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2013

Elections

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Political Hate Machines: Outside Groups And The 2012 Presidential Campaign Advertising Market, Martin Nader Nov 2013

Political Hate Machines: Outside Groups And The 2012 Presidential Campaign Advertising Market, Martin Nader

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

This dissertation explores the rise of outside groups and their influence in the 2012 presidential campaign advertising market. Unlike official candidates, outside groups are not vulnerable to the potential electoral risks of public backlash for being too negative; therefore, outside groups do not possess the same incentives as official candidates to regulate their use of attack ads. Compared to campaign ads produced by official presidential candidates, ads produced by outside groups are (1) overwhelmingly negative attack ads, (2) utilize a backwards-looking retrospective orientation, and (3) draw heavily on negative emotions like anger, fear and disgust.

Considering the role of outside ...


The Economic Influence On Electoral Politics, David Lynch, Nicholas R. Jesteadt, Brencis Navia Oct 2013

The Economic Influence On Electoral Politics, David Lynch, Nicholas R. Jesteadt, Brencis Navia

Professor David Lynch

The economy has been one of the focal points of not just this election, but almost every election in the past. The incumbent party attempts to portray the economy as healthy, recovering, prosperous; the opposing party attempts to show stagnation and volatility. This presentation aims to expose the effect of the economy on campaigning and electoral outcomes by examining historical elections and projecting toward the 2012 election. What economic factors influence voters? We examine unemployment, GDP growth, inflation, and several others as we try to piece together the economic impact on elections. Our guest speaker is David Lynch, a senior ...


Local Art, Local Action: A Proposal For Deliberating On And About Main Street, Anna M. Wiederhold Oct 2013

Local Art, Local Action: A Proposal For Deliberating On And About Main Street, Anna M. Wiederhold

Journal of Public Deliberation

In every campaign, politicians make promises. They spell out their hopes and dreams for their constituents and describe the dystopia that would exist should their opponent be elected instead. With campaign speeches characterized by lofty promises, buzz words, and vague generalities, deliberative opportunities exist for clarification and complexification of candidate (and party) platforms. I propose a unique possibility for local politics that would demystify the electoral process and increase civic engagement by providing community-level opportunities to participate in platform-formation, information-seeking, and deliberation. Specifically, I propose that local government host an issue-raising arts festival, which would lead to an online deliberative ...


Legislative Turnover And Institutional Reforms: Evidence From The Bolivian Case, Miguel Centellas Aug 2013

Legislative Turnover And Institutional Reforms: Evidence From The Bolivian Case, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Despite increased attention to Latin American legislatures, we know little about legislative candidate selection—particularly in countries that underwent institutional reforms. This paper analyzes candidate selection in Bolivia’s lower legislative chamber using database of candidate & legislator biographical data. Bolivia is an interesting case because it significantly altered its electoral system (from list-PR to MMP). Using legislative candidate biographical data (winners and losers), the paper observes effects in changes in candidate recruitment across pre- and post-reform periods. In addition to common indicators (age, gender, professional association, etc.), the paper focuses on three key candidate dimensions: “localness” (connection to electoral district ...


Civic Engagement In Battleground States, Chloe Macdonald May 2013

Civic Engagement In Battleground States, Chloe Macdonald

Senior Honors Theses

There are many different ways to view the impact of living in a political battleground state. One can look at vote choice, civic engagement levels, advertising effects, or political engagement levels. All of these factors, plus many more contribute to the battleground effect. The battleground effect, as we call it, is the result of exposure to massive amounts of political media and influence from campaigns during presidential elections. Advertising is a major way in which battleground states differ from safe states. Beginning with Bill Clinton’s campaign in 1992 many campaign managers have employed a strategy of purchasing ads in ...


Shifty Characters: Ideological Shifting And Electoral Outcomes In U.S. Senate Elections, Clayton Clouse May 2013

Shifty Characters: Ideological Shifting And Electoral Outcomes In U.S. Senate Elections, Clayton Clouse

Theses and Dissertations

Very little research has investigated how a two-stage electoral process (a primary election to nominate the party candidate, and a general election where the parties' candidates face off) affects candidate behavior. Here I argue that candidates are attracted to the median voter position of the electorate in which they are running. And that differences between the ideological positions of the primary median voter and the general election median voter means that candidates have incentive to shift their ideological positions to align with the relevant median voter. I test for the presence of candidate ideological shifting in U.S. Senate elections ...


