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2016

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Shaping Climate Citizenship: The Ethics Of Inclusion In Climate Change Communication And Policy, Lauren E. Cagle Jul 2016

Shaping Climate Citizenship: The Ethics Of Inclusion In Climate Change Communication And Policy, Lauren E. Cagle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The problem of climate change is not simply scientific or technical, but also political and social. This dissertation analyzes both the role and the ethical foundations of citizenship and citizen engagement in the political and social aspects of climate change communication and policy-making. Using a critical discourse analysis of a policy recommendations drafted by the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact, I demonstrate how climate change policy documentation naturalizes a particular version of citizenship I call “climate citizenship.” Based on environmental critiques of liberal and civic republican citizenship, I show how this “climate citizenship” would be more productive and ethical ...


How Presidents Can Become "Hip" By Using High Definition Metaphors Strategic Communication Of Leadership In A Digital Age, Mirela Camelia Stimus Jun 2016

How Presidents Can Become "Hip" By Using High Definition Metaphors Strategic Communication Of Leadership In A Digital Age, Mirela Camelia Stimus

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this interdisciplinary research was to see whether American presidents can reach Millennials more effectively in the digital age while publicly advancing the legislative agenda of their administration. The rationale is that presidents need to gain public support to pressure Congress into passing their legislation; while doing that, they can capture the public’s interest in politics and educate civically the most inattentive audience. To accomplish the task, strategic messaging adequate to digital media is necessary. Millennials appear as having modest interest and knowledge of politics despite their intense presence on digital media. On the other hand, they ...


Application Of Spatial And Descriptive Analysis Methods To Determine Relationship Between Hardware Subsidies And The Sanitation Marketplace, Danielle Devuyst Mar 2016

Application Of Spatial And Descriptive Analysis Methods To Determine Relationship Between Hardware Subsidies And The Sanitation Marketplace, Danielle Devuyst

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sanitation marketing is an emerging approach of strengthening the local private sector to implement scalable and sustainable improved sanitation coverage in developing countries, specifically among the poor. It encourages the enhancement of sanitation market supply and demand by developing distribution infrastructure and stimulating consumer interest. Unlike interventions that provide hardware subsidies to initiate sanitation demand, financial support for sanitation marketing is used exclusively for the research and development of the market; this encourages the private sector to become independent and self-sufficient. Qualitative data suggests that while sanitation marketing projects have been successful at implementing replicable and sustainable sanitation coverage, they ...


Containment: A Failed American Foreign Policy And How The Truman Doctrine Led To The Rise In Islamic Extremism In The Muslim World, Christopher Jonathan Gerber Mar 2016

Containment: A Failed American Foreign Policy And How The Truman Doctrine Led To The Rise In Islamic Extremism In The Muslim World, Christopher Jonathan Gerber

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

After World War II the United States, faced with the new Soviet threat of Communism, instituted the foreign policy known as “containment” in order to mitigate the threat to Western European states of Soviet expansionism. After the fall of Communism in the USSR in 1991 that policy was deemed, at once, a success and an anachronism. The power vacuum that the subsequent abandonment of that policy created was most notable in the Islamic states that had served as proxies in the Cold War against Communism. Both the backdrop of containment as well as the withdrawal of that policy served to ...


Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin Jan 2016

Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines how Chinese political films frame national image at the present time (2000s) and compares that portrayal with an earlier time period (1980s). Attempting to build a bridge between framing theory and film studies, and also trying to provide an comprehensive measurement of national image, this research expands the concept of national image to include political and cultural aspects: the former involves key dimensions such as major political figures and state capacity, while the latter contains traditional cultural representations, national culture portrayals, and patriotism appeal. Through a qualitative content analysis of two films, The Founding of A Republic ...


Bridging The Skills Gap And The Rise Of The Short-Term Certificate: A Case Study Of A Short-Term Manufacturing Certificate At A Mid-Size Comprehensive Community College, Valentina Ahedo Jan 2016

Bridging The Skills Gap And The Rise Of The Short-Term Certificate: A Case Study Of A Short-Term Manufacturing Certificate At A Mid-Size Comprehensive Community College, Valentina Ahedo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent resurgence of Performance Based Funding (PBF) in higher education has called for increased accountability to taxpayers for institutions receiving public State funds. The increase of short-term credentials/certificates has been cited as a by-product of the accountability movement that started in the late 1970s and is now known as PBF 2.0.

