Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

University of Iowa

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Iowa Voting Series, Paper 2: An Examination Of Iowa Turnout Statistics, Timothy M. Hagle Dec 2013

Iowa Voting Series, Paper 2: An Examination Of Iowa Turnout Statistics, Timothy M. Hagle

Department of Political Science Publications

This is the second paper in a series examining aspects of voting in Iowa. This short paper takes a look at Iowa’s turnout in presidential and midterm elections since 2000.

Turnout for voters registered as Democrats or Republicans is quite good, but turnout for No Party voters (Iowa’s name for independents) is much lower. Republican turnout in the period examined is always higher than that of Democrats, but with only one exception the two track fairly closely. Consistent with conventional wisdom turnout is much lower in midterm election years. The drop for Democrats and Republicans is roughly 15 ...


Politics Of Natural Disaster : How Governments Maintain Legitimacy In The Wake Of Major Disasters, 1990-2010, Zahidul Arefin Choudhury Dec 2013

Politics Of Natural Disaster : How Governments Maintain Legitimacy In The Wake Of Major Disasters, 1990-2010, Zahidul Arefin Choudhury

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is about major natural disasters, and how they contribute to legitimacy crises of governments. Three major factors explain the emergence of a legitimacy crisis in a post-disaster context: the frequency of disaster occurrence, the quality of the government response to disasters, and the type of regime within which the government operates. Employing a large-N statistical analysis of data on major natural disasters and anti-government domestic political activities for the years between 1990 and 2010, I show that higher counts of disasters, as a rule, increase the risks of anti-government demonstrations, revolutions, riots, guerrilla warfare, and intrastate conflict. The ...


Accounting For Right Censoring In Interdependent Duration Analysis, Jude C Hays, Emily U Schilling, Frederick J. Boehmke Jul 2013

Accounting For Right Censoring In Interdependent Duration Analysis, Jude C Hays, Emily U Schilling, Frederick J. Boehmke

Department of Political Science Publications

Duration data are often subject to various forms of censoring that require adaptations of the likelihood function to properly capture the data generating process, but existing spatial duration models do not yet account for these potential issues. Here we develop a method to estimate spatial duration models when the outcome suffers from right censoring, the most common form of censoring in this area. In order to address this issue, we adapt Wei and Tanner’s (1991) imputation algorithm for censored (nonspatial) regression data to models of spatially interdependent durations. The algorithm treats the unobserved duration outcomes as censored data and ...


Inferring Policy Diffusion Networks In The American States, Bruce Desmarais, Jeffrey J. Harden, Frederick J. Boehmke Jul 2013

Inferring Policy Diffusion Networks In The American States, Bruce Desmarais, Jeffrey J. Harden, Frederick J. Boehmke

Department of Political Science Publications

For decades scholars of state politics have studied the ways in which innovations in public policy diffuse across the states. Several studies indicate that policy diffusion is an explicitly dyadic process whereby states learn and adopt policies from their neighbors in geographic, social, economic, and political space. This dyadic diffusion process implies the existence of a policy diffusion network among the states. Using a dataset consisting of 189 policies, we introduce and apply algorithms designed to directly infer a diffusion network from a sample of policy adoption sequences. In addition to presenting the network inference algorithm, we offer three substantive ...


The American Donor: An Exploration Of The Modern Individual Donor, Amanda Marie Frost Jul 2013

The American Donor: An Exploration Of The Modern Individual Donor, Amanda Marie Frost

Theses and Dissertations

Traditionally political donating behavior has been explained using socio-demographic and socialization-based models. The dramatic increase in the number of donors between 2000 and 2008 and the virtual elimination of structural barriers that limited donating to a select few suggest that this explanation is no longer adequate. What differentiates individuals who donate from those who do not? To answer this question I expand the traditional funnel of causality to develop a theoretical model that integrates biological, psychological, political behavior, and rational choice approaches. Using five samples, three nationally representative and two population-based surveys collected in 1990 and 2008, I investigate each ...


Tell Me Who Your Friends Are: An Endogenous Model Of International Trade Network Formation And Effect On Domestic Political Outcomes, Olga Chyzh Jul 2013

Tell Me Who Your Friends Are: An Endogenous Model Of International Trade Network Formation And Effect On Domestic Political Outcomes, Olga Chyzh

Theses and Dissertations

What is the relationship between networks and unit-level outcomes, such as the international trade network among states and domestic rule of law or repression? Do these effects hold after accounting for actors' strategic selection of network ties? I explore these questions by building a multi-player game, in which players make two simultaneous decisions: (1) whether to form trade links and with who, and (2) whether to increase their trade benefits by improving their type, associated with the level of domestic economic risk factors. The model predicts an endogenous relationship between the number of direct trade partners and the probability of ...


