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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

People's War In Cyberspace: Using China's Civilian Economy In The Information Domain, Kieran Richard Green Dec 2016

People's War In Cyberspace: Using China's Civilian Economy In The Information Domain, Kieran Richard Green

Military Cyber Affairs

China is identified as posing a key challenge to US national security interests in cyberspace. These threats are incurred across the spectrum of conflict, ranging from low-level crime, to network penetration, to cyberattacks that have the potential to cause major physical destruction. Thus far, the majority of strategic assessments of China’s cyber capabilities have focused on the role of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), which is officially tasked with undertaking offensive operations in cyberspace.[1] However, China does not employ its cyber capabilities in isolation. Rather, it considers cyber to be part of the “Information Domain.” In Chinese ...


Ajit Singh, Ajit Singh Dec 2016

Ajit Singh, Ajit Singh

Digital Narratives of Asia

After thirty years as a career diplomat, Malaysia's first ASEAN Secretary-General Ajit Singh, sees his five-year term as the most productive, golden years of his life. He speaks to DNA about the challenges he faced with admitting Myanmar to ASEAN, and the visionary ASEAN leadership. He also expounds on the differences in impacts of work between an ambassador and a bureaucrat.


Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf Dec 2016

Surfing The Revolutionary Wave 2010-12: A Social Theory Of Agency, Resistance, And Orders Of Dissent In Contemporary Social Movements, Athina Karatzogianni, Michael Schandorf

Athina Karatzogianni

The theorisation and understanding of contemporary social movements, socio-technological phenomena, and the intersection of the two are limited by an incommensurability between the conceptualisations of individual agency and the disciplining powers of social structures. We introduce a theory of sociotechnological agency that bridges the individual and the social through a reconceptualization of the conventional notion of intentionality. Drawing from recent theories of affect and embodiment, posthuman-influenced materialisms and realisms, postmodern critical theory, and critiques of network theory, we introduce a model for understanding sociopolitical action and dissent that accounts for individual human agency as a nexus of overlapping and often ...


Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross Dec 2016

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


India's Dalit Moment, Gabriel Kenneth Carroll Conlon Dec 2016

India's Dalit Moment, Gabriel Kenneth Carroll Conlon

Capstones

This summer a brutal attack on Dalit youths in the Indian state of Gujarat set off months of street protests. The attack and subsequent protests underscored the persistence of caste-based discrimination in rural India, and the often brutal manner in which Dalits – members of India’s lowest castes – are excluded from everyday society. “India’s Dalit Moment” is a field report examining the causes and protagonists of the revolt. With on-the-ground reporting in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Bihar, this multimedia piece – including print, radio and photo elements – conveys a synthetic, but detailed window into the Dalit community and the ...


Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva Dec 2016

Ideas Cambiantes Sobre Territorio, Recursos Y Redes Políticas En La Amazonía Indígena: Un Estudio De Caso Sobre Perú, Diego Leal Pereira, David Salisbury, Josué Faqín Fernández, Lizardo Cauper Pezo, Julio Silva

Journal of Latin American Geography

La titulación de territorios fue el objetivo más importante del movimiento indígena de la Amazonía peruana en las últimas décadas. Aunque más de ochenta comunidades permanecen sin título en la región de Ucayali, el movimiento indígena regional busca cada vez más fortalecer la gobernanza sobre territorios titulados. Exploramos el creciente énfasis en la comercialización forestal en el discurso de derechos indígenas en Ucayali. Redes de líderes indígenas producen discursos para forjar nuevas relaciones entre sus comunidades y la economía regional. Nuestro análisis de ochenta entrevistas y testimonios de líderes y miembros de comunidades indígenas muestra la utilidad de considerar la ...


“Frames” And Bias: How A Lack Of Context In Middle East News Coverage Can Impact U.S. Foreign Policy, Jennifer Lois Moore Dec 2016

“Frames” And Bias: How A Lack Of Context In Middle East News Coverage Can Impact U.S. Foreign Policy, Jennifer Lois Moore

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis is a critical examination into how American mainstream news media outlets often neglect to incorporate religious, cultural and historical context into their coverage of the Middle East. I show through my research and analysis that the news coverage of the Middle East, even at the highest echelons of American journalism, is often lacking in sophistication in terms of cultural and religious context, sometimes to the point of affecting its fairness and accuracy. The danger of this is that it has the power to grossly simplify and reduce to an “us versus them” frame an entire contingent of the ...


