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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 45

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A New Agenda For The Cultural Study Of Law: Taking On The Technicalities, Annelise Riles Dec 2014

A New Agenda For The Cultural Study Of Law: Taking On The Technicalities, Annelise Riles

Annelise Riles

This article urges humanistic legal studies to take the technical dimensions of law as a central focus of inquiry. Using archival and ethnographic investigations into developments in American Conflict of Laws doctrines as an example, and building on insights in the anthropology of knowledge and in science and technology studies that focus on technical practices in scientific and engineering domains, it aims to show that the technologies of law - an ideology that law is a tool and an accompanying technical aesthetic of legal knowledge - are far more central and far more interesting dimensions of legal practice than humanists have often ...


Real Time: Unwinding Technocratic And Anthropological Knowledge, Annelise Riles Dec 2014

Real Time: Unwinding Technocratic And Anthropological Knowledge, Annelise Riles

Annelise Riles

“The Bank of Japan is our mother,” bankers in Tokyo sometimes said of Japan's central bank. Drawing on this metaphor as an ethnographic resource, and on the example of central bankers who sought to unwind their own technocratic knowledge by replacing it with a real-time machine, I retrace the ethnographic task of unwinding technocratic knowledge from those anthropological knowledge practices that critique technocracy. In so doing, I draw attention to special methodological problems—involving the relationship between ethnography, analysis, and reception—in the representation and critique of contemporary knowledge practices.


The Problem Of State Intervention In Post-Abolition Slavery: A Critique Of Consensus, Anthony Talbott, David Watkins Oct 2014

The Problem Of State Intervention In Post-Abolition Slavery: A Critique Of Consensus, Anthony Talbott, David Watkins

Political Science Faculty Publications

Slavery is now illegal by all states and under international law. Contrary to the hopes of abolitionists, this state of affairs has transformed rather than eradicated slavery as an institution. Furthermore, responses by states to post-abolition forms of slavery have often been less than ideal. This paper begins by comparing two state responses to slavery in the early 20th century: the federal peonage trials in Montgomery, Alabama from 1903-1905, and the federal response to an alleged epidemic of “white slavery” from 1909-1910, culminating in the passage of the White Slave-Traffic Act. Taken together, these responses engender pessimism about the state ...


Human Trafficking In Morocco: A Focus On Sub-Saharan Migrant Women, Ladarrien Gillette Oct 2014

Human Trafficking In Morocco: A Focus On Sub-Saharan Migrant Women, Ladarrien Gillette

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The purpose of this study was to report on the situation of exploited and trafficked Sub-Saharan migrant women in Morocco. With the lack of legal framework to recognize or combat human trafficking my research focuses on the broader context of trafficking as a means to exploit mostly women in regards to sexual assault. Since the crime is not explicitly defined within Moroccan penal code there are no specific organizations dealing with survivors of trafficking but there are a few that indirectly address women migrants. The irregular situation of migrants in Morocco makes their involvement with being trafficked more complicated than ...


Dwight Eisenhower, The Warrior, & John Kennedy, The Cold Warrior: Foreign Policy Under Two Presidents, Andrew C. Nosti Oct 2014

Dwight Eisenhower, The Warrior, & John Kennedy, The Cold Warrior: Foreign Policy Under Two Presidents, Andrew C. Nosti

Student Publications

This paper presents a comparison between President Eisenhower and President Kennedy's foreign affairs policies, specifically regarding the Cold War, by examining the presidents' interactions with four distinct Cold War regions.


Distributed Media In The Age Of Eisenhower: Political Buttons, Rachel C. Loughran Oct 2014

Distributed Media In The Age Of Eisenhower: Political Buttons, Rachel C. Loughran

Student Publications

This paper describes the purpose and effectiveness of distributed campaign materials in the context of President Dwight D Eisenhower's 1952 and 1956 elections. It analyzes campaign buttons and political cartoons distributed by the Eisenhower administration to determine how they furthered the image Eisenhower wished to convey during his campaigns. This image is presented by applying certain aesthetic qualities to the campaign materials.


Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu Sep 2014

Breaking Rules: The Social And Situation Dynamics Of Young People's Urban Crime By Per-Olof Wikström, Dietrich Oberwittler, Kyle Treiber, & Beth Hardie, Kingsley U. Ejiogu

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke Sep 2014

Chronicles From The Field: The Townsend Thai Project By Robert M. Townsend, Okori Uneke

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman Sep 2014

Governing Animals: Animal Welfare And The Liberal State By Kimberly K. Smith, Barry D. Friedman

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr. Sep 2014

The Bill Of The Century: The Epic Battle For The Civil Rights Act By Clay Risen, John Herbert Roper Sr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest Sep 2014

Fear Across The Disciplines Edited By Jan Plamper And Benjamin Lazier, Linda Quest

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson Sep 2014

Behind The Shock Machine: The Untold Story Of The Notorious Milgram Psychology Experiments By Gina Perry, Tanetta Andersson

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein Sep 2014

The Origins Of Christian Democracy: Politics And Confession In Modern Germany By Maria D. Mitchell, Thomas W. Goldstein

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris Sep 2014

Go Shopping In Argentina: The Rise Of Popular Consumer Culture By Natalia Milanesio, Cristian A. Harris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler Sep 2014

Global Tourism: Cultural Heritage And Economic Encounters By Sarah Lyons And E. Christian Wells, Michelle Y. Fiedler

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais Sep 2014

Orgasmology By Annamarie Jagose, Misty Luminais

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament Sep 2014

Russia: A Long View By Yegor Gaidar, Suzanne Ament

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris Sep 2014

Émile Durkheim: A Biography By Marcel Fournier, Terry R. Morris

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii Sep 2014

The Oral Gospel Tradition By James D. Dunn, Edward J. Mills Iii

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations Of Western Culture By David B. Dennis, John H. Roper Jr. Sep 2014

Inhumanities: Nazi Interpretations Of Western Culture By David B. Dennis, John H. Roper Jr.

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Issac Newton And The Origin Of Civilization By Jed Buchwald And Mordechai Feingold, Richard Bowler Sep 2014

Issac Newton And The Origin Of Civilization By Jed Buchwald And Mordechai Feingold, Richard Bowler

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Women On Ice: Methamphetamine Use Among Suburban Women By Miriam Williams Boeri, David B. Broad Sep 2014

Women On Ice: Methamphetamine Use Among Suburban Women By Miriam Williams Boeri, David B. Broad

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


The Technology Of Nonviolence: Social Media And Violence Prevention By Joseph G. Bock, Yadria Diaz Sep 2014

The Technology Of Nonviolence: Social Media And Violence Prevention By Joseph G. Bock, Yadria Diaz

International Social Science Review

No abstract provided.


Are Human Rights A Philosophy Of History? The Case For The Defense, Ben Dorfman Sep 2014

Are Human Rights A Philosophy Of History? The Case For The Defense, Ben Dorfman

International Social Science Review

This paper explains what a human rights philosophy of history might be, how such a philosophy of history might function, and why it might be important that human rights maintain, or reflect a philosophy of history. In this article human rights are represented by The Universal Declaration of Human Rights passed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948.


An Examination Of Crime Perception And Arkansas Fair Housing, David Montague, Shannon Rynders, Jennifer Bearden, Jennifer M. Miller, Carol Johnson, Emily Blank Sep 2014

An Examination Of Crime Perception And Arkansas Fair Housing, David Montague, Shannon Rynders, Jennifer Bearden, Jennifer M. Miller, Carol Johnson, Emily Blank

International Social Science Review

This study examines the issue of fair housing from the standpoint of appraisal reports that determine the value of properties. Specifically, descriptors of crime within Arkansas appraisal reports are analyzed, along with completed interview questionnaires representing the mortgage lending, law enforcement, and home appraisal communities. This study provides pivotal findings with respect to appraisal reports in Arkansas and implications for public policy. Particularly, it finds that some of the most relevant stakeholders related to housing in Arkansas unfairly categorize certain geographic areas according to perceptions of crime, as indicated by a review of data found within appraisal reports. This study ...


