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2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1491

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler Dec 2017

What Congress's Repeal Efforts Can Teach Us About Regulatory Reform, Cary Coglianese, Gabriel Scheffler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Major legislative actions during the early part of the 115th Congress have undermined the central argument for regulatory reform measures such as the REINS Act, a bill that would require congressional approval of all new major regulations. Proponents of the REINS Act argue that it would make the federal regulatory system more democratic by shifting responsibility for regulatory decisions away from unelected bureaucrats and toward the people’s representatives in Congress. But separate legislative actions in the opening of the 115th Congress only call this argument into question. Congress’s most significant initiatives during this period — its derailed attempts to ...


Social Media And Terrorist Organizations: Observing Success Of Recruitment Through Social Media, Vincenzo Cibra Dec 2017

Social Media And Terrorist Organizations: Observing Success Of Recruitment Through Social Media, Vincenzo Cibra

Honors Undergraduate Theses

The Internet is an instrument that has revolutionized the world and the society since its introduction. Today, over 4 billion people around the world have access to it. While this technology comes with several positive innovations, it can also be used negatively by terrorist organizations to more efficiently spread propaganda messages. More so, the development of social media has fostered new methods of recruitment that allows to reach a broader audience anonymously and outside of the geographical area of operation of a terrorist organization.

The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationship between social media development and changes ...


The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson Dec 2017

The Impacts Of Commercialization On Depth, Breadth, Scope, And Quality Of Outreach In Mozambique: A Case-Study, Courtney Johnson

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

In today’s microfinance, scholars and policy-makers across the world have emphasized the importance of financial sustainability, or the ability of a microfinance institution (MFI) to finance its operations. In order to reach financial sustainability, MFIs embrace commercialization, a process where an MFI undergoes restructuring in order to open up avenues to capital. Yet, scholars are concerned that this emphasizes on financial sustainability will cause the social good objective to suffer, a phenomenon known as “trade-off.” Indeed, studies have found that commercialization impacts MFI outreach in various ways. To my knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the impacts of ...


Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, John M. Greabe Dec 2017

Constitutional Barriers To Congressional Reform, John M. Greabe

Law Faculty Scholarship

Americans celebrate our Constitution as a beacon that can guide us through difficult situations. And justly so. But at times, the Constitution also has stood as a barrier to necessary reform.


The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze Dec 2017

The Ecclesiology Of Pope Francis And The Future Of The Church In Africa, Bradford E. Hinze

Journal of Global Catholicism

A consideration of the future of African Catholicism in light of the ecclesiology of Pope Francis. The article explores how themes in Francis's ecclesiology work together to challenge centralization, clericalism, and triumphalism in the church by promoting practices of synodality and how these elements support the church’s mission to work against forms of colonialism, neo-colonialism, and the most fundamental matrix of colonial power by advancing radical democracy in society


The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson Dec 2017

The Demographics Of The Modern American Senate And How It Reflects The Modern American Voter, Caitlin A. O'Kelley, April Johnson

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

As a body intended to accurately represent the people of the United States, the U.S. Senate is not a very diverse group. However, it is the people themselves who vote their representatives into office. In seeking to find what qualities American voters look for in a senator, senatorial longevity is an excellent gauge. Through the analysis of previous studies and literature and the gathering of original data on the senatorial longevity of the 115th Congress, independent variables such as sex, education, and children can be analyzed to determine the demographic makeup of the successful American senator; thereby also ...


Applying John Kingdon’S Three Stream Model To The Policy Idea Of Universal Preschool, George Atupem Dec 2017

Applying John Kingdon’S Three Stream Model To The Policy Idea Of Universal Preschool, George Atupem

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Public education is no longer the great equalizer in the United States. The achievement gap is widening and in many areas education policies are perpetuating the problem. This phenomenon has created an education system built on inequality. The achievement gap in the United States has continued to widen because many children are missing out on the educational, economic, and social benefits of attending a high-quality preschool program. Access to quality preschool is an issue that briefly found its way onto the national agenda in 2013 but has since been edged out by broader national issues, such as healthcare and immigration ...


Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, Jacob H. Solbrig, Jacob Hagen Solbrig Dec 2017

Stasi Brainwashing In The Gdr 1957 - 1990, Jacob H. Solbrig, Jacob Hagen Solbrig

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the methods used by the Ministerium für Staatssicherheit (MfS), more commonly known as the Stasi, or East German secret police, for extraction of information from citizens of the German Democratic Republic for the purpose of espionage and covert operations inside East Germany, as it pertains to the deliberate brainwashing of East German citizens. As one of the most efficient intelligence agencies to ever exist, the Stasi’s main purpose was to monitor the population, gather intelligence, and collect or turn informants. They used brainwashing techniques to control the people of the GDR, keeping the populace paralyzed with ...


The Political Determinants Of Refugee Status Recognition, Elizabeth Monika Juhasz Dec 2017

The Political Determinants Of Refugee Status Recognition, Elizabeth Monika Juhasz

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

What explains the variations in refugee status granting among states? How is refugee status determined? The purpose of the study is to analyze if politics affect refugee status granting to asylum-seekers. Despite the political implications revolving around refugee issues, forced migration studies are still a neglected topic in international relations research. However, scholarly works that focus on forced migration often overlook broad political themes, and do not thoroughly examine how politics affect refugee status rates across countries. This dissertation examines state responses to forced migration. It quantitatively investigates the research questions across countries between 2000 and 2013. It argues state ...


Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker Dec 2017

Putin's Chosen People: Theories Of Russian Jewish Policy, 2000-2017, Benjamin Parker

Honors Theses (PPE)

Despite support from and for right-wing elements and a deep-seeded national history of anti-Semitism, the policies of the Russian government under Vladimir Putin have been markedly devoid of anti-Semitism. Appeals to nationalist, imperialist, and Eurasianist ideologies, pragmatic politics, and foreign policy concerns fail to explain these policies adequately. The biography of Putin himself, which includes influential, positive relationships with Jews, provides a better explanation. The personalized influence of the president on Jewish policy suggests a personalized, hyper-centralized regime generally.


Pi Gamma Mu News Dec 2017

Pi Gamma Mu News

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck Dec 2017

President’S Address At 2017 Triennial, Larry Heck

International Social Science Review

Transcript of Pi Gamma Mu's President Larry Heck's State of the Society speech, delivered at the 2017 Triennial International Convention in Kansas City, MO.


Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen Dec 2017

Rising Scholar: Flint Water Crisis: Impacts On Human-Environmental Interactions And Reflections For Future Solutions, Julia Shen

International Social Science Review

Flint is a city of Genesee county located in the central Michigan and 66 miles northwest of Detroit. The Flint water crisis erupted in April, 2014 and was one of the largest. (about 100,000 residents) intensively-reported water crises in our nation’s history. This paper proposes a unique way to analyze this water crisis from a perspective of human-environmental interactions within an ecosystem, discussing the impacts on infrastructures, environment, and human well-being. To avoid related future tragedies, three main solutions were identified: a) overcoming economic issues, b) strengthening the existing regulatory and legal procedures for holding officials accountable in ...


Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds Dec 2017

Policy Point—Counterpoint: Do African American Athletes Have An Obligation To Fight Against Racial Injustice?, Eric A. Hall, Robert Bj Marach, J. Marcos Reynolds

International Social Science Review

This policy point-counterpoint, authored by history Ph.D. candidates BJ Marach and J. Marcos Reynolds, frames black-athletic activism as a longstanding historical debate reaching back to the late 1800s. Both argue for the efficacy of such activism and ground their analysis in the “Revolt of the Black Athlete” of the late 1960s. From here they diverge. Marach contends that black athletes are under no obligation to protest racial injustice, while Reynolds concludes that their platform and position within the black community requires that they act.


Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias Dec 2017

Book Review: Locked In: The True Causes Of Mass Incarceration And How To Achieve Real Reform By John F. Pfaff, Michelle Iglesias

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson Dec 2017

Book Review: All Our Relations: Native Struggles For Land And Life By Winona Laduke, Joseph A.P. Wilson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis Dec 2017

Book Review: Social Myths And Collective Imaginaries By Gérard Bouchard, Cindy L. Davis

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels Dec 2017

Book Review: Trans-Pacific Partnership: Tpp: An Assessment (Policy Analyses In International Economics) By Cathleen Cimino-Isaacs & Jeffrey J. Schott, Katherine E. Vessels

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen Dec 2017

Book Review: Citizenship In Question: Evidentiary Birthright And Statelessness By Benjamin N. Lawrance & Jacqueline Stevens, Ben Sorensen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud Dec 2017

Book Review: Dream Chasers: Immigration And The American Backlash By John Tirman, John Linantud

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff Dec 2017

Book Review: United Nations Protection Of Humanity And Its Habitat: A New International Law Of Security And Protection By Bertrand G. Ramcharan, Samuel B. Hoff

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida Dec 2017

Book Review: Hacked: A Radical Approach To Hacker Culture And Crime By Kevin F.Steinmetz, Richard A. Almeida

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais Dec 2017

Book Review: The Seductions Of Quantification: Measuring Human Rights, Gender Violence, And Sex Trafficking By Sally Engle Merry, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore Dec 2017

Book Review: I-Minds: How Cell Phones, Computers, Gaming, And Social Media Are Changing Our Brains, Our Behavior, And The Evolution Of Our Species By Mari Swingle, Amy M. Moore

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers Dec 2017

Book Review: The Black Presidency: Barack Obama And The Politics Of Race In America By Michael Eric Dyson, Regina Davis-Sowers

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke Dec 2017

Book Review: The Populist Explosion: How The Great Recession Transformed American And European Politics By John B. Judis, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen Dec 2017

Book Review: The Challenges Of Nuclear Non-Proliferation By Richard D. Burns & Philip E. Coyle Iii, Niall Michelsen

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho Dec 2017

College Education And Women’S Ultimate Goals Of Gaining Respect And Nondependence, Violette Ho

International Social Science Review

Vietnam's 1980s open-door policy (Đổi-mới) has created opportunities for women to work outside the home. The educational reform launched after Đổi-mới, which aimed to provide a workforce for Vietnam's growing market economy, has brought a surge in college attendance among women since the 1990s. The surge has occurred even though the traditional system of patrilocal marriage and residence remains the normative expectation, and helping daughters attend college often means sacrificing most of a family's meager resources. Drawing on open-ended interviews with 12 female, low-income college students from suburban and rural areas in Southern Vietnam, this paper explores ...


Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi Dec 2017

Optimising Rigor In Focus Group Analysis: Using Content/Thematic And Form/Structural Approaches To Understand British Somali’S Experiences Of Policing In London, Anya Ahmed, Muzammil Quraishi, Asha Abdillahi

International Social Science Review

There is evidence that focus groups are useful to explore issues with socially marginalized groups, notably when participants have shared particular experiences. Focus groups have the methodological potential to highlight group norms and processes, and to illuminate the social and cultural contexts in which individual agency takes place. However, an often cited concern about focus groups is researchers’ inadequate description of the analytical process which then affects the usefulness and credibility of the findings and rigor in analysis. In this article we address this concern and offer an analytical framework which takes account of the content (themes) and form (structure ...


Understanding Sampling And Recruitment In Social Work Dissertation Research, Rebecca G. Mirick, Ashley Davis, Stephanie P. Wladkowski Dec 2017

Understanding Sampling And Recruitment In Social Work Dissertation Research, Rebecca G. Mirick, Ashley Davis, Stephanie P. Wladkowski

Rebecca Mirick

The field of social work has increasingly focused on improving the quantity and rigor of its research. For many social work doctoral students, their first independent research experience begins with their dissertation, and yet, little is known about the factors that facilitate students’ success during this process. Sample recruitment is one step where significant and unexpected challenges can occur. As social justice is the central value of the profession, social work doctoral students may focus on research with vulnerable or marginalized populations; however, little research has been done that focuses on social work dissertations, samples used, and the process of ...