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2013

University of Colorado, Boulder

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Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Grounding Governance In Floating Stakeholders: Theory Andcommunication, Collectivity, And Relational Transformation In Practice—An Ethnographic And Discourse-Analytic Case Study, Stephen P. Konieczka Jan 2013

Grounding Governance In Floating Stakeholders: Theory Andcommunication, Collectivity, And Relational Transformation In Practice—An Ethnographic And Discourse-Analytic Case Study, Stephen P. Konieczka

Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Public participation theory and research claims that participation can transform policy and relations, but evidence supporting that assertion is limited, particularly in real-world situations. This dissertation argues that to understand if and how participation might transform policy and relations, it is necessary to study participation in situated practices. The chapters report details and lessons from the Community Collaborative Group (CCG), a 2-year stakeholder participation governance process.

In this study, “stakeholder” has a specific meaning and is employed as an analytic concept to reflect on uses and interpretation of symbolic categories in social discourses and interactional talk. As a category, the ...


Buycotting Chick-Fil-A: A Tale Of Religion, Politics And Consumption, Victoria Leigh Hannon Jan 2013

Buycotting Chick-Fil-A: A Tale Of Religion, Politics And Consumption, Victoria Leigh Hannon

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In the summer of 2012, the Chick-fil-A controversy took over the media. At its center was an article featuring Dan Cathy, COO of Chick-fil-A and accusations of homophobia. This controversy broadened to include activist on both sides and incorporate a wide range of activist tools. Through a case study of this controversy, a few items are made obvious. The most prominent is that boycotting is no longer likely to be a successful mode of activism. Rather buycotting, using purchasing power to reward companies, is likely to become the dominate mode of activism moving forward. More broadly, in this thesis I ...


Who Really Controls The Message Of Presidential Debates?, Mary E. Cornell Jan 2013

Who Really Controls The Message Of Presidential Debates?, Mary E. Cornell

Journalism & Mass Communication Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Presidential debates have played an important role in the American campaign process but it has been debated on whether or not the message is more controlled by the media or the candidate. Response type, level of criticism and measure of evasiveness are the variables used in this research in hopes of gaining a better understanding of the debate message.


Three Essays On Government Expenditures, Song Bo Sim Jan 2013

Three Essays On Government Expenditures, Song Bo Sim

Economics Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The analyses in my dissertation are related to how government expenditures are spent and how they should be spent as a whole. In the first chapter, the evidence of manipulation of expenditure is found and the explanation with rational voter is provided. The basic idea is that two types of incumbents will spend more money in their less-preferred sector to attract median voter when they face a small chance of winning in the following election. This expectation is confirmed using a unique Korean local government data set. The fact that there have been two dominant types of parties in Korea ...


Financial Stability, Guaranteed: The Use Of Bank Guarantees In Financial Crisis Containment, Shannon L. Martin Jan 2013

Financial Stability, Guaranteed: The Use Of Bank Guarantees In Financial Crisis Containment, Shannon L. Martin

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

My dissertation seeks to explain why policymakers sometimes issue guarantees for bank liabilities during a banking crisis. Though such guarantees have the potential to contain the crisis by averting bank runs, they create massive contingent obligations for the government and are thus a risky approach to crisis containment. Although such guarantees are not new, their use has become increasingly common. I emphasize the effects of globalization in shaping the decision of policymakers in adopting this risky crisis containment strategy. One important consequence of the ease and speed with which money now moves across borders is that it raises the stakes ...


Following In The Squatter’S Footsteps: An Illegal Immigrant’S Path To Citizenship, Hannah Christine Fowler Jan 2013

Following In The Squatter’S Footsteps: An Illegal Immigrant’S Path To Citizenship, Hannah Christine Fowler

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

With an argument by analogy, I propose a framework of ‘adverse occupation’ as both a compromise to the proponents of the affiliation view and the autonomy view as well as an applicable solution within non-ideal theory. The components of this framework should be able to account for previous concerns addressed by these proponents by advancing a method of acquisition of certain rights by occupying a county under certain conditions. ‘Adverse occupation’ has five elements that must be established: the occupation must be (1) open, (2) continuous for the statutory period, (3) exhibiting the breadth of an established, contributing lifestyle, (4 ...


Scale, Funding And The Law In Ukraine: Delocalizing Organizations And Impoverishing Movements, Cole Akeson Jan 2013

Scale, Funding And The Law In Ukraine: Delocalizing Organizations And Impoverishing Movements, Cole Akeson

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This work seeks to answer three questions: 1) Why are measured levels of voluntarism in Ukraine significantly below those of relevant comparative settings? 2) What factors guide Ukrainians on whether or not to volunteer? 3) How are internationally framed expectations of voluntarism and civil society fulfilled or transformed on the regional and local scales in Ukraine? Contrary to previous related work, an open-ended ethnographic methodology opens new avenues of inquiry and reduces selective bias. The work reveals that voluntarism is hampered by a legal structure that dissuades nongovernmental organizations from pursuing volunteer-attractive projects. Furthermore, voluntary actions instead appear focused in ...


The Effects Of Decentralized Health Service Delivery Models On Women’S Health, Alan Andrzej Zarychta Jan 2013

The Effects Of Decentralized Health Service Delivery Models On Women’S Health, Alan Andrzej Zarychta

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Poor, rural citizens in developing countries have access to fewer health services and experience worse health outcomes than their richer, urban counterparts. While numerous governments have decentralized their health systems in response to this disparity, we have little evidence on whether these systems are producing healthier citizens. In this paper I investigate the effectiveness of decentralized health service delivery models in the department of Intibucá, Honduras. I implement a difference-in-differences research design at the sub-regional level, creating a new longitudinal dataset that links quantitative health outcome data with original survey data as well as socio-economic and institutional information. My analysis ...


