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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Dems And The Gop Are Miles Apart On Yet Another Issue: Public Lands, John Freemuth, Mackenzie Case Oct 2016

Dems And The Gop Are Miles Apart On Yet Another Issue: Public Lands, John Freemuth, Mackenzie Case

Public Policy and Administration Faculty Publications and Presentations

It’s unlikely the presidential candidates will field a question about public lands during their last debate. But public land is an issue that concerns many Americans, with arguments over it flaring up with cyclical regularity.


The History Behind Philippine President Duterte’S Obama Insult, Shelton Woods Sep 2016

The History Behind Philippine President Duterte’S Obama Insult, Shelton Woods

History Faculty Publications and Presentations

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte speaks his mind. He does not back down.

Some believe he took his plain speaking too far this week before leaving the Philippines for a summit in Laos.

Reporters asked how Duterte intended to answer President Obama’s concerns over the more than 1,300 drug suspects killed over the past two months in Duterte’s anti-drug campaign. Using a well-known Tagalog obscenity, the Phillipine president called Obama a son of a bitch.


Peace Through Partnership: Igo Membership And Military Spending, Isaac M. Castellano Sep 2016

Peace Through Partnership: Igo Membership And Military Spending, Isaac M. Castellano

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper examines the role International Intergovernmental Organization (IGO) memberships have on defense expenditures, arguing that state leaders substitute high military spending rates for IGO membership as the information transmission mechanisms of IGOs offer more accurate information about the security environment that diminishes the need for military spending. States do not become pacifists as they are integrated into the international network of IGOs; rather, they find a reduced usefulness in and need for a robust military. This project empirically tests this relationship, and findings indicate a small but significant relationship between military spending and IGO membership. The most integrated states ...


Corporate Sponsors At Yosemite?: The Case Against Privatizing National Parks, John Freemuth, William Lowry Aug 2016

Corporate Sponsors At Yosemite?: The Case Against Privatizing National Parks, John Freemuth, William Lowry

Public Policy and Administration Faculty Publications and Presentations

The centennial of the National Park Service is inspiring an impressive amount of soul-searching about the agency and the lands for which it is responsible. This is timely and appropriate, as the NPS faces serious challenges that affect the preservation of these precious lands.


Navigating The Arab Spring: The Power Of Food Prices And The Stability Of Monarchies, Evan Andrew Buck Aug 2016

Navigating The Arab Spring: The Power Of Food Prices And The Stability Of Monarchies, Evan Andrew Buck

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

The Arab Spring shocked the world of political science and international relations due to the collapse of many regimes that were commonly seen as stable. This research seeks to uncover how food pricing, which acted as a “threat multiplier,” incentivized unrest. Through the study of five nations from the Arab Spring—Egypt, Syria, Libya, Tunisia, and Jordan—two things are apparent. First, the monarchy of Jordan is the only regime that remained stable. Second, food prices played an important role in the mobilization of protest. This leads to a quantitative analysis between state fragility, food prices, and monarchies in the ...


Analysis Of Cyber Incidents Between Dyadic Rivals, Barry Edwin Newell Aug 2016

Analysis Of Cyber Incidents Between Dyadic Rivals, Barry Edwin Newell

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Cyber conflict between states is a growing trend. There is a large body of research on cyber conflict, but there is very little quantitative analysis to support the theories or to assist in predicting future use of cyber operations. Using a logistic regression analysis, this thesis studies cyber conflicts between dyadic rivals from 2001 to 2011 to answer under what conditions cyber incidents occur between dyadic rivals in the past in the hopes to better analyze and predict future cyber incidents. The data demonstrate that the geographic proximity between dyads increases the probability of a cyber incident occurring while any ...


The Impact Of Presidential Visits On Midterm Gubernatorial Elections, Tyler James Holden Aug 2016

The Impact Of Presidential Visits On Midterm Gubernatorial Elections, Tyler James Holden

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Scholarship on the impact of visits by the president of the United States on midterm gubernatorial elections is limited. This paper will examine the effects of such visits by the president of the United States on midterm gubernatorial elections. Cohen, Kreassa, and Hamman (1991) analyzed the impact of presidential visits on senate races and discovered these visits are strategic; also, when the president gets involved in an election, the president has a positive impact. I also believe that when different visits are split out different types of visits will have different effects. This is based on the time commitment of ...


Personal Security And Immigration In The European Union, Anna Kristi Muzzy Aug 2016

Personal Security And Immigration In The European Union, Anna Kristi Muzzy

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

What is the impact of migration patterns on perceptions of personal security in the European Union countries over the past half-decade? Although the numbers of migrants from outside the EU are undeniably massive, their impact upon domestic public opinion is understudied. Following recent work that explores themes of fear of migrants in EU native populations (Bustikova 2014, d' Appollonia and Reich 2008, Ivarsflaten 2008), I propose a multivariate model that explains variation across EU countries in citizens' views of personal security that includes migration rates, unemployment rates, crime rates, the presence of terrorism, and views of government performance. The results ...


Personality, Interpersonal Disagreement, And Electoral Information, Jeffrey Lyons, Anand E. Sokhey, Scott D. Mcclurg, Drew Seib Jul 2016

Personality, Interpersonal Disagreement, And Electoral Information, Jeffrey Lyons, Anand E. Sokhey, Scott D. Mcclurg, Drew Seib

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Interpersonal disagreement has been linked to a variety of democratic outcomes, and classic theories of social influence place it at the heart of opinion formation. We examine the relationship between exposure to disagreement and information seeking during elections, while developing and testing a theory of heterogeneous effects based on recent work on personality and discussion (e.g., Gerber et al. 2012). Using a simulated campaign experiment (Lau and Redlawsk 2006) and data from the 2008–9 ANES panel study, we find consistent evidence that personality conditions responses to disagreement in expected ways—it enhances effects for those with certain traits ...


