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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Influences On Foster Care Reentry Rate, Ashley L. Morris, Andrew Battista, Dilshod Achilov, Rebecca L. Keeler May 2014

Influences On Foster Care Reentry Rate, Ashley L. Morris, Andrew Battista, Dilshod Achilov, Rebecca L. Keeler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Influences on Foster Care Reentry Rate looked at demographic and socioeconomic characteristics in each state within the United States. Those characteristics were then studied to see how they related to foster care reentry rates. Then, a case study analysis was conducted on three states, Minnesota, North Carolina, and Tennessee, because of their similarity in demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and divergence in foster care reentry rates. The case analysis was an in depth pursuit of differences in each of the state's policies that may be a driving force of higher reentry rates.


Emirati Foreign Aid: Overview And Foreign Policy Implications, Maryam I. Kanna May 2014

Emirati Foreign Aid: Overview And Foreign Policy Implications, Maryam I. Kanna

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is one of four major donors of foreign aid in the Arab World. Together, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the UAE, and Qatar have made substantial foreign aid contributions, frequently exceeding the United Nations' development assistance target of 0.7% of Gross National Income (GNI). These generous Arab donors, however, are notorious for their opaque development programs: little is publicly known about their aid activities and allocation preferences. With the establishment of its Office for the Coordination of Foreign Aid, the UAE has made a more tangible effort to increase its transparency than ...


Fixing Failing Schools: How States And Localities Implement Federal Reforms, Keenan Kelley May 2014

Fixing Failing Schools: How States And Localities Implement Federal Reforms, Keenan Kelley

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Under the Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) provision of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), schools that consistently failed to reach state-designed levels of proficiency were required to implement at least one reform from a slate of federally prescribed options. Although much work in the education and political science community has investigated the federal and state impact of NCLB, little work has been done on local governance. This paper will be the first to look for a relationship between state-level factors and local NCLB implementation. It addresses the following question: Are there state-level factors that influence the types ...


To Polish Or Demolish? : The Resurgence And Reimagining Of American Rail, Ryan R. Warsing Apr 2014

To Polish Or Demolish? : The Resurgence And Reimagining Of American Rail, Ryan R. Warsing

Undergraduate Honors Theses

American railway stations stand tall among other buildings for reasons other than their physical size. These stations were born out of the monumental school that commanded buildings to serve higher purposes, to represent the ideals and aspirations of the people who built them. To accomplish this grand vision stations were built to artful extremes; bell towers, Doric columns, and waiting rooms the size of football fields were not uncommon features. Due to their elaborate forms, these stations have not weathered the tests of time as have smaller, simpler buildings. After a few tumultuous decades of reckless destruction, planners today have ...


The Impact Of Solar Lights On The Individual Welfare And Fishing Productivity Of Liberian Fishermen, William Smith Apr 2014

The Impact Of Solar Lights On The Individual Welfare And Fishing Productivity Of Liberian Fishermen, William Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Liberia has the lowest level of electrification in the world. Due to the severe under-provision of public electricity, private suppliers have started to fill the gap. One such provider is the Liberian Energy Network (LEN), which imports and distributes solar lights. This study examines the impact of LEN’s solar lights on the individual welfare and fishing productivity of Liberian fishermen. Employing a randomized controlled trial of 90 fishermen over seven weeks in Monrovia, Liberia, it finds that access to solar lights not only significantly increases participants’ security but also enables their children to study at night. The effect of ...


The Construction Of Activist Identities In The Democratic Party: A Study On Collective Identity And Political Activism, Derek J. Moretz Apr 2014

The Construction Of Activist Identities In The Democratic Party: A Study On Collective Identity And Political Activism, Derek J. Moretz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses ethnographic methods to explore the relationship between collective identity, personal identity and activism in local Democratic clubs and county groups in Eastern Virginia. Drawing from interviews with activist group leaders and group members, participant observation at party events, and document analysis of party documents, I introduce the concepts of maximal reality and submaximal reality to help understand how individual and group practices reinforce collective identities that promote group activism. I argue that the emphasis of maximal realities through practices of silence and group activist rituals creates a dialectic of political participation that ensures Democratic identity is reinforced ...


Good Neighbors: Trade, Culture, And Institutions In The Resolution Of Territorial Disputes, Dylan R. Kolhoff Apr 2014

Good Neighbors: Trade, Culture, And Institutions In The Resolution Of Territorial Disputes, Dylan R. Kolhoff

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The importance of territory is undeniable, and so it is perhaps unsurprising that throughout history territorial disputes have been the principal source of conflict leading to war. However, while wars are often linked to territorial disputes, territorial disputes often pose little risk of war. The differences between the territorial disputes that lead to conflict and those that do not are essential, for within them is the key to identifying the causes of war, predicting sites of future conflict, and preventing conflict.

This research seeks to expand understanding of how violent or peaceful resolutions to territorial disputes are linked with bilateral ...


Commitment Without Control: The Burdensharing Dilemma In The Us-Japan Alliance, Jake A. Douglas Apr 2014

Commitment Without Control: The Burdensharing Dilemma In The Us-Japan Alliance, Jake A. Douglas

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Since the early Cold War, the United States has maintained a system of extended deterrence around the world. Its centerpiece, in contradistinction to other eras of great power politics, has been the physical garrisoning of allied territory. To deter would-be aggressors, Americans have demonstrated with this ‘tripwire’ strategy that they could not possibly avoid involvement. Even so, Washington has often recognized the costs of such a total commitment for intra-alliance management. When an adversary knows the United States is automatically committed, so does the security partner. Although America may not want war and its enemy may be deterred, an ally ...


