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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Lecture Transcript: Ambassador Bolewski-Oxford Speaking Notes, Wilfried Bolewski Oct 2015

Lecture Transcript: Ambassador Bolewski-Oxford Speaking Notes, Wilfried Bolewski

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

Ambassador Wilfried Bolewski, who teaches the Diplomacy and International Law classes at AGS was invited by Oxford University to give a Public Lecture on “Diplomacy and Crises: A practitioner’s insight and outlook” in the Global Governance and Diplomacy Public Speaker Series on February 9, 2015. “I am looking forward to this academic venue to explore new perspectives for the role of Diplomacy as facilitator for Global Governance,” says Professor Bolewski.


Lecture Transcript: Female Genital Mutilation (Fgm), Lorraine Koonce Oct 2015

Lecture Transcript: Female Genital Mutilation (Fgm), Lorraine Koonce

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

On 4 February 2015, Ms. Koonce was invited to the American Graduate School in Paris (AGS) to give a lecture as part of the AGS’s continued work on violence against women, with a discussion on female genital mutilation (FGM). The following is the transcript of her speech.


Bad News For Refugees By Greg Philo, Emma Briant And Pauline Donald London: Pluto Press, 2013. 203 Pp. (Isbn 978 0 7453 3432 5), David Feldman Oct 2015

Bad News For Refugees By Greg Philo, Emma Briant And Pauline Donald London: Pluto Press, 2013. 203 Pp. (Isbn 978 0 7453 3432 5), David Feldman

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

A project of researchers associated with the Glasgow Media Group, Bad News for Refugees seeks to shed light on the role of the media in shaping public opinion of refugees in the United Kingdom. Activists have denounced the increasing vilification of refugees by politicians and the press over the past decade and a half, and highlighted its coincidence with a shift towards a more punitive state response (Webber 2012). In view of the anti-migrant Ukip party’s triumph in the EU parliamentary elections of May 2014, this book is an especially timely study that could prove useful in the fight ...


Corporate Europe: How Big Business Sets Policies On Food, Climate And War By David Cronin London: Pluto Press, 2013. 216 Pp. (Isbn: 9780745333328), Steve Mcgiffen Oct 2015

Corporate Europe: How Big Business Sets Policies On Food, Climate And War By David Cronin London: Pluto Press, 2013. 216 Pp. (Isbn: 9780745333328), Steve Mcgiffen

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

David Cronin’s book is based on years as a journalist in Brussels looking at the way in which the European Union’s institutions really work. This reviewer spent thirteen years working at the European Parliament and, before that, five years sharing his time between academe and work as an advisor to a Member of that same Parliament. Cronin and I have come to very much the same conclusions. If our analysis is not largely reflected in that of the vast majority of academic ‘experts’ on the European Union, it has become almost ubiquitous out there on the streets and ...


Engaging Global Civil Society: Shifting Normative Frameworks, Moral Diplomacy, & The Future Of International Relations, Jozef A. Kosc Oct 2015

Engaging Global Civil Society: Shifting Normative Frameworks, Moral Diplomacy, & The Future Of International Relations, Jozef A. Kosc

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

The following exposition outlines a synthesized account of diplomatic relations in the 21st century, highlighting the crucial importance of engaging the Global Civil Society (NGOs and civil society) in an age of global communication, and stressing the importance of the development of a new system of diplomacy, drawing upon the best elements of existent theories. A comparative qualitative framework of analysis—cross-referencing historical cases, political psychology, as well as the writings of diplomatic practitioners—synthesizes the most accurate elements of two contemporary theories of international relations: Lyn Boyd-Judson’s Strategic Moral Diplomacy, and Mervyn Frost’s Constitutive Theory of International ...


