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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Drug Violence And Public (In)Security: Mexico's Federal Police And Human Rights Abuse, Dominic Pera May 2015

Drug Violence And Public (In)Security: Mexico's Federal Police And Human Rights Abuse, Dominic Pera

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Violence in Mexico, with dramatic political, social, and economic consequences on both Mexican and US populations, has risen dramatically in the past decade. Research has shown that the Mexican military is largely responsible for human rights abuses in Mexico. This paper will seek to answer why there are so many human rights abuses committed by the Federal Police, as public security is a police role and its deterioration threatens lives, security, and the rule of law. This paper will look at what scholars have said about the causes of police violence and public insecurity. Some say that history is responsible ...


A Rival To The West? Comparing The Effects Of Chinese And World Bank Health Aid On Health Outcomes In Sub-Saharan Africa, Isabel Jane Docampo May 2015

A Rival To The West? Comparing The Effects Of Chinese And World Bank Health Aid On Health Outcomes In Sub-Saharan Africa, Isabel Jane Docampo

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The international community has come to criticize existing foreign aid practices for their poor coordination, misguided programming, and ineffective implementation strategies. China’s controversial aid policies pose an alternative to dominant Western aid paradigms, as they thwart conventions of conditionality and good governance paramount to traditional donors. This thesis evaluates Chinese health aid as an alternative to Western health aid via the impacts of each on sub-Saharan African health capacity, commitment to health, and overall health outcomes. Results indicate that Chinese aid does not significantly impact health in sub-Saharan Africa, while World Bank aid displays strong significant relationships with improvements ...


Gentle Warlords: The Potential For Violent Non-State Actors To Provide Stability, Tyler Bembenek May 2015

Gentle Warlords: The Potential For Violent Non-State Actors To Provide Stability, Tyler Bembenek

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper provides a heuristic to determine the potential effects of violent non-state actors (VNSAs) on stability. It classifies VNSAs by type, categorizing groups as either clientelist, communal, or corporate. It finds that corporate VNSAs, those organized around a shared but non-ascriptive identity, such as membership in a guild or society, generally behave in a manner that is most likely to create stability. This hypothesis is supported through an in-depth examination of the Civil Defense Forces, a corporate VNSA that played a crucial role during the 1991-2002 Sierra Leone Civil War.


Chinese National Identities And Understanding The Decision For War With India In 1962, Yuhao Du Apr 2015

Chinese National Identities And Understanding The Decision For War With India In 1962, Yuhao Du

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The rise of China (PRC) has dominated scholarly debates in recent days. Since China defined territorial integrity as its “core interest”, it is widely viewed as a sign that China is going to assert its territorial claims with its neighbours (including maritime neighbours such as Philippine). With China’s growing military capabilities, China’s territorial disputes with its many neighbours are becoming one of the leading destabilizing concerns in Asia. However, current scholarship on China’s decision-making in its territorial disputes is too sparse for people outside of the Chinese Politburo to devise strategies to stabilize the region. This thesis ...


Evidence Uptake Among International Nutrition Actors: A Case Study In Uganda, Emily Mahoney Apr 2015

Evidence Uptake Among International Nutrition Actors: A Case Study In Uganda, Emily Mahoney

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A push for evidence-based decision making in the field of international

development –including maternal and child nutrition— has sparked a “data

revolution.” Researchers in the developed world have generated vast amounts of

open source data under the assumption that because of the breadth of Internet

access across the globe, anyone and everyone will utilize the data. And yet, in

developing countries, policy and practice remains largely uninformed by such

evidence. This gap between data supply and data demand is a market failure that

not only reflects systemic power dynamics, but also perpetuates under-informed

policy and practice. Through an in-depth survey ...


The Middle Institutions Trap: A Parabolic Association Between Institutions And Income For Opec Countries, Jake W. Schneider Apr 2015

The Middle Institutions Trap: A Parabolic Association Between Institutions And Income For Opec Countries, Jake W. Schneider

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The literature on economic development asserts that institutions are positively associated with economic growth. Empirically I demonstrate this relationship for a sample size of 169 countries of the world when institutions (as measured by the Polity IV index) are regressed upon income (represented by log GDP per capita) in 2010. However, something fascinating occurs when the sample size is restricted to only Middle East North Africa (MENA) and Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) countries. In these cases, contrary to predicted outcomes posited by the literature, this relationship between income and institutions is, in fact, negative. This means that Middle ...


The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson Jan 2015

The Positive Effects Of Aid On Health Development Outcomes, Bensley Pearson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses a combination of foreign aid data and development proxies to assess the value of health related foreign aid and the achievements of the global community during times of increased aid focus. It uses regression models to present a statistically significant relationship between aid and health outcomes, and then utilizes three case studies comparing similar countries in order to reinforce the argument, and account for any inconsistencies within the models. Both the models and the case studies support aid as an asset in the health development of a state, and the implication is that, if this is indeed ...


