two studies, we experimentally manipulated key features of deliberative public engagement (information, instructions, and discussion) and measured impacts on cognitive-affective engagement and knowledge about nanotechnology. We also examined the direct and moderating impacts of individual differences in need for cognition and gender. Findings indicated little impact of information (organized by topic or by pro-con relevance). Instructions (prompts to think critically) decreased engagement in Study 1, and increased it in Study 2, but did not impact post-knowledge. Group discussion had strong positive benefits for ...


Testing Assumptions In Deliberative Democratic Design: A Preliminary Assessment Of The Efficacy Of The Participedia Data Archive As An Analytic Tool, John Gastil, Robert C. Richards Jr, Matt Ryan, Graham Smith Nov 2017

Testing Assumptions In Deliberative Democratic Design: A Preliminary Assessment Of The Efficacy Of The Participedia Data Archive As An Analytic Tool, John Gastil, Robert C. Richards Jr, Matt Ryan, Graham Smith

Journal of Public Deliberation

At smaller social scales, deliberative democratic theory can be restated as an input-process-output model. We advance such a model to formulate hypotheses about how the context and design of a civic engagement process shape the deliberation that takes place therein, as well as the impact of the deliberation on participants and subsequent policymaking. To test those claims, we extract and code case studies from Participedia.net, a research platform that has adopted a self-directed crowd-sourcing strategy to collect data on participatory institutions and deliberative interventions around the world. We explain and confront the challenges faced in coding and analyzing the ...


Review Of Democracy , Deliberation And Education By Robert Asen (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2015), Stacie Molnar-Main Apr 2017

Review Of Democracy , Deliberation And Education By Robert Asen (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2015), Stacie Molnar-Main

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Democracy , Deliberation and Education by Robert Asen (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2015)


Review Of Deliberation Across Deeply Divided Societies: Transformative Moments By Jürg Steiner, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Simona Mameli (Cambridge U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2017)., Nancy A. Vamvakas Apr 2017

Review Of Deliberation Across Deeply Divided Societies: Transformative Moments By Jürg Steiner, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Simona Mameli (Cambridge U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2017)., Nancy A. Vamvakas

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Deliberation across Deeply Divided Societies: Transformative Moments. by Jürg Steiner, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Simona Mameli (Cambridge U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2017).


The Prism Of The Public Sphere: The Cop15 Coverage By The Brazilian Media System, Diogenes Lycarião, Antal Wozniak Apr 2017

The Prism Of The Public Sphere: The Cop15 Coverage By The Brazilian Media System, Diogenes Lycarião, Antal Wozniak

Journal of Public Deliberation

Current studies of political communication offer valuable contributions to assessing and measuring mediated deliberation. But in our understanding of the news media's role in a deliberative system a number of questions remain unanswered, especially concerning problems posed by social complexity. This paper aims to contribute to closing this gap by conducting an empirical analysis on how distinct contributions to public deliberation – namely the provision of publicity and intelligibility – are articulated via outputs offered by different types of media outlets, specifically in the case of the Brazilian coverage of the 15th UN’s Climate Change Conference (COP15). Our results suggest ...


Reason, Deliberation, And Democracy In Divided Societies: Perspectives From The Jafari School Of Thought, Nicolas Pirsoul Apr 2017

Reason, Deliberation, And Democracy In Divided Societies: Perspectives From The Jafari School Of Thought, Nicolas Pirsoul

Journal of Public Deliberation

In this article I argue that because of its emphasis on the use of reason, the Jafari Islamic school of thought is not only compatible with, but even promotes certain forms of deliberative democracy. I particularly focus on how this characteristic offers a valuable conceptual tool to promote peace and justice in deeply divided societies. My argument is grounded in traditional Shia theology and history but develops a political framework embedded within contemporary political theory. I distinguish this democratic political framework from the theocratic model of Wilayat-ul-Faqih, the political system currently being applied in Iran, and argue that an emphasis ...


A Randomly Selected Chamber: Promises And Challenges, Pierre-Etienne Vandamme, Antoine Verret-Hamelin Apr 2017

A Randomly Selected Chamber: Promises And Challenges, Pierre-Etienne Vandamme, Antoine Verret-Hamelin

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper explores the idea of a randomly selected chamber of representatives (RSC) through an appreciation of the promises it offers and the challenges it would face. We identify two main promises: a RSC could offset the aristocratic character of elections, thereby increasing the legitimacy of the political system; and it could increase democracy’s epistemic potential, thanks to gains in terms of diversity, deliberations, humility, and long-term perspective. We then discuss four key challenges. First, participation: how can the chamber have diversity without mandatory participation or heavy sanctions? Second, how can we conceive or build legitimacy for this non-elected ...


Discourse Quality In Deliberative Citizen Forums – A Comparison Of Four Deliberative Mini-Publics, Staffan Himmelroos Apr 2017

Discourse Quality In Deliberative Citizen Forums – A Comparison Of Four Deliberative Mini-Publics, Staffan Himmelroos

Journal of Public Deliberation

In recent years, there has been a rapid growth in studies reporting findings from a variety of deliberative citizen forums. Such studies help to develop our understanding of deliberative democracy by exploring changes in opinion and knowledge as well as - more recently - the quality of the deliberative process itself. However, most deliberative forums are organized on an ad hoc basis, making it hard to judge how generalizable the findings from such forums actually are. This article attempts to address this problem by comparing the findings on the quality of deliberation from four different citizen forums. Based on the findings citizen ...


The Role Of Experts Across Two Different Arenas In A Deliberative System, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Marcela D. Laranjeira, Pedro S. Mundim Apr 2017

The Role Of Experts Across Two Different Arenas In A Deliberative System, Rousiley C. M. Maia, Marcela D. Laranjeira, Pedro S. Mundim

Journal of Public Deliberation

The notion of a “deliberative system” has become central to debates on deliberation. The plea to regard deliberative processes from a system-wide perspective is genuinely innovative and attractive, but little has been done to understand how deliberation in one arena or a separate institution relates to other arenas. This study investigates the role that experts play in public communication in two arenas that have distinct systemic functions. It compares how experts express and justify their opinions on a controversial public policy in legislative public hearings and when they are quoted in the news media. Our findings, based on an empirical ...


Deliberators, Not Future Citizens: Children In Democracy, Kei Nishiyama Apr 2017

Deliberators, Not Future Citizens: Children In Democracy, Kei Nishiyama

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper is a "manifesto" for incorporating children into deliberative democracy. Although the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) emphasizes children’s right to participation in the process of democracy, their activities and voices still do not receive the attention they merit. There exists a widespread skepticism reinforced by notions of socialization and remediation about children’s capacities, knowledge, experiences, and interests in democracy, and this leads to a conceptualization of children as “future citizens.” Drawing on the recent scholarship on deliberative democracy, particularly the deliberative system framework, this article reconsiders the capacities and actual contributions ...