Recently a Midwest state adopted PBF for its technical college system. With end results mainly focused on completion, employment, and meeting industry’s needs for skilled workers, there has been an interest in understanding how PBF is shaping public Institutions of Higher Education’s response to ...


Political Participation In Kosovo, Alisa Hasani Jan 2016

Political Participation In Kosovo, Alisa Hasani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

What determines conventional and unconventional modes of political participation? Are they equally and positively related to social status and education? There are several factors that explain these two modes of participation. Using data collected under this study, UNDP data, and interviews, this thesis explains the factors that determine political participation in Kosovo. Eight hypotheses are tested, using both bivariate correlations and logistic regression analyses. Results indicate that party membership and social networks are very important in explaining both conventional and unconventional political participation in Kosovo.


Who Supports Voter Identification?, Michael Roderick Jackson Jan 2016

Who Supports Voter Identification?, Michael Roderick Jackson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the differences in attitudes from the perspective of African Americans and Caucasian voters in the U.S. In addition, this study examined conscience or unconscious bias toward voter identification laws. In particular, were the effects of voter identification laws viewed through different lens depending on a voter’s ethnic background, social economic status, gender, age, or a voter’s political ideology? I approach this research by examining the results of research conducted by Michael Dawson, Lawrence Bobo, David Wilson, and Paul Brewer. These experts examined both ends of the political ...


Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi Jan 2016

Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little work examines women's representation in elected office in non-Western countries, especially in the Arab region. Cross-national studies considering Arabic countries have argued that Islam and culture are the main reasons the Arab region has the lowest rate of women's representation in the world. However, this topic cannot be fully understood without taking into account informal politics, especially tribalism and the practices of social elites in this region. This study investigates the determinants of voting for female candidates using data from the first electoral survey ever conducted in Oman, prior to the October 2015 elections for Majlis al ...


Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki Jan 2016

Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Our society is often divided between good and evil, right and wrong. However, the distinction between the two is not always that self-evident or can be taken light-heartedly. The issue I will address here qualifies as one of the most polarizing issues, whether abortion should be legally permissible and if so, under what conditions.

Posing this question we see people covering the whole strictness spectrum of either abortion-supporting or abortion-condemning groups, advocating their stances, based on arguments that they find concrete enough to win the “contest” and prevail against their adversaries. What are the questions we should ...


Law, Politics, And The Creation Of Public Policy: How The Two Can Come Together And Create Better Public Policy, Jefferson William Fink Jan 2016

Law, Politics, And The Creation Of Public Policy: How The Two Can Come Together And Create Better Public Policy, Jefferson William Fink

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Public policy is so much more than just the passage of laws and legislation; public policy is the government. The creation of public policy is a very long and complicated process. Public policies that start in the Legislature have to go through a complex process of which many lawyers do not understand how the legislative process works. The Executive takes the law and refines it through executive agencies which then create rules and regulations of the public policy. The Executive agencies’ process of creating public policies has led to a complex web of relevant rules and regulations that are necessary ...


Civil War Determinants: The Case Of Iraq And Syria's Civil War And The Rise Of Islamic State (Isis), Goran Kamal Hassan Jan 2016

Civil War Determinants: The Case Of Iraq And Syria's Civil War And The Rise Of Islamic State (Isis), Goran Kamal Hassan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper evaluates the effect of three key mechanisms—state capacity, ethnic grievances, and third party assistance—on the probability of civil war onset from 1960 to 1999. Using cross-national data logistic analysis for 160 countries, I found that states with poor governance quality are more prone to civil conflict. This hypothesis is tested and confirmed using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and tax ratio as two indicators for the state’s administrative quality. Second, ethnic grievances are measured by the degree of economic and political disparities across ethnic groups (horizontal inequality). In contrast, to several recent influential civil war researches ...


Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser Jan 2016

Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Identity theft continues to grow. It drains a host of valuable resources from Society. Trust is affected. Identity theft can upend an individual’s life and well-being. In the business sector financial losses consume profit and jeopardize the stability of industry. New and complementary approaches to combat the crime are needed.

This research examines two educational methods, one text-based and the other game-based, designed to present information about identity theft. For this purpose I developed Fight Identity Theft (FIT) software. In addition to collecting demographic information, pre- and post-survey responses and feedback data, FIT provides two educational modules. The program ...