The Civilized And The Barbarous: Honor In French And Turkish Contemporary Societies, Julie Alev Dilmac Sep 2014

The Civilized And The Barbarous: Honor In French And Turkish Contemporary Societies, Julie Alev Dilmac

International Social Science Review

The goal of this paper is to explore the place of honor in an increasingly rationalized world, in which individuals are characterized by their interchangeability. To do so, the honor principle in two societies which, although in geographical proximity, represent distinct traditions, France and Turkey, was analyzed. The goal was to grasp the multiple understandings of honor among young adults, defined as those between the age of 20 and 27 years old in these two societies. In the Turkish language, honor translates to şeref, which means the personal value felt by an individual coming from the other’s respect, or ...


The End Of Civil War, The Rise Of Narcotrafficking And The Implementation Of The Merida Initiative In Central America, William L. Marcy Sep 2014

The End Of Civil War, The Rise Of Narcotrafficking And The Implementation Of The Merida Initiative In Central America, William L. Marcy

International Social Science Review

The End of Civil War, the Rise of Narcotrafficking, and the Implementation of the Merida Initiative in Central America provides a broad explanation of how Central America became a hub for narcotrafficking between 1979-2012. Using newly declassified documents acquired from the U.S. Department of State, the paper reviews the emergence of narcotrafficking in Central America during its civil war era and briefly shows how Colombian and then Mexican narcotraffickers established a permanent foothold in the region during the early 1990s as its civil wars wound down. At the same time, the essay looks at how Central America responded to ...


Antigone Claimed, "I Am A Stranger": Democracy, Membership And Unauthorized Immigration, Andres Fabian Henao Castro Sep 2014

Antigone Claimed, "I Am A Stranger": Democracy, Membership And Unauthorized Immigration, Andres Fabian Henao Castro

Doctoral Dissertations

My dissertation offers a new framework through which to theorize contemporary democratic practices by attending to the political agency of unauthorized immigrants. I argue that unauthorized immigrants themselves, by claiming their own ambiguous legal condition as a legitimate basis for public speech, are able to open up the boundaries of political membership and to render the foundations of democracy contingent, that is to say, they are able to reopen the question about who counts as a member of the demos. I develop this argument by way of a close reading of Sophocles’ tragedy Antigone[1], which allows me to dramatize ...


The Colonial Legacies Of “Fiesta Island”: A Critical Study Of Live-Music Events Production In Puerto Rico, Anilyn Diaz Aug 2014

The Colonial Legacies Of “Fiesta Island”: A Critical Study Of Live-Music Events Production In Puerto Rico, Anilyn Diaz

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines the historical relationship between the state and national culture in Puerto Rico as seen through the case of the entertainment industry, specifically live-music events production. The dissertation is located within two bodies of literature: critical post-colonial cultural studies of cultural industries and cultural policy, and cultural approaches to scholarship on collective action and state-civil society relationships in neoliberal contexts. The research design includes archival work and analysis of organizational material, supported by a cultural ethnography approach to semi-structured informant interviews and group interviews. The interviews focus on the historical development, cultural legacies, and practices of the entertainment ...


U.S. Human Rights Activism And Plan Colombia, Winifred L. Tate Jul 2014

U.S. Human Rights Activism And Plan Colombia, Winifred L. Tate

Winifred L. Tate

Non-governmental organizations claim to play a central role in defining U.S. foreign policy, particularly in the field of human rights. Here, I will examine the role of human rights and humanitarian groups in the debates over U.S. foreign policy towards Colombia, focusing on the design and subsequent additional appropriations for Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid package beginning in 2000. I argue that NGOs were able to build on the legacy of prior human rights activism focusing on Latin America, but failed to achieve significant grassroots mobilization around this issue. I examine the structural issues limiting such mobilization ...