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2017

American Politics

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Articles 1 - 30 of 391

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler Dec 2017

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Major legislative actions during the early part of the 115th Congress have undermined the central argument for regulatory reform measures such as the REINS Act, a bill that would require congressional approval of all new major regulations. Proponents of the REINS Act argue that it would make the federal regulatory system more democratic by shifting responsibility for regulatory decisions away from unelected bureaucrats and toward the people’s representatives in Congress. But separate legislative actions in the opening of the 115th Congress only call this argument into question. Congress’s most significant initiatives during this period — its derailed attempts to ...


Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, John M. Greabe Dec 2017

Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, John M. Greabe

Law Faculty Scholarship

Americans celebrate our Constitution as a beacon that can guide us through difficult situations. And justly so. But at times, the Constitution also has stood as a barrier to necessary reform.


The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson Dec 2017

The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

As a body intended to accurately represent the people of the United States, the U.S. Senate is not a very diverse group. However, it is the people themselves who vote their representatives into office. In seeking to find what qualities American voters look for in a senator, senatorial longevity is an excellent gauge. Through the analysis of previous studies and literature and the gathering of original data on the senatorial longevity of the 115th Congress, independent variables such as sex, education, and children can be analyzed to determine the demographic makeup of the successful American senator; thereby also ...


Truth Or Lies? Fake News And Political Polarization, Brian Halsey Dec 2017

Truth Or Lies? Fake News And Political Polarization, Brian Halsey

Honors Theses AY 17/18

The phrase “fake news” has widely encapsulated the world following the election of Donald Trump to the office of President of the United States. Media outlets, both conservative and liberal, have come under attack from their opposing counterparts. The headlines which they run, rather than the substance of what is presented under that headline are now even more widely judged by the audiences who view that material than before. This paper, and the survey questions that accompany it, attempts to analyze whether the trustworthiness a viewer has of a certain headline, comes from the headline itself, or rather from the ...


A Study Of The Influence Of Social Media Use On The Present-Day Social Justice Movement: The Elements Of Political Involvement Towards Protest Participation, Jarrod Grant Dec 2017

A Study Of The Influence Of Social Media Use On The Present-Day Social Justice Movement: The Elements Of Political Involvement Towards Protest Participation, Jarrod Grant

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the degree to which protest participation is influenced by one or more social media usage factors: political engagement, political awareness, political activism (social media activism), and political participation. Using a purposive sampling technique, 120 respondents were selected from among groups of protest participation organizations. A series of regression equations were tested along a theorized path leading to protest participation online and offline.

Results show political awareness significantly influenced political engagement, social media usage, and social media activism. Social media activism, in turn, served as the greatest predictor of protest participation. These findings ...


Social Networking Sites (Sns) And Electoral Outcomes: How The Tools/Functions Can Be Used To Predict Electoral Outcomes, Abdul R. Sharif Dec 2017

Social Networking Sites (Sns) And Electoral Outcomes: How The Tools/Functions Can Be Used To Predict Electoral Outcomes, Abdul R. Sharif

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

This behavioral study examines the users’ engagement on social networking[ sites (SNS) in electoral races for public office in relation to their act of voting. This study was based on the premise that when certain criteria are met then SNS can be used as a predictive tool. The initial technique used was observations of the tools/functions on SNSs such as the “Like” button, favorable comments, retweets, friends/followers. Another technique used was surveys administered to individuals at political rallies, political debates, and college campuses to further analyze if their online engagement in politics translates to their physical participation. A ...


Ermold Files Paperwork To Challenge Davis, The Morehead News Dec 2017

Ermold Files Paperwork To Challenge Davis, The Morehead News

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Gay Man Denied A Marriage License By Kim Davis Wants To Run Against Her, Benjamin Butterworth Dec 2017

Gay Man Denied A Marriage License By Kim Davis Wants To Run Against Her, Benjamin Butterworth

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Who Is David Ermold? Gay Man Enters County Clerk Race After Discrimination, Preeti Maheshwari Dec 2017

Who Is David Ermold? Gay Man Enters County Clerk Race After Discrimination, Preeti Maheshwari

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Ermold Filed His Paperwork With Davis, Raycom Media, The Daily Independent Dec 2017

Ermold Filed His Paperwork With Davis, Raycom Media, The Daily Independent

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Kim Davis Denied Him A Marriage License. He’S Running To Replace Her., Niraj Chokshi Dec 2017

Kim Davis Denied Him A Marriage License. He’S Running To Replace Her., Niraj Chokshi

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Kim Davis Denied His Right To Marry Another Man. Now David Ermold Is Going To Run Against Her., Eli Rosenberg Dec 2017

Kim Davis Denied His Right To Marry Another Man. Now David Ermold Is Going To Run Against Her., Eli Rosenberg

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Gay Man Denied Marriage License Hopes To Unseat County Clerk, Adam Beam Dec 2017

Gay Man Denied Marriage License Hopes To Unseat County Clerk, Adam Beam

Media Collection

No abstract provided.


