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2014

United States History

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Articles 1 - 30 of 56

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Yom Kippur War (October 6-25, 1973), Bert Chapman Dec 2014

Yom Kippur War (October 6-25, 1973), Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Reviews and analyses U.S. and Soviet policymaking during the Yom Kippur War between Israel and various Arab countries during October 1973.


Strategic Rocket Forces, Soviet, Bert Chapman Dec 2014

Strategic Rocket Forces, Soviet, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Describes and analyzes the historic development and evolution of the Soviet Union's Strategic Rocket Forces which were a key part of this country's nuclear weapons arsenal. Covers the technical, political, economic, and military reasons for this force's development. U.S. efforts to monitor and assess the quantity and quality of these weapons are also covered.


Abm (Anti-Ballistic Missile) Treaty, Bert Chapman Dec 2014

Abm (Anti-Ballistic Missile) Treaty, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an historic overview of the Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty which existed between the United States and the Soviet Union/Russian Federation between 1972-2001.


Las Vegas In An Era Of Limits: Urban Water Politics In The Colorado River Basin, Christian S. Harrison Dec 2014

Las Vegas In An Era Of Limits: Urban Water Politics In The Colorado River Basin, Christian S. Harrison

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Despite its status as the nation's driest metropolis, the Las Vegas metropolitan area's water supply is limited by law and not by local environmental conditions. The federal government allocates 300,000 acre-feet of water per year to the metro-area. During the 1980s the Las Vegas metro-area grew from 400,000 people to 750,000, stressing this allocation. During that same period, the metro-area's water regime consisted of disunity and competition among four separate water agencies, as well as a combination of complex and sometimes competing city, county, state, and interstate laws. This regime contributed to an additional ...


“Historically As Certain As Our Revolution Itself”: The Nullifiers And History, William E. Hopchak Dec 2014

“Historically As Certain As Our Revolution Itself”: The Nullifiers And History, William E. Hopchak

Senior Honors Theses

Despite the common defamation of the states’ rights theories acted upon in the Nullification Crisis of 1832, there exists a great deal of historical support for the nullifiers’ positions. Nullifiers believed in a decentralized constitutional system, while nationalists believed in a centralized constitutional system. This tension between central and decentralized positions had been at issue in the American struggle for independence though the exact manner in which these problems manifested themselves was different in the two events. The states’ rights ideas championed primarily by John C. Calhoun were consistent with American political tradition. At the most basic level, the Nullification ...


Grey, Benjamin Edwards, 1809-1875 (Sc 2875), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2014

Grey, Benjamin Edwards, 1809-1875 (Sc 2875), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text of letter (click on "Additional File" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 2875. Letter, 24 May 1853, of Benjamin Edwards Grey, Henderson, Kentucky, to Hardinsburg, Kentucky lawyer J. B. Bruner. Seeking reelection to Congress, Grey complains of lack of support from his own Whig Party and promises to help reconcile breaches among its members. He encloses a broadside advertising a Democratic Party meeting in Henderson County on 28 May as evidence of its organization and aim to carry the election.


Sebastian, Benjamin, 1741-1832 (Mss 523), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Nov 2014

Sebastian, Benjamin, 1741-1832 (Mss 523), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 523. Letters and papers of Benjamin Sebastian, associate justice of the Kentucky Court of Appeals, relating to his involvement in the Spanish Conspiracy and his response to a congressional investigation of his conduct that led to his resignation from the Court.


Horse Cave, Kentucky - City Minutes (Mss 22 Box 1 Folder 11), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2014

Horse Cave, Kentucky - City Minutes (Mss 22 Box 1 Folder 11), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

The minutes of the Caverna (later Horse Cave), Kentucky Board of Trustees from 1871 to 1892. Full text of the minutes, in 50-page increments, can be seen by clicking on "Additional Files" below. The community was known as Horse Cave, but changed its name to Caverna in 1869 and later changed its name back to Horse Cave in 1880. Stray material was scanned where it was found in the minute book; blank pages were not scanned. A short index was typescripted from the original minute book and is also included as an "Additional File." This minute book is part of ...