U.S. Pakistan Relations During The Cold War, Lubna Sunawar, Tatiana Coutto Oct 2015

U.S. Pakistan Relations During The Cold War, Lubna Sunawar, Tatiana Coutto

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

Since the end of British India’s colonial rule in 1947 and the subsequent partition of the South Asian subcontinent, Pakistan’s foreign policy has been driven largely by geopolitical and ideological concerns. Located at the crossroads of the Middle East and South Asia, and relatively close to the Soviet Union (USSR) and Europe, Pakistan emerged not only as a potential bridge between the oil-rich Persian Gulf, energy-hungry East Asia, and the West[1], but also as a channel to ‘the Muslim World’. Such potential, however, has never been fulfilled: unsettled territorial disputes with India, along with irreconcilable national identity ...


Environmental Imperatives And International Relations Canada’S Challenge To Environmental Diplomacy, Mark Stoller Oct 2015

Environmental Imperatives And International Relations Canada’S Challenge To Environmental Diplomacy, Mark Stoller

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

Successful negotiation of multilateral environmental treaties poses a formidable challenge to the diplomatic community. The spread of environmental concerns through domestic and international politics has been steady since the late 1960s. Often, efforts to implement measures to protect the natural environment have pitted traditional sources of economic strength and political power against popular demands of active constituents and local communities. For the politically disenfranchised, the environment has provided access to discussions concerning industrial growth and the adverse impacts on communal living.[1] Many of the impacts felt from environmental politics stem from local affairs, but they have implications for global ...


Waging War On The Citizen: State Sovereignty, Citizen Death And The War On Terror, Lina Nasr El Hag Ali Oct 2015

Waging War On The Citizen: State Sovereignty, Citizen Death And The War On Terror, Lina Nasr El Hag Ali

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

One of the defining features of the contemporary era is the occurrence of non-localized warfare, in which the enemy can be considered fluid and always changing. The above quote reminds us that history has provided multiple examples of how wars are apt to change and shift the foundations of states; but there is something unique to be said about the qualities of modern war and the change it has prompted. A military technological revolution has culminated in the unprecedented use of drones as primary agents of war (specifically in the “War on Terror”), which has in turn shifted the traditional ...


Authoritarian Breakdown In The Arab World: Linkages, Leverage And Regime Type, Natasha Ezrow Oct 2015

Authoritarian Breakdown In The Arab World: Linkages, Leverage And Regime Type, Natasha Ezrow

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

Scholars (see Levitsky and Way, 2005) have highlighted the importance of linkages and leverage in facilitating authoritarian breakdown. By linkages, we are referring to the ties that authoritarian regimes have to the United States, the European Union and other Western dominated international institutions and leverage refers to how vulnerable authoritarian regimes are to external pressure from these actors. But what previous scholars have failed to emphasize is that the type of authoritarian regime (i.e., personalist, military and single party) affects how much power international actors have in facilitating the ousting of an autocrat. With the recent events of the ...


Overview Of The Diplomatic Landscape, Patrick Bratton Oct 2015

Overview Of The Diplomatic Landscape, Patrick Bratton

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

This essay outlines a so-called paradigm shift that is occurring in regard to diplomacy and global politics in general. This is a paradigm shift away from the nation-state towards both non-state actors and individuals, and towards regional and global movements and organizations. In terms of diplomacy, this is seen as moving away from the images of old men in striped pants at formal summits to social movements uniting through social media, sometimes called “citizen diplomacy” or “digital diplomacy”. This inaugural issue, with contributions from AGS students and faculty, will explore and problematize many of these issues. To put the issues ...


Inaugural Issue Introduction, Eileen Servidio Oct 2015

Inaugural Issue Introduction, Eileen Servidio

The Journal of International Relations, Peace Studies, and Development

The American Graduate School in Paris is introducing its inaugural issue of the Journal of International Relations, Peace & Development Studies.

Associated with Arcadia University’s M.A. program in Peace and Conflict Resolution, this journal aspires to encourage discourses that promote non-violence in all aspects of international affairs. Nevertheless, keeping with AGS’s standard of respecting and listening to “the other”, all articles that meet AGS’s high standards of research will be considered for publication, no matter the opinion.