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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 86

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson Dec 2014

Digital Prometheus: Wikileaks, The State-Network Dichotomy And The Antinomies Of Academic Reason, Athina Karatzogianni, Andy Robinson

Athina Karatzogianni

This article focuses on the academic reinscription of the WikiLeaks affair, focusing on the different receptions received within different literatures and fields. The WikiLeaks affair – with or without its hypothesised connections to the Anonymous collective and the Arab Spring – has had massive ruptural effects on aspects of the global political system. A small, movement-based website has inflicted a tremendous informational defeat on the world's last superpower, revealing the possible emergence of a global networked counter-power able to mount effective resistance against the world-system, possibly even the emergence of the state-network conflict as the new great-power bipolarity after the Cold ...


Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D. Dec 2014

Boosting The Local Economy Of Ashland Ohio, Louise C. Fleming-Dufala Ph.D., Kimberly Field-Springer Ph.D.

Journal of Public Deliberation

This article summarizes an initiative to engage citizens in issues of building and supporting a local economy. It includes reasons for engaging the public; steps that were taken; and results of deliberative efforts.


On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min Dec 2014

On The Westerness Of Deliberation Research, Seong-Jae Min

Journal of Public Deliberation

This essay suggests that the issue of culture is vital to advance deliberation theories and practices. After discussing whether deliberative democracy is a Western-specific or universal concept, it argues that current deliberation research is heavily immersed in Western cultural and methodological standards. An empirical portion also suggests that the positive effects of deliberation were greater for Western participants as opposed to non-Western participants. It argues that deliberation theories and research should be expanded so that they can include more cultural sensibilities.


Technology And Political Participation, Chris Molina Dec 2014

Technology And Political Participation, Chris Molina

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The most efficient way to get people to take action has always been a big topic of discussion when it comes to political mobilization. Technology has greatly affected the way that people mobilize; it has created a platform for people to have easier access to those of like minds. With social networks such as Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter it is very easy in today's era to get your point across to thousands of people and if need be mobilize them into a political rally or protest. It is important to see if technology has actually had an impact in ...


The Relationship Between The American Government And Society: Congressman John O’Connor And New York’S 16th District During The Great Depression, Kristine Avena Dec 2014

The Relationship Between The American Government And Society: Congressman John O’Connor And New York’S 16th District During The Great Depression, Kristine Avena

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

This research focuses on the interaction between a Congressman and his constituents and how this interaction reflects the larger conversation between the American government and its people. By examining the interrelationship between a political representative and New York’s 16th District between 1931 and 1951, I clarify the role and efforts policy makers made in response to urban societies’ concerns. The two decades studied in this dissertation consists of the post-Prohibition phase, Great Depression, and New Deal programming. The collection I analyze is the “John J. O’Connor Collection” from the Frank Mt. Pleasant Library of Special Collections at Chapman ...


The Effects Of Social Media And The Internet On Political Participation, Leslie Orozco Dec 2014

The Effects Of Social Media And The Internet On Political Participation, Leslie Orozco

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The 21st century has been a century of many changes and technological advancements. Arguably the most important and influential technological advancement of this century has been the internet. With the internet came other branches of the internet such as social media that have now become extremely prominent in American daily life and culture. In the last few Presidential elections, candidates have used the internet and social media as an important part of their political campaigns.

This research project looks at the effects that social media and the internet has had on political participation during the most recent Presidential elections using ...


Iranian Nuclear Proliferation And Sanctions, Bailey Nicole Burlingame Dec 2014

Iranian Nuclear Proliferation And Sanctions, Bailey Nicole Burlingame

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

This project will involve the current problem of nuclear development in the nation of Iran. The question involved in the election studies was, “Should we try to stop Iranian Nuclear Development by increasing sanctions, yes or no?” According to the US Department of State website, they are attempting to increase these sanctions against individuals or cooperations who can be proven to have provided aid, information, or mechanical aspects to assist the goal of Iranian nuclear proliferation. The website provides identifying information for the individuals involved. The answer to this question I believe will be determined the amount of news information ...


It's All In A Meme: A Content Analysis Of Memes Posted To 2012 Presidential Election Facebook Pages, Bobbie Foster Dec 2014

It's All In A Meme: A Content Analysis Of Memes Posted To 2012 Presidential Election Facebook Pages, Bobbie Foster

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis was an exploratory study to understand how Democrats and Republicans design memes, use traditional media framing, and how memes fit into modern humor theories. The study explores the relationship between the traditional media frames of the ideal candidate, populist campaigner, and the sure loser (Grabe & Bucy, 2009) and the commentary added by Internet users to these images in the memes.

The study also applies the benign-violation theory (McGraw & Warren, 2010) to the analysis of memes to understand the design choices made by meme creators. The benign-violation theory states that a physical or psychological violation is benign if 1 ...


Exploring The Invocation Of Emotion In Presidential Speeches, Cengiz Erisen, José D. Villalobos Nov 2014

Exploring The Invocation Of Emotion In Presidential Speeches, Cengiz Erisen, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

Scholars have long explored why presidential rhetoric is important and how it matters for public leadership and policy-making. However, relatively few works have considered the role that emotion plays in leadership communication and no research has conducted a thorough examination of the various types of emotions invoked in presidential rhetoric, their frequency, or how they have shaped presidential discourse over time. In this study, presidential speeches across 13 administrations (1933–2011) are examined to provide a first assessment of the extent to which US presidents have invoked fear, anger, and hope across policy domains and key types of speeches.