Achieving Universal Access To Water And Sanitation Services: The Role Of Political Will In Implementation Practices, A Study Of Pakistan And India, Sarah Landreth Jan 2015

Achieving Universal Access To Water And Sanitation Services: The Role Of Political Will In Implementation Practices, A Study Of Pakistan And India, Sarah Landreth

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Adequate access to water and sanitation services (WSS) is a fundamental component of human development and has hugely positive effects on health, education, economic productivity, gender equity, and regional stability. Achieving universal access to WSS in a sustainable manner is not only a focus of the UN Millennium Development Goals framework, but it is also a key priority for the entire globe. This paper utilizes qualitative case studies of Pakistan and India to reveal how properly channeling political will is a crucial element to improving the implementation of public service delivery for WSS. Currently, both countries exhibit huge theory-practice gaps ...


The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman Jan 2015

The Impacts And Implications Of Whale Shark Ecotourism: A Case Study Of Three Ecotourism Sites, Laura B. Korman

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The biggest fish in the sea the whale shark, Rhincodon typus, still remains one of the biggest mysteries. This species named the whale shark, after it’s size, is one of the most charismatic shark species in the world. This colossal, yet harmless shark surfaces in certain areas across the globe. The sites where these sharks surface and aggregate are transforming into ecotourism hotspots. Globally, these ecotourism sites are valued at US$ 66 million (Higman, Luck, & CABI, 2008). However, a growing problem with these sites is the absence of positive management strategies that protect the sharks, and allow humans to ...


Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver Jan 2015

Nonviolent Weapons: The Transnationalism Of Nonviolent Resistance, Liam Comer-Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis takes a deep historical look at the adaptation of Mohandas Gandhi’s nonviolent ideology and strategy in the civil rights movement in the American South in order to understand the composition, construction, and behavior of the modern nonviolent movement known as 15M in Spain. The complete translation of Gandhi’s repertoire resulted in the formation of subversive groups, or contentious communities, which shared the common goal of desegregation and cultural integration of the southern black population. These contentious communities regrouped in nonviolent efforts, and interacted as a groupuscule with the same ideology.

This adaptation of nonviolent ideology and ...


The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker Jan 2015

The Role Of Civil Society In The Tunisian Democratic Transition, Veronica Baker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper explores the effects of civil society’s involvement in the Tunisian democratic transition through a case study on its contributions to the constitution drafting process. Tunisia gained widespread international attention following its popular uprising against authoritarian leader Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali and successful transition to democracy. Many, however, have dismissed Tunisia’s triumph as a lucky break aided by the country’s small size, religious and ethnic homogeneity, pre-existing liberal social values, and “relatively moderate” Islamist party. Those focused on such “Tunisian exceptionalism” conclude that the country’s transition has little to teach other countries in political flux ...


Institutional And Personal Homophobia In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Post-Materialist Explanation, Andrew Ormsby Jan 2015

Institutional And Personal Homophobia In Sub-Saharan Africa: A Post-Materialist Explanation, Andrew Ormsby

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Sub-Saharan Africa is currently the most homophobic place in the world in terms of both state institutions and public opinions. Many scholars have blamed this on the former colonial powers of Africa who imposed homophobic policies on their landholdings. In order to explain variations in African homophobia, this study conceptualizes homophobia in two forms: institutional, using a measure of the homophobic actions of African states, and personal, using a composite score of multiple opinion surveys regarding homosexuality. Using linear regression models, this paper contends that Inglehhart’s post-materialist framework does a much better job of explaining variation in homophobia within ...


Homegrown Terrorism And The British Experience: A Historical Analysis Of The Rise Of British Muslim Radicalization, Emma Rose Connolly Jan 2015

Homegrown Terrorism And The British Experience: A Historical Analysis Of The Rise Of British Muslim Radicalization, Emma Rose Connolly

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The rise in terrorist acts carried out by individuals who have been raised and radicalized within the Western countries they are attacking has increasingly become a common topic for study and conversation over the past few decades. With revelations that numerous British individuals have now joined the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, the issue has heightened the interest of the British population and government. This study utilizes theories of revolution and psychological theories of radicalization in order to analyze the rise in homegrown terrorism within the British context on three levels: the societal, the global, and the individual. This ...


Sex Is The Warmest Color: Intimate Relations Of Power And Truth In England And Thailand, Maria Valershteyn Jan 2015

Sex Is The Warmest Color: Intimate Relations Of Power And Truth In England And Thailand, Maria Valershteyn

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Substitutive sexuality….the infinite cannot be made into matter, but it is possible to create an illusion of the infinite: the image…and skin, a mass of scars, a skeleton’s robe…but they certainly are truth.

Andrei Tarkovsky, ‘The Sacrifice’

This honors thesis outlines the importance of sexuality and its connotations in the political as well as social sphere of society. The purpose of this work is to illustrate the underlining reasoning within people and states using a sexual discourse. By applying Michel Foucault’s theory of sexuality and relations of power, a description of a society’s system ...


The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud Jan 2015

The Roots Of Salafist Terror: An Analysis Of The Growth Of Violence In The Middle East From 1991-2010, Tyler D. Abboud

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Though originally ascertaining that both blowback and interest sharing were the primary causal factors giving rise to Salafist terrorism from 1991-2010, the project found evidence supporting the idea that the two concepts are related instead. Blowback, specifically from “direct interventions,” increases interest sharing by providing Salafist terrorist groups with the means to expand their objectives to make their fight seem like that of ordinary citizens thereby swelling their numbers. It can also lead to the unification of various groups who previously may have had no common goals. In turn these intertwining phenomenon lead to more attacks and damage done by ...