Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund Dec 2013

Breakaway States: Understanding When The International Community Recognizes The Legitimacy Of Separatist States, Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This essay focuses on these conditions that result in the extension of international legitimacy, asking the question; “which factors lead external actors to recognize separatist regions as legitimate states?” In particular, the essay hones in on the factors that lead the international community to recognize separatist states despite the seemingly dominant norm of sovereign territorial integrity. In the subsequent analysis, the essay finds that concerns for international stability and systemic order best explain the variation of international recognition among cases. These concerns are manifested through two distinct mechanisms by which secessionists may undermine the international order. First, separatist behavior that ...


The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington May 2013

The Effects Of Private Walls On Relationships Across Class And Race In The New South Africa, Daniel Torrington

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to understand the intended and unintended effects of the proliferation of private walls around homes in South Africa, specifically in the context of apartheid and post-apartheid history. I argue that walls around private homes produce a variety of effects. Firstly, they visually, physically, and mentally separate individuals, resulting in decreased interactions between residents and passersby as well as between neighbors and greater ignorance between these groups. Secondly, walls preclude the formation of positive relationships between strangers of different classes and races, and they catalyze the formation of unequal relationships of power. This imbalance is compounded by existing ...


Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah May 2013

Consensus Democracy And State Performance: Evaluating The Impact Of Coalition Government On Indian States, Vandit D. Shah

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The question of whether a majoritarian setup is optimal in terms of broad representation takes up on paramount importance in the context of power-sharing in deeply divided places, whereby unqualified exclusion of segment(s) of the population from government can have potentially disastrous consequences. Governance in deeply-divided places presents a rather intriguing question --- who governs the people, how are they elected, what mandates do they have? What form of government works best - a single-party majoritarian system that by popular belief leads to more effective governance or a consensus-based government that allows for better protection of minority interests? More broadly then ...


From Beijing To Baghdad: Stability And Decision-Making In Sino-Iraqi Relations, 1958-2012, Scott J. Lee Apr 2013

From Beijing To Baghdad: Stability And Decision-Making In Sino-Iraqi Relations, 1958-2012, Scott J. Lee

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

As the People’s Republic of China has modernized, it has become increasingly reliant on Middle Eastern oil to fuel its economy. But economics did not always play a primary role in China’s Middle East policy. This thesis seeks to answer the questions: what have been the drivers of the PRC’s foreign policy in the Persian Gulf region – and what historical, political, and economic circumstances caused them to evolve at such a rapid pace? In analyzing Chinese foreign policy in Iraq over three chronological periods – the Cold War Period (1958-1979), the Transition Period (1980-1988), and the Post-Cold War ...


The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen Apr 2013

The People's Liberation Army Navy: The Motivations Behind Beijing's Naval Modernization, Binh Nguyen

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Throughout its history, China has always been a land power with strong continental traditions. As a result, the navy was rarely the subject of attention for the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Starting in the mid-1990s, however, Beijing started to devote considerable resources to improve the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN). This modernization has been enthusiastically pursued until today and China’s improved maritime capabilities have been catching the attention of the United States and China’s neighbors in East Asia. Countries are wary of Beijing’s intentions in acquiring new fleets, questioning the implications this buildup may have ...


In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund Apr 2013

In Defense Of Sovereignty: An Analysis Of Russian Voting Behavior In The United Nations Security Council (1995-2012), Brian Zachary Mund

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the motivations for Russian voting behavior in the United Nations Security Council from 1995-2012. Specifically, why does Russia vote with the West in many situations, but not in others? What motivated Russia to veto three Western-backed resolutions in the ongoing Syrian conflict? These are not arbitrary votes—Russia invests considerable energy in both explaining and justifying its voting decisions in the Security Council. Thus, even if one believes that Security Council resolutions do not significantly affect state behavior (a claim that international relations research increasingly disputes), such voting decisions still matter because Russia deems them important.

I ...


The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer Apr 2013

The Other Pro-Israel Lobby: The Mearsheimer And Walt Controversy And The Rise Of J Street, Maya Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In this thesis, I investigate the influence of the pro-Israel lobby, as a means of assessing more generally the role of interest groups in shaping American public policy, and whether the so-called “lobbies that can’t be beat” are truly unassailable. First, I probe the prevailing treatise on pro-Israel lobby influence, which portrays the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) as the nerve center of a pro-Israel lobbying network that almost never fails to coerce policymakers to bow to its will. I ask two distinct but related questions: do AIPAC and the other groups depicted as the “Israel lobby” wield ...


Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey Apr 2013

Genetically Modified Organisms And Southern African Food Policy, Andrew J. Leahey

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper examines why it is that Zambia and Zimbabwe, two states with similar background conditions and initial positions, arrived at differing policy decisions with regards to genetically modified organisms (GMO). The two neighboring Southern African states are economically dependent on their agricultural sector, share a common colonial legacy, rely heavily on maize as a subsistence crop and have struggled with issues of food security. Their decisions were shaped by their post-colonial legacy and differing conceptions of modernity. In the years following independence, Zambia sought to subsidize their agricultural sector through inputs and credit. Zimbabwe instead focused on land reform ...


Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein Apr 2013

Revolutions In Military Affairs: A Theory On First-Mover Advantage, Andrew Bernard Silverstein

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

What determines the length of first-mover advantage in military innovation? In adopting revolutions in military affairs, some first movers benefit from a lengthy advantage while others suffer from a brief advantage. In this paper, I argue that that two factors, leadership and doctrinal congruence, relate to the two relevant actors, a first mover and a secondary actor, to explain the length of a first mover’s strategic edge. The theory is tested on the aircraft carrier, submarine, and intercontinental ballistic missile revolutions.


Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik Apr 2013

Virtual Pakistan 2013: An Agent-Based Modeling Analysis, Quratul-Ann Malik

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis suggests that agent-based modeling provides an effective way to understand and analyze the internal political dynamics of Pakistan. The first section describes Pakistan’s current situation and introduces a study published by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) outlining five possible futures the nation could experience. After stating the five futures, I hypothesize that agent-based modeling could enhance this study and provide arguments that social scientists use to justify this quantitative approach. The next portion of the thesis intricately describes all aspects of the model-building process. The experimentation process and metrics are then discussed and finally, the experiment ...


No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler Apr 2013

No School Left Uncorrupted: How Cheating, High-Stakes Testing, And Declining Budgets Affected Student Achievement In Philadelphia, James R. Sadler

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The No Child Left Behind education act, signed by President Bush in 2002, imposed high-stakes testing standards on all schools in the nation. A decade later, amidst a cheating scandal and a budget crisis, the School District of Philadelphia experienced dramatic standardized test score declines after nine years of increases. This study aims to place these declines in the context of national, state, and local education policy and provide statistical evidence for the cause of the declines. School climate among schools flagged for cheating and budget decreases experienced by all Philadelphia schools significantly contributed to the declines. Nevertheless, the major ...