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2016

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Adding A Social Marketing Campaign To A School-Based Nutrition Education Program Improves Children's Dietary Intake: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Jonathan L. Blitstein Phd, Sheryl C. Cates, James Hersey Phd, Doris Montgomery Ms, Rd, Ld, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Christine Hradek Mph, Katherine Kosa Ms, Loren Bell, Valerie Long Rd, Ld, Pamela A. Williams Phd, Sara Olson Ms, Rd, Anita Singh Phd, Rd Aug 2016

Adding A Social Marketing Campaign To A School-Based Nutrition Education Program Improves Children's Dietary Intake: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Jonathan L. Blitstein Phd, Sheryl C. Cates, James Hersey Phd, Doris Montgomery Ms, Rd, Ld, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Christine Hradek Mph, Katherine Kosa Ms, Loren Bell, Valerie Long Rd, Ld, Pamela A. Williams Phd, Sara Olson Ms, Rd, Anita Singh Phd, Rd

Political Science Publications

Background

Evidence supports the use of social marketing campaigns to improve nutrition knowledge and reinforce the effects of nutrition education programs. However, the additional effects of parent-focused social marketing with nutrition education have received little attention.

Objective

Our aim was to assess the impact of the Iowa Nutrition Network’s school-based nutrition education program (Building and Strengthening Iowa Community Support for Nutrition and Physical Activity [BASICS]) and the benefits of adding a multichannel social marketing intervention (BASICS Plus) to increase parent-directed communication.

Design and intervention

A quasi-experimental design with three study conditions compared a school-based nutrition education program (BASICS) with ...


The Dispute Over Wild Rice: An Investigation Of Treaty Agreements And Ojibwe Food Sovereignty, Amanda Raster, Christina Gish Hill May 2016

The Dispute Over Wild Rice: An Investigation Of Treaty Agreements And Ojibwe Food Sovereignty, Amanda Raster, Christina Gish Hill

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The treaties established between the United States federal government and American Indian nations imply U.S. recognition of Native political sovereignty. Political sovereignty encompasses not only the ability to govern oneself but also self-determination regarding resource use, including food. This paper addresses The White Pine Treaty of 1837, which acknowledges the Ojibwe people’s right to hunt, fish, and harvest wild rice in their traditional landscape. This acknowledgement by extension recognizes the Ojibwe’s right to food sovereignty. From the perspective of the Ojibwe, continuing these activities requires not simply controlling access to important food resources but also protecting their ...


Underrepresented, Courtney Carstens Jan 2016

Underrepresented, Courtney Carstens

Veritas

Each generation comes with obstacles. Society now faces a challenge of proper social security funding with the baby boomer's growing age. The self-reliant generation X rejects rules and mistrusts institutions. And millennials seem to have a problem with political inactivity.


Voting Third Party, Veritas Jan 2016

Voting Third Party, Veritas

Veritas

If you find your political ideologies do not match up with the Republican or Democratic Parties, consider registering third party.


The Team, Audra Kincart Jan 2016

The Team, Audra Kincart

Veritas

voting for the next commander-in-chief is an important civic duty. Whenever the President of the United States is not fit to serve our country, the vice president steps in place. Iowa State students vary in their interest of the vice presidential candidates.


Comparison Of This Election To Years Past, Alex Hanson Jan 2016

Comparison Of This Election To Years Past, Alex Hanson

Veritas

Even in what seems to be the era of rabid-partisans in American politics, just about everyone can agree on one thing—this election cycle has been anything but normal, and no one could have predicted where we are now.


The Republication Split, Chris Anderson Jan 2016

The Republication Split, Chris Anderson

Veritas

2016 has been called he year of the outsider. Republican nominee Donald J. Trump has redefined the meaning of outsider and the meaning of American politics as a whole.


Veritas (Fall 2016), Veritas Jan 2016

Veritas (Fall 2016), Veritas

Veritas

Comparison of this Election to Years Past; The Team; Underrepresented; The Republican Split; Voting Third Party


Letter From The Editor, Audra Kincart Jan 2016

Letter From The Editor, Audra Kincart

Veritas

My name is Audra Kincart, and I am the editor-in-chief for Veritas magazine. Veritas, Latin for truth, is the foundation we set before reporting politics. This annual issue is the second edition and we appreciate you taking the time to look through this ever-growing magazine.


Community Input: What Do You Think Should Be Covered More In Politics And Why?, Veritas Jan 2016

Community Input: What Do You Think Should Be Covered More In Politics And Why?, Veritas

Veritas

No abstract provided.