Spartans In Vietnam: Michigan State University's Experience In South Vietnam, Jake T. Alster Oct 2014

Spartans In Vietnam: Michigan State University's Experience In South Vietnam, Jake T. Alster

Grand Valley Journal of History

In this article, the relations between various colleges (with special attention to Michigan State University) and the United States Government are explored in relation to America’s effort in nation building in South Vietnam in the late 1950s. During America’s efforts in Vietnam more reliance was put upon collegiate institutions to help negotiate foreign policy. One of the major issues regarding South Vietnam was technical assistance, and how we should implement assistance into the third world. Michigan State University, under the presidency of John Hannah, became the most important university in the technical assistance program. John Ernst argues that ...


So We Ran..., Sara R. Bias Oct 2014

So We Ran..., Sara R. Bias

Student Publications

This paper tells the true story of a Hungarian refugee who's family fled the communist regime there in 1971. Gabriella Bercze's story reflects on what it was like to live in Hungary under communist rule, and her family's experience in escaping the country, and fleeing to Italy, where they lived in a refugee camp for months before immigrating to the United States in the early 70s.


Politics As A Sphere Of Wealth Accumulation: Cases Of Gilded Age New York, 1855-1888, Jeffrey D. Broxmeyer Oct 2014

Politics As A Sphere Of Wealth Accumulation: Cases Of Gilded Age New York, 1855-1888, Jeffrey D. Broxmeyer

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines political wealth accumulation in American political development. Scholars have long understood the political system selects for "progressive ambition" for higher office. My research shows that officeseekers have also engaged in "progressive greed" for greater wealth. I compare the career trajectories of four prominent New York political figures during the Gilded Age: William Tweed, Fernando Wood, Roscoe Conkling, and Chester Arthur. Using correspondence, census, tax and land records, government reports, investigations, and newspaper coverage, I explain why each political figure chose to either seize or pass up opportunities for political wealth accumulation. I also examine the principal sources ...


Post-9/11 Illegal Immigrant Detention And Deportation: Terrorism And The Criminalization Of Immigration, Stefany N. Laun Oct 2014

Post-9/11 Illegal Immigrant Detention And Deportation: Terrorism And The Criminalization Of Immigration, Stefany N. Laun

Student Publications

This paper analyzes the changes in immigration policy since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 in terms of how immigrants are viewed in the United States. The goal is to address the recent criminalization of immigration in that the perceptions of terrorists and immigrants have become relatively synonymous since 2001. Although deportations have decreased, immigrant detention has increased significantly. Detention centers pose threats to the basic human rights of the immigrants residing in them, as well as perpetuate the culture of fear enveloping recent immigrants, whether they are legally or illegally in the country, and native United States citizens ...


Dwight Eisenhower, The Warrior, & John Kennedy, The Cold Warrior: Foreign Policy Under Two Presidents, Andrew C. Nosti Oct 2014

Dwight Eisenhower, The Warrior, & John Kennedy, The Cold Warrior: Foreign Policy Under Two Presidents, Andrew C. Nosti

Student Publications

This paper presents a comparison between President Eisenhower and President Kennedy's foreign affairs policies, specifically regarding the Cold War, by examining the presidents' interactions with four distinct Cold War regions.


Distributed Media In The Age Of Eisenhower: Political Buttons, Rachel C. Loughran Oct 2014

Distributed Media In The Age Of Eisenhower: Political Buttons, Rachel C. Loughran

Student Publications

This paper describes the purpose and effectiveness of distributed campaign materials in the context of President Dwight D Eisenhower's 1952 and 1956 elections. It analyzes campaign buttons and political cartoons distributed by the Eisenhower administration to determine how they furthered the image Eisenhower wished to convey during his campaigns. This image is presented by applying certain aesthetic qualities to the campaign materials.


Justice Not Long Delayed: Historical Perspective And The Twenty-First Century Fight For Gay Rights, Charles O. Boyd Sep 2014

Justice Not Long Delayed: Historical Perspective And The Twenty-First Century Fight For Gay Rights, Charles O. Boyd

Oglethorpe Journal of Undergraduate Research

This paper attempts to formulate the best comprehensive strategy for achieving equal rights under the law for gays and lesbians. One of the main ways this paper attempts to formulate such a strategy is by looking at the tactics that allowed previous movements, such as abolitionism and the Civil Rights Movement, to succeed. This paper considers which of the tactics of these movements should be adopted by gay rights activists. Some tactics, such as civil disobedience, are determined to be useful for gay rights activists. Others, such as violence (which was avoided by the Civil Rights Movement but used by ...