Nineteenth-Century American Religion And Politics In The West: Doctrinal Shifts In Mormonism And The Creation Of Utah, Katherine Manning Dec 2017

Nineteenth-Century American Religion And Politics In The West: Doctrinal Shifts In Mormonism And The Creation Of Utah, Katherine Manning

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

American religion and politics have always been closely intertwined. Though America was founded on ideals of religious pluralism and tolerance, the actual landscape of American religion often resembled the opposite of these ideas. As a religious majority, Protestants in the nineteenth-century believed in a specific American identity—one which championed the “virtuous” family and a capitalist market system. Yet, some religious organizations challenged these norms, making them the object of intense persecution. One of the most famous of these examples is the Mormons. From their “peculiar” beliefs to their separatist goals, Mormons presented the American people with a religious group ...


The Effects Of Repealing The Estate Tax And Reducing The Corporate Tax Rate Coupled With A Repatriation Act, Trenton Vanderlende Dec 2017

The Effects Of Repealing The Estate Tax And Reducing The Corporate Tax Rate Coupled With A Repatriation Act, Trenton Vanderlende

Honors Theses

Given that significant U.S. federal tax reform is taking place for the first time in over 30 years, this paper examines how changing specific tax provisions may affect the average individual taxpayer as well as the wealthiest 1% of Americans. Three potential federal tax law changes are addressed: repealing the estate tax, reducing the corporate statutory income tax rate, and offering a repatriation holiday for remitting the foreign profits earned by U.S. businesses. These changes are analyzed using publicly available data from U.S. Congressional hearings, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS ...


Obstruction Scores - Chamber-Congress - 1789-1901.Xlsx, Gregory Koger Dec 2017

Obstruction Scores - Chamber-Congress - 1789-1901.Xlsx, Gregory Koger

Gregory Koger

Provides data on dilatory motions and disappearing quorums from 1789 to 1901 for both the U.S. House and Senate. The data are aggregated by Congress, i.e. two-year periods beginning and ending in March of odd-numbered years.


Senate Filibuster List 1901-2008.Xlsx, Gregory Koger Dec 2017

Senate Filibuster List 1901-2008.Xlsx, Gregory Koger

Gregory Koger

These data are based on the coding scheme described in my 2010 book, Filibustering. I identified filibusters by scanning several key publications for references to filibusters in the U.S. Senate from 2001 to 2004; this dataset includes an update to 2008.


Analyzing The Legislative Productivity Of Congress During The Obama Administration, Zachary Hunkins Dec 2017

Analyzing The Legislative Productivity Of Congress During The Obama Administration, Zachary Hunkins

Honors Theses

Our nation looks to Congress to solve problems by producing legislation. Four congressional sessions took place during the eight years of the Obama administration; these were the 111th (2009-2011), 112th (2011-2013), 113th (2013-2015), and 114th (2015-2017). These four congressional sessions were often labeled and stigmatized as some of the least productive sessions in our nation’s history. This raises the questions, what explains legislative productivity? What variables effect it? Were the four sessions that took place during the Obama administration that ineffective? How do these sessions compare to sessions that took place during past presidential administrations ...


President Bush And Immigration Policy Rhetoric: The Effects Of Negativity On The Political Landscape At The State Level, C. Damien Arthur Phd, Joshua Woods Dec 2017

President Bush And Immigration Policy Rhetoric: The Effects Of Negativity On The Political Landscape At The State Level, C. Damien Arthur Phd, Joshua Woods

C. Damien Arthur

The attention paid to immigration since September 11th has become more pronounced. We maintain that the increases in attention are due to a significant critical juncture: the Republican Party Platform of 2004 and President Bush’s subsequent reelection. The rhetoric has become more negative and exclusive, creating a pervasive immigrant narrative. What are the ramifications, if any, of this shift in discourse from such central political figures for immigrants? Attempts to change immigration policy, despite the rhetoric, have not materialized nationally. President Bush recognized the limitations of ‘going public’ and, instead, took his immigration policy proposals to state legislatures, wherein ...


Congressional Hearings: Immigration Frames In Expert Testimonies, Joshua Woods, C. Damien Arthur Phd Dec 2017

Congressional Hearings: Immigration Frames In Expert Testimonies, Joshua Woods, C. Damien Arthur Phd

C. Damien Arthur

This book offers a broad interdisciplinary approach to the changes in the U.S. immigration debate before and after 9/11. A nation’s reaction to foreigners has as much to do with sociology as it does with political science, economics and psychology. Without drawing on this knowledge, our understanding of the immigration debate remains mundane, partial, and imperfect. Therefore, our story accounts for multiple factors, including culture and politics, power, organizations, social psychological processes, and political change. Examining this relationship in the contemporary context requires a lengthy voyage across academic disciplines, a synthesis of seemingly contradictory assumptions, and a ...