Across Systems: Preventing, Countering, And Defusing Violent Extremism—A Discussion Of Strategy, Policy, Practice, And Theory, Keenan Powers Nov 2016

Across Systems: Preventing, Countering, And Defusing Violent Extremism—A Discussion Of Strategy, Policy, Practice, And Theory, Keenan Powers

Capstone Collection

This paper explores today’s landscape of violent conflict in the context of the now 15-year-old “War on Terror” and its defining trait of strengthened, nimble, and networked violent extremist non-state militant groups. Through an exploration of primarily United Nations and United States strategies, policies, and programming the concepts of Countering Violent Extremism and Preventing Violent Extremism are melded into a discussion of the shifting frameworks and broadening notions of what it takes to create human security. This paper is particularly concerned with how the traditionally at odds fields of Counter Terrorism, Military Security, Development Assistance, and Peacebuilding practice are ...


Are You Ready For Some Football – I Mean An Election?, Gerrod Lambrecht Nov 2016

Are You Ready For Some Football – I Mean An Election?, Gerrod Lambrecht

UCF Forum

Tuesday, Nov. 8, is Game Day! The election is just days away and the news is all abuzz this morning about “rigged” elections, sexual-assault allegations, FBI investigations, unpaid taxes and more emails.


從獅子山精神看財富不均現象 : 我們應否承傳獅子山精神?, Yu Ho Kwok Nov 2016

從獅子山精神看財富不均現象 : 我們應否承傳獅子山精神?, Yu Ho Kwok

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

香港由工業年代發展至現今的國際大都會,這種成就感,必然會令七、八十年代的香港人感到自豪,他們認為是用他們默默耕耘的勞動力去建立的,而這種獅子山精神在許煜的《獅子山精神的批判》文章裏認為是一種和諧家庭及肯捱肯幹的工作價值觀。他們經歷了戰亂後的情況及從工業轉變的經濟結構,他們的勞動方式也隨著時間而變化,其目的也是追求穩定的生活。勞碌過後的穩定生活,從而開始追求不勞而獲的資本利潤,演變成現今的資本所產生的巨大問題──財富分配的巨大差距。經過兩代人的勞動力所創造的獅子山精神當然值得自豪,可惜的是新一代活著一個建基於這種精神的富裕時代,所追求的不是動亂之中穩定下來,而是追求新的價值觀。不論是從政治上還是從經濟上更重視上一代所產生下來的環境及忽略社會資本的問題。政治價值觀往往還是有世代代溝,我們比一上代更為自由,可能這樣更加追求非經濟的目標,在政治及經濟上明顯地積極,更挑戰主流社會的規範,這樣就會與長輩他們起衝突。現今由工業轉變為服務業的勞動力以及金融和不動產等的資本集中,導致公共資源被壟斷等情況出現,只會令財富不均不斷擴大。獅子山精神是他們對現今的人們也應該用這種方式的勞動為自己將來建立想得到的安穩生活,而這種獅子山下背後的精神我們還要承傳下去嗎?


「不要大台」到「傘落社區」 : 從雨傘運動再思公民運動組織模式的轉向, Man Yee, Peggy Siu Nov 2016

「不要大台」到「傘落社區」 : 從雨傘運動再思公民運動組織模式的轉向, Man Yee, Peggy Siu

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

持續佔領了香港幾個主要幹道長達七十九天的雨傘運動仿如平地一聲雷,跟警方施放的八十七枚催淚彈同樣令人嘩然,前者牽起新世代的公民社會運動,後者宣告香港社會進入威權政治時期。隨着幾個佔領區被禁制令逐一強制撤離後,除零星佔領者堅持留守公民廣場外,佔領行動可說暫告一段落。然而,運動並沒有隨之而結束。無論是留守佔領或曾到佔領區支援的每一位參與者,也帶着對公民社會運動新的詮釋回到自己的日常生活裏去,在這個前題下,未來的運動將如何組織,成為民間團體以至政黨必需要面對的考驗。


