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2015

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The No Child Left Behind Era And Teacher Job Satisfaction, Amanda Malin Dec 2015

The No Child Left Behind Era And Teacher Job Satisfaction, Amanda Malin

Honors Projects and Posters

Media coverage and anecdotal evidence suggests that teacher job satisfaction has declined since the introduction of No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Does the data support this common narrative? By utilizing archival data, job satisfaction rates before and after the implementation of NCLB can be analyzed, and the legislation’s effects on elementary and secondary teachers can be compared to determine whether job satisfaction has actually decreased, and if this change has affected elementary or secondary teachers more. Previously collected, large-scale, nationally representative random survey results were analyzed to determine how overall rates of teacher job satisfaction has changed in the ...


Influence Of The Party System On The Foreign Policy, Aleksandra Jaskólska Nov 2015

Influence Of The Party System On The Foreign Policy, Aleksandra Jaskólska

UBT International Conference

In my paper I will analyze influence of the party system on the foreign policy, case study: India. Indian party system evaluated from dominant party system (sometimes this period of time is called one party system, but it not correct) to multiparty system. India got independence on 15th August 1947, three years later become a republic. India adopted democracy and multiparty system (1951/52, first election for central government, after independence). Even though that multisystem party was introduce, Indian National Congress (INC) ruled India from 1947 till 1977. INC came to power again in 1980 and ruled till 1989 and ...


European Integration Process - Advantages Of Eu Integration And The Challenges That Must Withstand Albania, Holta (Bako) Kora, Albana (Karameta) Gjoni Nov 2015

European Integration Process - Advantages Of Eu Integration And The Challenges That Must Withstand Albania, Holta (Bako) Kora, Albana (Karameta) Gjoni

UBT International Conference

Albania's integration into the European Union, is one of the biggest challenges in these 25 years. To become a member of the EU, Albania must meet the criteria set for all candidate countries for membership in the European Union, approved by the Copenhagen European Council in June 1993. These criteria have political and economic character that predict: justice, freedom and security, guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights and minorities. To meet these criteria, Albania shall cooperate with the European Union. If the European Integration Process will be classified in several stages, each stage has maximum ...


Transitional Justice In State-Building Processes In Kosovo – Social Constructivism Perspective, Dorota Heidrich Nov 2015

Transitional Justice In State-Building Processes In Kosovo – Social Constructivism Perspective, Dorota Heidrich

UBT International Conference

This paper presents preliminary remarks for the research project on Transitional justice in Kosovo. Building a state, recovering from the past. The main research questions concern how and why transitional justice efforts in Kosovo have been constructed and implemented. The project will involve discussion about transitional justice (TJ) as a concept; the background of Kosovo conflict and how it internalized international norms and standards connected to transition and peace-building efforts. Social constructivism’s relevance as IR will be tested.


The Region Of South Asia In International Relations – Regional Analysis Approach, Jakub Zajaczkowski Nov 2015

The Region Of South Asia In International Relations – Regional Analysis Approach, Jakub Zajaczkowski

UBT International Conference

The aim of paper is an attempt to provide a comprehensive and multidimensional presentation of the determinants that shape the South Asian region. The current state of research gives rise to the following research questions: What are the constitutive fact ors and values of South Asia? To what extent is the shape of the region of South Asia influenced by endogenous factors and to what extent by exogenous factors? What is the importance of South Asia for the new international order emerging in Asia? By answering these research questions, I have attempted to verify the following research hypothesis: The main ...


Whether Turkey Is A Really Safe Haven Henceforward For Both Turkish And Syrians, Meltem Cilek Dirsehan Nov 2015

Whether Turkey Is A Really Safe Haven Henceforward For Both Turkish And Syrians, Meltem Cilek Dirsehan

UBT International Conference

Turkey as a safe haven has been welcoming of more than two millions Syrian people without any ethnic or sectarian discrimination for four years. State institutions have spent nearly 6 billion dollars to set a life for asylum seekers in the best refugee camps and without any notable support of United Nations and other external agencies and countries. However, out of the camps, life and safety conditions of especially lower class Syrian people have been getting worse day by day because of security related problems emerging between citizens and Syrian asylum seekers, even in the border cities where local people ...


