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2014

Western University

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Apologies To Indigenous Peoples In Comparative Perspective, Michael Tager Dec 2014

Apologies To Indigenous Peoples In Comparative Perspective, Michael Tager

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Australia, Canada, and the United States formally apologized to their Indigenous peoples in February 2008, June 2008, and December 2009, respectively. The Indigenous peoples in these countries are relatively small in size and Indigenous issues usually lack salience in national elections, so these near simultaneous apologies appear somewhat surprising. All three came after years of pressure and incompletely realized apologies. The presence of a focusing event and the level of Indigenous mobilization help explain the variation among the apologies, with Canada and Australia’s apologies stronger than the U.S. one. However, the impact of the apologies on the three ...


How Can We Stop More Attacks?, Erika Simpson Oct 2014

How Can We Stop More Attacks?, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Canada Can Do More To Fight Ebola, Erika Simpson Oct 2014

Canada Can Do More To Fight Ebola, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

This is the largest Ebola outbreak in 40 years. Canada's overall contribution so far of $35 million needs to be increased.


Canada And The 2001 United Nations World Conference Against Racism, Steven J. Seligman Sep 2014

Canada And The 2001 United Nations World Conference Against Racism, Steven J. Seligman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The 2001 United Nations World Conference against Racism (WCAR) was one of the most controversial United Nations events of the post-Cold War era. Major issues on the agenda included the Middle East, the question of reparations for the transatlantic slave trade and colonialism, and the rights of indigenous peoples. Utilizing interviews with government and non-governmental actors as well as archival material, this dissertation examines Canada’s preparations for, and participation at, the WCAR as a case study to explore key theoretical debates about the Canadian foreign policy-making process. At the international level, Canada was an active participant during the multilateral ...


Britain's Wee Nuclear Problem, Erika Simpson Sep 2014

Britain's Wee Nuclear Problem, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


What Is A Meeting? Municipal Councils And The Ontario Ombudsman : Draft, Andrew Sancton Aug 2014

What Is A Meeting? Municipal Councils And The Ontario Ombudsman : Draft, Andrew Sancton

Political Science Publications

Recent decisions by the Ontario ombudsman suggest that informal meetings of small groups of municipal councillors in which municipal business is discussed are in violation of Ontario’s Municipal Act. In this province the Municipal Act provides that, except in certain specified circumstances, municipal council and committee meetings must be open to the public. If a municipality has not appointed its own “closed meeting investigator,” the provincial ombudsman is charged with investigating complaints from the public about municipal meetings that have allegedly been improperly closed. Much hinges on the definition of a meeting. If “meeting” is defined too formally, then ...


Authority Migration And Accountability In Canadian Type Ii Multilevel Governance, Robert W. Waterman Jun 2014

Authority Migration And Accountability In Canadian Type Ii Multilevel Governance, Robert W. Waterman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In advanced industrial democracies, including Canada, elections act as important mechanisms of democratic accountability. However, the migration of public decision-making responsibility away from elected representatives and toward new governance models may alter accountability relationships. As authority is dispersed horizontally to new governance actors that exist beyond the reach of the ballot box, questions of public input and accountability within the democratic governance process arise.

The objectives of the dissertation are: 1) to evaluate the extent to which Canadian provinces have opted to migrate decision-making authority horizontally in response to policy issues and why; and 2) to evaluate the existence and ...


Freezing Out The Nukes, Erika Simpson May 2014

Freezing Out The Nukes, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Forgotten Amid The Cheering, Erika Simpson Apr 2014

Forgotten Amid The Cheering, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Structural Variation And Local Service Delivery: Comparing Municipal Governments And Special Purpose Bodies, Joseph R. Lyons Feb 2014

Structural Variation And Local Service Delivery: Comparing Municipal Governments And Special Purpose Bodies, Joseph R. Lyons

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In the debate over the governance of metropolitan areas, consolidationists favour single, area-wide, general purpose jurisdictions, while polycentrists make arguments in support of multiple, scale-specific, specialized jurisdictions. This dissertation contributes to this debate through comparisons of municipal and specialized service delivery in two Ontario cities. The cities of London and Hamilton represent positions along a continuum of fragmentation and consolidation, with London being more fragmented and Hamilton more consolidated. Comparisons are undertaken for three local government services: public health, economic development, and watershed management. In London, independent special purpose bodies deliver all three of these services, while in Hamilton the ...


The Poor Man’S Nuclear Bomb, Erika Simpson Feb 2014

The Poor Man’S Nuclear Bomb, Erika Simpson

Political Science Publications

No abstract provided.


Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Roxanne T. Ornelas Feb 2014

Implementing The Policy Of The U.N. Declaration On The Rights Of Indigenous Peoples, Roxanne T. Ornelas

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

On September 13, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to adopt the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). This was an historic event as work on UNDRIP had been ongoing for 30 years before its passage. Today, UNDRIP provides a framework for addressing human rights protections for Indigenous peoples globally. This article examines the significance of UNDRIP as a public policy tool for developing national policy to support future resource and land management consultations that are based on free, prior, and informed consent.


Rooted Cosmopolitanism, Robert Maciel Jan 2014

Rooted Cosmopolitanism, Robert Maciel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis considers the relationship between global obligations and particular duties. I argue that there is a core tension in our moral thought that both cosmopolitans and particularists must confront. This tension is between our ability to fulfill obligations to particular others with whom we stand in a meaningful relationship (e.g. family, friends, co-nationals) and our global obligations. It is argued in the literature that strong moral cosmopolitanism is neither tenable nor desirable, as it requires us to forgo these special duties. This is seen as problematic as it does not resonate with our lived moral experience – we desire ...


Theorizing 'Transitional Justice', David Anton Hoogenboom Jan 2014

Theorizing 'Transitional Justice', David Anton Hoogenboom

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Early literature in the field of transitional justice was dominated by debates over the meaning of justice, with retributivists arguing for the need for criminal prosecutions following mass human rights violations and advocates of restorative justice claiming that non-prosecutorial forms of justice like truth-telling are better suited for post-conflict societies. This debate was eventually settled, at least in the field, by a belief that post-conflict societies require both criminal prosecutions and truth-telling. More recently, the debate over justice has centred on the question of whether the field and practice of transitional justice has prioritized civil and political rights over economic ...