Grann's "Killers Of The Flower Moon: The Osage Murders And The Birth Of The Fbi" (Book Review), Roderick Leupp Dec 2017

Grann's "Killers Of The Flower Moon: The Osage Murders And The Birth Of The Fbi" (Book Review), Roderick Leupp

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of Political Attitudes And Behavior Using Regulatory Focus Theory, Kristen D. Deppe Dec 2017

An Examination Of Political Attitudes And Behavior Using Regulatory Focus Theory, Kristen D. Deppe

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

Using Regulatory Focus Theory (RFT, Higgins 1997), I take a broad look at the manner in which political behaviors and attitudes are impacted by the promotion and prevention motivational systems. I first look at how behavior in life generally and political life specifically are similar in terms of regulatory focus. Second, I look at how RFT is related to political attitudes. Specifically, I look at whether there is a connection between regulatory focus and ideological attitudes, whether there is a relationship between policy context and motivational systems, and whether the status quo of a policy leads to a relationship between ...


Camosy's "Beyond The Abortion Wars: A Way Forward For A New Generation" (Book Review), Joseph Baumstarck Dec 2017

Camosy's "Beyond The Abortion Wars: A Way Forward For A New Generation" (Book Review), Joseph Baumstarck

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Amstutz's "Just Immigration" (Book Review), Rebekah Phillips Dec 2017

Amstutz's "Just Immigration" (Book Review), Rebekah Phillips

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


Lee-Barnewall's "Neither Complementarian Nor Egalitarian: A Kingdom Corrective To The Evangelical Gender Debate" (Book Review), Heather Hicks Dec 2017

Lee-Barnewall's "Neither Complementarian Nor Egalitarian: A Kingdom Corrective To The Evangelical Gender Debate" (Book Review), Heather Hicks

The Christian Librarian

No abstract provided.


The Pulpit And The People: Mobilizing Evangelical Identity, Tim Moser Dec 2017

The Pulpit And The People: Mobilizing Evangelical Identity, Tim Moser

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Using ten sermons from five prominent and politically active evangelical megachurch pastors taken from the 2016 presidential campaign season, this case study utilizes frame analysis to understand the political relevance of modern evangelical sermonizing. An inductive frame analysis allows the concept of a collective action frame to be observed as a process and for patterns to emerge from the source text. Within these sermons, ministers offer self-identifying evangelicals a vocabulary with which to understand and describe their own identity. In this context, the Bible is a powerful cultural symbol that represents an allegiance to traditions that are framed as the ...


A History Of Welfare Policy In The United States: To Feed Or Blame The Hungry?, Lauren Ann Kataja Dec 2017

A History Of Welfare Policy In The United States: To Feed Or Blame The Hungry?, Lauren Ann Kataja

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Lgbtq+ Nondiscrimination Laws In Kentucky., Christopher M Wales Dec 2017

Lgbtq+ Nondiscrimination Laws In Kentucky., Christopher M Wales

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the political and demographic obstacles facing the Fairness movement in Kentucky in regards to local employment protection ordinances for LGBTQ+ persons (Fairness Ordinances). Using case studies on recent Fairness debates in Berea and Bowling Green, this thesis explores the concern some Kentuckians have about LGBTQ+ nondiscrimination ordinances in their communities. From these cases studies, it can be concluded that many of the concerns espoused by opponents of Fairness are simple scare tactics with no evidence supporting their claims. This thesis then utilizes a logistical regression to uncover what demographic characteristics increase the odds of a municipality possessing ...


Analyzing Political Bias Through A User-Friendly Interface, Colin Lightfoot Dec 2017

Analyzing Political Bias Through A User-Friendly Interface, Colin Lightfoot

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Many news outlets report stories shown with biased undertones that mislead readers to believe one story over another about the same event. To help people delineate between liberallyand conservatively-biased news articles, we created a website which uses a recurrent neural network with long short-term memory nodes trained to identify bias found in news articles. The network achieved an F1 Score of 0.76, and is used to provide one liberally-biased article and one conservatively-biased article side-by-side for a user to read when the user searches for a specific news story


Sexual Misconduct And Congressional Self-Governance, John M. Greabe Nov 2017

Sexual Misconduct And Congressional Self-Governance, John M. Greabe

Law Faculty Scholarship

[Excerpt] "Over the past year, a number of prominent politicians (including President Donald Trump) have been publicly accused of serious sexual misconduct and abuse of power. The question therefore has arisen: Can these politicians either be barred from taking office or removed from office on the basis of these accusations?

There is only way to remove a sitting president: impeachment by the House of Representatives and conviction by the Senate. But the topic of impeaching and removing a president warrants its own column. This column will instead focus on what Congress may do when its members and members-elect face charges ...