Privatizing Prisons: Assessing The Claims, James Michael Roller Jan 2016

Privatizing Prisons: Assessing The Claims, James Michael Roller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Private prison companies simply cannot prove that they are better than the public prison sector. This research was conducted to help determine why government agencies should take in consideration the advantages and disadvantages of contracting private companies to manage and/or provide facilities to incarcerate inmates. The research identifies that the private sector’s promises of better recidivism rates, lower cost of operations, and staff’s training, pay, and benefits equal to the public prison system are not significant enough to weigh in favor of contracting with the private companies. Statistical date, studies, peer reviewed sources, and journals regarding correctional ...


Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt Jan 2016

Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the theory that veto players constrain executives and create a more stable political environment. This study extends previous research by looking at two new cases, the empires of China and Japan. I focus on the unconstrained rule of Chinese Emperors compared to their Japanese counterparts in part because of the existence of a developed feudal society in Medieval Japan, but also because China represents one of the earliest forms of meritocratic recruitment for higher offices in the government. Using data on imperial rule, this thesis analyzes the constraining effect of feudal institutions in a context found outside ...


Trumpism: How Agenda Setting In The Media Drove A Movement, Angela Jean Caulk Jan 2016

Trumpism: How Agenda Setting In The Media Drove A Movement, Angela Jean Caulk

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study will look at agenda setting in the media and how it aided in the spread of Trumpism. Broadcasts of the three major cable news networks were looked at. The constructed-week method was used to produce a sample of 36 shows that represent 12 days during the selected time frame. A descriptive qualitative content analysis was then used to examine the coverage relating to the main themes of the Trump campaign: immigration, terrorism, crime, economic insecurity, and populism. A survey was then conducted to show how the themes found affected voter behavior. The study found that the amount of ...


Gender Framing In Political Advertising During The 2014 United States Senate Election In North Carolina, Louisiana, Iowa And Kentucky, Yiting Huang Jan 2016

Gender Framing In Political Advertising During The 2014 United States Senate Election In North Carolina, Louisiana, Iowa And Kentucky, Yiting Huang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing tendency for political candidates to frame their campaign advertising more negatively when mentioning their opponents rather than talk positively about themselves. However, some gender differences are likely to influence the amount of negative content in one's advertising. In addition, gender stereotypes are considered as a disadvantage factor for women in campaigns, while some scholars suggest that stereotypes might help to build the reputation of women. As a result, this study examined the 2014 election for U.S. senate in North Carolina, Iowa, Kentucky and Louisiana because these four states were rated as top four states ...


Intimidating Exemplars: The Deterrent Effect Of Excellent Women In Office, Madeline Onute Salucka Jan 2016

Intimidating Exemplars: The Deterrent Effect Of Excellent Women In Office, Madeline Onute Salucka

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It is well known that there are far fewer women than men serving in U.S. politics and elective office, and a great deal of research has been done to uncover the reason why. One factor articulated by Lawless and Fox is the way women perceive their qualifications to run for office, something they attribute to traditional gender socialization. I posit a different explanation—Intimidating Exemplars Theory. Drawing on concepts from Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory, I hypothesize that when considering a run for office, potential female candidates compare themselves to the women already in office. Since current female public ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Food Aid On Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Disaggregate Approach, Elizabeth Christine Dippold Jan 2016

Evaluating The Effects Of Food Aid On Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Disaggregate Approach, Elizabeth Christine Dippold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the benefit to hungry people in recipient countries, the use of food aid as a form of international assistance has become a source of contention among policy makers and researchers. The accusation is that food aid promotes the onset of conflict and sustains conflict in already volatile areas. This paper examines the relationship between food aid and conflict at the disaggregate, local level, with the purpose of determining if the provision of food aid increases conflict in recipient areas. The geospatial analysis performed as part of this study focused on 346 individual food aid events across 17 African countries ...


Classification Of Tweets Into Policy Agenda Topics, Rihui Li Jan 2016

Classification Of Tweets Into Policy Agenda Topics, Rihui Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Twitter is a novel online microblogging service launched in July 2006. This service has been rapidly gaining worldwide popularity. It has more than 500 million users, out of which there are more than 332 million active users in May 2015. Twitter website is one of the ten most visited websites and has been described as “the SMS of the Internet.” It is not only widely used in a person’s daily life, but also in politics, such as running election campaigns, mining or influencing public opinions.

We study the problem of automated classification of tweets posted on official accounts by ...