Bridging The Skills Gap And The Rise Of The Short-Term Certificate: A Case Study Of A Short-Term Manufacturing Certificate At A Mid-Size Comprehensive Community College, Valentina Ahedo Jan 2016

Bridging The Skills Gap And The Rise Of The Short-Term Certificate: A Case Study Of A Short-Term Manufacturing Certificate At A Mid-Size Comprehensive Community College, Valentina Ahedo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The recent resurgence of Performance Based Funding (PBF) in higher education has called for increased accountability to taxpayers for institutions receiving public State funds. The increase of short-term credentials/certificates has been cited as a by-product of the accountability movement that started in the late 1970s and is now known as PBF 2.0.

Recently a Midwest state adopted PBF for its technical college system. With end results mainly focused on completion, employment, and meeting industry’s needs for skilled workers, there has been an interest in understanding how PBF is shaping public Institutions of Higher Education’s response to ...


Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki Jan 2016

Under What Conditions, If Any, Should Be Abortion Legally Permissible, Eleni Apostolaki

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION

Our society is often divided between good and evil, right and wrong. However, the distinction between the two is not always that self-evident or can be taken light-heartedly. The issue I will address here qualifies as one of the most polarizing issues, whether abortion should be legally permissible and if so, under what conditions.

Posing this question we see people covering the whole strictness spectrum of either abortion-supporting or abortion-condemning groups, advocating their stances, based on arguments that they find concrete enough to win the “contest” and prevail against their adversaries. What are the questions we should ...


Intimidating Exemplars: The Deterrent Effect Of Excellent Women In Office, Madeline Onute Salucka Jan 2016

Intimidating Exemplars: The Deterrent Effect Of Excellent Women In Office, Madeline Onute Salucka

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It is well known that there are far fewer women than men serving in U.S. politics and elective office, and a great deal of research has been done to uncover the reason why. One factor articulated by Lawless and Fox is the way women perceive their qualifications to run for office, something they attribute to traditional gender socialization. I posit a different explanation—Intimidating Exemplars Theory. Drawing on concepts from Festinger’s Social Comparison Theory, I hypothesize that when considering a run for office, potential female candidates compare themselves to the women already in office. Since current female public ...


Privatizing Prisons: Assessing The Claims, James Michael Roller Jan 2016

Privatizing Prisons: Assessing The Claims, James Michael Roller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Private prison companies simply cannot prove that they are better than the public prison sector. This research was conducted to help determine why government agencies should take in consideration the advantages and disadvantages of contracting private companies to manage and/or provide facilities to incarcerate inmates. The research identifies that the private sector’s promises of better recidivism rates, lower cost of operations, and staff’s training, pay, and benefits equal to the public prison system are not significant enough to weigh in favor of contracting with the private companies. Statistical date, studies, peer reviewed sources, and journals regarding correctional ...


Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt Jan 2016

Constraints That Bind? A Comparison Of Ruler Longevity In Merit And Feudal Institutions, Cody Schmidt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the theory that veto players constrain executives and create a more stable political environment. This study extends previous research by looking at two new cases, the empires of China and Japan. I focus on the unconstrained rule of Chinese Emperors compared to their Japanese counterparts in part because of the existence of a developed feudal society in Medieval Japan, but also because China represents one of the earliest forms of meritocratic recruitment for higher offices in the government. Using data on imperial rule, this thesis analyzes the constraining effect of feudal institutions in a context found outside ...


Law, Politics, And The Creation Of Public Policy: How The Two Can Come Together And Create Better Public Policy, Jefferson William Fink Jan 2016

Law, Politics, And The Creation Of Public Policy: How The Two Can Come Together And Create Better Public Policy, Jefferson William Fink

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Public policy is so much more than just the passage of laws and legislation; public policy is the government. The creation of public policy is a very long and complicated process. Public policies that start in the Legislature have to go through a complex process of which many lawyers do not understand how the legislative process works. The Executive takes the law and refines it through executive agencies which then create rules and regulations of the public policy. The Executive agencies’ process of creating public policies has led to a complex web of relevant rules and regulations that are necessary ...


Gender Framing In Political Advertising During The 2014 United States Senate Election In North Carolina, Louisiana, Iowa And Kentucky, Yiting Huang Jan 2016

Gender Framing In Political Advertising During The 2014 United States Senate Election In North Carolina, Louisiana, Iowa And Kentucky, Yiting Huang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing tendency for political candidates to frame their campaign advertising more negatively when mentioning their opponents rather than talk positively about themselves. However, some gender differences are likely to influence the amount of negative content in one's advertising. In addition, gender stereotypes are considered as a disadvantage factor for women in campaigns, while some scholars suggest that stereotypes might help to build the reputation of women. As a result, this study examined the 2014 election for U.S. senate in North Carolina, Iowa, Kentucky and Louisiana because these four states were rated as top four states ...


