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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Pi Gamma Mu News Dec 2017

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck Dec 2017

President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck

International Social Science Review

Transcript of Pi Gamma Mu's President Larry Heck's State of the Society speech, delivered at the 2017 Triennial International Convention in Kansas City, MO.


Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen Dec 2017

Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen

International Social Science Review

Flint is a city of Genesee county located in the central Michigan and 66 miles northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis erupted in April, 2014 and was one of the largest. (about 100,000 residents) intensively-reported water crises in our nation’s history. This paper proposes a unique way to analyze this water crisis from a perspective of human-environmental interactions within an ecosystem, discussing the impacts on infrastructures, environment, and human well-being. To avoid related future tragedies, three main solutions were identified: a) overcoming economic issues, b) strengthening the existing regulatory and legal procedures for holding officials accountable in ...


Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds Dec 2017

Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds

International Social Science Review

This policy point-counterpoint, authored by history Ph.D. candidates BJ Marach and J. Marcos Reynolds, frames black-athletic activism as a longstanding historical debate reaching back to the late 1800s. Both argue for the efficacy of such activism and ground their analysis in the “Revolt of the Black Athlete” of the late 1960s. From here they diverge. Marach contends that black athletes are under no obligation to protest racial injustice, while Reynolds concludes that their platform and position within the black community requires that they act.


Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias Dec 2017

Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson Dec 2017

Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis Dec 2017

Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels Dec 2017

Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen Dec 2017

Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud Dec 2017

Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff Dec 2017

Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida Dec 2017

Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais Dec 2017

Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore Dec 2017

Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers Dec 2017

Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke Dec 2017

Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen Dec 2017

Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho Dec 2017

College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho

International Social Science Review

Vietnam's 1980s open-door policy (Đổi-mới) has created opportunities for women to work outside the home. The educational reform launched after Đổi-mới, which aimed to provide a workforce for Vietnam's growing market economy, has brought a surge in college attendance among women since the 1990s. The surge has occurred even though the traditional system of patrilocal marriage and residence remains the normative expectation, and helping daughters attend college often means sacrificing most of a family's meager resources. Drawing on open-ended interviews with 12 female, low-income college students from suburban and rural areas in Southern Vietnam, this paper explores ...


Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi Dec 2017

Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi

International Social Science Review

There is evidence that focus groups are useful to explore issues with socially marginalized groups, notably when participants have shared particular experiences. Focus groups have the methodological potential to highlight group norms and processes, and to illuminate the social and cultural contexts in which individual agency takes place. However, an often cited concern about focus groups is researchers’ inadequate description of the analytical process which then affects the usefulness and credibility of the findings and rigor in analysis. In this article we address this concern and offer an analytical framework which takes account of the content (themes) and form (structure ...


Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk Dec 2017

Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Brexit and the election of Trump both relied on a particular type of nationalistic appeal to collective narcissism — an exaggerated emotional belief that the nation’s greatness is being undermined by other nations and other people. This tendency is catered to by appeals to make the nation great again by shutting borders and embracing isolationism while scapegoating refugees and immigrants. The rise of jingoistic leaders like Trump, Putin, and Erdogan can be explained by such appeals. But China, which has long suffered feelings of national humiliation is reacting in quite different ways that embrace globalism, even while rejecting multiculturalism. This ...


Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik Dec 2017

Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


Strategic Culture In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Divergent Paths Of Uganda And Tanzania, Kevin Frank Dec 2017

Strategic Culture In Sub-Saharan Africa: The Divergent Paths Of Uganda And Tanzania, Kevin Frank

Dissertations

Strategic culture is a concept accepted by scholars and practitioners, but with problematic applicability to states newly independent or emerging from conflict. The elements that comprise strategic culture in the developed world are not always present in emerging states. This research addresses the pertinency of strategic culture in Uganda and Tanzania, and then tests the operationalization of the concept using the case of participation in the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). The African Union and the international community expected Uganda and Tanzania to contribute troops to AMISON in 2007. In the event, Uganda did and Tanzania chose another path ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman Nov 2017

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley Oct 2017

Forming Community Partnerships, Lori Foley

CHAR

In the event of a disaster, regardless of the type or scope, the first response is always local. For the institutions and organizations charged with safeguarding the nation’s cultural and historic resources – museums, historical societies, libraries, and municipal offices, to name just a few – building relationships with local first responders and emergency managers before disaster strikes is key to ensuring the safety of staff and collections. State emergency management agencies are also collaborating with their state cultural agencies to protect these valuable and vulnerable resources. The resulting emergency networks better position the local community and the state to be ...


Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush Oct 2017

Lessons Learned From Culture In Crisis; Or Protecting The Past To Save The Future, Laurie Rush

CHAR

At the midpoint of the second decade of the 21st century, the world is experiencing deliberate destruction of cultural property at a scale not seen since the Second World War. Future protection and preservation of cultural heritage depends on learning from tragedy and applying these lessons as pro-actively as possible. First, we are discovering that no matter the threat, there are people who risk their lives to save artifacts and features of their culture, and the motives for this courage are retrospectively clear. For a community to survive a conflict or disaster as a corporate entity, elements of shared ...


Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal Oct 2017

Keynote Address - When Violent Nonstate Actors Target Cultural Heritage Sites, Victor Asal

CHAR

Why would organizations attack or kill people at cultural heritage sites or destroy such sites? Using data from the Big Allied and Dangerous insurgent dataset that has data on 140 insurgent organizations from 1998-2012, and data from the Global Terrorism Database, this presentation examines the factors that make insurgent groups more likely to attack such sites or kill people at such sites. We look at the impact of organizational ideology, organizational structure and power as well as country level factors.


Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord Oct 2017

Mitigation, Response And Recovery, Richard Lord

CHAR

Abstract: Hurricane Harvey ravaged Texas and Louisiana nearly five years after Superstorm Sandy devastated the East Coast and caused 53 deaths, destroyed or severely damaged 100,000 Long Island homes, and left an estimated $42 billion in damages across New York State.

This session will provide an overview of the disaster relief and assistance programs available under the Stafford Act, when they are triggered, and how private non-profit and cultural institutions can plan for natural hazards and take full advantage of available aid. There will also be discussion of the NYS Hazard Mitigation Plan, the Community Risk and Resiliency Act ...


Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre Mccarthy Oct 2017

Informing Responders Using Gis And Gps, Deidre Mccarthy

CHAR

Hurricane Katrina devastated the Gulf Coast in August 2005 and created the single largest disaster for cultural resources that the United States has witnessed since the inception of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 1966. Notably, the NHPA created the National Register of Historic Places, our nation’s catalog of important cultural resources. The NHPA also stipulates that any federal undertaking which may adversely affect National Register eligible resources be mitigated. For the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Katrina created the largest compliance project ever under Section 106 of the NHPA.

Although causing a great deal of damage, Katrina ...


Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft Oct 2017

Keynote Address: Climate Change: From Global To New York Scale, Christopher D. Thorncroft

CHAR

This talk is concerned with the science and impacts of climate change from global to New York scales. It will provide an assessment of how the climate has changed over the past Century based on a purely observational perspective. The scientific basis for anthroprogenic climate change will be explained and discussed including a description of the “greenhouse effect” and why it is important for life on this planet. We will briefly discuss global and local consequences of a warmer climate and what we need to be prepared for going forward in the coming decades.


Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels Oct 2017

Opening Keynote Address: Using Data To Understand Cultural Destruction, Brian I. Daniels

CHAR

Brian I. Daniels, Ph.D, Penn Cultural Heritage Center, University of Pennsylvania Museum.

Why is cultural heritage targeted in conflict? Under what circumstances? By whom? Today, due in part to the recent notorious instances of cultural destruction in the Middle East and North Africa, there is perhaps more attention among the broader scientific community than ever before about the phenomenon of cultural loss. At the same time, there are many significant data and analytical gaps. Little social science literature about cultural destruction exists and many critical questions—and avenues of research—are, as of yet, unstudied. A primary reason for ...