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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

China's Triangle Diplomacy 中国の三角外交, Mel Gurtov Dec 2014

China's Triangle Diplomacy 中国の三角外交, Mel Gurtov

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Back in the days of Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger, the "strategic triangle" with the Soviet Union and China was the great game. The idea was to play off the two communist powers against one another, relying on their ideological warfare under Mao, deep cultural differences, and open conflict in border regions to sustain their mutual suspicions and fears of attack. Now the shoe is on the other foot, so to speak: China seems to be in charge of the game, using US-Russia enmity and its own on-again, off-again competition with the US to keep both those countries cooperative with ...


Guaranteeing Conflict Free Diamonds: From Compliance To Norm Expansion Under The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, Anne Pitsch Santiago Oct 2014

Guaranteeing Conflict Free Diamonds: From Compliance To Norm Expansion Under The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, Anne Pitsch Santiago

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study addresses compliance and business practices at the local level subsequent to the international adoption of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme by states and the adoption of the voluntary System of Warranties by the diamond industry. This paper also explores the distance between norm creation, norm sustainability and norm expansion. Interests of various stakeholders led to the creation of international norms, and evidence supports widespread compliance at the state level. Data gathered at the local level of retailer suggests, however, that the regulatory system is not leading to the education of consumers that potentially transforms beliefs. Central to understanding ...


Public Management In Political Institutions: Explaining Perceptions Of White House Chief Of Staff Influence, José D. Villalobos, Justin S. Vaughn, David B. Cohen Sep 2014

Public Management In Political Institutions: Explaining Perceptions Of White House Chief Of Staff Influence, José D. Villalobos, Justin S. Vaughn, David B. Cohen

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The notion that public managers influence organizational performance is common in public administration research. However, less is known about why some managers are better at influencing organizational performance than others. Furthermore, relatively few studies have systematically examined managerial influence and scholars have yet to investigate either quantitatively or systematically managerial influence in the White House. Utilizing original survey data collected from former White House officials who served in the Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Clinton administrations, this study applies empirical public management theory to examine for the first time the key determinants that shape perceptions of chief of staff ...


The Contemporary Presidency Reconsidering Presidential Policy Czars, Justin S. Vaughn Sep 2014

The Contemporary Presidency Reconsidering Presidential Policy Czars, Justin S. Vaughn

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Since controversy began to swirl surrounding then-President-elect Barack Obama's alleged overreliance on policy czars in late 2008, political scientists and pundits alike have been quick to view this approach to White House staffing as an extension of the imperial presidency and, to some, a threat to the constitutional order. In this article, I take a step back and ask whether the phenomenon under attack is exactly what scholars assume it is. In doing so, I investigate the conceptualization problem czars pose as well as how and why presidents actually use czars. I conclude with a series of suggestion for ...


Time For The U.S. To Engage North Korea 米、本気で北朝鮮と関わりを持つ時期がきた, Mel Gurtov Aug 2014

Time For The U.S. To Engage North Korea 米、本気で北朝鮮と関わりを持つ時期がきた, Mel Gurtov

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Sticks and carrots won't get North Korea to give up its nukes. But a willingness to negotiate a peace treaty and provide security guarantees might.


Women’S Representation In The Highest Court: A Comparative Analysis Of The Appointment Of Female Justices, Melody Ellis Valdini, Christopher Shortell Aug 2014

Women’S Representation In The Highest Court: A Comparative Analysis Of The Appointment Of Female Justices, Melody Ellis Valdini, Christopher Shortell

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The presence of women justices in the highest court varies significantly from country to country. Using an original data set of women’s representation in the highest constitutional courts in 50 democracies, we assess the causes of this variation. We find, contrary to the prevailing view, that the strength of the institution is not significantly related to the number of women on the court. Instead, we find that the existence of a “sheltered” versus “exposed” selection mechanism is the critical determinant of women’s presence. That is, when the selectors are sheltered from electoral accountability, they are less likely to ...


