Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Responsibility To Protect And International Law: Moral, Legal And Practical Perspectives On Kosovo, Libya, And Syria, William R. Blackford Aug 2014

The Responsibility To Protect And International Law: Moral, Legal And Practical Perspectives On Kosovo, Libya, And Syria, William R. Blackford

Dissertations and Theses

Humanitarian intervention has long been a secondary or tertiary concern in a security driven international system. Since NATO's intervention during the Kosovo crisis in 1999 there have been significant developments in both the language and form of humanitarian intervention as a matter of international law. The events in Kosovo sparked debate about how to handle humanitarian crisis in the future and thus humanitarian intervention evolved into a redefinition of sovereignty as responsibility and the Responsibility to Protect. The Responsibility to Protect has had a number of opportunities to continue to evolve and assert itself in an international legal context ...


Cross-Cutting Concerns: The Varying Effects Of Partisan Cues In The Context Of Social Networks, Benjamin King Smith Aug 2014

Cross-Cutting Concerns: The Varying Effects Of Partisan Cues In The Context Of Social Networks, Benjamin King Smith

Dissertations and Theses

The theory of motivated reasoning predicts that partisan cues in the media will affect political attitudes, by encouraging individuals to align their views with those of their party's elites. The effect has primarily been tested by looking at issues which have pre-established partisan positions (e.g. immigration reform, gay rights, etc.). This study looks at the effects of partisan cues in the media on attitudes toward a non-partisan issue, the NSA's collection of American's meta-data. Additionally, the study extends research on partisan cues by exploring the moderating role of an individual's political communication network and, specifically ...


The Impact Of Economic Integration Within The European Union As A Factor In Conflict Transformation And Peace-Building, John Umo Ette Jul 2014

The Impact Of Economic Integration Within The European Union As A Factor In Conflict Transformation And Peace-Building, John Umo Ette

Dissertations and Theses

This study examines economic integration within the European Union (EU) as a factor in conflict transformation and peace-building. European responses to causes of frequent conflicts and wars after the end of WWII focused on the search for peace, economic cooperation and prosperity. This thesis will focus on three elements: economic interdependence, the expansion of the free market, and economic integration. In-depth examination of these factors reveals that economic interdependence or the exchange of goods and services across inter-state and international boundaries only, is not sufficient to bring peace among states. Economic inter-dependence may reduce the impact of war, but cannot ...


Exploring Connections Between Efforts To Restrict Same-Sex Marriage And Surging Public Opinion Support For Same-Sex Marriage Rights: Could Efforts To Restrict Gay Rights Help To Explain Increases In Public Opinion Support For Same-Sex Marriage?, Samuel Everett Christian Dunlop May 2014

Exploring Connections Between Efforts To Restrict Same-Sex Marriage And Surging Public Opinion Support For Same-Sex Marriage Rights: Could Efforts To Restrict Gay Rights Help To Explain Increases In Public Opinion Support For Same-Sex Marriage?, Samuel Everett Christian Dunlop

Dissertations and Theses

Scholarly research on the subject of the swift pace of change in support for same-sex marriage has evolved significantly over the last ten years. The shift has gone beyond the scholarship's initial description amongst demographic groups on how opinion has changed on gay rights issues, like same-sex marriage, to an examination of why the change has occurred. A great deal of the initial research on the topic seemed to focus on demographic traits that suggested a greater propensity toward support for same-sex marriage as time went on. Is the existent literature sufficient to explain why such a dramatic change ...


Explaining Ballot Initiative Contest Outcomes In California, Oregon, And Washington, Hans Daniel Stroo Mar 2014

Explaining Ballot Initiative Contest Outcomes In California, Oregon, And Washington, Hans Daniel Stroo

Dissertations and Theses

What explains the outcomes of ballot initiative contests? What factors determine the passage or rejection of an initiative? This paper describes and evaluates three approaches to explaining ballot initiative contest outcomes. The first approach involves using the expenditures of Yes and No campaigns as the causal factor in explaining why passage or defeat is the respective outcome of a given contest. The second explanatory approach emphasizes the logic of collective action problems. The third approach incorporates the larger constellation of policymaking institutions in which each ballot initiative process exists. Specifically, in what ways is the process shaped by the larger ...


Effective Utilization Of Foreign Aid In Counterinsurgency Operations, Gabriel Schickel Jan 2014

Effective Utilization Of Foreign Aid In Counterinsurgency Operations, Gabriel Schickel

Dissertations and Theses

The repercussions of September 11, 2011 have been felt worldwide and have drastically changed the paradigm in which countries operate today. They have justified two wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and incursion into sovereign territories in pursuit of terrorists and insurgents. As insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan have continued to thrive, Coalition countries have been forced to adjust their approach to defeating non-conventional forces that they are largely not trained to fight. This has resulted in tactics that utilize what scholars have called “Smart Power,” a mixture of both hard and soft power. Foreign aid and its distribution in COIN ...