Digitally Mapping The Growth Of The Railroads In The United States, Michael Weaver Sep 2014

Digitally Mapping The Growth Of The Railroads In The United States, Michael Weaver

Yale Day of Data

As part of my dissertation, I creating digital maps of the extent of the railways in the United States during the late 19th century (1880 to 1910) on a yearly basis. While other researchers have created digital maps of the railways in approximately 10-year intervals, this misses out on the rapid change in the railways in the interim. These previous digitization attempts have relied on using detailed maps created of the railways at a given time. But accurate maps were not made on a yearly basis and only exist for roughly every 10 years. However, during the 19th century, people ...


Rendering To God And Caesar: Critical Readings For American Government, Mark Caleb Smith, Jewerl Maxwell, Marc A. Clauson, Kevin F. Sims, David L. Rich, Andrew Travis Sep 2014

Rendering To God And Caesar: Critical Readings For American Government, Mark Caleb Smith, Jewerl Maxwell, Marc A. Clauson, Kevin F. Sims, David L. Rich, Andrew Travis

Mark Caleb Smith, Ph.D.

To understand American government is, at minimum, to recognize religion's profound influence on our culture and, by extension, our politics." So state the editors of this outstanding collection of 55 readings that survey the function and purpose of American government from its founding to the present. Rendering to God and Caesar is mostly comprised of primary sources, including founding documents, Supreme Court cases, and momentous speeches. Grouped into six unifying sections with introductions that tie the individual works together and point to their significance, each article is introduced as well by brief comments to highlight specific features or issues ...


Enhanced Interrogation: Torture Policies Of The United States, Philip A. Quigley Sep 2014

Enhanced Interrogation: Torture Policies Of The United States, Philip A. Quigley

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Over the last decade the US Government has worked tirelessly to combat terrorists, insurgents, and those who intend harm to the US, its interests, and its allies and their interests. The US Military and the US Intelligence Community have used many tactics as part of a more complex strategy for waging a worldwide war against al-Qaeda, other terrorist organizations, and their base of support. No tactic has garnered as much public attention, media outcry, and political debate as the use of torture, or more euphemistically referred to in US Government documents, "enhanced interrogation." The use of this tactic has strained ...


Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 - Relating To (Sc 2859), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2014

Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 - Relating To (Sc 2859), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2859. Correspondence, documents, and secondary sources collected by Price Kirkpatrick and related to the “real” birthplace of Abraham Lincoln. Material speculates that Lincoln could have been born in Monroe or Cumberland counties in Kentucky.


Jfk Memory Project At Wku (Mss 491), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jul 2014

Jfk Memory Project At Wku (Mss 491), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and full text of remembrances (Click on Additional Files), photographs, and oral history interviews for Manuscripts Collection 491. Materials collected during a commemorative project related to a campaign visit John F. Kennedy made to Bowling Green, Kentucky in October 1960 and to his November 1963 assassination. The core of the collection is a set of remembrances that were sent into the Department of Library Special Collections, WKU about both events. Other items include oral history interviews (8), photos (36), contemporary news clippings as well as clippings about the project, a scrapbook of post-assassination clippings, and assorted other ephemera ...


Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman Jul 2014

Revenue, U.S. Government, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of U.S. Government revenue receipts and spending during the early years of national history. Presents revenue generation statistics, information on revenue sources, and information on domestic and international political and economic factors affecting government revenue receipts.


Trade, Bert Chapman Jul 2014

Trade, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview of analysis of U.S. foreign trade policy during the early decades of the country's history. Examines bilateral U.S. trade relations with France and Great Britain, provides import and export statistics, details on commodities and products imports and exported, trade statistics, and information on the political and economic factors shaping U.S. trade during this period.


Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman Jul 2014

Coastal Defenses, U.S., Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of U.S. military coastal defenses during the period up to and including the War 1812.