Political Participation In Kosovo, Alisa Hasani Jan 2016

Political Participation In Kosovo, Alisa Hasani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

What determines conventional and unconventional modes of political participation? Are they equally and positively related to social status and education? There are several factors that explain these two modes of participation. Using data collected under this study, UNDP data, and interviews, this thesis explains the factors that determine political participation in Kosovo. Eight hypotheses are tested, using both bivariate correlations and logistic regression analyses. Results indicate that party membership and social networks are very important in explaining both conventional and unconventional political participation in Kosovo.


Civil War Determinants: The Case Of Iraq And Syria's Civil War And The Rise Of Islamic State (Isis), Goran Kamal Hassan Jan 2016

Civil War Determinants: The Case Of Iraq And Syria's Civil War And The Rise Of Islamic State (Isis), Goran Kamal Hassan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper evaluates the effect of three key mechanisms—state capacity, ethnic grievances, and third party assistance—on the probability of civil war onset from 1960 to 1999. Using cross-national data logistic analysis for 160 countries, I found that states with poor governance quality are more prone to civil conflict. This hypothesis is tested and confirmed using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and tax ratio as two indicators for the state’s administrative quality. Second, ethnic grievances are measured by the degree of economic and political disparities across ethnic groups (horizontal inequality). In contrast, to several recent influential civil war researches ...


Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser Jan 2016

Identity Theft Education: Comparison Of Text-Based And Game-Based Learning, Susan Helser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Identity theft continues to grow. It drains a host of valuable resources from Society. Trust is affected. Identity theft can upend an individual’s life and well-being. In the business sector financial losses consume profit and jeopardize the stability of industry. New and complementary approaches to combat the crime are needed.

This research examines two educational methods, one text-based and the other game-based, designed to present information about identity theft. For this purpose I developed Fight Identity Theft (FIT) software. In addition to collecting demographic information, pre- and post-survey responses and feedback data, FIT provides two educational modules. The program ...


Who Supports Voter Identification?, Michael Roderick Jackson Jan 2016

Who Supports Voter Identification?, Michael Roderick Jackson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast the differences in attitudes from the perspective of African Americans and Caucasian voters in the U.S. In addition, this study examined conscience or unconscious bias toward voter identification laws. In particular, were the effects of voter identification laws viewed through different lens depending on a voter’s ethnic background, social economic status, gender, age, or a voter’s political ideology? I approach this research by examining the results of research conducted by Michael Dawson, Lawrence Bobo, David Wilson, and Paul Brewer. These experts examined both ends of the political ...


Evaluating The Effects Of Food Aid On Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Disaggregate Approach, Elizabeth Christine Dippold Jan 2016

Evaluating The Effects Of Food Aid On Conflict In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Disaggregate Approach, Elizabeth Christine Dippold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Despite the benefit to hungry people in recipient countries, the use of food aid as a form of international assistance has become a source of contention among policy makers and researchers. The accusation is that food aid promotes the onset of conflict and sustains conflict in already volatile areas. This paper examines the relationship between food aid and conflict at the disaggregate, local level, with the purpose of determining if the provision of food aid increases conflict in recipient areas. The geospatial analysis performed as part of this study focused on 346 individual food aid events across 17 African countries ...


Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin Jan 2016

Framing China's National Image Through Film: Chinese Political Films In The 1980s And The 2000s, Ruiqi Lin

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research examines how Chinese political films frame national image at the present time (2000s) and compares that portrayal with an earlier time period (1980s). Attempting to build a bridge between framing theory and film studies, and also trying to provide an comprehensive measurement of national image, this research expands the concept of national image to include political and cultural aspects: the former involves key dimensions such as major political figures and state capacity, while the latter contains traditional cultural representations, national culture portrayals, and patriotism appeal. Through a qualitative content analysis of two films, The Founding of A Republic ...


Classification Of Tweets Into Policy Agenda Topics, Rihui Li Jan 2016

Classification Of Tweets Into Policy Agenda Topics, Rihui Li

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Twitter is a novel online microblogging service launched in July 2006. This service has been rapidly gaining worldwide popularity. It has more than 500 million users, out of which there are more than 332 million active users in May 2015. Twitter website is one of the ten most visited websites and has been described as “the SMS of the Internet.” It is not only widely used in a person’s daily life, but also in politics, such as running election campaigns, mining or influencing public opinions.

We study the problem of automated classification of tweets posted on official accounts by ...