Xi Jinping Visits Seoul: The Bigger Picture 習近平のソウル訪問 大局をみすえて, Mel Gurtov Jul 2014

Xi Jinping Visits Seoul: The Bigger Picture 習近平のソウル訪問 大局をみすえて, Mel Gurtov

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

China and Korea watchers jumped to attention when it was announced that Xi Jinping would visit South Korea from July 3-4, rather than visit North Korea first. Although the trip could have been seen as reciprocating ROK President Park Geun-hye’s visit to China in June 2013, the Chinese side surely was aware that the trip would be viewed abroad as a departure from standard Chinese protocol and would probably upset Kim Jong-un and his colleagues. But while the trip can be judged a success for China, the North Koreans may have less to worry about than might at first ...


The Conditional Effect Of Term Limits On Electoral Activities, Julie Vandusky-Allen Jun 2014

The Conditional Effect Of Term Limits On Electoral Activities, Julie Vandusky-Allen

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this article, I examine how term limits affect the amount of time that legislators focus on constituency service and fundraising. I use data from the 2002 U.S. State Legislative Survey conducted by Carey, Niemi, Powell, and Moncrief to provide support for my hypotheses. The results from the data analysis suggest that in the presence of term limits, legislators with long-term career goals in politics spend less time on constituency service activities and more time on fundraising with their caucus. For legislators with short-term career goals in politics, there is very little evidence to suggest that term limits have ...


Barack Obama And The Rhetoric Of Electoral Logic, Julia R. Azari, Justin S. Vaughn Jun 2014

Barack Obama And The Rhetoric Of Electoral Logic, Julia R. Azari, Justin S. Vaughn

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objectives. This article examines Barack Obama’s efforts to interpret and characterize the contrasting outcomes of the 2008 and 2010 elections, using an original data set of presidential communications. Methods. We performed a content analysis of 241 presidential communications. Results. Obama’s post-2008 mandate claims alternated between claiming a mandate on a variety of policy issues and framing the election as a repudiation of Republican theories of governing. Post-2010, however, Obama framed the midterm results as evidence for electoral demand for bipartisan cooperation, rather than a repudiation of Democratic policies and ideas. Conclusions. Obama’s choices in framing the 2008 ...


Urban Politics And The Judiciary: Treating Courts As Endogenous, Christopher Shortell Apr 2014

Urban Politics And The Judiciary: Treating Courts As Endogenous, Christopher Shortell

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The study of urban politics often focuses on the ability of urban regimes to successfully pursue their interests and goals. However, scholars of urban politics only peripherally consider the role that courts play. And when courts are incorporated, they are treated as exogenous to the political system. This paper argues for the importance of treating the judiciary as endogenous to the local political system. Courts are themselves political institutions and should be understood as such in the study of politics at the local level. Doing so offers several benefits, including accounting for the ways in which state-level preferences operate as ...


The Progressive Movement And Conservation (1890s - Present), John Freemuth Jan 2014

The Progressive Movement And Conservation (1890s - Present), John Freemuth

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Progressive movement of the 1890s to the 1920s was a seminal movement affecting the U.S. policy in many areas. Specifically, the original conservation movement, part of the larger Progressive movement during this same time period (1890-1920), had a profound influence over natural resource policies that remain to this day. Perhaps best seen as a response to the changes brought by the modernization of life in the United States, key aspects of the Progressive movement were electorial reform to counter political corruption, the women's movement, fear of corporate power, and the need to control that power.


The Perils Of Ignoring (Or Misunderstanding) Politics And Organizing, David Johns Jan 2014

The Perils Of Ignoring (Or Misunderstanding) Politics And Organizing, David Johns

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

Conservation scientists and advocates were surprised by the U.S. Congress stripping away protection for wolves in the US northern Rocky Mountains. If they had paid attention to earlier political lessons in which court victories had been undermined by determined political organizing they would not have been surprised and could have adopted strategies that would have given them much more leverage with elected officials. Instead conservationists were out-organized and elected officials normally supportive of the U.S. Endangered Species Act responded to anti-wolf groups because they brought more pressure to bear than conservationists. Although political lessons are specific to the ...