亞洲批判論述對香港主體性釋放的可能性, Lok Man Ng Nov 2016

亞洲批判論述對香港主體性釋放的可能性, Lok Man Ng

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

近年香港公民抗爭的行動頻頻發生,在這些對立衝突的情景中,總會有不同立場的人士跳出來定義「誰是香港人?」,或者宣稱「香港人應該(感謝中央/對抗中央)……」。一九九七年主權移交前後,香港社會並非沒有討論過身分問題,不過實際上香港人在中英談判裏沒有位置,也沒有決定權,最終只是被動地獲得「一國兩制」、「高度自治」、「五十年不變」的承諾。直至回歸日子漸長,承諾逐漸失效。二零一四年六月發表的白皮書指出,一國是兩制的基礎,並沒有剩餘權力,香港人的自主性進一步被否定和削弱。

在種種社會矛盾中更突顯香港人思考自身命運和未來時的失語。好像討論政制改革時,「和平佔中」曾提出,普選應須符合「國際標準」,很多支持民主的香港人都會認同和這樣宣傳。事實上,「和平佔中」提出的「標準」是具體的,但何謂「國際」呢?是指「西方」?「外國」?為甚麼香港思考自己的未來時會投射一個「國際」或者「西方」的「憧憬」?這明顯只是指「中國標準」的對立面。

二元對立,非友即敵,是近年在香港的討論裏一個主要的問題。其中一個主要對立面是「本土-中國」,香港人面對經濟崛起的「祖國」,優勢不再,而且中國對香港人的自主權日益收緊,令不少香港人對中國愈來愈反感,同時在港親中者又忿恨為何回歸十多年,仍然「人心未回歸」;而在「本土」裏面,還有「本土意識覺醒,推動公民抗命」的人士(由保育運動開始),和「維護本土利益不受內地人侵略」的「本土派」,前者會被後者稱為「左膠」,而後者亦會被前者稱為「右膠」(或者「熱狗」)。每每討論一個問題,總是立場先行,各人總是被急速地歸邊,跌入二元的死胡同。雨傘運動後尤甚。

香港人總是掌握不到自己的命運,講不到自己的故事,對自己的社會處境問不到根本的問題,要跟不同立場的人討論時又找不到討論空間,總是毫無推進,混在一堆不能言傳的困局當中。

這些問題都是香港解殖過程未順利開展和主體性難產的表徵。主體性關乎是自我意識的覺醒,由人的主體自覺和不斷反思而成,除了個人的體現外,也在公民主體的權利和責任之上的實踐。

如果我們不能從制度上去改革這種「殖民未解 ...


社會治安、保護青少年與香港漫畫「不良讀物」的形象 : 兼論《小流氓》與《龍虎門》主題轉變之緣由, Wai Li Chu Nov 2016

社會治安、保護青少年與香港漫畫「不良讀物」的形象 : 兼論《小流氓》與《龍虎門》主題轉變之緣由, Wai Li Chu

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

本文旨在指出在港英政府銳意撲滅罪行下,漫畫最終在保護兒童心理及維持治安的社會需要下被視為不良刊物。早於一九五零年代反漫畫風潮席捲全球時,港英政府已考慮跟從英國立法限制輸入和出版恐怖漫畫,以正社會風氣。而且,一九六零年代以來三合會在公共屋邨的活動猖獗導致青少年犯罪率上升,故在罪行成因研究小組委會的研究下,漫畫被視為渲染暴力、敗壞社會道德、促成青少年偏差行為的誘因。因此,雖然以黃玉郎《小流氓》為首的武打漫畫如一九五零及一九六零年代的社會漫畫般揭露社會黑暗,甚至進而滿足基層市民渴望英雄行俠仗義的願望,但它們的內容不單被定性為反社會行為的描寫,其武打及色情元素在撲滅暴力罪行運動、保護兒童心理的社會形勢下更引起公眾抨擊。一九七三年,香港社會工作者協會等組織便撰寫《公仔書之暴力與色情研究報告》,指控相關刊物傳達不良意識,並要求政府立法禁制,最終促使《不良刊物條例》於一九七五年生效。這不單令揭示社會黑暗、強調鋤強扶弱的《小流氓》轉變為描寫打鬥情節、武功升級的《龍虎門》,也令漫畫被社會標籤為不良讀物,影響至今。由是之故,在港英政府及本地社會撲滅罪行、維持社會治安及保護青少年的需要下,漫畫由是從反映社會實況的藝術貶為傳播不良意識的次等讀物。

