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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D. Dec 2014

Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D.

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article summarizes an initiative to engage citizens in issues of building and supporting a local economy. It includes reasons for engaging the public; steps that were taken; and results of deliberative efforts.


Where Are The Boundaries Of Deliberation And Participation? A Transatlantic Debate, Pau Alarcón, Joan Font Dec 2014

Where Are The Boundaries Of Deliberation And Participation? A Transatlantic Debate, Pau Alarcón, Joan Font

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article uses recent empirical results from a comparative Southern European study to show that the participatory practices commonly developed in this area are quite different from some of the common ideas related to deliberation in the English-speaking world. One of the main differences lies in the characteristics of the promoters, since most of them are top-down experiences organized by public authorities. The other main difference lies in the role played by equality concerns, which are quite marginal in most of these processes. In other aspects, like the role of participation professionals or the existence of important inequalities in the ...


Flexibility, Argumentation And Confrontation. How Deliberative Minipublics Can Affect Policies On Controversial Issues, Stefania Ravazzi, Gianfranco Pomatto Dec 2014

Flexibility, Argumentation And Confrontation. How Deliberative Minipublics Can Affect Policies On Controversial Issues, Stefania Ravazzi, Gianfranco Pomatto

Journal of Public Deliberation

Over the last few decades, deliberative minipublics have been used as inclusive and innovative practices to integrate traditional policy-making. Because of their policy-oriented aim, but also owing to the usually not legally-binding nature, some scholars have recently pointed out the importance of understanding how and to what extent they actually manage to influence the decisions of public authorities, especially when they deal with highly controversial issues, such as locally unwanted land use or ethic matters.

This article has the aim of offering a contribution in this direction, by presenting the findings of a comparative analysis of two deliberative processes promoted ...


Deliberative Transformative Moments: A New Concept As Amendment To The Discourse Quality Index, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Jürg Steiner Dec 2014

Deliberative Transformative Moments: A New Concept As Amendment To The Discourse Quality Index, Maria Clara Jaramillo, Jürg Steiner

Journal of Public Deliberation

Deliberative Transformative Moments (DTM) is a new concept that serves as an amendment to the DQI. With this new concept it is easier to get at the quick give-and-take of discussions of small groups of ordinary citizens. As an illustration, we apply the concept to discussions about the peace process among Colombian ex-combatants, ex-guerrillas and ex-paramilitaries. Specifically, we show how personal stories can transform a discussion from a low to a high level of deliberation and how they can have the opposite effect. To increase the level of deliberation in the general population, we recommend that good illustrations of DTM ...


Reason-Giving In Deliberative Forums, Brian E. Adams Dec 2014

Reason-Giving In Deliberative Forums, Brian E. Adams

Journal of Public Deliberation

One aspect of deliberation is giving reasons to support a position. In this article, I explore how citizens engage in this activity by developing a framework that breaks down reason-giving into component parts, applying it to a set of eight National Issues Forums. Deliberators typically provided evidence (usually in the form of factual statements) to support their conclusions, but frequently did not tie them together with an infrastructure of logical and causal connections. Deliberators engaged in reason-giving by presenting evidence but did not explicate the underlying logic of their positions. This suggests that deliberative research should focus greater attention on ...


On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min Dec 2014

On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay suggests that the issue of culture is vital to advance deliberation theories and practices. After discussing whether deliberative democracy is a Western-specific or universal concept, it argues that current deliberation research is heavily immersed in Western cultural and methodological standards. An empirical portion also suggests that the positive effects of deliberation were greater for Western participants as opposed to non-Western participants. It argues that deliberation theories and research should be expanded so that they can include more cultural sensibilities.


Review Of Democracy And Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government Is Smarter By Ilya Somin (Stanford, Ca: Stanford University Press, 2013), Nicholas Zavediuk Dec 2014

Review Of Democracy And Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government Is Smarter By Ilya Somin (Stanford, Ca: Stanford University Press, 2013), Nicholas Zavediuk

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Democracy and Political Ignorance: Why Smaller Government is Smarter by Ilya Somin (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013).


Review Of Democracy As Popular Sovereignty By Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2013)., David W. Mcivor Dec 2014

Review Of Democracy As Popular Sovereignty By Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2013)., David W. Mcivor

Journal of Public Deliberation

Review of Democracy as Popular Sovereignty by Filimon Peonidis (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2013).


