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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Theoretical Analysis Of Isis Indoctrination And Recruitment, Trevor Hawkins Dec 2016

A Theoretical Analysis Of Isis Indoctrination And Recruitment, Trevor Hawkins

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

This paper is an attempt to use various theories in the social sciences as a tool to understand the mechanisms employed in ISIS indoctrination and recruitment tactics. There is a discussion of theories that have been developed in the field of influence psychology, rationalizing the context of indoctrination within this area of study. There is a discussion of proposedly relevant materials in philosophy, specifically simulacrum and linguistic deconstruction. These components are extrapolated to interpret a first person account of ISIS indoctrination, the first-ever ISIS recruitment film, and a Radical-Islamist periodical Inspire Magazine. Using a form of propaganda film analysis, and ...


A Nudge Towards Excellence: The Application Of Behavioral Economics In Education Policy, Jack Dimatteo Nov 2016

A Nudge Towards Excellence: The Application Of Behavioral Economics In Education Policy, Jack Dimatteo

HON499 projects

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the potential for the application of behavioral economics to the field of education policy through “nudges.” Given the difficulty of passing effective comprehensive education reform legislation, the application of nudges represents a low-cost, high-impact approaching to improve student outcomes. This paper offers definitions of several key concepts in the fields of behavioral economics and education: education reform, behavioral economics, choice architecture, nudges, and why behavioral economics is particularly relevant to education reform. Also, the paper describes past education reform attempts, including two that incorporated behavioral economics and two that did not, and ...


2016 Presidential Campaign And The American College Student, Madison Frost Nov 2016

2016 Presidential Campaign And The American College Student, Madison Frost

Scholars Week

It is perceived by many that college students have low awareness of the presidential campaign and its candidates. Many blame the sources from which knowledge is attained. Most researchers agree that the Internet and newspaper are the most popular sources, and both are positively related to political knowledge (Kenski & Stroud, 2006; Valentino, Hutchings, & Dmitri, 2004; Cao, 2008). Cao (2008) also found a positive association between young adults and political comedy shows, which have become even more popular since 2008. Other researchers found that watching presidential debates increased knowledge of candidates, but only individuals who were already interested in politics took the time to watch ...


Personality And Leadership Profiles Of 2016 Presidential Candidates Hillary Clinton And Donald Trump, Aubrey Immelman Nov 2016

Personality And Leadership Profiles Of 2016 Presidential Candidates Hillary Clinton And Donald Trump, Aubrey Immelman

Forum Lectures

Aubrey Immelman presents the psychological profiles of the Democratic and Republican nominees in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. The presentation outlines the leadership implications of the profiles and compares the nominees’ scores on the locally developed Presidential Electability Index (PEI). The PEI, which has accurately predicted the outcome of every presidential election since 1996, projects that Trump will win the election.


Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes Nov 2016

Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


The Political Personality Of 2016 Republican Presidential Nominee Donald J. Trump, Aubrey Immelman Oct 2016

The Political Personality Of 2016 Republican Presidential Nominee Donald J. Trump, Aubrey Immelman

Psychology Faculty Publications

This paper presents the results of an indirect assessment of the personality of Donald J. Trump, Republican nominee in the 2016 U.S. presidential election, conducted 2015–2016 from the conceptual perspective of personologist Theodore Millon.

Psychodiagnostically relevant data about Trump were collected from biographical sources and media reports and synthesized into a personality profile using the Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria (MIDC), which yields 34 normal and maladaptive personality classifications congruent with DSM–III–R, DSM–IV, and DSM–5.

The personality profile yielded by the MIDC was analyzed in accordance with interpretive guidelines provided in the MIDC and ...


