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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Does Revolution Breed Radicalism? An Analysis Of The Stalled Revolution In Syria And The Radical Forces Since Unleashed, Ryan King Little Nov 2014

Does Revolution Breed Radicalism? An Analysis Of The Stalled Revolution In Syria And The Radical Forces Since Unleashed, Ryan King Little

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines the turn to conflict in Syria during 2011 to see if it is revolutionary in nature and if so, why has it not succeeded? This thesis aims to analyze the anatomy of Syria's "revolution" in order to determine the causes behind the initial popular mobilization and transition to conflict. Then, further analysis of the essential elements of successful revolutionary movements will be undertaken to reveal what conditions remain unmet for Syria to culminate in a full revolutionary transformation. Special attention will be paid to the revolutionary Opposition itself, since, to date, it has proved unable to ...


The Effects Of U.S. Middle East Foreign Policy On American Muslims: A Case Study Of Muslims In Tampa Bay, Mark G. Grzegorzewski Jun 2014

The Effects Of U.S. Middle East Foreign Policy On American Muslims: A Case Study Of Muslims In Tampa Bay, Mark G. Grzegorzewski

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the past thirteen years the United States has used military force against three different Muslim-majority nations. These conflicts have lead to the deaths of many Muslims, including many innocent civilians. Meanwhile, American Muslims have become conflicted about their identities as Muslims and Americans. However, this does not mean that they have become a fifth column within America. What it does mean is that they have felt anguish regarding the torment of their religious brethren, while at the same time retaining their American identity. Post-9/11, Muslim American groups have acknowledged their place in the racial ordering of America. Muslim ...


Challenging The Democratic Peace Theory - The Role Of Us-China Relationship, Toni Ann Pazienza May 2014

Challenging The Democratic Peace Theory - The Role Of Us-China Relationship, Toni Ann Pazienza

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The democratic peace theory proposes that democratic states are less likely to go to war with each other, but will go to war with nondemocratic states, and usually win. This is a theory that has generated much controversy. There is no denial that peace exists between democracies, but the controversies arise over why.

The twenty-first century has seen a rise in China (an autocratic state) and its struggle to obtain a presence on the world stage and equality with the United States (a democratic state). There has not been a militarized dispute between them and they report billions of dollars ...


Human Trafficking From Southern Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, And Guatemala: Why These Victims Are Trafficked Into Modern Day Florida, Timothy Adam Golob May 2014

Human Trafficking From Southern Mexico, Honduras, El Salvador, And Guatemala: Why These Victims Are Trafficked Into Modern Day Florida, Timothy Adam Golob

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Florida is ranked as one of the United States' top three destination states for human trafficking; many of those victims originate from Mesoamerica--Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador. Human trafficking is a growing problem which hinders universal human rights for hundreds of new victims in Florida every year. Mesoamericans have a high risk of becoming victims due to the situations in their home countries. The issue of human trafficking has only recently gained the national and state attention of law makers and law enforcement officers.

This study uses several human trafficking cases to educate and exemplify why Mesoamerican victims ...


Leges, Plebiscita, Et Rogationes: Democratization And Legislative Action, 494 - 88 Bc, Eric Wolters May 2014

Leges, Plebiscita, Et Rogationes: Democratization And Legislative Action, 494 - 88 Bc, Eric Wolters

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study intends to analyze the importance of institutional trust in the process of democratization. In this particular case, the period from 494 to 88 BC in the Roman republic is examined. The theories of Charles Tilly and Robert Putnam are utilized to more deeply examine the concepts and manifestations of trust and democratization. Using the ideas and theories of these authors together provides a unique insight into the means by which a population comes to trust that government is responsive, and further comes to expect increased responsiveness in the future. Institutional trust as an element of mutually binding consultation ...


An Analysis Of State Building: The Relationship Between Pashtun 'Para-State' Institutions And Political Instability In Afghanistan, Rebecca Young Greven May 2014

An Analysis Of State Building: The Relationship Between Pashtun 'Para-State' Institutions And Political Instability In Afghanistan, Rebecca Young Greven

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study arose from the desire to research the effectiveness of state building policies in Afghanistan. In order to address this topic, I review state building literature and find that state building literature focuses largely on the processes of democratization instead of institution building. In the second part of this dissertation I conduct a comparative case study of Afghanistan during the Soviet and Taliban eras to study the relationship between Pashtun `para-state' institutions (PSI's) and levels of political instability. I hypothesize that Pashtun PSI's compete with central state institutions for popular support thus increasing political instability and reducing ...