Goenawan Mohamad [Indonesia, Editor Of Tempo], Goenawan Mohamad Nov 2014

Goenawan Mohamad [Indonesia, Editor Of Tempo], Goenawan Mohamad

Digital Narratives of Asia

Goenawan Mohamad is the founder of Indonesia's Tempo magazine and a leading voice of democracy in the country. As founding editor, Mr Goenawan had to make the tough call of whether to continue Tempo's critical reporting of the government and face a ban, or toe the line to ensure survival. DNA talks to him about how he came to his decision and stuck to his principles, as well as his take on the many Indonesian leaders he has observed.


The Impact Of The Content Of The Television Programming Upon The Politicization Of The Kosovo Society, Resul Sinani Nov 2014

The Impact Of The Content Of The Television Programming Upon The Politicization Of The Kosovo Society, Resul Sinani

UBT International Conference

The effect of the media over the society is the object of the studies of the social science of communication since its founding up to today. A lot of scientific theories explore, argues and explain the connections and the effect of the media over the public. The purpose of this paper is to evident and argument the effect that the media, especially the TV programming has on the politicization of the Kosovar society, which is manifested in a large number of conversations that have to do with politics. In order to argument the direct link between the content of the ...


Citizenship And Ethnic Relations In Kosovo, Bekim Baliqi Nov 2014

Citizenship And Ethnic Relations In Kosovo, Bekim Baliqi

UBT International Conference

The article explores the issue of multi-ethnic society, by looking at the state iconography, the citizenship issue as well as ethnic relations based on Kosovo as a case study. The theoretical framework is based on the power-sharing model known as consociationalism democracy. Research methods applied here are based mainly in discourse analysis and in content analysis of relevant documents, literature and other sources. The inter-ethnic relations between Serbs and Albanians will be traced historically from the period after the Second World War, following with the dissolution of Yugoslavia and Milosevic’s regime, continuing with the post-conflict period in Kosovo through ...


Journalism Ethics And Law, Musa Sabedini Nov 2014

Journalism Ethics And Law, Musa Sabedini

UBT International Conference

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Media In Political Communication: The Case Of Kosovo, Gjylije Rexha Nov 2014

The Role Of Media In Political Communication: The Case Of Kosovo, Gjylije Rexha

UBT International Conference

There can be no all-encompassing communication between politics and citizens without the multi-dimensional involvement of the media. As a result of the great influence the media exert, politics makes use of instruments of influence and establishes complex relations with the mass media. In this process, a journalist for politics is an important factor, albeit with the most difficult status.Journalist should establish multilateral relations with several stakeholders simultaneously: with the media, with the community and with the political factors. These are the circumstances that place the journalist at the heart of political communication.In the era of Internet, political communicators ...


Religion And Realpolitik: Reflections On Sacrifice, Carolyn Marvin Nov 2014

Religion And Realpolitik: Reflections On Sacrifice, Carolyn Marvin

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Enduring groups that seek to preserve themselves, as sacred communities do, face a structural contradiction between the interests of individual group members and the survival interests of the group. In addressing existential threats, sacred communities rely on a spectrum of coercive and violent actions that resolve this contradiction in favor of solidarity. Despite different histories, this article argues, nationalism and religiosity are most powerfully organized as sacred communities in which sacred violence is extracted as sacrifice from community members. The exception is enduring groups that are able to rely on the protection of other violence practicing groups. The argument rejects ...


The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith Nov 2014

The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith

CPRE Policy Briefs

After the Spring 2014 primaries, the Common Core State Standards were viewed as a political hot potato. As former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee said, “the Common Core has become toxic, I think it’s radioactive…It has become an incredibly controversial topic on both the left and the right.” Even so, the Common Core turned out to play a role in some of the governor’s races in November 2014.

In this analysis of candidate positions and the role of the Common Core across the 36 gubernatorial races of 2014, CPRE researchers Bobbi Newman, Jonathan Supovitz and Arial Smith used ...


Challenging Tunisia’S Homogenous Arabness:Post-Revolutionary Civil Society Activismfor The ‘Invisible’ Tunisian Amazigh, Xavier A. Torres De Janon Oct 2014

Challenging Tunisia’S Homogenous Arabness:Post-Revolutionary Civil Society Activismfor The ‘Invisible’ Tunisian Amazigh, Xavier A. Torres De Janon

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The 2010-11 Tunisian revolution brought to the forefront of the country an explosion of activism and organizing from civil society, including multiple voices urging for the defense, protection and/or recognition of Tunisian ‘minorities.’ An unprecedented Amazigh (pl. Imazighen, the indigenous population of North Africa) wave of activism from individuals and organizations appeared in the public sphere of the country, a population systematically denied and marginalized by the Tunisian dictatorships and society emboldened to stand up for their rights and challenge the status quo. In the post-revolutionary context of thispseudo-homogenous North African country, dominated by a strong Arab/Islamic ideology ...


Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu Sep 2014

Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke Sep 2014

Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman Sep 2014

Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr. Sep 2014

The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest Sep 2014

Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson Sep 2014

Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein Sep 2014

The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris Sep 2014

Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler Sep 2014

Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais Sep 2014

Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament Sep 2014

Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris Sep 2014

Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii Sep 2014

The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.