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2017

International and Area Studies

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Articles 1 - 30 of 319

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson Dec 2017

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...


The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze Dec 2017

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze

Journal of Global Catholicism

A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society


Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, Jacob H. Solbrig, Jacob Hagen Solbrig Dec 2017

Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, Jacob H. Solbrig, Jacob Hagen Solbrig

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the methods used by the Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS), more commonly known as the Stasi, or East German secret police, for extraction of information from citizens of the German Democratic Republic for the purpose of espionage and covert operations inside East Germany, as it pertains to the deliberate brainwashing of East German citizens. As one of the most efficient intelligence agencies to ever exist, the Stasi’s main purpose was to monitor the population, gather intelligence, and collect or turn informants. They used brainwashing techniques to control the people of the GDR, keeping the populace paralyzed with ...


Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Dec 2017

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

Honors Theses (PPE)

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seeded national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Pi Gamma Mu News Dec 2017

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck Dec 2017

President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck

International Social Science Review

Transcript of Pi Gamma Mu's President Larry Heck's State of the Society speech, delivered at the 2017 Triennial International Convention in Kansas City, MO.


Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen Dec 2017

Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen

International Social Science Review

Flint is a city of Genesee county located in the central Michigan and 66 miles northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis erupted in April, 2014 and was one of the largest. (about 100,000 residents) intensively-reported water crises in our nation’s history. This paper proposes a unique way to analyze this water crisis from a perspective of human-environmental interactions within an ecosystem, discussing the impacts on infrastructures, environment, and human well-being. To avoid related future tragedies, three main solutions were identified: a) overcoming economic issues, b) strengthening the existing regulatory and legal procedures for holding officials accountable in ...


Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds Dec 2017

Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds

International Social Science Review

This policy point-counterpoint, authored by history Ph.D. candidates BJ Marach and J. Marcos Reynolds, frames black-athletic activism as a longstanding historical debate reaching back to the late 1800s. Both argue for the efficacy of such activism and ground their analysis in the “Revolt of the Black Athlete” of the late 1960s. From here they diverge. Marach contends that black athletes are under no obligation to protest racial injustice, while Reynolds concludes that their platform and position within the black community requires that they act.


Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias Dec 2017

Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson Dec 2017

Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis Dec 2017

Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels Dec 2017

Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen Dec 2017

Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud Dec 2017

Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff Dec 2017

Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida Dec 2017

Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais Dec 2017

Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore Dec 2017

Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers Dec 2017

Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke Dec 2017

Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen Dec 2017

Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho Dec 2017

College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho

International Social Science Review

Vietnam's 1980s open-door policy (Đổi-mới) has created opportunities for women to work outside the home. The educational reform launched after Đổi-mới, which aimed to provide a workforce for Vietnam's growing market economy, has brought a surge in college attendance among women since the 1990s. The surge has occurred even though the traditional system of patrilocal marriage and residence remains the normative expectation, and helping daughters attend college often means sacrificing most of a family's meager resources. Drawing on open-ended interviews with 12 female, low-income college students from suburban and rural areas in Southern Vietnam, this paper explores ...


Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi Dec 2017

Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi

International Social Science Review

There is evidence that focus groups are useful to explore issues with socially marginalized groups, notably when participants have shared particular experiences. Focus groups have the methodological potential to highlight group norms and processes, and to illuminate the social and cultural contexts in which individual agency takes place. However, an often cited concern about focus groups is researchers’ inadequate description of the analytical process which then affects the usefulness and credibility of the findings and rigor in analysis. In this article we address this concern and offer an analytical framework which takes account of the content (themes) and form (structure ...


Cyber-Sovereignty: The Power Of Social Media On The Arab Spring In Tunisia And Egypt, Jason Randall Dec 2017

Cyber-Sovereignty: The Power Of Social Media On The Arab Spring In Tunisia And Egypt, Jason Randall

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This dissertation assesses the role of social media and its effects on the Arab Spring. The research will be guided by two questions: Could the use of American Dot.com social networking websites (e.g. Facebook, Google, Twitter, and YouTube) by Tunisians and Egyptians during the Arab Spring, to overthrow their governments, be characterized as a violation of Tunisia’s and Egypt’s sovereignty (cyber-sovereignty)? Secondly, what was the significance of the abovementioned social networking websites during the Arab Spring?

The first question will be examined by using Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Theory; the problem, policy, and political streams have ...


