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2017

University of Pennsylvania

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Articles 1 - 30 of 39

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Dec 2017

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

Honors Theses (PPE)

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seeded national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew Nov 2017

Why The Future Of Marijuana Legalization Is Still Uncertain, Adam Chernew

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The purpose of this paper is to examine the future of the marijuana legalization movement and the prospects of recreational marijuana legalization at the national level. While the marijuana movement has made tremendous strides at the state level over a very short period of time, there remains a debate over whether or not this progress will translate into success federally. First, this paper reviews the literature from the field, the majority of which focuses on whether marijuana ought to be legalized for recreational use in the first place. Despite extensive research, the evidence from the field is far from definitive ...


Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands Nov 2017

Reframing Reproductive Rights: Introducing The Intersectionality Of Socioeconomic Class Into Questions Of Reproductive Autonomy, Allison Sands

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow Nov 2017

Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is on its way to becoming the largest trade deal ever made and proposes to write the rules for global trade. The TPP includes several novelties in trade negotiation such as a chapter specifically interested in issues surrounding development. This paper offers a content-based analysis of the TPP’s Development chapter to gauge the value of this symbolic addition. In order to make this assessment, the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development, the intergovernmental organization responsible for assisting developing nations in the negotiation of trade deals, serves as a reference point for the representation of developing ...


A Theoretical Account Of Electoral Reform In The Uk, Natalie Peelish Nov 2017

A Theoretical Account Of Electoral Reform In The Uk, Natalie Peelish

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The United Kingdom, a nation that utilizes the plurality electoral system of First Past the Post (FPTP), has proposed electoral reform twice over the past twenty years, in 1997 and 2011 respectively, under two different governments. Despite reaching a referendum in 2011, electoral reform was an utter failure on both occasions and FPTP prevails in the UK today. This article utilizes salient theories of electoral reform to provide an in-depth analysis of both occasions of reform proposition. The article ultimately concludes that given the complex circumstances under which reform initiation has occurred in the UK, electoral reform theories accounting for ...


Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran Nov 2017

Striking The Balance Between Privacy And Governance In The Age Of Technology, Jing Ran

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten Nov 2017

Supreme Court Decision-Making: An Empirical Analysis Of 2013 Certiorari-Granting, Sam Gersten

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld Nov 2017

An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper I analyze the effects of the mergers between Delta-Northwest and Continental-United on airfares. I use data from before the announcement of the mergers to model prices and then forecast what prices would have been after the mergers had the mergers not occurred.

By comparing the actual observed fares and the predicted fares, I find that fares are lower than predicted during the periods of the mergers’ announcements and higher than predicted afterwards. Overall, fares after the announcement of the merger are higher than predicted, and market power effects from the merger dominate efficiency gains. However, I find ...


A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff Nov 2017

A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The American democratic system is fundamentally based on the idea of a government of the people. At the cornerstone of this system is voting. However, to date, voter turnout among the youth vote (citizens aged 18-29) is very low. This paper explores the historical data of youth voter turnout and subsequently addresses two core questions. First, why is youth voter turnout important? Second, what can we do to increase youth voter turnout in the 21st century? This paper argues that youth voter turnout is important for a number of reasons, from education levels to habitual voting. Primary among these is ...


Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee Nov 2017

Explaining Abortion Attitudes: Competing Reproductive Strategies And The Welfare State, Dong-Eun (Dara) Lee

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Rethinking The Six Day War: An Analysis Of Counterfactual Explanations, Limor Bordoley Nov 2017

Rethinking The Six Day War: An Analysis Of Counterfactual Explanations, Limor Bordoley

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The Six Day War of June 1967 transformed the political and physical landscape of the Middle East. The war established Israel as a major regional power in the region, while the Israeli territorial acquisitions resulting from the war have permanently marred Israel’s relationship with its Arab neighbors. The May crisis that preceded the war quickly spiraled out of control, leading many to believe that the war was unavoidable. In this paper, I construct three counterfactuals that consider how May and June 1967 might have unfolded differently if a particular event or person in the May crisis had been different ...


Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth Nov 2017

Veering Off The Abolitionist Path In America: The Influence Of The Ambiguously Written Constitution, Avinash Samarth

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In the 21st century, capital punishment in the United States stands as a peculiar institution. Despite widespread international movements for its abolition, and widespread expert agreement on its ills, the death penalty still persists in the United States. America remains the only country in the Western world to retain the death penalty today. We use it frequently, executing approximately 52 people per year, a rate comparable to both Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The question of why the United States still retains the death penalty has been the subject of debate for decades. Countless historical explanations have been posited, ranging from ...