The Issue Of Minorities In The Balkans, Ilir Zylfiu Nov 2015

The Issue Of Minorities In The Balkans, Ilir Zylfiu

UBT International Conference

The problem of the protection of minorities was raised as an issue in the Treaty of Versailles, completed at the end of the war by the major Allied powers. The Allies had imposed certain obligations on the treatment of minorities to such states that had them in their territories. They also forecasted a trusted international organization with universal character, the League of Nations, the mission to ensure the protection of European minorities. Since the fall of the Berlin Wall and communist regimes, Europe was a witness nationalism outbreak. Whole regions were covered with ethnic conflicts which were a serious threat ...


Hybrid Governance In The Arctic: Carving Out A Political Space For Coastal Indigenous Communities In Arctic Emergency Preparedness & Response, Jim Gamble Aug 2015

Hybrid Governance In The Arctic: Carving Out A Political Space For Coastal Indigenous Communities In Arctic Emergency Preparedness & Response, Jim Gamble

ShipArc 2015 Conference

No abstract provided.


Liuzhou’S Housing Supply: Affordable Quality Housing For Everyone, Huazhi Zhang May 2015

Liuzhou’S Housing Supply: Affordable Quality Housing For Everyone, Huazhi Zhang

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

Liuzhou is known throughout China, even the world, as a livable industrial city. An adequate supply of quality housing for all citizens is the most essential factor in livability. This is especially true in China where home ownership has been a prerequisite for happiness since ancient times. Because basic housing, as a necessity of life, is now guaranteed by the state, the government must supervise and adjust the housing market. At the same time, experience has shown that adequate housing for different income categories cannot be provided by the government alone. This analysis examines the policies and strategies adopted by ...


Hydropolicy In Ethiopia, Matthew Baldwin May 2015

Hydropolicy In Ethiopia, Matthew Baldwin

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

The Ethiopian Growth and Transformation Plan was a five-year plan put forward by the Ethiopian Government to modernize, stabilize, and drastically improve the quality of life for everyone in Ethiopia. The plan was centrally focused on encouraging foreign investment opportunities, and undertook many large scale development projects. To accomplish this plan, Addis Ababa attempted to pursue grand power-generating abilities and to become a hydropower juggernaut in the region, as well as secure energy resources with membership in the East African Power Pool. This presentation evaluates how Ethiopia’s developmental and intergovernmental efforts have helped in achieving the desired growth and ...


The Port Of Liuzhou: Problems And Prospects, Xifang Wang May 2015

The Port Of Liuzhou: Problems And Prospects, Xifang Wang

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

The poster is a graphic depiction of the problems that rapid economic development created for the Port of Liuzhou. As the industrial economy of Liuzhou City expanded, the port was increasingly unable to keep up with the import and export demands of the Liuzhou foreign trade market. The upgrading of the Port of Liuzhou has become a key factor in supporting the city’s economy and sustaining its growth. This task falls to the Liuzhou Port Administration Office. As is the case everywhere, expansion requires both authorization and the adequate appropriation of funds. Since the port is located in the ...


Vietnamese Migration Patterns And Public Policy, Johnny Nguyen, Binh Vo, Jennifer Treadway May 2015

Vietnamese Migration Patterns And Public Policy, Johnny Nguyen, Binh Vo, Jennifer Treadway

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

At the end of the Vietnamese War in 1975, South Vietnam natives sought to escape Vietnam from the communist reign of its North counterpart. Fueled by the former Communist revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh’s dream of uniting Vietnam under one communist ideal, the north cemented their occupation in the Fall of Saigon in 1975 and the retreat of all American soldiers. Along with the retreat of thousands of American troops, came the many waves of Vietnamese immigrants to steadily make their way to various parts of the world including the United States, Canada, Australia, and France. The research will ...


New Thinking About Urban Growth: Liujiang County, Lihua Li May 2015

New Thinking About Urban Growth: Liujiang County, Lihua Li

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

The New Road to Urbanization with Chinese Characteristics that was put forward by the eighteenth Congress of the Chinese Communist Party is being implemented in Liujiang County of Luizhou city through a series of plans and policies. This is an analysis of the process of urbanization under those plans: The Twelfth Five-year Economic Plan for Liujiang County and The Research Report on Liujiang Urbanization. The poster depicts three of the major components: (1) background material on the urbanization of Liujiang County and the opportunities that both external and internal factors present; (2) the new thinking about urban growth and the ...


