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2014

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Articles 1591 - 1609 of 1609

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Microfoundations Of The Rule Of Law, Gillian K. Hadfield, Barry R. Weingast Dec 2013

Microfoundations Of The Rule Of Law, Gillian K. Hadfield, Barry R. Weingast

Gillian K Hadfield

Many social scientists rely on the rule of law in their accounts of political or economic development. Many however simply equate law with a stable government capable of enforcing the rules generated by a political authority. As two decades of largely failed efforts to build the rule of law in poor and transition countries and continuing struggles to build international legal order demonstrate, we still do not understand how legal order is produced, especially in places where it does not already exist. We here canvas literature in the social sciences to identify the themes and gaps in the existing accounts ...


Constitutions As Coordinating Devices, Gillian K. Hadfield, Barry R. Weingast Dec 2013

Constitutions As Coordinating Devices, Gillian K. Hadfield, Barry R. Weingast

Gillian K Hadfield

Why do successful constitutions have the attributes characteristically associated with the rule of law? Why do constitutions involve public reasoning? And, how is such a system sustained as an equilibrium? In this paper, we adapt the framework in our previous work on “what is law?” to the problem of constitutions and their enforcement (see Hadfield and Weingast 2012, 2013a,b). We present an account of constitutional law characterized by two features: a system of distinctive reasoning and process that is grounded in economic and political functionality; and a set of legal attributes such as generality, stability, publicity, clarity, non-contradictoriness, and ...


同构压力,认知群体,政府-Ngo 合作在中国, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2013

同构压力,认知群体,政府-Ngo 合作在中国, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

该论文指出,中国政府与非政府组织(NGO)之间合作的缺乏并不能完全归咎于政府对该领域发展的限制,或是出于对一个潜在的政府反对者的害怕。与北京和上海的NGO 访谈显示, 政府与NGO 之间缺乏有意义的合作的部分原因是同构压力,以及政府对于NGO 活动认知的缺乏。事实上,证据显示,一旦政府获得了对NGO 工作的认知,它将会更加愿意与NGO 建立联系。当然必须说明的是,政府想要利用的是NGO 的物质资源,而非他们的象征性,阐释性,或是地理上的资本。


Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities And State-Ngo Collaboration In China, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2013

Isomorphic Pressures, Epistemic Communities And State-Ngo Collaboration In China, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

This article suggests that a lack of meaningful collaboration between the state and NGOs in China is not solely a result of the state seeking to restrict the development of the sector, or fear of a potential opposing actor to the state. Instead, interviews with NGOs in Beijing and Shanghai suggests that a lack of meaningful engagement between the state and NGOs can be partially attributed to isomorphic pressures within state-NGO relations, and insufficient epistemic awareness of NGO activities on the part of the state. In fact, the evidence suggests that once epistemic awareness is achieved by the state, they ...


The Local Corporatist State And Ngo Relations In China, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Reza Hasmath Dec 2013

The Local Corporatist State And Ngo Relations In China, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

This article examines the Chinese state’s interactions and influences on the development of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) through a corporatist framework. It suggests that not only is the central state actively involved in the development of NGOs, but increasingly the successes of NGOs are determined by their interactions with the local state. We profile NGOs in Shanghai, of varying sizes, budgets, and issue-areas, as a case study to understand the interplay between NGOs and the local state. The article further discusses reasons behind the growing shift from central to local state influences, and the potential future implications for state-NGO relations ...


中国统和主义地方政府与非政府组织关系, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Reza Hasmath Dec 2013

中国统和主义地方政府与非政府组织关系, Jennifer Yj Hsu, Reza Hasmath

Reza Hasmath

该论文利用统和主义的理论框架来研究中国政府对非政府组织(NGOs)发展的影响及两者的互动。文章指出,中国中央政府积极参与非政府组织的发展之余,地方政府与NGO之间的互动越来越成为决定非政府组织成功与否的关键因素。我们以上海的众多规模、预算、活动范围各不相同的非政府组织为案例,试图理解NGO与地方政府的相互联系。该论文进一步讨论了政府影响力不断从中央向地方转移这一趋势的原因及后果。


Psychological Vulnerabilities And Propensities For Involvement In Violent Extremism, Randy Borum Dec 2013

Psychological Vulnerabilities And Propensities For Involvement In Violent Extremism, Randy Borum

Randy Borum

Research on the psychology of terrorism has argued against the idea that most terrorist behavior is caused by mental illness or by a terrorist personality. This article suggests an alternative line of inquiry – an individual psychology of terrorism that explores how otherwise normal mental states and processes, built on characteristic attitudes, dispositions, inclinations, and intentions, might affect a person’s propensity for involvement with violent extremist groups and actions. It uses the concepts of “mindset” – a relatively enduring set of attitudes, dispositions, and inclinations – and worldview as the basis of a psychological “climate,” within which various vulnerabilities and propensities shape ...


Political Leadership And Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2013

Political Leadership And Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Elementi Per Una Teoria Critica Delle Regressioni, In "La Società Degli Individui", Xvii, N. 51 (2014), Pp. 141-152., Marco Solinas Dec 2013

Elementi Per Una Teoria Critica Delle Regressioni, In "La Società Degli Individui", Xvii, N. 51 (2014), Pp. 141-152., Marco Solinas

Marco Solinas

The essay aims to offer a critical theory of psychosocial processes of regressive and depressive type. The Author starts by discussing the determining influence attributed to social suffering in the framework of the moral grammar of social struggle outlined by Axel Honneth, then he offers an analysis of the regressive reactions activate by disrespect experiences. The Author discusses some important points of Walter Benjamin’s philosophy of history, in particularly Benjamin’s critique of traditional concept of progress, and the determining role attributed to suffering; points that are translated and moved in the framework of the analysis of regressive processes ...