Institutional Trust: The Case Study Of Mexican State Institutions, Lorenzo Felipe Lagos Nov 2017

Institutional Trust: The Case Study Of Mexican State Institutions, Lorenzo Felipe Lagos

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The determinants of change in trust have long been a matter of debate in the social capital literature. An area of particular interest for political scientists has been trust in state institutions because of the possible consequences it could have on democratic life. In an attempt to generalize results, most studies have focused on large cross-sectional samples. However, these studies overlook the context in which citizens and state institutions find themselves. The case study of Mexico presented in this paper attempts to contribute to the literature by emphasizing context over generalizability. The case of Mexican state institutions supports the hypothesis ...


The Kyoto Protocol And Brazil: Effectiveness Of Clean Development Mechanism (Cdm) Projects, Erica Reicher Nov 2017

The Kyoto Protocol And Brazil: Effectiveness Of Clean Development Mechanism (Cdm) Projects, Erica Reicher

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou Nov 2017

Sins Against Democracy, David Marcou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Essay On Commerce Clause, Jae Bang Nov 2017

An Essay On Commerce Clause, Jae Bang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Sense And Insensibility In The Cuban Missile Crisis, Blake Gillman Nov 2017

Sense And Insensibility In The Cuban Missile Crisis, Blake Gillman

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Population Dynamics: A Computer Model Of Discrimination, Stefan Byrd-Krueger Nov 2017

Population Dynamics: A Computer Model Of Discrimination, Stefan Byrd-Krueger

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Accountability Is Not Always Good, Joe Russo Oct 2017

Accountability Is Not Always Good, Joe Russo

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


From Negative Biases To Positive News: Resetting And Reframing News Consumption For A Better Life And A Better World, Henry Edwards Aug 2017

From Negative Biases To Positive News: Resetting And Reframing News Consumption For A Better Life And A Better World, Henry Edwards

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Research psychologists have found that people are subject to negative biases. These powerful biases may influence how journalists and editors produce the news and how citizens consume it. While not all news is negative, much of it is. Negatively biased news is both inaccurate and detrimental for well-being. This paper reviews literature about negative biases and the detrimental effects of negative news on well-being. Positive psychology interventions, taught in a workshop, may be able to mitigate or neutralize negative news effects. This paper presents a half-day workshop meant to combat negative biases in the news by training attendees in relevant ...


Who Votes Third Party And Why?, Taylor Nefussy Apr 2017

Who Votes Third Party And Why?, Taylor Nefussy

Honors Theses (PPE)

Who votes for third party candidates? Can third party presidential candidates be “spoiler” candidates, ones who swing the election? I use the 2016 election to investigate this phenomenon. By examining datasets that asked participants who they would vote for in a two-way presidential race (between only Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump), versus who they would support in a four-way race (when Green Party candidate Jill Stein and Libertarian Party candidate Gary Johnson were added to the list of potential candidates), I can examine which voters change their support between the two-way and four-way races. In particular, I look at voters ...


Power Transitions And International Institutions: China's Creation Of The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Liam Gennari Apr 2017

Power Transitions And International Institutions: China's Creation Of The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, Liam Gennari

Honors Theses (PPE)

China’s rise has generated a sense of instability in the international system. Power Transition Theory warns that this period of change at the top of the international hierarchy will be a moment of great danger, as China will likely be dissatisfied with the world order that the United States has created. This view coincides with pessimistic realist projections. Neoliberal institutionalism is more optimistic about the prospects for a peaceful transition, believing that China will not necessarily be a dissatisfied power as the international system and its institutions encourage cooperation and a focus on absolute gains, mitigating the likelihood of ...


Leviathan Lost: The Impact Of State Capacity On The Duration And Intensity Of Civil Wars, Sarah Simon Apr 2017

Leviathan Lost: The Impact Of State Capacity On The Duration And Intensity Of Civil Wars, Sarah Simon

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While wars between nations have declined over the past twenty years, intrastate conflicts are on the rise. Scholars are now examining the conditions under which civil war is likely to break out, to last longer, and to intensify, and the strength of the local government has emerged as a critical factor that could potentially mitigate the harms posed by civil wars. This thesis addresses two research questions: what is the impact of state strength on (1) conflict duration and (2) conflict intensity? To answer these research questions, I conduct several quantitative analyses of all internal conflicts occurring in the years ...