Political Science Nobel Laureates, Matthew Prpich, Jeremiah Hodgins, Tommy Mccullough, Eric Galvan May 2015

Political Science Nobel Laureates, Matthew Prpich, Jeremiah Hodgins, Tommy Mccullough, Eric Galvan

Symposium Of University Research and Creative Expression (SOURCE)

Four political scientists and one fellow traveler have won Nobel Prizes since the founding of the discipline in 1880. This study examines their personal achievements and works, as well as the Nobel Laureates collective contributions influencing the field of political science, the United States, and the world. The poster uses a timeline to highlight their achievements and show how they are still relevant in the field today.


Local Realities Of Philanthrocapitalism, Anissa Pemberton May 2015

Local Realities Of Philanthrocapitalism, Anissa Pemberton

Celebration of Learning

In this analysis of interviews with nine not-­for-­profit employees, I argue that fear and tradition in the funding priorities of private foundations has the long-­term result of limiting the local social service sector substantially. Particularly, the effect of philanthrocapitalism is felt within those topics that are deemed by the foundations to be too unstable or new to provide monetary assistance. Exasperating these realities is the missing stability of government funding for new organizations. In the Quad Cities, the main segments currently feeling the most significant financial strain are immigrants and refugees. In this ethnographic interview study of ...


South African Survivor: The National Party’S Survival In The Context Of The Cold War, John Hartigan Apr 2015

South African Survivor: The National Party’S Survival In The Context Of The Cold War, John Hartigan

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

Apartheid continued in the Republic of South Africa until 1993, far longer than any other minority dominated government on the continent of Africa. In this paper, I analyze the reasons why Afrikaners were able to perpetuate their grip on political power far longer than any of their white colleagues around the continent. This paper is comparative; I place the South African experience in context with other minority ruled statesKenya and Mozambiquethat experienced the break down of minority rule far sooner than the South Africans. I argue that there are three main factors that ensured the that the National PartySouth Africas ...


Land Reform And The Use Of Violence: Creating A Set Of Conditions Using The Case Of Zimbabwe, Dylan Ciccarelli Apr 2015

Land Reform And The Use Of Violence: Creating A Set Of Conditions Using The Case Of Zimbabwe, Dylan Ciccarelli

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

The purpose of this paper is to develop a set of conditions under which land reform becomes violent, looking specifically at the fast-track land reform policy implemented in Zimbabwe from 1998-2003. The roots and use of violence in the context of land reform is a topic that has not been widely researched in previous land reform literature, however it is important as the issue of land inequality has been, and is, an ongoing issue in many sub-Saharan African countries, including Zimbabwe. This paper will argue that land reform will become violent when certain economic, political, and social conditions are present ...


Outside Spending In The 2014 Midterm Elections: The Lasting Effects Of Citizens United, Lucas Fortier Apr 2015

Outside Spending In The 2014 Midterm Elections: The Lasting Effects Of Citizens United, Lucas Fortier

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

The purpose of this study was to shed light on the controversial area of independent expenditures in the post-Citizens United world of campaign finance. The study focuses on three questions: who are the main players participating in this area of campaign finance, how are these outside groups being funded, and how do these groups spend their money to influence elections? Some findings of the study were that, while there was a large number of registered SuperPACs and political nonprofits in the 2014 midterm elections, only a relatively small group of 70 major organizations accounted for over 90 percent of total ...


State-Building And Intrastate Conflict In Africa, Lillian Holland Apr 2015

State-Building And Intrastate Conflict In Africa, Lillian Holland

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

In my poster I will be examining under what conditions does state building measures turn into intrastate violence in Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda, and Kenya.


The Causes Of The Civil Wars In Côte D'Ivoire, Matthew Ayers Apr 2015

The Causes Of The Civil Wars In Côte D'Ivoire, Matthew Ayers

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

No abstract provided.


Post-Conflict Child Soldier Networks In Africa, Andrew Currier Apr 2015

Post-Conflict Child Soldier Networks In Africa, Andrew Currier

CLAS: Colby Liberal Arts Symposium

No abstract provided.


Terrorist Black Holes: The Case Of Northern Ireland, Melissa Divens Apr 2015

Terrorist Black Holes: The Case Of Northern Ireland, Melissa Divens

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2019

What factors within a region contribute to the host of a terrorist group? Rem Korteweg and David Ehrhardt begin to answer that question with the publishing of what they call “a first step in research aimed at uncovering terrorist sanctuaries”. Terrorist Black Holes: A Study into Terrorist Sanctuaries and Governmental Weakness (2005), identifies the concept of a Terrorist Black Hole, which is an area within a region that houses a terrorist group. While Korteweg concentrates on regions outside of NATO territory, I challenge his assumption for the absence of Terrorist Black Holes in the West by asking: What are the ...