The United States Prison System: A Comparative Analysis, Rachel O'Connor May 2014

The United States Prison System: A Comparative Analysis, Rachel O'Connor

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Throughout history the penal system has been viewed as the paramount means of dealing with criminals, though its function has transformed throughout time. It has served as a pit for detaining suspected criminals, a home for the vagrant, an institution for the insane, a dreaded place of repute, quarters for cleansing and renewal, and an establishment of cataloged charges. The trials and transformations of history have developed and shaped the institution that we recognize today. Presently, the United States prison population far exceeds that of any other country in the world. The political climate, tough on crime policies, determinate sentencing ...


Key Ingredients In The Rule Of Law Recipe: The Role Of Judicial Independence In The Effective Establishment Of The Rule Of Law, Lauren A. Shumate May 2014

Key Ingredients In The Rule Of Law Recipe: The Role Of Judicial Independence In The Effective Establishment Of The Rule Of Law, Lauren A. Shumate

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In recent decades, countries around the globe have engaged in rule of law and judicial reform initiatives, with such efforts being most prominent in transitional democracies, post-conflict and post-communist countries. Despite the fact that the concepts of judicial independence and the rule of law continue to be contested among political and legal scholars, popular wisdom and belief in the international community suggests that an independent judiciary is the cornerstone of a democratic, market-based society based on the rule of law. However, the disagreement over the extent to which an independent judiciary effects the establishment of the rule of law has ...


The Syrian Civil War: Four Concentric Forces Of Tensions, Majid Rafizadeh Jan 2014

The Syrian Civil War: Four Concentric Forces Of Tensions, Majid Rafizadeh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The ongoing Syrian conflict has been subject to considerable amount of political polemics. Nevertheless, little scholarly work has been conducted in order to comprehend the complexities as well as underlying reasons behind the intensity, scope, and duration of the conflict in Syria. Through qualitative methodology, this research examines the character of the Syrian conflict, by conducting an in-depth and nuanced case study of the Syrian civil war. While some theories of intrastate conflict and civil wars, concentrate on the domestic character of internal conflicts within states, transnational theories focus on external factors in examining intrastate conflicts. Both theoretical framework fail ...


Fair Trade In Transition: Evolution, Popular Discourse, And The Case Of The Cado Cooperative In Cotopaxi, Ecuador, Robyn Michelle Odegard Jan 2014

Fair Trade In Transition: Evolution, Popular Discourse, And The Case Of The Cado Cooperative In Cotopaxi, Ecuador, Robyn Michelle Odegard

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The literature on the changing nature of fair trade suggests it is indeed evolving and changed from the grassroots movement it once was. One of the strongest arguments that comes out in this body of literature is that the message, values, and way fair trade can encourage positive socio-economic and community development is changing. What the scholarship does not address, though, is how this evolution is changing the way that fair trade is perceived? The answer to this question about the changing perceptions of fair trade can be extended to those who produce fair trade products, those who consume them ...


Continuation In Us Foreign Policy: An Offensive Realist Perspective, Bledar Prifti Jan 2014

Continuation In Us Foreign Policy: An Offensive Realist Perspective, Bledar Prifti

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is a study of US foreign policy that aims at maintaining its regional hegemonic status and preventing the emergence of another regional hegemon by implementing the offshore balancing strategy. US intervention during the 2003 Iraq War, strained US-Iran relationship, and the establishment of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) in early 2014 compel a reevaluation of US foreign policy. Two major claims of this dissertation include: (1) US foreign policy is consistent with offensive realist theoretical claims; and (2) US foreign policy is characterized by continuity when it comes to issues related to America's ...


Does Sun Tzu's The Art Of War Influence China's Military Behavior? A Case Study Of The 1962 Sino-India War, Yifei Zhang Jan 2014

Does Sun Tzu's The Art Of War Influence China's Military Behavior? A Case Study Of The 1962 Sino-India War, Yifei Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study has been developed to test the feasibility of using Sun Tzu's The Art of War to analyze and predict China's future military behavior. The author systematically introduces Sun Tzu's teachings as contained in his book, lists expectations of the Chinese army's performance in the 1962 Sino-Indian War under the assumption that it was influenced by the thoughts expressed in The Art of War, and compares what actually happened in that war with these expectations. Most of the expectations were borne out in the actual war, and this indicates that the thoughts expressed in The ...


The U.S. Department Of State Office Of Faith-Based And Community Initiatives: What Does The U.S. Engage When They Engage `Religion'?, Belgica Marisol Cucalon Jan 2014

The U.S. Department Of State Office Of Faith-Based And Community Initiatives: What Does The U.S. Engage When They Engage `Religion'?, Belgica Marisol Cucalon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In August of 2013 the U.S. State Department launched the Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives with the objective to foster and promote religious engagements in foreign diplomacy. The language used by the architects and proponents of the initiative suggests that even though religion can be a source of great conflict, religion is also a powerful force for good capable of mitigating conflict and fostering progress. The present optimistic belief of American foreign diplomats that religious engagement will foster beneficial partnerships capable of advancing U.S. foreign interests has led scholars to pose the question, "what will the U ...