More Harm Than Good In "Failing" Schools: The Rise Of The Standards-Based And Market-Driven Education Reform Models And Their Adverse Implications In A High-Poverty Urban District, Rachel Simon Mar 2017

More Harm Than Good In "Failing" Schools: The Rise Of The Standards-Based And Market-Driven Education Reform Models And Their Adverse Implications In A High-Poverty Urban District, Rachel Simon

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The national dialogue surrounding education policy has long been centered around two core strategies: the standards-based and market-driven reform models. Both approaches were firmly entrenched in federal law through the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and have since continued to act as guiding forces of reform in urban districts nationwide. This thesis examines the academic and political debates that have shaped the standards-based and market-driven reform models, and explores their implications within high-poverty schools. Since 2001, the School District of Philadelphia has rigorously implemented these reform strategies in an effort to boost the achievement ...


Shattering The Hire Ceiling: Why Disproportionately Few Women Are Partners At Large Law Firms, Eryn M. Hughes Mar 2017

Shattering The Hire Ceiling: Why Disproportionately Few Women Are Partners At Large Law Firms, Eryn M. Hughes

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite graduating from top law schools and getting hired as associates at competitive law firms at the same rate as men, women are still disproportionately underrepresented in partnership positions in Big Law. This paper investigates supply-side and demand-side explanations for this phenomenon. Through interview-based research and a survey of 437 attorneys, I identify the major contributing factors to this persistent gender gap. My research shows that while women are taking on more at home with regard to childcare and housework than their male colleagues, they are not significantly more interested than men in leaving large law firms despite extant scholarship ...


Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker Mar 2017

Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While campus sexual assault has recently garnered a lot of attention in the United States, there has been less recognition of individuals who experience sexual and gender-based violence outside of the university/college system. Many people who experience sexual violence have never attended a post-secondary institution, or they experienced sexual violence before they were college-aged. Because of this reality, it is important that there are resources and education about sexual violence for people at a younger age. Through an analysis of public policy, interviews with experts in the field, and a survey that I administered, this thesis examines both formal ...


Backlash: The Politics And Real-World Consequences Of Minority Group Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau Jan 2017

Backlash: The Politics And Real-World Consequences Of Minority Group Dehumanization, Nour Kteily, Emile Bruneau

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Research suggests that members of advantaged groups who feel dehumanized by other groups respond aggressively. But little is known about how meta-dehumanization affects disadvantaged minority group members, historically the primary targets of dehumanization. We examine this important question in the context of the 2016 U.S. Republican Primaries, which have witnessed the widespread derogation and dehumanization of Mexican immigrants and Muslims. Two initial studies document that Americans blatantly dehumanize Mexican immigrants and Muslims; this dehumanization uniquely predicts support for aggressive policies proposed by Republican nominees, and dehumanization is highly associated with supporting Republican candidates (especially Donald Trump). Two further studies ...


Inequality And Political Extremism: An Analysis Of The 2017 Election Cycle In France And The Netherlands, Noah Katcher Jan 2017

Inequality And Political Extremism: An Analysis Of The 2017 Election Cycle In France And The Netherlands, Noah Katcher

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

The 2017 election cycle in France and the Netherlands featured candidates widely defined as politically extreme rapidly gaining traction as Election Day approached. Though neither Marine Le Pen of France nor Geert Wilders of the Netherlands were victorious in their bids to lead their respective nations, their second-place finishes led many to question how to typify this growing base of support for politically extreme candidates. As targets of their charged rhetoric felt increasingly threatened by their momentum, even after the elections, many seek to understand which underlying issues motivated support for candidates with such unprecedented views. In the context of ...


The German Current Account: A Comparison Of American And European Perspectives And Policies, Lauren N. Anders Jan 2017

The German Current Account: A Comparison Of American And European Perspectives And Policies, Lauren N. Anders

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This paper reviews the components of the current account balance, the historical trends of Germany’s current account, and compares Germany’s current account to others across the world. It then discusses factors contributing to the current account surplus, including savings and investment behaviors, interest rates and the euro, and the gap between exports and imports. After discussing the impact of the surplus on international political relations and the political environment within Germany, this paper then delves into American, European, and German perspectives of the surplus – if it is harmful to the Eurozone and the global economy, and if so ...


The State Of The Missile Technology Control Regime, Tyler J. Knox Jan 2017

The State Of The Missile Technology Control Regime, Tyler J. Knox

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

The 1987 Missile Technology Control Regime is a multilateral ballistic missile export regime of members (“Partner States”) who have pledged to strengthen international non-proliferation efforts through export controls. Has the MTCR succeeded in restricting ballistic missile proliferation? This paper seeks to answer this question, and explore if the Missile Technology Control Regime is in need of reform after three decades by drawing upon a compiled data set on all ballistic missiles possessed by the world’s nations as of May 2017. By evaluating missile diffusion over time on a global and regional basis, this paper concludes that the MTCR has ...