同時,本文也嘗試解釋《小流氓》轉變為《龍虎門》的原因及二者之差別。一九七零年,以香港為故事背景《小流氓》出版,其揭示社會惡霸橫行、毒品為禍工人與平民階級,以及英雄鋤強扶弱、行俠仗義的內容,不單深化一九五零與一九六零年代社會漫畫的題材,其展現本地社會的黑暗及俠義精神更得到讀者的支持和認同。然而,在一九七零年代初撲滅罪行運動的趨勢下,政府、大專院校與社會組織的研究皆把社會罪行的源頭指向漫畫,黃玉郎為建立《小流氓》的良好形象,在作品加入響應撲滅罪行運動、教導讀者自衛的內容。及至一九七五年《不良刊物條例》實施前後,《小流氓》的故事背景逐漸從香港移至日本、韓國、東南亞的世界各地,其主題也從揭示社會黑暗、行俠仗義轉變為強調武打技擊、武功描繪的《龍虎門》。由是之故,本文結合一九七零年代的政治及社會形勢,嘗試指出《龍虎門》的主題及編寫重點的轉變不單是為故事提供更廣闊的發展空間,更是規避政府審查的營商手法。

故此,本文將先梳理有關文化產品與漫畫的理論,為往後的論述定下框架。在簡述一九五零年代後期以來香港社會治安與罪案橫行的情況後,本文將集中討論黃玉郎在一九七零年出版、風靡香港的《小流氓》,說明其反映社會現實及「小流氓」行俠仗義的內容深化一九五零及一九六零年代展示社會實況的特色,並成功得到讀者的認同和支持。本文繼而以《小流氓》為例,說明其行俠仗義的內容,以及暴力血腥的畫面引起家長的疑慮,最終被港英政府定性為反社會行為論述及荼毒青少年,甚至是青少年犯罪的誘因。本文最後將討論在保護兒童的思維下 ...


Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes Nov 2016

Welcome To Dignity, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

No abstract provided.


A New Test Of Issue Ownership Theory: U.S. Senate Campaign Debates, John C. Davis Oct 2016

A New Test Of Issue Ownership Theory: U.S. Senate Campaign Debates, John C. Davis

Speaker & Gavel

This study tests issue ownership theory on U.S. Senate debates. Issue ownership theory states that each of the two major American parties possess issues which the public perceive to be best handled by one party over another. Republicans are thought to be better at handling problems concerning national defense, foreign policy, and taxes. Democrats are believed to be better at addressing issues such as education, health care, and the environment. This study hypothesizes that, due to unique characteristics regarding the office being sought, U.S. Senate candidates from both major parties do not adhere to previously recognized patterns of ...


Coverage Of The 2008 Presidential Primary Campaign By Males, Females, And Mixed Journalist Groups, Sheri Whalen Oct 2016

Coverage Of The 2008 Presidential Primary Campaign By Males, Females, And Mixed Journalist Groups, Sheri Whalen

Speaker & Gavel

This study examines the trait, issue and tone coverage of Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama and John Edwards during the 2008 Democratic presidential primary campaign by male, female and groups of male and female journalists in newspapers, newsmagazines and Sunday morning political television shows. Results indicate that the media focused more on traits than issues during the campaign. However, female and groups of male and female newspaper journalists focused more on issues than traits. All three journalist groups gave Hillary Clinton more negative than positive coverage and Barack Obama more positive than negative coverage. Female and groups of male and female ...


Motivated Reasoning And Viewers' Reactions To The First 2012 Presidential Debate, Jeffrey W. Jarman Oct 2016

Motivated Reasoning And Viewers' Reactions To The First 2012 Presidential Debate, Jeffrey W. Jarman

Speaker & Gavel

General election presidential debates are highly argumentative encounters filled with evidence, argument, and refutation. While the candidates come to the debates armed with evidence and arguments in support of their positions, it is unclear how the audience interprets the information. This paper reports the findings from a study of the first presidential debate in 2012. Participants evaluated the strength of arguments made by Obama and Romney, as well as which candidate won each segment of the debate. The study confirms that viewers do not dispassionately evaluate the debate, but instead are driven by partisan interests that lead them to find ...


Young African Leaders Forum (Yalf) Developmental Projects, Terea Abila Oct 2016

Young African Leaders Forum (Yalf) Developmental Projects, Terea Abila

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The Young African Leaders Forum is actively engaged in developmental projects that would see a sustainable Africa in the near future. The young leaders have committed themselves to undertaking specific projects in their countries. These projects keenly focus on playing a major role in the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals and the African Union’s Agenda 2063. YALF passionately undertakes these developmental projects because we believe that Africa has the enormous potential to empower her people and ensure her challenges are solved in an amicable manner. The youth leaders have dedicated themselves to serving voluntarily in their communities and this ...