A Theory Of Just Immigration Policy, Martin Alberto Chamorro Jan 2013

A Theory Of Just Immigration Policy, Martin Alberto Chamorro

Philosophy Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The philosophical discussion on immigration has been dominated by the debate over the state’s right of exclusion. Scholars who focus on the question of exclusion have missed an important first step, which needs to be taken before exclusion can be considered at all. This step is to ask what justifies a state to take any kind of harmful measure against immigrants in the first place. Only after that question is answered by showing that states have significant morally legitimate interests that ought to be secured, may we then ask what kinds of harmful measures a state may use against ...


The Political Economy Of Rebel Financing: Transnational Crime And Intrastate Conflict, Michael Burch Jan 2013

The Political Economy Of Rebel Financing: Transnational Crime And Intrastate Conflict, Michael Burch

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

How can the global illicit economy shape conflict patterns and outcomes during civil war? My dissertation argues that when rebel groups make a decision to rely on transnational criminal financing it creates incentives that not only lengthen conflicts, but also increases the probability of conflict recurrence. After an introductory chapter that establishes the puzzle of rebel financing and conflict outcomes, I present a theory (Chapter 2) which argues that rebel groups adopt transnational criminal financing to fund violent challenges as a way to increase their autonomy while also securing large amounts of rents that makes them a viable organization. The ...


Critical Geopolitics Of Foreign Involvement In Namibia: A Mixed Methods Approach, Meredith J. Deboom Jan 2013

Critical Geopolitics Of Foreign Involvement In Namibia: A Mixed Methods Approach, Meredith J. Deboom

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

In May 2011, Namibia's Minister of Mines and Energy issued a controversial new policy requiring that all future mineral extraction licenses be issued only to state-owned companies. The public debate over this policy reflects rising concerns in southern Africa over who should benefit from globally-significant resources. The goal of this thesis is to create space for the consideration of Namibian perspectives on this topic through the approach of critical geopolitics. Using a mixed methods approach, this thesis analyzes Namibians' opinions on foreign involvement, particularly involvement in natural resource extraction, from three sources: China, South Africa, and the United States ...


“A Fickle, And Confused Multitude”: War And Politics In Revolutionary Philadelphia, 1750-1783, Paul David Langston Jan 2013

“A Fickle, And Confused Multitude”: War And Politics In Revolutionary Philadelphia, 1750-1783, Paul David Langston

History Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation explores the crucial link between war and politics in Philadelphia during the American Revolution. It demonstrates how war exacerbated existing political conflicts, reshaped prewar political alliances, and allowed for the rise of new political coalitions, all developments that were tied to specific fluctuations in the progress of the military conflict.

I argue that the War for Independence played a central role in shaping Philadelphia’s contentious politics with regard to matters of balancing liberty and security. It was amidst this turmoil that the new state government sought to establish its sovereignty and at the same time fend off ...


South Of The Border: Immigration Attitudes In Latin America, Duncan F. Lawrence Jan 2013

South Of The Border: Immigration Attitudes In Latin America, Duncan F. Lawrence

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation develops a greater understanding of immigration attitudes through four essays focused on an important migration hub, Latin America. Each essay either develops existing scholarship by providing highly specified empirical tests of important theoretical debates or utilizes an alternative framework to approach the analysis of immigration attitudes. The first essay (Chapter 2) addresses a long standing theoretical and empirical debate concerning the role of economic self-interest and education in shaping immigration attitudes. I demonstrate that concern over labor competition is not an important factor influencing immigration attitudes in Latin America and that education increases tolerance of foreigners. Chapter 3 ...


Post-Election Violence In Kenya: Place-Based Explanations Of Con Ict, Andrew Martin Linke Jan 2013

Post-Election Violence In Kenya: Place-Based Explanations Of Con Ict, Andrew Martin Linke

Geography Graduate Theses & Dissertations

When and where do contentious politics become violent politics? How does election violence emerge from, and operate through, formal and informal social institutions? What are the impacts of this electoral violence for the people and places it affects? Focusing on the conflict that followed Kenya's December 27th 2007 national election, I use a geographical conceptual framework and mixed quantitative-qualitative methods to understand a phenomenon that plagues many African societies. I find evidence that local level social circumstances - contextual effects - influence the observed rate of conflict. These settings are measured in terms of ethnic community relations, socioeconomic status, and the ...


The Psychology Of Political-Territorial Identification, Katherine Amber Curtis Jan 2013

The Psychology Of Political-Territorial Identification, Katherine Amber Curtis

Political Science Graduate Theses & Dissertations

A superordinate identity encompassing `us' and `them' under the umbrella of `we' improves intergroup relations and bolsters support for the political system. But given humans' innate preference for the familiar and their subconscious, cognitive biases against anything different, why would anyone identify with the superordinate group in the first place? I argue that personality is an important determinant of identification. Chapter 2 reviews existing literature on political-territorial identity alternatives, superordinate identification, and personality. It then justifies theoretical expectations regarding when and how the `Big Five' personality traits should operate for one's sense of self. Chapter 3 underscores the importance ...