Security Implications Of Implantable Medical Devices, Shelby David Kobes Jan 2014

Security Implications Of Implantable Medical Devices, Shelby David Kobes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The advancement of wireless medical devices in the hospital has created an environment that is unsustainable, unsustainable for security management. I will explain how the development of wireless medical devices has changed the landscape of security in the medical field. How the history of medical devices and organizational issues affected device development. I will look in to the inner workings of pacemakers and pacemaker programmers and how their systems affect security. Who are the stakeholders for protecting the information and function of the medical device and pacemaker? What are the stakeholder's capacities and obstacles, especially if the device is ...


Conflicto Político Y Lenguaje Literario En Tres Casos Representativos: Guatemala, El Salvador Y Honduras. Influencia Y Consecuencias De Las Políticas Estadounidenses En Centroamérica, Reina María Borjas Alvarado Jan 2014

Conflicto Político Y Lenguaje Literario En Tres Casos Representativos: Guatemala, El Salvador Y Honduras. Influencia Y Consecuencias De Las Políticas Estadounidenses En Centroamérica, Reina María Borjas Alvarado

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Debido a la posición geográfica de Latinoamérica en comparación con Europa, Estados Unidos quiso concentrarse en el desarrollo económico de la región y creó nuevas políticas que ayudarían al crecimiento económico en Latinoamérica. Sin embargo, estas políticas tenían un segundo interés, el cual era prevenir la proliferación del socialismo en Centroamérica, ya que después de la Revolución Cubana, Estados Unidos sintió que era necesario evitar que los países vecinos llegaran a ser una amenaza para sus intereses en la región. No obstante, la intervención del gobierno estadounidense en Guatemala, El Salvador y Honduras se diluyó y los gobiernos nacionales se ...


The Modern Court And The Reprisal Of Lochner In Election Law And Campaign Finance, Jeremy Michael Miller Jan 2014

The Modern Court And The Reprisal Of Lochner In Election Law And Campaign Finance, Jeremy Michael Miller

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

It has long been debated as to the proper role of the United States Supreme Court in the American political and legal process. This paper focuses on continuing that debate by arguing that the role of the Supreme Court should be limited in the specific realms of election law and campaign finance. By reviewing contemporary Supreme Court cases and scholarly works, I analyzed the Court's actions, and found the Court using legal principles to interfere with the legislative power of creating public policy in the fields of election law and campaign finance. Since Congress is granted certain powers to ...


Party Identification: The Covert Influence On Media's Construction And Portrayal Of Women's Political Identities, Hallie Madison Golay Jan 2014

Party Identification: The Covert Influence On Media's Construction And Portrayal Of Women's Political Identities, Hallie Madison Golay

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Much scholarly attention has been paid to the differences and similarities that exist in media coverage of men and women. However, whether differences exist in media coverage among different groups of women remains largely ambiguous. This study aims to contribute to this understanding by analyzing women officeholders' media coverage along partisan lines. A content analysis of newspaper stories from the New York Times, the Washington Post, and USA Today is used to examine and test for the possible statistical significance of the relationship among gender, partisanship, and media coverage in the first session of the 112th Congress. The newspaper stories ...


Polarized And Liking It: How Political Polarization Affects Active Avoidance Behavior On Facebook, Bobbi L. Newman Jan 2014

Polarized And Liking It: How Political Polarization Affects Active Avoidance Behavior On Facebook, Bobbi L. Newman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research sought to determine how and if political polarization is affecting behavior on Facebook. An online survey was constructed to measure levels of polarization, offline political activity, online political activity, and active avoidance behaviors on Facebook. The survey was conducted over 4 weeks. I found that those who encounter a higher amount of political content and discussions on Facebook also reported a higher number of active avoidance behaviors over all. This group was also more likely to report unFriending someone because of something that Friend posted related to political or social issues.

Those with a higher number of reported ...


Racism And The Voting Rights Act Of 1965: A Natural Experiment In Wake & Guilford Counties In North Carolina, Zachary Robert Bonner Jan 2014

Racism And The Voting Rights Act Of 1965: A Natural Experiment In Wake & Guilford Counties In North Carolina, Zachary Robert Bonner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study will look at racism and the history and progress of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, specifically in Wake and Guilford counties in North Carolina to assess whether it is still needed in its current format as we enter the 21st century. In June of 2013, the Supreme Court struck down the strongest and most widely used provisions in Section 4 and by default Section 5 of the VRA due to the perceived changed landscape of American politics. This study will examine the change in the expression of racism over the last fifty years. It will also analyze ...