Looted Antiquities: Economic Opportunity For Terrorists, Vanessa Hanson Apr 2015

Looted Antiquities: Economic Opportunity For Terrorists, Vanessa Hanson

Scholarly & Creative Works Conference 2019

In the post 9/11 world countering terrorism has become a top United States foreign policy priority as well as the subject of much scholarly research. To counter terrorism it is important to understand the inner-workings of such groups. How do terrorist groups fund their operations in order to be able to carry them out continuously? It is often assumed that the arms and drug trade on the black market are the main source of income for terrorists groups (Kaplan). Unbeknownst to many, there is an illegal trade in art and historical artifacts that funds terrorist activities. How do terrorists ...


Pakistan: A Geos Study, Robert Barry Apr 2015

Pakistan: A Geos Study, Robert Barry

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Colonialism In The Land Of Bolivar: An Analysis Of Institutional Persistence In Venezuela, Stefan Samuel Martinez-Ruiz Apr 2015

Colonialism In The Land Of Bolivar: An Analysis Of Institutional Persistence In Venezuela, Stefan Samuel Martinez-Ruiz

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


6th Amendment: Indigent Right To Counsel, Melissa Knott Apr 2015

6th Amendment: Indigent Right To Counsel, Melissa Knott

Georgia State Undergraduate Research Conference

No abstract provided.


Nato Membership And The Democratization Of Post-Communist Countries, M'Lyn Crawford Apr 2015

Nato Membership And The Democratization Of Post-Communist Countries, M'Lyn Crawford

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

I have always been interested in studying the influences international organizations can have on a country's domestic policy. Last summer I had the opportunity to study abroad in Brussels, Belgium and tour many headquarters of powerful international organizations, but the one that stood out most was NATO. After the Cold War ended and the Soviet Union disbanded, several countries formed new governments. Some became democracies and others did not. I looked at a potential explanation for a country’s democratization: NATO membership. Many post-communist countries became NATO members and with its last three expansions, the organization has nearly doubled ...


Gendered Patterns Of Economic Marginalization And Its Implications On Women's Political Participation In Latin America, Alina Kathryn Clay Apr 2015

Gendered Patterns Of Economic Marginalization And Its Implications On Women's Political Participation In Latin America, Alina Kathryn Clay

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Although women in Latin America have recently made impressive advancements in political representation by achieving high-ranking political positions, embedded economic inequalities persist and significantly hinder their political participation in activities such as voting and actively supporting political parties. Furthermore, widespread policy mechanisms are not set up and effective in fully engaging women in politics. Political and economic oppression of women in this region have historical roots and thus are deeply entrenched within society. Our research question explores how gendered patterns of economic marginalization affect the political participation and attitudes of women in Latin America. To answer this question, we have ...


Healing Through Hope: A Rhetorical Analysis Of Barack Obama’S National Eulogies, Victoria West Apr 2015

Healing Through Hope: A Rhetorical Analysis Of Barack Obama’S National Eulogies, Victoria West

Hollins Student Conference

This paper analyzes President Barack Obama’s rhetoric in three of his national eulogies in order to examine how Obama consoles the nation following various tragedies and how his strategies differ from past presidents. These three addresses include President Obama’s responses to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, the Boston Marathon bombings, and the West, Texas, plant explosion. For this paper a rhetorical analysis of Obama’s addresses was performed using a form of genre criticism. The components of this genre criticism were drawn from Robert Dennis and Adrienne Dennis Kunkel’s (2004) framework concerning national eulogy rhetoric. The ...


Jordan: A Negative Case In A Tumultuous Region, Ann Marie Margaret Hager Apr 2015

Jordan: A Negative Case In A Tumultuous Region, Ann Marie Margaret Hager

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

International media brings attention to the worst conflicts worldwide. When ISIS beheads journalists, like Foley and Sotloff (Vourvoulias, 2014) journalists around the globe turn their editorial dockets to these heinous actions. Yet, it is easy to pay attention to conflict when it becomes severe, i.e., escalates to the level of war. It’s no wonder that the Arab/Israeli conflict has such a plethora of literature and media attention while tensions in places like Jordan, right next door, have not. However, Jordan is an example of a negative case: a country that has, despite its significant tensions, not experienced ...