Take Two On Race And Politics: Reexamining The Origins And Consequences Of Electoral Structures In American Cities, Natasha Ernst Altema Mcneely Jul 2013

Take Two On Race And Politics: Reexamining The Origins And Consequences Of Electoral Structures In American Cities, Natasha Ernst Altema Mcneely

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide a comprehensive explanation of how race continues to affect the origins and consequences of electoral structures in American cities. The existing literature presents few answers regarding how race, specifically the racial context, affects attempts to modify the existing electoral structures at the local level. Although scholars have examined how electoral structures affect African American and Latino representation on city councils, few studies have evaluated how electoral structures determine the emergence of African American and Latino candidates in these elections. I address these gaps in the literature by providing a comprehensive examination of ...


Competing Pathways Of The Internet & New Media's Influence On Women Political Candidates, Allison Joy Hamilton Jul 2013

Competing Pathways Of The Internet & New Media's Influence On Women Political Candidates, Allison Joy Hamilton

Theses and Dissertations

How does digital media and online news, especially blogs, influence support for women congressional and presidential candidates? From work on traditional print and television news we know women are framed differently than men, and are more likely to be framed as women (appearance, clothing, mother or wife, marital status, sex, gendered issues). I argue the transition to digital media (blogs and online news) is exacerbating these trends, increasing gender stereotype opinions of women candidates in the mass public, among both men and women. In turn I find gender stereotype opinions combined with use of online media reduces the probability of ...


Under The Influence Of Arms: The Foreign Policy Causes And Consequences Of Arms Transfers, Spencer L. Willardson May 2013

Under The Influence Of Arms: The Foreign Policy Causes And Consequences Of Arms Transfers, Spencer L. Willardson

Theses and Dissertations

How are arms export choices made within a state? In this dissertation I use a foreign policy analysis framework to examine this question. I focus on examining each of the three primary levels of analysis in international relations as it relates to the main question. I begin with a typical international relations level and examine the characteristics of the two states that dominate the world arms trade: The United States and Russia. I then examine the full network of relations among all states in the international system that are involved in the sale or purchase of arms. To do this ...


Repurposed Narratives: The Battle Of Ṣiffīn And The Historical Memory Of The Umayyad Dynasty, Aaron M. Hagler Apr 2013

Repurposed Narratives: The Battle Of Ṣiffīn And The Historical Memory Of The Umayyad Dynasty, Aaron M. Hagler

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

The Battle of Ṣiffīn (36/657) is the flash point in the emergence of sects within Islam. The presentation of the Ṣiffīn story in Arabic historical writing therefore changed over time as the sectarian split among Sunnīs and Shīʿites became increasingly defined. This paper will trace the development of the presentation of the Ṣiffīn story in Arabic histories across developing Sunnī and Shīʿite identity crystallization and the region of origin of their authors, as well as literary and stylistic developments in the field of Arabic historical writing.

The specific historians examined have been chosen in part because they demonstrate a ...


Russia’S Governors Under Presidential Control, 2005-2012: A Survival Analysis Of Gubernatorial Tenures, William M Reisinger, Bryon J Moraski Apr 2013

Russia’S Governors Under Presidential Control, 2005-2012: A Survival Analysis Of Gubernatorial Tenures, William M Reisinger, Bryon J Moraski

Department of Political Science Publications

What do we learn about politics between Russia’s federal center and its regions from examining governors’ tenures during the period of Kremlin control? We use survival analysis of data from all of Russia’s regions from 2005-2012 to estimate the factors influencing when a governor is replaced, including the region’s size and ethnic composition, the governor’s age, and aspects of the governor’s administrative and political performance. We find that the Kremlin targeted its replacements on governors who could not deliver pro-Kremlin votes in federal elections. Yet this tool of political control over the regional leaderships did ...


Supplement To “Good Governance: Efficiency And Effectiveness In Russian Regional Healthcare”, Andrei Akhremenko Jan 2013

Supplement To “Good Governance: Efficiency And Effectiveness In Russian Regional Healthcare”, Andrei Akhremenko

Shambaugh Conference Supplementary Materials

No abstract provided.


The Return On Social Bonds: The Effect Of Social Contracts On International Conflict And Economics, Mark David Nieman Jan 2013

The Return On Social Bonds: The Effect Of Social Contracts On International Conflict And Economics, Mark David Nieman

Theses and Dissertations

Hierarchical or asymmetrical power relationships among states have long been a focus of scholarly attention (e.g., asymmetrical alliances, trade dependencies). While the "power to hurt" is one expression of power, an alternative approach is to gain and exercise authority, or "rightful rule." One of the major impediments to the study of social concepts such as authority or legitimacy, however, is in their informal or intangible nature. This dissertation uses game theoretic and latent variable approaches to capture informal, social authority relationships, or social hierarchies, among international states and explores the effects of these hierarchies on security and economic behavior ...