The State Of African Economy And A Way Forward, Florian Cyril Mshanga Oct 2016

The State Of African Economy And A Way Forward, Florian Cyril Mshanga

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The current emerging market downturn in economic powerhouses like China, has already negatively affected African economic growth. For resource-rich countries, it is a chance to improve their public investment management (PIM) system, which could help boost growth; although from experience drawn, Sub-Saharan oil resourced countries on average score lower in PIM, reflecting weak administrative capacity and low transparency in the use of public resources, especially at the project appraisal and evaluation stages of the PIM process. Countries that have successfully diversified their economies will suffer less than those that have not and they will enjoy less stress than countries depending ...


The Impact Of Oil Price On Ghana's Inflation, Albert Mcbell Ninepence Oct 2016

The Impact Of Oil Price On Ghana's Inflation, Albert Mcbell Ninepence

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

World oil price is a momentous determinant of global economic performance. In most cases, when oil prices skyrockets, it leads to a transfer of income from importing countries to exporting countries through trade shifts. The link between oil and inflation is mostly seen as being correlational. The direct relationship between oil and inflation was evident in the 1970’s nevertheless this relationship started to deteriorate after the 1980’s. Quite a cornucopia of researchers have made relentless inquiry on the macroeconomics impact of world oil price shocks and hikes on economic growth and consumer price inflation on importing countries. Also ...


Impact Of Conflict On Availability Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products Around Omo Forest Reserves Of Ogun State, Nigeria, Aluko O.J. Oct 2016

Impact Of Conflict On Availability Of Selected Non-Timber Forest Products Around Omo Forest Reserves Of Ogun State, Nigeria, Aluko O.J.

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This study aimed at assessing the impact of conflict on the level of availability of selected non-timber forest products around Omo forest reserve of Ogun State. Data was collected with the aid of well-structured questionnaire on one hundred and twenty marketing households using multistage sampling technique. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, categorization method and t-test. The data analysis targeted socio-economic characteristics, the level of availability of NTFP before/afer the conflict in the study area. It was revealed that majority (69.2%) were farmers and (75%) had experienced conflict more than 3 times. It was discovered that the ...


When Your Teachers Fail You: The Necessity Of Improving Teachers Training For Quality Education In Cameroon, Monique Kwachou Oct 2016

When Your Teachers Fail You: The Necessity Of Improving Teachers Training For Quality Education In Cameroon, Monique Kwachou

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

With the underlying hypothesis that the quality of a teachers’ training is directly proportional to the quality of education pupils eventually receive, this essay explores and critiques the basic education teacher training process in Cameroon, using two notable educational theories to assess the possibility of quality education resulting from Cameroonian government-trained basic education teachers. It was found that there is dire need to improve the quality of teachers we train to ensure that they can deliver the quality of education we seek. A brief outline of suggestions is made towards improving the flawed training system.


"Black" Colonialism Is The Leading Cause Of Zimbabwe's Collapse, Sensewell Chingwaramusee Oct 2016

"Black" Colonialism Is The Leading Cause Of Zimbabwe's Collapse, Sensewell Chingwaramusee

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Black colonialism is the neo-oppression of black people by other black elite groups within a certain area according to the researcher. In this instance, some war veterans who fought for the liberation of Zimbabwe and other politicians seem to have fought in order to replace the white oppressive regime. Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980 from the Ian Smith colonial rule and for a while, independence meant enjoying self-black majority rule till the elected politicians began to ignore the needs of their masses. This article serves to explicitly express the effects of black colonialism in Zimbabwe and how the wrath of ...


The Position Of African Women Within The Realm Of Culture, Patriarchy And The Law: A Case Of Kenya, Liz Guantai Oct 2016

The Position Of African Women Within The Realm Of Culture, Patriarchy And The Law: A Case Of Kenya, Liz Guantai

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The world is on a quest to achieve United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5 (SDG5), which seeks to promote gender equality and empowerment of women and girls. Women have been oppressed overtime in most societies. Statistics continue to project increasing rates of various acts of gender based violence such as domestic violence, sexual violence, cultural and economic abuse and so on. These acts of abuse are accelerated by several factors pertinent to our social systems such as culture, patriarchy and the Law. Using Kenya as a case study, this paper examines how these three factors contribute to differential gender treatment ...


