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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

What Is Islamic Democracy? The Three Cs Of Islamic Governance, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2014

What Is Islamic Democracy? The Three Cs Of Islamic Governance, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This book chapter explores the three Cs of Islamic Governance; Constitution, Consultation and Consent.


O Poder Legislativo Municipal: Estrutura, Composição E Produção, Patrick Silva Nov 2014

O Poder Legislativo Municipal: Estrutura, Composição E Produção, Patrick Silva

Patrick Silva

Esta dissertação tem como motivação a pergunta: Como é o Poder Legislativo Municipal no Brasil? É comumente assumido que Câmaras municipais são menos importantes que o Poder Executivo para elaboração e produção de políticas nos municípios brasileiros. Argumento que este é um entendimento equivocado baseado em estudos conduzidos com poucas informações em que não existem evidências empíricas suficientes para sustentar isto. A fim de apresentar um novo e mais completo entendimento sobre as Câmaras Legislativas Municipais, analiso três tópicos. Primeiro, se as Câmaras são profissionalizadas e bem estruturadas. Segundo, o perfil sócio educacional e ocupacional dos candidatos e vereadores comparados ...


Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan Oct 2014

Has Modernity Failed The Muslim World?, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

Modernity had come to the Muslim World. But it did not deliver. There is no stability, no freedom, no real democracy and no earned prosperity and no scientific vitality in the Muslim World. Perhaps rather than continuing to ask the old question is Islam compatible with modernity, we need to ask has modernity failed Muslims.


The Death Penalty’S “Finely Tuned Depravity Calibrators” Fairness Follies Of Fairness Phonies Fixated On Criminals Instead Of Crimes, Lester Jackson Oct 2014

The Death Penalty’S “Finely Tuned Depravity Calibrators” Fairness Follies Of Fairness Phonies Fixated On Criminals Instead Of Crimes, Lester Jackson

LESTER JACKSON

It has been loudly and repeatedly proclaimed by opponents that capital punishment is “unfair.” In their view, it is unfair because (1) only some murderers receive the ultimate sentence and (2) they are not the most deserving. Underlying this view is the remarkable assumption that fairness is subject to “fine tuning” and “moral accuracy.” It is argued here that this assumption is indefensible both in theory and in practice. As a theoretical matter, it is insupportable to suggest that matters of conscience, right and wrong, are subject to calibration or “accuracy.” Right and wrong are not determined in the same ...


Trends In Fdi, Home Country Measures And Competitive Neutrality, Karl P. Sauvant, Persephone Economou, Ksenia Gal, Shawn Lim, Witold P. Wilinski Oct 2014

Trends In Fdi, Home Country Measures And Competitive Neutrality, Karl P. Sauvant, Persephone Economou, Ksenia Gal, Shawn Lim, Witold P. Wilinski

Karl P. Sauvant

This chapter focusses on measures that home countries have in place to facilitate and encourage outward FDI, the conditions under which these are available and implications for competitive neutrality.


Malaysian Political Essay Collection, Chuen-Tat Kang Sep 2014

Malaysian Political Essay Collection, Chuen-Tat Kang

Chuen-Tat Kang (江俊达)

The project is about freelance commentary on various politics in Malaysian society. The book allows collection of various articles related to governmental administration in the contemporary Malaysian society in the beginning of twenty first century.


Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold Sep 2014

Violencia, Delincuencia Y Segruidad Pública En América Latina, Günther Maihold

Günther Maihold

No abstract provided.


Stato Moderno E Pubblico Ministero. Il Modello Brasiliano, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr. Sep 2014

Stato Moderno E Pubblico Ministero. Il Modello Brasiliano, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr.

Eduardo Meira Zauli

No abstract provided.


"The Bigger The Cake?": Puzzling Over Equality 20 Years Into Post-Apartheid South Africa, Jeremy P. Cronin Aug 2014

"The Bigger The Cake?": Puzzling Over Equality 20 Years Into Post-Apartheid South Africa, Jeremy P. Cronin

jeremy p cronin

No abstract provided.


Is Israel’S Operation Protective Edge Justified?, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jul 2014

Is Israel’S Operation Protective Edge Justified?, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

While I think it is too early to evaluate whether this round of hostilities is morally just in terms of jus in bello, the means employed in the conduct of war, I think Operation Protective Edge is justified in terms of jus ad bellum, i.e., the reasons that brought about this war. I presume a lot will be written about Israel’s conduct of war, enough to fill volumes. Here I clarify my position and its underlying principles.