Explaining Subnational Variation In Voter Coordination And Party Entry In Electoral Competition, Joshua David Potter Apr 2013

Explaining Subnational Variation In Voter Coordination And Party Entry In Electoral Competition, Joshua David Potter

All Theses and Dissertations (ETDs)

This dissertation focuses on electoral politics in a comparative perspective, specifically subnational variation in strategic party entry and strategic voter coordination. The dissertation studies how within-country variation both in the demographic composition of electoral districts and also in the supply-side composition of ballots can impact: where parties choose to contest elections, which and how many parties are successful, and why some voters in a country might not have the option of casting a ballot for all parties on election day. The first and third papers concentrate specifically on the supply side of electoral competition and demonstrate under what circumstances parties ...


Capitalizing In The Nation’S Capital: Matching State And Regional Resources To Administration Funding Priorities, John Hudak Mar 2013

Capitalizing In The Nation’S Capital: Matching State And Regional Resources To Administration Funding Priorities, John Hudak

Lectures/Events (BMW)

This presentation explores the relationship between the funding and policy priorities established by presidential administrations and the financial resources provided to individual states and regions. Information gathered from a newly compiled database of all federal project grants from 1996-2008 helps illuminate the distribution of money across the 50 states. These data are complemented by field research in federal and state bureaucracies. Would you be surprised to learn that the executive branch delivers more money and grants to swing states than all other states? Furthermore, the proximity of a presidential election further enhances this preference to deliver funds to swing states ...


Elections And Election Campaigns - Muhlenberg County, Kentucky (Sc 676), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Mar 2013

Elections And Election Campaigns - Muhlenberg County, Kentucky (Sc 676), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 676. Certified election return of the Rosemead Precinct, Muhlenberg County, Kentucky, showing candidates and number of votes received in the election held on 8 November 1892.


Electoral Reforms, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr Feb 2013

Electoral Reforms, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Varma proposes new political and electoral reforms for better, healthy, strong and improved democracy


Touch Screen Voting Machines, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr Jan 2013

Touch Screen Voting Machines, Vijaya Krushna Varma Mr

VIJAYA KRUSHNA VARMA Mr

Touch screen voting machines will be useful for conducting free and fair polls on single day and in single phase for general elections. If touch screen voting machines are used then there will be absolutely no scope for rigging, impersonate voting and all other malpractices in voting process. With TSVMs counting of votes will be over within one hour on the same day after polling is over. By using TSCMs polling, counting declaring of results for all constituencies can be completed on the same day of the polling.


Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Historical materialism has been called in question by the triumph of neoliberalism and the fall of Communism. I show, by consideration of two examples, the 2008 crisis and recent Supreme Court campaign spending First Amendment jurisprudence, that neoliberalism instead vindicates the explanatory power of (non-mechanical and non-deterministic) historical materialism in accounting for a wide range of recent legal developments in legislation, executive (in)action, and judicial decision-making.


Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Neoliberalism can be understood as the deregulation of the economy from political control by deliberate action or inaction of the state. As such it is both constituted by the law and deeply affects it. I show how the methods of historical materialism can illuminate this phenomenon in all three branches of the the U.S. government. Considering the example the global financial crisis of 2007-08 that began with the housing bubble developing from trade in unregulated and overvalued mortgage backed securities, I show how the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which established a firewall between commercial and investment banking, allowed ...


“Somos Autonomistas De Siempre”: Public University Politics And The Negotiation Of Autonomy In Bolivia, Miguel Centellas, Katherine M. Centellas Jan 2013

“Somos Autonomistas De Siempre”: Public University Politics And The Negotiation Of Autonomy In Bolivia, Miguel Centellas, Katherine M. Centellas

Miguel Centellas

This paper analyzes the contentious April 2010 public university elections for Rector and Vice Rector at the Universidad Mayor de San Andrés (UMSA) in Bolivia. University elections are especially politically significant in countries like Bolivia, in which public universities have constitutionally protected autonomy and have often served as bastions of political opposition. Using quantitative and qualitative techniques, we describe and analyze how Bolivia’s university elections interact with national and subnational politics. Looking at the three most recent rectorate elections (2004, 2007, 2010), we measure electoral volatility, party system stability, and partisan alignments within university elections. We combine this with ...