Trumpism: How Agenda Setting In The Media Drove A Movement, Angela Jean Caulk Jan 2016

Trumpism: How Agenda Setting In The Media Drove A Movement, Angela Jean Caulk

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study will look at agenda setting in the media and how it aided in the spread of Trumpism. Broadcasts of the three major cable news networks were looked at. The constructed-week method was used to produce a sample of 36 shows that represent 12 days during the selected time frame. A descriptive qualitative content analysis was then used to examine the coverage relating to the main themes of the Trump campaign: immigration, terrorism, crime, economic insecurity, and populism. A survey was then conducted to show how the themes found affected voter behavior. The study found that the amount of ...


Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi Jan 2016

Women's Representation In Majlis Al Shura In Oman: How Do Gender Ideology, Islam, And Tribalism Matter?, Ahlam Khalfan Al Subhi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Little work examines women's representation in elected office in non-Western countries, especially in the Arab region. Cross-national studies considering Arabic countries have argued that Islam and culture are the main reasons the Arab region has the lowest rate of women's representation in the world. However, this topic cannot be fully understood without taking into account informal politics, especially tribalism and the practices of social elites in this region. This study investigates the determinants of voting for female candidates using data from the first electoral survey ever conducted in Oman, prior to the October 2015 elections for Majlis al ...


Addressing Endogeneity In Actor-Speci Fi C Network Measures, Frederick J. Boehmke, Olga Chyzh, Cameron G. Thies Jan 2016

Addressing Endogeneity In Actor-Speci Fi C Network Measures, Frederick J. Boehmke, Olga Chyzh, Cameron G. Thies

Political Science Publications

The study of international relations (IR), and political science more broadly, has derived great benefits from the recent growth of conceptualizing and modeling political phenomena within their broader network contexts. More than just a novel approach to evaluating the old puzzles, network analysis provides a whole new way of theoretical thinking. Challenging the traditional dyad-driven approach to the study of IR, networks highlight actor interdependence that goes beyond dyads and emphasizes that many traditional IR variables, such as conflict, trade, alliances, or international organization memberships must be treated and studied as networks. Properties of these networks (e.g., polarization, density ...


Keeping Up With Which Joneses: Spatial Diffusion Of Rule Of Law Through Economic International Organizations, Olga Chyzh Jan 2016

Keeping Up With Which Joneses: Spatial Diffusion Of Rule Of Law Through Economic International Organizations, Olga Chyzh

Political Science Publications

I develop a theory of spatial diffusion of the rule of law, where “space” is conceptualized as shared memberships in economic international organizations (IOs). I argue that the rule of law diffuses as a result of economic competition and socialization. Outside evaluators, such as international leaders, activists, and most importantly, international firms and investors, often assess states’ attractiveness as a business venue by comparing them to similar states. The natural reference group for such comparisons is not just geographical neighbors, but also states with shared memberships in economic IOs. Responding to this evaluation, states identify members of their own reference ...


Dangerous Liaisons An Endogenous Model Of International Trade And Human Rights, Olga Chyzh Jan 2016

Dangerous Liaisons An Endogenous Model Of International Trade And Human Rights, Olga Chyzh

Political Science Publications

This article applies recent advances in network analysis to highlight a central tension faced by policymakers – balancing the benefits of engaging with the international system and the associated domestic policy costs. International trade rewards certain domestic practices, such as respect for human rights. Enforcing such practices, however, is politically costly and sometimes prohibitive to state leaders who rely on political repression to stay in power. In such cases, domestic elites often resort to an alternative strategy of securing the benefits of international trade – setting up indirect trade channels through intermediary states. These competing incentives are modeled within a single framework ...


The Spatial Dimensions Of State Fiscal Capacity The Mechanisms Of International Influence On Domestic Extractive Efforts, Cameron G. Thies, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman Jan 2016

The Spatial Dimensions Of State Fiscal Capacity The Mechanisms Of International Influence On Domestic Extractive Efforts, Cameron G. Thies, Olga Chyzh, Mark David Nieman

Political Science Publications

This paper expands traditional predatory theory approaches to state fiscal capacity by adopting spatial analytical reasoning and methods. While previous work in the predatory theory tradition has often incorporated interdependent external influences, such as war and trade, it has often done so in a way that maintains a theoretical and empirical autonomy of the state. Theoretically, we suggest four mechanisms (coercion, competition, learning, and emulation) that operate to channel information through interstate rivalry and territorial contiguity, trade networks, and the political space associated with regime type and intergovernmental organization membership. We test our predictions using a multi-parametric spatio-temporal autoregressive model ...