Dealing With Migratory Trauma: Mental Health Stressors And Coping Mechanisms Among Sub-Saharan Migrants In Rabat, Morocco, Dominique Defreece Oct 2016

Dealing With Migratory Trauma: Mental Health Stressors And Coping Mechanisms Among Sub-Saharan Migrants In Rabat, Morocco, Dominique Defreece

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Interviews, surveys, and participant observation was used to study the mental health of Sub-Saharan migrants residing in Rabat, Morocco. These data collection methods were used to explore the various experiences migrants had pre-migration, during their migration journey, and post-migration. The migrants portrayed many negative, traumatic, and painful experiences. These experiences have caused a significant amount of pressure on the mental psyche of the migrants, manifesting itself in many physical and psychological problems. One common problem was a sense of disillusionment or lack of control over their bodies and situations. However, many of them do not seek the help of mental ...


The Political Personality Of 2016 Democratic Presidential Nominee Hillary Clinton, Aubrey Immelman Oct 2016

The Political Personality Of 2016 Democratic Presidential Nominee Hillary Clinton, Aubrey Immelman

Psychology Faculty Publications

This paper presents the results of an indirect assessment of the personality of Hillary Rodham Clinton, Democratic nominee in the 2016 U.S. presidential election. The present report combines data from five studies conducted between 1998 and 2016 from the conceptual perspective of personologist Theodore Millon.

Psychodiagnostically relevant data about Clinton was collected from biographical sources and media reports and synthesized into a personality profile using the Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria (MIDC), which yields 34 normal and maladaptive personality classifications congruent with Axis II of DSM–IV.

The personality profile yielded by the MIDC was analyzed in accordance with ...


Genocide Denial: Perpetuating Victimization And The Cycle Of Violence In Bosnia And Herzegovina (Bih), Genevieve Parent Oct 2016

Genocide Denial: Perpetuating Victimization And The Cycle Of Violence In Bosnia And Herzegovina (Bih), Genevieve Parent

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

The denial of the Armenian genocide led to devastating effects on both the individual and collective levels which in many cases were passed down to their descendants. In BiH, many of the facts are not denied per se but the interpretation is such that genocidal intent is denied. While some research has been done on the consequences of trauma among BiH survivors, no in-depth studies are found on the effects of denial on the survivors’ psychosocial well-being. This article aims to fill in the gaps based on in-depth-interviews carried out since 2011 in BiH, investigating the cognitive, affective and behavioral ...


An Analysis Of The Organizational Structures Of New Types Of Children's Associations In Relation To Changing Views Of Children's Capacities As Citizens, Bijan Kimiagar Sep 2016

An Analysis Of The Organizational Structures Of New Types Of Children's Associations In Relation To Changing Views Of Children's Capacities As Citizens, Bijan Kimiagar

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The goal of this study is to learn how new types of children’s associations around the world are organizing themselves and how their organizational structures reflect contemporary understandings of children’s capacities as citizens. The purpose is to identify different types and qualities of participatory children’s associations and how each affords opportunities for children to exercise their right to freedom of association, develop capacities for self-governance in groups, and promote the principles of inclusion (non-discrimination) and equity (fairness). To this end, I document and analyze diagrams of organizational structures that members of different children’s associations created during ...


Group Empathy Theory: The Effect Of Group Empathy On U.S. Intergroup Attitudes And Behavior In The Context Of Immigration Threats, Cigdem Sirin, Nicholas Valentino, José Villalobos Aug 2016

Group Empathy Theory: The Effect Of Group Empathy On U.S. Intergroup Attitudes And Behavior In The Context Of Immigration Threats, Cigdem Sirin, Nicholas Valentino, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

Group Empathy Theory posits empathy felt by members of one group can boost support for another even when the groups are in direct competition for rights, security, and resources. We employ our theory to explain divergent reactions of majority versus minority groups to immigration threats. We conduct a two-wave national survey experiment with 1,799 participants consisting of a randomized sample of Anglos and randomized, stratified oversamples of African Americans and Latinos. The experiment manipulates racial/ethnic cues in a vignette depicting an ambiguous yet potentially threatening incident at an immigrant detention center. African Americans and Latinos are significantly more ...