Reconciled Liberalism As A Mechanism For Foreign Aid Evaluation, Taylor S. Stephens Apr 2014

Reconciled Liberalism As A Mechanism For Foreign Aid Evaluation, Taylor S. Stephens

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The argument of this thesis is that it is necessary to expand the scope of current evaluations of foreign aid provision to include an examination of empirical indicators of political theory justifications, providing an additional standard by which individual donors can determine the most beneficial use of their aid dollars. Accepting liberalism as an important political theory, exploration of three distinct liberal interpretations can be explored: libertarianism, liberal substantive ends and reconciled libertarian paternalism. Each of these interpretations aligns with a method of foreign aid provision and a corresponding aid provision organization. The GiveDirectly unconditional cash transfer program, Oportunidades conditional ...


Ratification And Reliability: The Strategic Logic Of Formal Treaties, Benjamin L. Kenzer Apr 2014

Ratification And Reliability: The Strategic Logic Of Formal Treaties, Benjamin L. Kenzer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis evaluates the connection between ratification and alliance structure, formation, and reliability. It hypothesizes that as ratification requirements become more rigorous, alliance formation becomes less likely and alliance structures become more likely. In the mean time, ratified alliances will be more reliable. This thesis tests these theories using both qualitative and quantitative evidence. Applying case studies on the League of Nations, it illustrates how the increased rigor of ratification rules makes alliance formation more difficult. Meanwhile, member-level data from the Alliance Treaties and Obligations dataset between 1815 and 2000 suggests that ratification makes alliances more reliable. Overall, then, ratification ...


When Social Pressure Fails: Evidence From Two Direct Mail Experiments, Margaret Schwenzfeier Apr 2014

When Social Pressure Fails: Evidence From Two Direct Mail Experiments, Margaret Schwenzfeier

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Within the past two decades, political scientists have utilized direct mail field experiments to assess the impact of various mail techniques on voter turnout. The most effective field experiments have used social pressure (publicizing or otherwise drawing attention to individuals’ voting histories) to increase turnout, but have not been widely used by political campaigns because of the potential for voter backlash. More traditional direct mail frequently employs issue-based negative appeals, but has not been shown to increase turnout. In this paper, I conduct a small field experiment to measure the effect of political direct mail that combines social pressure content ...


Diffusion Of Revocation: The Movement Away From The Common Core State Standards, Ashley N. Napier Apr 2014

Diffusion Of Revocation: The Movement Away From The Common Core State Standards, Ashley N. Napier

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS), released in 2010, represented a new push to standardize curriculum across states and to promote college and career readiness in schools. The federal government’s Race to the Top grant program indirectly created strong incentives for states to adopt the CCSS, and 45 states and the District of Columbia adopted the standards. Since their adoption, many states have shown signs of moving away from the CCSS through bills introduced in state legislatures and Indiana has recently become the first state to officially opt out of the Standards. This paper seeks to examine this movement ...


Partisan-Colored Glasses? How Polarization Has Affected The Formation And Impact Of Party Competence Evaluations, Rachel Lienesch Apr 2014

Partisan-Colored Glasses? How Polarization Has Affected The Formation And Impact Of Party Competence Evaluations, Rachel Lienesch

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The potential effects of mass polarization has become a major subject of study in political science. Multiple studies have shown that polarization at the mass level has caused political attitudes and opinions to be increasingly driven by party identification over the past few decades. Even responses to questions as nonpartisan as “Has the economy gotten better or worse over the past year?” show a partisan bias (Bartels 2002). In this paper, I look at whether party identification is having an increasing impact on party competence evaluations, as would be expected if polarization has happened at the mass level. I first ...


Politics And Its Corruption Of Social Welfare Organizations, Josiah Brensdal Jan 2014

Politics And Its Corruption Of Social Welfare Organizations, Josiah Brensdal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The way the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) regulates and enforces rules on 501(c)(4) organizations has become a hotly debated topic today due to the controversial audits of tea party affiliated 501(c)(4) organizations conducted by the IRS. The IRS started auditing 501(c)(4) organizations this past election cycle solely on the (sole) basis of the organization's "perceived" political affiliation. 501(c)(4) organizations define in the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) are "Civic leagues or organizations not organized for profit but operated exclusively for the promotion of social welfare, and local association of employees, the membership ...


Women Are Bitches, Men Are Leaders: How Men And Women Varied In Legislative Effectiveness In The 2014 Colorado State Legislature, Sarah Andrews Jan 2014

Women Are Bitches, Men Are Leaders: How Men And Women Varied In Legislative Effectiveness In The 2014 Colorado State Legislature, Sarah Andrews

Undergraduate Honors Theses

If you don’t have a seat at the table, you are probably on the menu. Many have said this before I have, but women will not be treated as equals to men until there are a greater number of women at the political table. This study tested legislative effectiveness through observing data from the Colorado General Assembly database. The data was then compared to differences in effectiveness, tested by conducting interviews with current state legislators. By conducting semi-structured interviews with Colorado state legislators, this study was able to investigate qualitative reasoning behind the gender gap in U.S. politics ...