Constitutional Reform: Decolonization In The Comoros Islads, Nicholas A. Daou Dec 2017

Constitutional Reform: Decolonization In The Comoros Islads, Nicholas A. Daou

Capstone Collection

Since its independence in 1975 the Union of Comoros has seen a great deal of political upheaval as a part of its decolonization process. This study examines the period between 1975 and 2001 with special emphasis on the 1997 Secession Crisis and the methods by which that crisis was resolved. The literature review is composed of predominantly native Comorian authors, supplemented by several French authors and information from international organizations. The events and literature are also examined through the lenses of the psychoanalytical group identity theory of Vamik Volkan and the Conflict Transformation work of Johan Galtung. Data regarding attitudes ...


Strengthening The M&E System Of Peace Corps Colombia, Samuel Burke Dec 2017

Strengthening The M&E System Of Peace Corps Colombia, Samuel Burke

Capstone Collection

In 1961, when the Peace Corps was established, Colombia was the first country chosen to receive volunteers. The program ran for 20 years, with volunteers working all over the country in various sectors. Then in 1981, due to the increasing violence from the guerilla civil war, the US government decided to withdraw the volunteers and suspend the Colombia program. After a 29-year hiatus, at the request of the Colombian government, the Peace Corps was invited back to Colombia in 2010.

The Peace Corps Colombia post currently has two programs, Practical English for Success (PES), established first; and, Community Economic Development ...


The Human Security Dimension Of China’S Belt And Road Initiative, Rosita Dellios, R. James Ferguson Dec 2017

The Human Security Dimension Of China’S Belt And Road Initiative, Rosita Dellios, R. James Ferguson

R. James Ferguson

Despite the geopolitical calculations associated with China’s Belt and Road Initiative, and how this will allow Beijing greater influence in transregional relations, the human security dimension goes to the heart of China’s wider regional strategy. The importance of development cannot be understated even as the “rise of China” attracts the headlines. How well Beijing can engage wider human security concerns will be crucial for the success of this megaproject. It is argued that the human security aspect of China’s Belt and Road Initiative requires a stronger ethical base—one which draws on China’s own Confucian heritage ...


When Rules And Common Sense Collide: Expressions, Roots, And Impact Of Informal Civil Society In Ukraine, Svitlana Krasynska Dec 2017

When Rules And Common Sense Collide: Expressions, Roots, And Impact Of Informal Civil Society In Ukraine, Svitlana Krasynska

Dissertations

Western donors have dominated third sector developments in contemporary Eastern Europe in efforts to replicate their own institutional models as a way of reconstructing the region’s post-totalitarian civil society. These efforts resulted in limited success, frustrating the donor community and puzzling scholars. Civil society in the region has long been labeled as weak based on a general lack of citizen participation in formal organizations. This dissertation argues that such assessment of civil society fails to recognize the role of below-the-radar civic engagement in contexts where informal practices permeate economic, political and social spheres.

Based on 70 in-depth interviews with ...


Security Is Local: An Analysis Of The Use Of Community-Based Security Forces During Counterinsurgency Operations, Alexander Stephenson Dec 2017

Security Is Local: An Analysis Of The Use Of Community-Based Security Forces During Counterinsurgency Operations, Alexander Stephenson

Alexander Stephenson

Counterinsurgency (COIN) operations are the most common type of military operation conducted by the United States and other Western powers.  In most cases, conventional forces intervening in an insurgency are limited in personnel and turn to local community-based security forces to mitigate this shortcoming after initial attempts fail to defeat an insurgency with the conventional forces available.  While the use of community-based security forces is a common element of COIN operations, little research has been conducted to determine the factors that contribute to their successful employment.  A synthesis of existing COIN and community-based policing theory provides a model to evaluate ...


Strategic Culture In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Divergent Paths Of Uganda And Tanzania, Kevin Frank Dec 2017

Strategic Culture In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Divergent Paths Of Uganda And Tanzania, Kevin Frank

Dissertations

Strategic culture is a concept accepted by scholars and practitioners, but with problematic applicability to states newly independent or emerging from conflict. The elements that comprise strategic culture in the developed world are not always present in emerging states. This research addresses the pertinency of strategic culture in Uganda and Tanzania, and then tests the operationalization of the concept using the case of participation in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The African Union and the international community expected Uganda and Tanzania to contribute troops to AMISON in 2007. In the event, Uganda did and Tanzania chose another path ...