Familiarity Bias: Examining A Cognitive-Affective Mechanism Underlying Ideological Support For The Status Quo, John C. Blanchar Aug 2016

Familiarity Bias: Examining A Cognitive-Affective Mechanism Underlying Ideological Support For The Status Quo, John C. Blanchar

Theses and Dissertations

It is well established that people like familiarity over novelty. Because that which is most familiar is frequently indicative of the way things are, favoring familiarity should create a psychological advantage for the status quo. In two studies, I tested the hypothesis that familiarity bias—susceptibility to the mere-exposure effect whereby attitude objects receive increasingly favorable evaluations due to repeated sensory experience—is foundational to ideological support for the status quo. In Study 1, individual variation in familiarity bias predicted greater Right-Wing Authoritarianism. Existential threat was experimentally manipulated via the salience of international terrorism in Study 2, but was unsuccessful ...


Indian Doctoral Research In Social Sciences With Specific Reference To Library And Information Science, Jyotshna Sahoo, Santosini Mundhial, Basudev Mohanty Jul 2016

Indian Doctoral Research In Social Sciences With Specific Reference To Library And Information Science, Jyotshna Sahoo, Santosini Mundhial, Basudev Mohanty

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The very purpose of the paper is to focus on the output of doctoral research in different fields of Social Sciences in India. Attempts have been made to project various indicators of Social Science research and more comprehensively Library and Information Science research by analyzing doctoral research works carried out during the period 2010-2012. While presenting quantification of research output in the form doctoral theses for the period of study, the paper highlights distribution of research output by discipline, language, ranking pattern of Universities, States, and supervisors by their output. The paper also indicates the core areas of research activity ...


On Multiethnic Schools In Consociational Democracies: A Comparative Analysis Of Brčko District And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Šarančić Jun 2016

On Multiethnic Schools In Consociational Democracies: A Comparative Analysis Of Brčko District And Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Šarančić

Lawrence University Honors Projects

The 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement both ended the Bosnian War and created the consociational democracy that exists in Bosnia and Herzegovina to this day. The ethnic autonomy created by the Dayton Agreement has resulted in a frozen conflict between ethnic groups that has manifested itself in the country’s monoethnic education system. This study explores the short-term stability under consociationalism and the long-term stability under a multiethnic education system. Additionally, this study explains the importance of the country’s only multiethnic education system in Brčko District and how it came into existence.


The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson Jun 2016

The One Exhibition The Roots Of The Lgbt Equality Movement One Magazine & The First Gay Supreme Court Case In U.S. History 1943-1958, Joshua R. Edmundson

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The ONE Exhibition explores an era in American history marked by intense government sponsored anti-gay persecution and the genesis of the LGBT equality movement. The study begins during World War II, continues through the McCarthy era and the founding of the nation’s first gay magazine, and ends in 1958 with the first gay Supreme Court case in U.S. history.

Central to the story is ONE The Homosexual Magazine, and its founders, as they embarked on a quest for LGBT equality by establishing the first ongoing nationwide forum for gay people in the U.S., and challenged the government ...


The Contributions Of Anatol Rapoport To Game Theory, Erika Simpson May 2016

The Contributions Of Anatol Rapoport To Game Theory, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

Game theory is used to rationally and dispassionately examine the strategic behaviour of nations, especially superpower behaviour. This article explains how basic game theory - at its simplest level - was used by Anatol Rapoport to generate ideas about how to enhance world peace. Rapoport was at the forefront of the game theoreticians who sought to conceptualize strategies that could promote international cooperation. Accordingly, the basic logic of game theory is explained using the game models of ‘Chicken’ and ‘Prisoner’s Dilemma’. These models were used by Rapoport in his books and lectures in simple and complex ways. Then Rapoport’s revolutionary ...