The Problem Of Sovereignty, International Law, And Intellectual Conscience, Richard L. Lara Jul 2014

The Problem Of Sovereignty, International Law, And Intellectual Conscience, Richard L. Lara

Richard Louis Lara

The concept of sovereignty is a recurring and controversial theme in international law, and it has a long history in western philosophy. The traditionally favored concept of sovereignty proves problematic in the context of international law. International law’s own claims to sovereignty, which are premised on traditional concept of sovereignty, undermine individual nations’ claims to sovereignty. These problems are attributable to deep-seated flaws in the traditional concept of sovereignty. A viable alternative concept of sovereignty can be derived from key concepts in Friedrich Nietzsche’s views on human reason and epistemology. The essay begins by considering the problem of ...


A Quien Le Importa El Envejecimiento De La Poblacion? Una Vision Regional Para Una Respuesta Local., Diego A. Bernardini Jul 2014

A Quien Le Importa El Envejecimiento De La Poblacion? Una Vision Regional Para Una Respuesta Local., Diego A. Bernardini

Diego Bernardini MD, PhD

No abstract provided.


Retos Economicos Del Envejecimiento, Diego A. Bernardini, Sonia Arias Jul 2014

Retos Economicos Del Envejecimiento, Diego A. Bernardini, Sonia Arias

Diego Bernardini MD, PhD

No abstract provided.


Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan Jun 2014

Pakistan Needs Regional And Global Alliances To Fight The Extremists, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

A regional coalition will make the struggle against extremism more potent, more durable and less expensive, but it will take more than deft diplomacy to achieve.


Reconciling Liberalism And Judaism? Human Rights In Israel, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jun 2014

Reconciling Liberalism And Judaism? Human Rights In Israel, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

This essay argues that mixing religion in politics is problematic. It becomes destructive when the religion is unyielding and coercive. Whenever religious powers are on the rise, the foundations of liberal democracy are shaken and its protective mechanisms are regressing. Indeed, in Israel egalitarianism is still in the making. Orthodox Judaism and liberal democracy are in conflict. The rise of one comes at the expense of the other in a situation where religion does not encompass the concept of freedom from religion. This essay further argues that Palestinians and Israelis are entitled to the same rights and liberties. Accommodations and ...


Lincoln’S Vision Of Free Labor: Was Universal Opportunity, Education, And Economic Nationalism Enough To Enhance Freedmens’ Rights After The Civil War And Reconstruction?, Harry M. Hipler Jun 2014

Lincoln’S Vision Of Free Labor: Was Universal Opportunity, Education, And Economic Nationalism Enough To Enhance Freedmens’ Rights After The Civil War And Reconstruction?, Harry M. Hipler

Harry M Hipler

This paper will explore free labor, education, and universal opportunity – the latter being synonymous with equal opportunity – as described by Abraham Lincoln, and its connectivity to economic development and nationalism before, during, and after the Civil War era. First, I discuss Lincoln’s vision of free labor that defined his vision in 19th century America. Next, I explore the importance of universal opportunity and education as they relate to free labor as defined by white Republicans and Lincoln. The Republican Party and Lincoln strongly believed that free labor was the harbinger of success to obtain universal opportunity for all in ...


Global Grid – Harnessing Green Power Round The Clock, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Jun 2014

Global Grid – Harnessing Green Power Round The Clock, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Energy interdependence, not independence will lead to increased cooperation and amity among nations. The article argues there is sufficient reason to strive towards the goal for having a global grid compatible with renewable sources.


Regaining Missed Opportunities: The Role Of Agriculture Post-Separation Development In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah Dr. May 2014

Regaining Missed Opportunities: The Role Of Agriculture Post-Separation Development In Sudan, Yagoub Elryah Dr.

Yagoub Elryah (PhD)

Agricultural sector is play a vital role in the Sudan economy and is considered to be the backbone of industrial development in the country. Sudan lost both south Sudan and oil revenues, the poverty increased among Sudanese. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the role of agriculture in post-separation development in Sudan. However, it missed opportunities on a number of occasions due to inappropriate economic policies, continues recent region conflicts. The key massage from the studies examined in this paper is that agricultural sector in Sudan still face many challenges. Among the challenges are absence of political ...


Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler May 2014

Élites Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO Élites) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México entre seis sectores de élites: gobierno, políticos, academia, medios, empresarios y sociedad civil (N = 629). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adoptan las élites mexicanas hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe compara los resultados descriptivos principales entre los seis grupos de élite y entre ellos y la población general.


Occupied Bodies And Political Space: Argentina's Abortion Enigma, Molly E Jacobs-Meyer May 2014

Occupied Bodies And Political Space: Argentina's Abortion Enigma, Molly E Jacobs-Meyer

Molly E Jacobs-Meyer

No abstract provided.


Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas May 2014

Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S Mixed-Member System: Determinants Of Candidate Selection In Bolivia’S 1993 And 1997 Legislative Elections, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Mixed-member electoral systems became a popular choice for “electoral engineers” in the 1990s. Countries as diverse as Venezuela, Hungary, Lesotho, and Italy adopted the system. The assumption was that introducing single-member districts (SMDs) in countries that used list proportional representation electoral systems would introduce “constituency” oriented legislators who could be more easily held accountable to voters. This paper explores any changes associated with the adoption of a mixed-member electoral system in Bolivia. It does so through a candidate-level analysis looking at differences in candidate profiles between two elections (1993 and 1997) and between two tiers (list and nominal) in the ...


Discharged Under The Rainbow: Military Masculinities And Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Ariel M. Martinez Apr 2014

Discharged Under The Rainbow: Military Masculinities And Don't Ask, Don't Tell, Ariel M. Martinez

am8437@bard.edu

No abstract provided.


Global War, Biopower And The Rise Of Drone Warfare In The 21st Century, Durante Barringer Apr 2014

Global War, Biopower And The Rise Of Drone Warfare In The 21st Century, Durante Barringer

duranteb@ymail.com

In this senior project I assert that 9/11 was a turning point for the U.S. that changed the way it views warfare and security, which consequently allowed for the abuse of law and power around the globe, specifically in countries such as Yemen, Pakistan and Somalia. This abuse will be explained using three frameworks: constitutional and international law as defined in the Office of Legal Counsel white paper; philosophically through the lens of biopower and other concepts from Michel Foucault, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri; and lastly I will discuss the issues of the drone campaign using case ...


Global And Regional Determinants Of Regime Type: Pakistan, Jakob A Friedman Apr 2014

Global And Regional Determinants Of Regime Type: Pakistan, Jakob A Friedman

Jakob A Friedman

Abstract: Traditional fields of study for international relations (IR) scholars have revolved around the question of how regimes interact with one another in the international sphere. This paper deals with answering the question of how regimes emerge in the first place. To this end, there are two competing narratives in IR, which seek to explain the origins of regime type. The first is that regimes are shaped entirely by a given nations regional security concerns, the other is that regimes emerge in response to global political paradigms. Throughout the exploration of the political history of Pakistan, this paper seeks to ...


¿Crecimiento O Prosperidad?, Alejandro Faya Rodriguez Apr 2014

¿Crecimiento O Prosperidad?, Alejandro Faya Rodriguez

Alejandro Faya Rodriguez

No abstract provided.


Pol 210: Issues In International Politics (Spring 2014), Dylan Kissane Apr 2014

Pol 210: Issues In International Politics (Spring 2014), Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler Apr 2014

Ciudadanía Y Violencia Organizada En México, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

La Encuesta Nacional de Violencia Organizada (ENVO) fue levantada en otoño del 2013 en México (N = 2,400). Indaga en las acciones y actitudes que adopta la ciudadanía mexicana hacia los actores principales de la violencia organizada criminal: los perpetradores, las víctimas, el Estado y la sociedad civil. El presente informe resume sus hallazgos descriptivos principales.


Presidential Legacy, Rankings, And Economic Performance, Harry M. Hipler Apr 2014

Presidential Legacy, Rankings, And Economic Performance, Harry M. Hipler

Harry M Hipler

No abstract provided.


The Two-Seat Solution, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan Mar 2014

The Two-Seat Solution, Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan

The article highlights the fallacy in the system of provisioning more than one constituency/seat to a single candidate in Lok Sabha or Assembly elections. It gives instances of how the veteran leaders have historically exploited this system. This is a violation of principle of equity, justice, and fairness as enshrined in the Constitution. This reminds the Orwellian saying: "All are equal, but some are more equal than others." The article proposes that the only way out is make a leader's candidature void if he or she files nomination from more than one constituency.


Transformative Conflict Resolution In An Unstable Neighbourhood: Turkey’S Conflict Resolution Efforts In The Middle East, Talha Kose Mar 2014

Transformative Conflict Resolution In An Unstable Neighbourhood: Turkey’S Conflict Resolution Efforts In The Middle East, Talha Kose

Talha Kose

Turkey had pursued a foreign policy in the Middle East that focused on transformative conflict resolution until the beginning of the “Arab Spring”. This transformative conflict resolution approach had aimed at bringing holistic and systemic change to the entire region. Turkish foreign policy had aimed at transforming the conflict producing structures, tried to engage positively with the actors and elites and attempted to change the securitydominated agenda into a multi-dimensional agenda. Despite the dominant discourse of the transformative conflict resolution, in practice the most effective conflict resolution methods and tools that Turkey utilised during this period fell under the management ...