Public Deliberation And Co-Production In The Political And Electoral Arena: A Citizens’ Jury Approach, Greg Munno, Tina Nabatchi Dec 2014

Public Deliberation And Co-Production In The Political And Electoral Arena: A Citizens’ Jury Approach, Greg Munno, Tina Nabatchi

Journal of Public Deliberation

This study presents an empirical evaluation of the co-production of a “Statement to the Candidates” and a “Voters Guide” for a key U.S. Congressional race. Citizens produced these materials during an intensive process called “Reclaim November Ohio,” which used the Citizen Jury method of public deliberation. We use a series of pre- and post-test surveys to evaluate this unique application of co-production. Specifically, we assess whether this deliberative approach to co-production in the political and electoral arena improved participants’ perceptions of politics and government and made citizens more interested in and knowledgeable about policy issues. We also assess whether ...


Deliberative Civic Engagement In Public Administration And Policy, Tina Nabatchi Jul 2014

Deliberative Civic Engagement In Public Administration And Policy, Tina Nabatchi

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article explores deliberative civic engagement in the context of public administration and policy. The field of public administration and policy is seeing a resurgence of interest in deliberative civic engagement among scholars, practitioners, politicians, civic reformers, and others. Deliberative processes have been used to address a range of issues: school redistricting and closings, land use, and the construction of highways, shopping malls, and other projects. Additional topics include race and diversity issues, crime and policing, and involvement of parents in their children’s education. Finally, participatory budgeting, which has been used with success in Porto Alegre, Brazil since 1989 ...


A Brief Reflection On The Brazilian Participatory Experience, Vera Schattan Pereira Coelho Jul 2014

A Brief Reflection On The Brazilian Participatory Experience, Vera Schattan Pereira Coelho

Journal of Public Deliberation

The article highlights Brazilian participatory experiences such as the participatory budget and the policy councils and conferences. Based on research done by the author on daily routines and policy impacts of these forums, it is argued that there is still a long way before fulfilling normative expectations. In light of these challenges, reflections about how to move forward in the future are presented.


Democracy By Design, Nancy L. Thomas Jul 2014

Democracy By Design, Nancy L. Thomas

Journal of Public Deliberation

Renewing US democracy will require an active and deliberative public, people who can work together to address pressing social and political problems. To engage effectively Americans need an understanding of how American democracy works, its foundations and the complex and sometimes changing dimensions to those foundations. Advocates for increasing active and deliberative citizen engagement need to work with reformers in different areas of democracy’s ecological system, integrating public engagement with reform efforts in justice and equal opportunity, knowledge and information development, and government integrity.


The State Of The Field In Light Of The State Of Our Democracy: My Democracy Anxiety Closet, Martha Mccoy Jul 2014

The State Of The Field In Light Of The State Of Our Democracy: My Democracy Anxiety Closet, Martha Mccoy

Journal of Public Deliberation

There is a large and troubling gap between the promise of deliberative innovations and the most prevalent practices of our largely dysfunctional democracy. A web of factors is widening this gap and increasing the urgency of addressing it. With democracy in crisis, the deliberative civic field is engaging in more collaborative efforts and in more pointed conversations about how to have a systemic impact. To have any chance of improving the state of democracy, our field needs to: 1) envision and work toward structural change; 2) find more compelling ways to describe empowered public participation and more welcoming entry points ...


A Path To The Next Form Of (Deliberative) Democracy, Patrick L. Scully Jul 2014

A Path To The Next Form Of (Deliberative) Democracy, Patrick L. Scully

Journal of Public Deliberation

Supporters of deliberative democracy must work through complex tradeoffs if we hope to realize the full potential of empowered civic engagement in which citizens employ multiple forms of action and change. In order to sustain citizens’ interest, time, and resources in creating a robust civic infrastructure, we need to engage them in more highly empowered forms of civic engagement than is now typical of many deliberative initiatives. Our field’s strong emphasis on temporary public consultations diverts a disproportionate amount of time, intellectual capital, and other resources from efforts to improve the ability of citizens and local communities to have ...


Why I Study Public Deliberation, John Gastil Jul 2014

Why I Study Public Deliberation, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

The author argues that scholars can best advance public dialogue and deliberation by conducting systematic research on practical innovations that have the potential to improve political discourse. The author explains and justifies this position through a personal narrative that recounts formative experiences with debate, group dialogue, political campaigns, academic research, and electoral reform.