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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 125

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson Dec 2017

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...


Pi Gamma Mu News Dec 2017

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck Dec 2017

President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck

International Social Science Review

Transcript of Pi Gamma Mu's President Larry Heck's State of the Society speech, delivered at the 2017 Triennial International Convention in Kansas City, MO.


Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen Dec 2017

Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen

International Social Science Review

Flint is a city of Genesee county located in the central Michigan and 66 miles northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis erupted in April, 2014 and was one of the largest. (about 100,000 residents) intensively-reported water crises in our nation’s history. This paper proposes a unique way to analyze this water crisis from a perspective of human-environmental interactions within an ecosystem, discussing the impacts on infrastructures, environment, and human well-being. To avoid related future tragedies, three main solutions were identified: a) overcoming economic issues, b) strengthening the existing regulatory and legal procedures for holding officials accountable in ...


Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds Dec 2017

Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds

International Social Science Review

This policy point-counterpoint, authored by history Ph.D. candidates BJ Marach and J. Marcos Reynolds, frames black-athletic activism as a longstanding historical debate reaching back to the late 1800s. Both argue for the efficacy of such activism and ground their analysis in the “Revolt of the Black Athlete” of the late 1960s. From here they diverge. Marach contends that black athletes are under no obligation to protest racial injustice, while Reynolds concludes that their platform and position within the black community requires that they act.


Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias Dec 2017

Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson Dec 2017

Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis Dec 2017

Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels Dec 2017

Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen Dec 2017

Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud Dec 2017

Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff Dec 2017

Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida Dec 2017

Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais Dec 2017

Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore Dec 2017

Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers Dec 2017

Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke Dec 2017

Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen Dec 2017

Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho Dec 2017

College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho

International Social Science Review

Vietnam's 1980s open-door policy (Đổi-mới) has created opportunities for women to work outside the home. The educational reform launched after Đổi-mới, which aimed to provide a workforce for Vietnam's growing market economy, has brought a surge in college attendance among women since the 1990s. The surge has occurred even though the traditional system of patrilocal marriage and residence remains the normative expectation, and helping daughters attend college often means sacrificing most of a family's meager resources. Drawing on open-ended interviews with 12 female, low-income college students from suburban and rural areas in Southern Vietnam, this paper explores ...


Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi Dec 2017

Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi

International Social Science Review

There is evidence that focus groups are useful to explore issues with socially marginalized groups, notably when participants have shared particular experiences. Focus groups have the methodological potential to highlight group norms and processes, and to illuminate the social and cultural contexts in which individual agency takes place. However, an often cited concern about focus groups is researchers’ inadequate description of the analytical process which then affects the usefulness and credibility of the findings and rigor in analysis. In this article we address this concern and offer an analytical framework which takes account of the content (themes) and form (structure ...


Strengthening The M&E System Of Peace Corps Colombia, Samuel Burke Dec 2017

Strengthening The M&E System Of Peace Corps Colombia, Samuel Burke

Capstone Collection

In 1961, when the Peace Corps was established, Colombia was the first country chosen to receive volunteers. The program ran for 20 years, with volunteers working all over the country in various sectors. Then in 1981, due to the increasing violence from the guerilla civil war, the US government decided to withdraw the volunteers and suspend the Colombia program. After a 29-year hiatus, at the request of the Colombian government, the Peace Corps was invited back to Colombia in 2010.

The Peace Corps Colombia post currently has two programs, Practical English for Success (PES), established first; and, Community Economic Development ...


Antinomies Of Globalization, Yahya Mete Madra Dec 2017

Antinomies Of Globalization, Yahya Mete Madra

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

The defining antinomy of the post-2008 crash phase is argued to be the one between neoliberalism and populism. This essay aims to complicate the terms of this antinomy and offers a reading that problematizes the association of neoliberalism with internationalism and globalization on the one hand and populism with nationalism and anti-imperialism on the other. Not only internationalism in its historical origins is an anti-imperialist concept but also today we can easily discern how reactionary forms of populist nationalisms are made possible by globalization of finance—a hallmark of neoliberalism. The essay concludes with a discussion of the possibility of ...


Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk Dec 2017

Collective Narcissism, Anti-Globalism, Brexit, Trump, And The Chinese Juggernaut, Russell Belk

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Brexit and the election of Trump both relied on a particular type of nationalistic appeal to collective narcissism — an exaggerated emotional belief that the nation’s greatness is being undermined by other nations and other people. This tendency is catered to by appeals to make the nation great again by shutting borders and embracing isolationism while scapegoating refugees and immigrants. The rise of jingoistic leaders like Trump, Putin, and Erdogan can be explained by such appeals. But China, which has long suffered feelings of national humiliation is reacting in quite different ways that embrace globalism, even while rejecting multiculturalism. This ...


Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik Dec 2017

Globalization: Mere Hiccup, Major Convulsion Or Mega Transformation?, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.


Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow Nov 2017

Questioning The Advances In Global Trade: An Assessment Of The Development Chapter In The Trans-Pacific Partnership, Alice Gerow

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The Trans-Pacific Partnership is on its way to becoming the largest trade deal ever made and proposes to write the rules for global trade. The TPP includes several novelties in trade negotiation such as a chapter specifically interested in issues surrounding development. This paper offers a content-based analysis of the TPP’s Development chapter to gauge the value of this symbolic addition. In order to make this assessment, the United Nations Conference for Trade and Development, the intergovernmental organization responsible for assisting developing nations in the negotiation of trade deals, serves as a reference point for the representation of developing ...


An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld Nov 2017

An Analysis Of The Effect Of Airline Mergers On Airfares: A Case Study Of Delta-Northwest And Continental-United, Avi Grunfeld

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

In this paper I analyze the effects of the mergers between Delta-Northwest and Continental-United on airfares. I use data from before the announcement of the mergers to model prices and then forecast what prices would have been after the mergers had the mergers not occurred.

By comparing the actual observed fares and the predicted fares, I find that fares are lower than predicted during the periods of the mergers’ announcements and higher than predicted afterwards. Overall, fares after the announcement of the merger are higher than predicted, and market power effects from the merger dominate efficiency gains. However, I find ...


A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff Nov 2017

A New Generation Of Voting: Promoting Youth Voter Turnout Through Applied Behavioral Economics, Jonathan Skekloff

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

The American democratic system is fundamentally based on the idea of a government of the people. At the cornerstone of this system is voting. However, to date, voter turnout among the youth vote (citizens aged 18-29) is very low. This paper explores the historical data of youth voter turnout and subsequently addresses two core questions. First, why is youth voter turnout important? Second, what can we do to increase youth voter turnout in the 21st century? This paper argues that youth voter turnout is important for a number of reasons, from education levels to habitual voting. Primary among these is ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman Nov 2017

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman Oct 2017

Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical physical properties such as lanthamum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise properties to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG-51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse economic, military ...


Analyzing The Roles Of Law And Politics In Judicial Decision Making: Predicting U.S. Supreme Court Justices’ Votes On A Case Of Affirmative Action, Ashley Renkor Oct 2017

Analyzing The Roles Of Law And Politics In Judicial Decision Making: Predicting U.S. Supreme Court Justices’ Votes On A Case Of Affirmative Action, Ashley Renkor

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

This study seeks to study relevant precedent cases concerning affirmative action, the 14th Amendment equal protection clause, the 5th Amendment equal protection clause, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, with the goal of predicting how certain justices will vote in the affirmative action case, Fisher vs. the University of Texas at Austin. I conclude that justices will debate numerous aspects at play, such as original intent, plain meaning, precedent, policy preferences, public opinion, personal experience, the federal government, and interest groups in order to take positions in the Fisher case for the second time around with an intent to ...