Confronting Transnational Threats; Strong State Strategies Of Cooperation With Weak States And Effectiveness, Christopher Hammond Jan 2014

Confronting Transnational Threats; Strong State Strategies Of Cooperation With Weak States And Effectiveness, Christopher Hammond

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Racial Gap In Income, Wealth And Asset Allocation Between Ethnic Groups In America, Herby Brutus Jan 2014

Racial Gap In Income, Wealth And Asset Allocation Between Ethnic Groups In America, Herby Brutus

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of The International Criminal Court And The Impact Of The Initiating Entities, Magret Chingono Jan 2014

The Effectiveness Of The International Criminal Court And The Impact Of The Initiating Entities, Magret Chingono

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Where Is The International Community? The Implementation Of Responsibility To Protect In Libya, Syria, Kenya And Mali, Gonul Begum Jan 2014

Where Is The International Community? The Implementation Of Responsibility To Protect In Libya, Syria, Kenya And Mali, Gonul Begum

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Social Media And Democratic Revolution; The Impact Of New Forms Of Communication Democracy, Christina Ruby Jan 2014

Social Media And Democratic Revolution; The Impact Of New Forms Of Communication Democracy, Christina Ruby

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Least Developed Countries And Ratification Of Human Rights Treaties; Motives For Adherence, Valerie Nolasco Jan 2014

Least Developed Countries And Ratification Of Human Rights Treaties; Motives For Adherence, Valerie Nolasco

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Why Do States Use Cyber Weapons? An Empirical Analysis Of State-Sponsored Cyber Interactions And Rival Dynamics, 2011-2011, Allison Pytlak Jan 2014

Why Do States Use Cyber Weapons? An Empirical Analysis Of State-Sponsored Cyber Interactions And Rival Dynamics, 2011-2011, Allison Pytlak

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Impact Of International Human Rights Pressures: The Dominican Republic And China, Limer Batista Jan 2014

Assessing The Impact Of International Human Rights Pressures: The Dominican Republic And China, Limer Batista

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Perceived Discrimination And Thriving In Emerging Adults; The Role Of Ethnic Identity, Alix Faas Jan 2014

Perceived Discrimination And Thriving In Emerging Adults; The Role Of Ethnic Identity, Alix Faas

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


A Cultural And Macroeconomic Perspective On Mate Selection, Samantha Kanouse Bissell Jan 2014

A Cultural And Macroeconomic Perspective On Mate Selection, Samantha Kanouse Bissell

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Mitigating The Gap; The Responsibility To Protect As A Soft Law Mechanism, Patricia Pieper Jan 2014

Mitigating The Gap; The Responsibility To Protect As A Soft Law Mechanism, Patricia Pieper

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Predicting North Korean Reform; Changing The North With A New Strategy, Won Ju Kim Jan 2014

Predicting North Korean Reform; Changing The North With A New Strategy, Won Ju Kim

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Refocusing America's Long Term Foreign Policy On The Brics; The Case For Cooperation With Brazil And China, Izabella Safiyeva Jan 2014

Refocusing America's Long Term Foreign Policy On The Brics; The Case For Cooperation With Brazil And China, Izabella Safiyeva

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Climate Change And Developing Countries; Examaning The Motives For Participation In International Negotiations, Nathalie Zapletal Jan 2014

Climate Change And Developing Countries; Examaning The Motives For Participation In International Negotiations, Nathalie Zapletal

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of Gender-Centered Policies; Liberia And Uganda, Akeisha Knights Jan 2014

A Comparative Study Of Gender-Centered Policies; Liberia And Uganda, Akeisha Knights

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Human Trafficking Across Borders And The Need For A Global Response, Ying Chieh Lee Jan 2014

Human Trafficking Across Borders And The Need For A Global Response, Ying Chieh Lee

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


The Pursuit Of Nuclear Weapons In The Middle East; Obstacles To A Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone, Michael Chance Jan 2014

The Pursuit Of Nuclear Weapons In The Middle East; Obstacles To A Nuclear-Weapons-Free Zone, Michael Chance

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Does Warlord Prosection/Arrest Help Deter Child Soldiering?, Olga Lyukina Jan 2014

Does Warlord Prosection/Arrest Help Deter Child Soldiering?, Olga Lyukina

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Democratization; Does It Lead To Better Relations With The U.S.?, Brian Sterr Jan 2014

Democratization; Does It Lead To Better Relations With The U.S.?, Brian Sterr

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Self-Determination As A Human Right; On Identity Politics And The Changing Concept Of Sovereignty In International Law, Tina Magazzini Jan 2014

Self-Determination As A Human Right; On Identity Politics And The Changing Concept Of Sovereignty In International Law, Tina Magazzini

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Gmo Deregulation On Global Food Security And Biotechnological Acceptance, Alex Rodroguez Jan 2014

The Effects Of Gmo Deregulation On Global Food Security And Biotechnological Acceptance, Alex Rodroguez

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Human Rights Advocacy Networks On The Prosecution Of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence In International Criminal Courts, Jessica Welker Jan 2014

The Influence Of Human Rights Advocacy Networks On The Prosecution Of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence In International Criminal Courts, Jessica Welker

Dissertations and Theses

"This thesis explores how human rights advocacy organizations have influenced the increased prosecution of conflict-related sexual violence in international criminal courts. This thesis will use the cases of the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), and the International Criminal Court (ICC) to demonstrate that well-established international human rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and legal coalitions have been the primary actors in transnational human rights advocacy networks to influence the investigation and prosecution of conflict-related sexual violence in international criminal courts. The objective of the thesis is to focus on the major players in human ...


Compliance With International Law On Idps, Refugee And Stateless Persons; A Case Study Of Burmese Refugees In Thailand, Johanna E. Urena Jan 2014

Compliance With International Law On Idps, Refugee And Stateless Persons; A Case Study Of Burmese Refugees In Thailand, Johanna E. Urena

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Institutional Design Features On The Security In International River Basins, Jennifer Moore Jan 2014

Effect Of Institutional Design Features On The Security In International River Basins, Jennifer Moore

Dissertations and Theses

No abstract provided.