Women And Men Leading In Christian Nonprofits And Universities, Amy Reynolds May 2016

Women And Men Leading In Christian Nonprofits And Universities, Amy Reynolds

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Hierarchical Organizational Culture, Organizational Environment, And Women’S Experience On Work-Family Enrichment In South Korea, Sunyoung Park, Sung Jun Jo May 2016

The Influence Of Hierarchical Organizational Culture, Organizational Environment, And Women’S Experience On Work-Family Enrichment In South Korea, Sunyoung Park, Sung Jun Jo

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


The Gendered And Cultural Realities Of Managing A Global Workforce: Implications For Research And Practice, Kaumudi Misra May 2016

The Gendered And Cultural Realities Of Managing A Global Workforce: Implications For Research And Practice, Kaumudi Misra

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Diversity In Context, Lisbeth Clausen May 2016

Diversity In Context, Lisbeth Clausen

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Seeing Herself As A Leader: An Examination Of Gender-Leadership Frames In Women’S Leader Identity Development, Beth K. Humberd, Judith A. Clair May 2016

Seeing Herself As A Leader: An Examination Of Gender-Leadership Frames In Women’S Leader Identity Development, Beth K. Humberd, Judith A. Clair

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Examining Women’S Leadership Identity Development, Donna Chrobot-Mason, Lindsay Johnson, Jasmine Burno, Nathan Ball, Larry Kinkopf May 2016

Examining Women’S Leadership Identity Development, Donna Chrobot-Mason, Lindsay Johnson, Jasmine Burno, Nathan Ball, Larry Kinkopf

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Intersectionality On The Path To Leadership: The Role Of Identity Management In Influencing Hiring Outcomes, Danielle D. King, Ann Marie Ryan, Jennifer Wessel May 2016

Intersectionality On The Path To Leadership: The Role Of Identity Management In Influencing Hiring Outcomes, Danielle D. King, Ann Marie Ryan, Jennifer Wessel

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


“Paganpreneurs”: Demythologizing The Gender Gap In The “Cult Of The Entrepreneur”, Mandy Wheadon, Nathalie Duval-Couetil May 2016

“Paganpreneurs”: Demythologizing The Gender Gap In The “Cult Of The Entrepreneur”, Mandy Wheadon, Nathalie Duval-Couetil

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Am I An Entrepreneur? How Imposter Fears Hinder Women Entrepreneurs’ Business Growth, Jamie J. Ladge, Kimberly A. Eddleston May 2016

Am I An Entrepreneur? How Imposter Fears Hinder Women Entrepreneurs’ Business Growth, Jamie J. Ladge, Kimberly A. Eddleston

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Gender In The Workplace: The Effects Of Social Networks In Cross-Cutting Project Teams, Vernon Anthony Woodley May 2016

Gender In The Workplace: The Effects Of Social Networks In Cross-Cutting Project Teams, Vernon Anthony Woodley

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Social Media, Gender Inequality And The Workplace, Valerie Stead, Carole Elliott, Belinda Blevins-Knabe, Emily Chan, Kathy S. Grove, Maylon Hanold, Amy E. Smith May 2016

Social Media, Gender Inequality And The Workplace, Valerie Stead, Carole Elliott, Belinda Blevins-Knabe, Emily Chan, Kathy S. Grove, Maylon Hanold, Amy E. Smith

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Qualifications And Perceived Riskiness On Selection: Gendered Implications For Leadership, Chantal Vanesch, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil, Diana Bilimoria May 2016

The Role Of Qualifications And Perceived Riskiness On Selection: Gendered Implications For Leadership, Chantal Vanesch, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil, Diana Bilimoria

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


Who’S On Top: Can Gender Differences In Risk-Taking Lead To Gendered Hierarchies?, Susan R. Fisk May 2016

Who’S On Top: Can Gender Differences In Risk-Taking Lead To Gendered Hierarchies?, Susan R. Fisk

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.


A Qualitative Exploration Of The Leaky Pipeline For Women In Law, Elizabeth M. Boyd, Erin Wolf May 2016

A Qualitative Exploration Of The Leaky Pipeline For Women In Law, Elizabeth M. Boyd, Erin Wolf

Leadership Excellence and Gender in Organizations

No abstract provided.