Religious Response To Sexual Violence: A Black Theology Perspective, Siyabulela Tonono Oct 2016

Religious Response To Sexual Violence: A Black Theology Perspective, Siyabulela Tonono

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

This paper looks at why it is necessary for churches to take part in the response to sexual and gender-based violence within the African context. As a starting point, it is necessary to discuss the nature of influence that religion has on the society. The discussion focuses on understanding religion as a coping mechanism for stress. Attention is then turned to the context of the Christian faith and available theological frameworks that can be a basis for response to sexual violence. The last part of this paper looks at the ability of the Christian church to mobilise communities and harness ...


On Being An Entrepreneur: The Nigerian Perspective, Olayinka K. Binuomoyo Oct 2016

On Being An Entrepreneur: The Nigerian Perspective, Olayinka K. Binuomoyo

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

It is common knowledge that the success of an economy rests on the strength of its entrepreneurs. Present-day challenges make it imperative for countries in the same bracket as Nigeria to deemphasize reliance on oil and government for social crumbs, to embrace innovative activities and deepen small and medium-scale enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are important drivers of economic growth but they face significant challenges as obtained in Nigeria where infrastructures such as power, transportation and financing needed to make entrepreneurship work seldom exists. With a high unemployment rate, young Nigerians are required to embrace entrepreneurship. The aim of this paper is ...


Radio Micah: A Communication Tool To Serve Agriculture In Africa, Akoueteh Charles, Okey Ogbonin Attivi Oct 2016

Radio Micah: A Communication Tool To Serve Agriculture In Africa, Akoueteh Charles, Okey Ogbonin Attivi

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Radio Micah was launched in Lomé on May 1, 2015 by its founder, Mr. Attivi, Okey to broadcast programmes to listeners online with the goal of transmitting content about Togolese agriculture on the airwaves and thereby increasing the visibility of the work performed by the community, various supervisory authorities, national and international organisations. The company MICAH FARM S.A.S recognized and responded to the need for a suitable communication medium, resulting in the birth of Radio Micah.


Social Innovation And Social Enterprise: Integrating Mental Health Interventions, Jacob Waisawa Buganga, Dembe Annet Oct 2016

Social Innovation And Social Enterprise: Integrating Mental Health Interventions, Jacob Waisawa Buganga, Dembe Annet

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

An estimated 450 million people suffer from a mental or behavioural disorder. According to WHO’s Global Burden of Disease 2001, 3% of the years lived with disability (YLD) are due to neuropsychiatric disorders, a further 2.1% to intentional injuries (WHO, 2013). Only 1% of the medical doctors and 4% of the nurses were specialized in psychiatry. The last revision of the mental health legislation was in 1964. The legislation basically focused on the custodial care of the mentally ill persons and is an antiquated kind of law that has been overtaken by events. One percent (1%) of health ...


Ethnicity As A Synopsis Of Africa's Under-Development: Way Forward, Pwakim Jacob Choji Oct 2016

Ethnicity As A Synopsis Of Africa's Under-Development: Way Forward, Pwakim Jacob Choji

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

Ethnicity has been differently defined but for the sake of our focus, it is a situation of internal instability of a person in which he/she manifests his/her inability to have a good relationship internally with himself/herself, others and God, which develops and snowballs into ethnic pandemonium. Invariably, one of the ways of exhibiting this internal uncertainty is in common differences exhibited due to ethnic diversities; and because we so want to move into our safety zone, we begin to see our ethnic group as not just being superior but longing for protection and advancement of territory. It ...


Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer Oct 2016

Equity Through Learning To Listen: The Case Of Public Discussion On Body-Worn Cameras In Madison, Wisconsin, Katherine J. Cramer

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article analyzes practitioners’ attempt to achieve equity in a public input process on a local racial justice issue: whether or not the police department should implement body-worn video cameras. The insights of the two practitioners who led the public input process reveal 4 main lessons. First, equity in public deliberation is achieved sometimes by intentionally excluding some voices. Second, members of marginalized groups are motivated at times by the potential to be heard. Third, the case suggests that for some people public talk is not about achieving democracy; it is instead about life and survival. Finally, the case suggests ...