Battered And Betrayed: A Report Of Visit To Muzaffarnagar Camps, Saumya Uma, Hasina Khan Dec 2013

Battered And Betrayed: A Report Of Visit To Muzaffarnagar Camps, Saumya Uma, Hasina Khan

Dr. Saumya Uma

In September 2013, there were anti-Muslim attacks in Muzaffarnagar and Shamli districts of Uttar Pradesh - a state in India. This report is based on a visit to relief camps in January 2014, and recounts the present status of victim-survivors of the violence, more particularly women and girls - the challenges they face and the extent to which reparative justice has been rendered.


The Role Of Society In The Peace Process Of The Basque Country, Andrea Bartoli Ph.D. Dec 2013

The Role Of Society In The Peace Process Of The Basque Country, Andrea Bartoli Ph.D.

Andrea Bartoli

This article looks at a peace-building model used in Basque country. Despite ongoing acts of terror and forced silence, Basque society found peaceful solutions through cultural, social, and economic development. The following research, based on interviews and questionnaires, demonstrates a bottom-up approach to peace in the Basque region. In this case, peace was unsustainable from a law-and-order perspective; legal action was not enough to maintain order. This study demonstrates the significance of social networks and the level of trust built into these networks. It concludes with a reflection on the unique nature of the Basque journey towards peace.


Presentazione, Mario Pianta Dec 2013

Presentazione, Mario Pianta

Mario Pianta

Il lungo XX secolo di Giovanni Arrighi è uno dei testi più importanti del dopoguerra nel campo delle scienze sociali. Un «classico», apparso in inglese vent’anni fa, nel 1994, che qui viene presentato in una nuova edizione, ampliata dal Poscritto pubblicato nel 2009, poco prima della morte dell’autore. Al centro del Lungo XX secolo c’è l’evoluzione del capitalismo su scala mondiale – con il susseguirsi di cicli di accumulazione – e il suo intreccio con l’evoluzione del sistema di potere internazionale – i cicli di egemonia mondiale. Vi si propone una teoria che unisce processi economici, politici e ...


Emblem Of Folk Legality: Semiotic Prosecution And The American Bald Eagle, Sarah Marusek Dec 2013

Emblem Of Folk Legality: Semiotic Prosecution And The American Bald Eagle, Sarah Marusek

Sarah Marusek, Ph.D

No abstract provided.


The Chinese Dream: Concept And Context, Zheng Wang Dec 2013

The Chinese Dream: Concept And Context, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Remapping Trade Relations In The Americas: The Influence Of Shifting Power, Gaspare M. Genna Dec 2013

Remapping Trade Relations In The Americas: The Influence Of Shifting Power, Gaspare M. Genna

Gaspare M Genna

No abstract provided.


First Steps Towards Hearts And Minds? Usaid’S Countering Violent Extremism Policies In Africa, Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2013

First Steps Towards Hearts And Minds? Usaid’S Countering Violent Extremism Policies In Africa, Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

The United States government has adopted new approaches to counter violent extremist organizations around the world. “Soft security” and development programs include focused educational training for groups vulnerable to terrorist recruitment, norm messaging through local radio programming, and job creation in rural communities. This article evaluates the effectiveness of one set of these multi-vectored, community-level programs through data from 200 respondents in two similar, neighboring towns in northern Mali, Africa. The data show that residents in Timbuktu who were exposed to the programming for up to five years displayed measurably altered civic behavior and listening patterns in comparison with their ...


Daleyd_Etal_2014_Multilevel_Climate_Governance_Apsa.Pdf, Dorothy Daley, Troy D. Abel, Mark Stephan Dec 2013

Daleyd_Etal_2014_Multilevel_Climate_Governance_Apsa.Pdf, Dorothy Daley, Troy D. Abel, Mark Stephan

Troy D. Abel

The long-term and large-scale issues stemming from climate change include scientific,
technical, social, and political/policy challenges. In the United States, the political and
governance challenges embedded in climate change are perhaps the most daunting. In the
vacuum of national policies to mitigate and adapt to climate change, subnational arrangements
offer an ideal opportunity to study the ways in which polycentric institutional arrangements may
lead to improved environmental performance. Using the Institutional Analysis and Development
Framework (IAD) we test hypotheses that explore: (1) policy diversity (variety); (2) multilevel
institutional nesting; and their relation to (3) Greenhouse Gas Emission (GHG) reduction ...


Alan Ryan: On Politics, Book Two Study Guide, 2014, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2013

Alan Ryan: On Politics, Book Two Study Guide, 2014, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Looking Back At Brezhnev, Peter Rutland, Victoria Smolkin-Rothrock Dec 2013

Looking Back At Brezhnev, Peter Rutland, Victoria Smolkin-Rothrock

Peter Rutland

This is the introduction to a special issue of Russian history evaluating the record of the Brezhnev era 25 years after the collapse of the Soviet Union. While in the West Brezhnev's Soviet Union is seen as a collosal failure, many Russians look back on the period with nostalgia. And the society was much more dynamic than the label "stagnation" implies. The seeds of Russia's explosive changes in the 1990s were planted during the Brezhnev era.