Moore, Robert B., B. 1860 (Sc 2851), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2014

Moore, Robert B., B. 1860 (Sc 2851), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2851. Letter, 13 November 1896, of Robert B. Moore, Bowen, Kentucky, to Frank Powers, Grayson, Kentucky. Moore, a lumber dealer, reports an increase in business. He also describes himself as a “sound money” man who voted for William McKinley in the recent presidential election. Despite anticipating a “hot time,” he reports finding no disturbances at his local polling place.


Chelf, Frank Leslie, 1907-1982 (Mss 492), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2014

Chelf, Frank Leslie, 1907-1982 (Mss 492), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 492. Correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, audiotapes, film and miscellaneous material relating primarily to the political career of Democrat Frank L. Chelf, who represented Kentucky’s Fourth District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1944-1966. Includes Chelf’s voting record and bills, research and speeches related to his legislative interests.


To Plead Our Own Cause: African Americans In Massachusetts And The Making Of The Antislavery Movement, Christopher Cameron Jun 2014

To Plead Our Own Cause: African Americans In Massachusetts And The Making Of The Antislavery Movement, Christopher Cameron

American Abolitionism and Antislavery

The antislavery movement entered an important new phase when William Lloyd Garrison began publishing the Liberator in 1831—a phase marked by massive petition campaigns, the extraordinary mobilization of female activists, and the creation of organizations such as the American Anti-Slavery Society. While the period from 1831 to 1865 is known as the heyday of radical abolitionism, the work of Garrison’s predecessors in Massachusetts was critical in laying the foundation for antebellum abolitionism. To Plead Our Own Cause explores the significant contributions of African Americans in the Bay State to both local and nationwide antislavery activity before 1831 and ...


Letter To Editor Indiana Magazine Of History, Bert Chapman Jun 2014

Letter To Editor Indiana Magazine Of History, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Letter responding to comparison of Guantanamo bay terrorist detainees with the noted Indiana Civil War case of Lambdin Milligan, ultimately decided by the U.S. Supreme Court, who was detained by Union military authorities during the Civil War for his pro-confederate activities and tried by a military court.


Mara Salvatrucha (Ms-13): The Imminent Threat Inside Our Borders And Throughout The Continent, Mary Kathryn (Katy) Barlean Jun 2014

Mara Salvatrucha (Ms-13): The Imminent Threat Inside Our Borders And Throughout The Continent, Mary Kathryn (Katy) Barlean

Honors Senior Theses/Projects

For the past decade, citizens, governments, and scholars alike have expressed ongoing concerns about the increasing rates of violent crimes committed by drug traffickers, organized criminal groups, and gangs within the United States and Central America. The gang Mara Salvatrucha, familiarly known as MS-13, arguably presents the largest threat to national and regional security. The gang’s relatively recent emergence, growth, and expansion has raised serious concern. The criminal group is responsible for a multitude of crimes that directly threaten the welfare of citizens and state security from the suburbs of Washington D.C. to slums in Central American. This ...


The Origins Of Wave Elections: Narrative Control Polarization And Turnout In New Hampshire Electoral Politics 2006-2012, Zachary Jonas Jun 2014

The Origins Of Wave Elections: Narrative Control Polarization And Turnout In New Hampshire Electoral Politics 2006-2012, Zachary Jonas

Honors Theses

This thesis investigates the origin of wave elections in New Hampshire in 2006, 2010 and 2012. It finds that recent demographic shifts in the state laid the groundwork for these dramatic electoral results. This paper also examines the nationalization and polarization that have redefined New Hampshire’s political landscape and contributed to massive partisan shifts in state government. The combination of demographic changes and a polarized political culture have created an electoral environment for both Republicans and Democrats that favors turnout, increasing the importance of agenda setting and narrative control in order to produce high turnout among core constituencies. Chapter ...


Mcchesney, Hardin Field, Jr. (Mss 494), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives May 2014

Mcchesney, Hardin Field, Jr. (Mss 494), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 494. One reel of 16 mm. film labeled “Chandler Years in Review,” used by Hardin Field McChesney, Jr. in connection with reporting on a scandal involving the campaign of Edward “Ned” Breathitt for governor of Kentucky.