How The Antiquities Act Has Expanded The National Park System And Fueled Struggles Over Land Protection, John Freemuth Jun 2016

How The Antiquities Act Has Expanded The National Park System And Fueled Struggles Over Land Protection, John Freemuth

Public Policy and Administration Faculty Publications and Presentations

As Americans anticipate summer vacation, many are planning trips to our nation’s iconic national parks, such as the Grand Canyon, Zion, Acadia and Olympic. But they may not realize that these and other parks exist because presidents used their power under the Antiquities Act, enacted on June 8, 1906, to protect those places from exploitation and development.


From Mao To Xi: Chinese Political Leadership And The Craft Of Consolidating Power, Dexter Lensing Apr 2016

From Mao To Xi: Chinese Political Leadership And The Craft Of Consolidating Power, Dexter Lensing

McNair Scholars Research Journal

During 1965-66, a great power struggle engulfed Chinese politics while the Vietnam War escalated. While most scholars study this period for the Cultural Revolution Mao launched, this research proposes to examine the role the Vietnam War played in China’s political power struggle. Specifically, my research will show how Mao used the issue of Vietnam to defeat his rivals and consolidate power. The Chinese political structure has changed considerably since the mid-1970s. Yet, current President Xi Jinping has attempted to purge rivals and consolidate power during his term in office. Given this largely successful attempt, I want to know the ...


A Woman’S Choice At The State Legislative District Level: A Comparative Case Study Of The Northwest, Timothy Hibbard Apr 2016

A Woman’S Choice At The State Legislative District Level: A Comparative Case Study Of The Northwest, Timothy Hibbard

McNair Scholars Research Journal

A major concern in the United States is the underrepresentation of women in State Legislatures. Based on data from CAWP at Rutgers University, the growth of female representation has stagnated since the mid-90s. In an attempt to study this trend, I asked the question, are women’s preferences for legislative districts different than their male counterparts? I looked specifically at open-seat districts, hypothesizing that women are more likely than men to choose an open-seat district. I compiled a comparative case study of the States in the Northwest, due to its high diversity among various factors including partisanship, urbanization, and population ...


Campaigning For Capital: Fair Elections And Foreign Investment In Comparative Perspective, Michael Touchton Mar 2016

Campaigning For Capital: Fair Elections And Foreign Investment In Comparative Perspective, Michael Touchton

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper addresses the question of what explains capital inflows. In so doing, it makes several contributions to the literature on political risk and the determinants of foreign investment. First, I clarify the relationship between capital flows and democracy’s constituent parts in a way that takes arguments beyond aggregate democracy indicators and static political institutional structures. Specifically, I argue that fair elections signal government respect for democracy and the rule of law in a highly visible manner that investors can access. I show how investors use the fairness of elections as a way to assess political risk and to ...


Blog Consumption And International Relations, Michael A. Allen Jan 2016

Blog Consumption And International Relations, Michael A. Allen

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

International relations professors have sought to incorporate current events into their curriculum through various mechanisms. A traditional way to incorporate the news into the classroom is to have students either subscribe and read a particular newspaper, or watch the nightly news, and hold them responsible for that information. However, with the growing body of professional political science blogs available to the general public, we now have access to immediate current event updates framed through the lens of political science. This manuscript tests to see if having students regularly read professional political science blogs increases student achievement on multiple choice exams ...


The Benefits Of Balance: Credibility, The Rule Of Law, And Investment In Latin America, Michael Touchton Jan 2016

The Benefits Of Balance: Credibility, The Rule Of Law, And Investment In Latin America, Michael Touchton

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Research surrounding political institutions and credible commitment to the rule of law is integral to recent efforts to tie democracy to economic development. I identify the determinants of rule-of-law perceptions in Latin America and argue that constraining elected officials facilitates a commitment to democracy that makes government policies credible. I also argue that aspects of politics leading to deadlock might have a hidden upside in generating policy credibility. I test my arguments against pooled cross-sectional, time series data for twenty Latin American countries between 1996 and 2012. Ultimately, my research demonstrates the benefits of functioning checks and balances among elected ...


The Engagement Curve: Populism And Political Engagement In Latin America, Rafael Piñeiro, Matthew Rhodes-Purdy, Fernando Rosenblatt Jan 2016

The Engagement Curve: Populism And Political Engagement In Latin America, Rafael Piñeiro, Matthew Rhodes-Purdy, Fernando Rosenblatt

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Considerable research has been conducted on the relationship between socioeconomic inequality and political engagement. However, there is little consensus on the exact nature of the relationship, and considerable variation in the relationship exists even among countries with similar levels of inequality. This lack of clarity in the literature exists because the impact of inequality on engagement is not constant, but changes depending on the strategic choices of political leaders. Populist leaders, who tend to explicitly connect political and socioeconomic exclusion, can activate latent grievances around inequality. Using data from the Latin American Public Opinion Project, we show that inequality leads ...


The Dynamics Of Presidential Legacies, Sean J. Byrne, Justin S. Vaughn Jan 2016

The Dynamics Of Presidential Legacies, Sean J. Byrne, Justin S. Vaughn

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

It has been said that one of the few things you can’t do in life a second time is to make a first impression; however, in politics, and especially presidential politics, while it may not be possible to change that first impression, it is possible to change the public’s opinion, and how one might be perceived long after their political career is over. The 43 men who have been the U.S president have been analyzed and scrutinized throughout their lives and political careers. Prior to running for president, they establish a resume that puts them in the ...