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2013

Political Science

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund Dec 2013

Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This essay focuses on these conditions that result in the extension of international legitimacy, asking the question; “which factors lead external actors to recognize separatist regions as legitimate states?” In particular, the essay hones in on the factors that lead the international community to recognize separatist states despite the seemingly dominant norm of sovereign territorial integrity. In the subsequent analysis, the essay finds that concerns for international stability and systemic order best explain the variation of international recognition among cases. These concerns are manifested through two distinct mechanisms by which secessionists may undermine the international order. First, separatist behavior that ...


The European Union In The World Community., Peter Loedel Nov 2013

The European Union In The World Community., Peter Loedel

Peter H. Loedel

No abstract provided.


Track: Simulations And Role Play I: American Politics And Institutions, Chris Stangl, H Schatzinger, C Schaefer, R Emenaker Nov 2013

Track: Simulations And Role Play I: American Politics And Institutions, Chris Stangl, H Schatzinger, C Schaefer, R Emenaker

Chris Stangl

No abstract provided.


The Currency Of Socialism: Money And Political Culture In East Germany, Peter Loedel Nov 2013

The Currency Of Socialism: Money And Political Culture In East Germany, Peter Loedel

Peter H. Loedel

No abstract provided.


A New Introduction To American Constitutionalism, Mark Graber Oct 2013

A New Introduction To American Constitutionalism, Mark Graber

Mark Graber

A New Introduction to American Constitutionalism is the first text to study the entirety of American constitutionalism, not just the traces that appear in Supreme Court decisions. Mark A. Graber both explores and offers original answers to such central questions as: What is a Constitution? What are fundamental constitutional purposes? How are constitutions interpreted? How is constitutional authority allocated? How do constitutions change? How is the Constitution of the United States influenced by international and comparative law? and, most important, How does the Constitution work? Relying on an historical/institutional perspective, the book illustrates how American constitutionalism is a distinct ...


Eiu Political Science Review -- Fall 2013, Eastern Illinois University Department Of Political Science Oct 2013

Eiu Political Science Review -- Fall 2013, Eastern Illinois University Department Of Political Science

EIU Political Science Review

The EIU Political Science Review is a new online journal created specifically for undergraduate students of political science. The journal consists of a variety of high-quality, peer reviewed undergraduate papers. Nearly any type of political science paper from a EIU political science course (3000-4000) can be submitted to the journal including: position papers, analytical critiques, research papers, book reviews, case briefs, and many more. If you're interested in submitting one of your own pieces of work please read below for more information.


Twenty Years Later: Perceptions And Understandings Of Democracy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, Jennifer Hamilton Oct 2013

Twenty Years Later: Perceptions And Understandings Of Democracy In Durban, Kwazulu-Natal, Jennifer Hamilton

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study seeks to explore perceptions and understandings of democracy in South Africa twenty years post-apartheid. Information from interviews with fifty South African citizens in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal was supplemented with interviews with five experts from institutions relevant to democratic development. Participants agreed that South Africa was a democracy, but disagreed on the meanings of democracy, South Africa’s democratic performance to date, and future prospects for democracy. The learner concludes that, in order to improve the quality of democratic governance in the country, South Africans must engage in a national dialogue about what democracy is and where it is meant ...


Democracy And Disgust: Reflections On Public Choice, Daniel A. Farber Sep 2013

Democracy And Disgust: Reflections On Public Choice, Daniel A. Farber

Daniel A Farber

No abstract provided.


Brown To Black: The Politics Of Judicial Appointments For Latinos, Maria Echaveste Sep 2013

Brown To Black: The Politics Of Judicial Appointments For Latinos, Maria Echaveste

Maria Echaveste

Discusses observations in judicial appointment for Hispanics. Existence of barriers to Latino judicial appointments; Absence of unity among Hispanic functions to forestall the nomination of qualified Latinos; Lack of qualifications due to the raw political nature of judicial appointments; Illustration of the situation through actual events; Revelation of lessons from foregoing reflections.


Invisible Ink: Intersectionality And Political Inquiry, Dara Z. Strolovich Jun 2013

Invisible Ink: Intersectionality And Political Inquiry, Dara Z. Strolovich

Indiana Journal of Law and Social Equality

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington May 2013

The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to understand the intended and unintended effects of the proliferation of private walls around homes in South Africa, specifically in the context of apartheid and post-apartheid history. I argue that walls around private homes produce a variety of effects. Firstly, they visually, physically, and mentally separate individuals, resulting in decreased interactions between residents and passersby as well as between neighbors and greater ignorance between these groups. Secondly, walls preclude the formation of positive relationships between strangers of different classes and races, and they catalyze the formation of unequal relationships of power. This imbalance is compounded by existing ...


Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah May 2013

Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The question of whether a majoritarian setup is optimal in terms of broad representation takes up on paramount importance in the context of power-sharing in deeply divided places, whereby unqualified exclusion of segment(s) of the population from government can have potentially disastrous consequences. Governance in deeply-divided places presents a rather intriguing question --- who governs the people, how are they elected, what mandates do they have? What form of government works best - a single-party majoritarian system that by popular belief leads to more effective governance or a consensus-based government that allows for better protection of minority interests? More broadly then ...


A New Vision For Our Constitutional Amendment Process, Jesse M. Feitel Apr 2013

A New Vision For Our Constitutional Amendment Process, Jesse M. Feitel

Maxwell School – Distinction Theses (Undergraduate)

This thesis examines the history of amendments to the United States Constitution, and specifically examines the six that passed through both houses of Congress but failed to gain state ratification. The thesis then suggests serious consideration of one constitutional scholar's particular vision for our federal amendment process.


Political Science Spring 2013, Dan Sabia Apr 2013

Political Science Spring 2013, Dan Sabia

Political Science Newsletter Spring 2013

No abstract provided.


Interview Of Michael R. Dillon, Ph.D., J.D., Michael R. Dillon, Ph.D., J.D., John A. Prendergast Apr 2013

Interview Of Michael R. Dillon, Ph.D., J.D., Michael R. Dillon, Ph.D., J.D., John A. Prendergast

All Oral Histories

Born in 1942, Dr. Michael Richard Dillon is a Professor and Chair of the Political Science Department at La Salle University in Philadelphia. He grew up in Wilmette, Illinois, a suburb just outside of Chicago, where he spent many years before opting to attend the University of Notre Dame for his undergraduate and, later, his graduate and doctoral degrees. Dr. Dillon first came to La Salle in 1968, where he spent 17 years as a member of the Political Science Department under the Chair at the time, Robert Courtney. After obtaining a J.D. from Temple University, Dr. Dillon left ...


In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund Apr 2013

In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the motivations for Russian voting behavior in the United Nations Security Council from 1995-2012. Specifically, why does Russia vote with the West in many situations, but not in others? What motivated Russia to veto three Western-backed resolutions in the ongoing Syrian conflict? These are not arbitrary votes—Russia invests considerable energy in both explaining and justifying its voting decisions in the Security Council. Thus, even if one believes that Security Council resolutions do not significantly affect state behavior (a claim that international relations research increasingly disputes), such voting decisions still matter because Russia deems them important.

I ...


The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer Apr 2013

The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In this thesis, I investigate the influence of the pro-Israel lobby, as a means of assessing more generally the role of interest groups in shaping American public policy, and whether the so-called “lobbies that can’t be beat” are truly unassailable. First, I probe the prevailing treatise on pro-Israel lobby influence, which portrays the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) as the nerve center of a pro-Israel lobbying network that almost never fails to coerce policymakers to bow to its will. I ask two distinct but related questions: do AIPAC and the other groups depicted as the “Israel lobby” wield ...


The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen Apr 2013

The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Throughout its history, China has always been a land power with strong continental traditions. As a result, the navy was rarely the subject of attention for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Starting in the mid-1990s, however, Beijing started to devote considerable resources to improve the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). This modernization has been enthusiastically pursued until today and China’s improved maritime capabilities have been catching the attention of the United States and China’s neighbors in East Asia. Countries are wary of Beijing’s intentions in acquiring new fleets, questioning the implications this buildup may have ...


Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey Apr 2013

Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper examines why it is that Zambia and Zimbabwe, two states with similar background conditions and initial positions, arrived at differing policy decisions with regards to genetically modified organisms (GMO). The two neighboring Southern African states are economically dependent on their agricultural sector, share a common colonial legacy, rely heavily on maize as a subsistence crop and have struggled with issues of food security. Their decisions were shaped by their post-colonial legacy and differing conceptions of modernity. In the years following independence, Zambia sought to subsidize their agricultural sector through inputs and credit. Zimbabwe instead focused on land reform ...


No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler Apr 2013

No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The No Child Left Behind education act, signed by President Bush in 2002, imposed high-stakes testing standards on all schools in the nation. A decade later, amidst a cheating scandal and a budget crisis, the School District of Philadelphia experienced dramatic standardized test score declines after nine years of increases. This study aims to place these declines in the context of national, state, and local education policy and provide statistical evidence for the cause of the declines. School climate among schools flagged for cheating and budget decreases experienced by all Philadelphia schools significantly contributed to the declines. Nevertheless, the major ...


Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein Apr 2013

Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

What determines the length of first-mover advantage in military innovation? In adopting revolutions in military affairs, some first movers benefit from a lengthy advantage while others suffer from a brief advantage. In this paper, I argue that that two factors, leadership and doctrinal congruence, relate to the two relevant actors, a first mover and a secondary actor, to explain the length of a first mover’s strategic edge. The theory is tested on the aircraft carrier, submarine, and intercontinental ballistic missile revolutions.


Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik Apr 2013

Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis suggests that agent-based modeling provides an effective way to understand and analyze the internal political dynamics of Pakistan. The first section describes Pakistan’s current situation and introduces a study published by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) outlining five possible futures the nation could experience. After stating the five futures, I hypothesize that agent-based modeling could enhance this study and provide arguments that social scientists use to justify this quantitative approach. The next portion of the thesis intricately describes all aspects of the model-building process. The experimentation process and metrics are then discussed and finally, the experiment ...


Justice Across The Hemispheres: The Effect Of The Pinochet Arrest On Domestic Courts In Chile And Spain, Audrey A. Hansen Apr 2013

Justice Across The Hemispheres: The Effect Of The Pinochet Arrest On Domestic Courts In Chile And Spain, Audrey A. Hansen

Honors Theses and Capstones

This study examines whether the 1998 arrest, by order of a Spanish judge, of former Chilean President Augusto Pinochet in London for crimes of genocide and terrorism impacted the attitude of Chilean and Spanish courts toward prosecuting their own country’s human rights violations. It argues that after 1998 Chile’s judiciary increased prosecutions against former regime officials, while the Spanish judiciary upheld Spain’s 1977 Amnesty Law and declined to participate in the national discourse on the country’s past human rights violations. This research includes a comparative case study of Chile and Spain, their recent histories, their judiciaries ...


From Autonomy To Agency: Feminist Perspectives On Self-Direction, Kathryn Abrams Feb 2013

From Autonomy To Agency: Feminist Perspectives On Self-Direction, Kathryn Abrams

Kathryn Abrams

No abstract provided.


From Autonomy To Agency: Feminist Perspectives On Self-Direction, Kathryn Abrams Feb 2013

From Autonomy To Agency: Feminist Perspectives On Self-Direction, Kathryn Abrams

Kathryn Abrams

No abstract provided.


More Than Just A Meal: The Economic Utility Of Social Capital In The Lives Of The Poor, Benjamin Higby Strange Jan 2013

More Than Just A Meal: The Economic Utility Of Social Capital In The Lives Of The Poor, Benjamin Higby Strange

Senior Independent Study Theses

No abstract provided.


May It Please The Environment?: A Study Of The Role Regional Location Plays In Influencing Federal Court Decisions On Fossil Fuel Cases, Stephen Perrott Jan 2013

May It Please The Environment?: A Study Of The Role Regional Location Plays In Influencing Federal Court Decisions On Fossil Fuel Cases, Stephen Perrott

Senior Independent Study Theses

No abstract provided.


What Matters To Social Democratic Party Voters? Liberal And Economic Interests Trump Ethnoreligious Identity In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Joan Davison Jan 2013

What Matters To Social Democratic Party Voters? Liberal And Economic Interests Trump Ethnoreligious Identity In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Joan Davison

Faculty Publications

Bosnia and Herzegovina possesses both a history marked by ethnic differences and a tradition of tolerance and coexistence among religious groups. The millet system of Ottoman times depended upon the authority of confessional communities. With the rise of nationalism in the 1800’s, religious identity and organization became complicated by ethnicity. Later, the authoritarianism of Tito enabled the state to accommodate this multinational, multi-religious character, uniting people as socialist Yugoslavs. Thus, the collapse of the socialist, Yugoslavian ideals and structures created new and sometimes polarizing choices for the population. Previously authoritarian government mediated religious and ethnic relations, but now coexistence ...


Exploring Politics And Government With Popular Culture: Justifications, Methods, Potentials, And Challenges In Introductory Political Science Courses, Jacob L. Stump Dec 2012

Exploring Politics And Government With Popular Culture: Justifications, Methods, Potentials, And Challenges In Introductory Political Science Courses, Jacob L. Stump

Jacob Stump

For an introductory-level course (Politics and Government) mostly composed of nonpolitical science majors, I use a combination of nontraditional texts, including novels and films, along with primary documents. This article briefly justifies the value of nontraditional texts for exploring politics and government. It then sketches out the nontraditional texts used in the course and how they relate to politics and government. I also describe some methods I use in combining nontraditional texts with primary documents to highlight and explore important concepts and present- day political problems relevant for an introductory-level politics and government class. I close with a brief discussion ...